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THE 



H 

FOUNDED 1863. INCORPORATED 1893. 



RECORD SERIES 

VOL. XLVIII. 

FOR THE YEAR 1912. 



YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

SUPPRESSION PAPERS. 



EDITED BY 



JOHN WM. CLAY, F.S.A., 

Vice-President of the Yorkshire Archaeological Society. 



PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY. 
1912. 




-7 o 



v. 



PREFACE. 



* I A HE history of the Suppression of the English Monasteries 
has been often written, and diverse opinions have been 
expressed as to the justice and advisability of that great under- 
taking. On the one side we have Dr. Burnet and Mr. Froude 
stating that they had got into a very wretched state and it was 
high time they should be destroyed, whilst on the opposite side 
other historians, including Dr. Jessop and Dr. Gasquet, take 
the contrary view that they were most useful, full of charity, 
and that it was a great crime they should have been attacked. 

It is not, however, in this Volume intended to enter into 
the discussion ; we may only venture to express an opinion 
that if the dissolution had not taken place in the reign of 
Henry VIII., it would have come about sooner or later on 
account of the great riches the monasteries possessed and the 
rather dangerous quantity of land they held, the amount of 
which, although not exactly known, having been asserted to 
have comprised a third or perhaps a fifth of the whole land of 
the country. 

What is proposed in these pages is to print in full all the 
letters in the State Papers now existing in the Record Office 
concerning the Suppression, with abstracts of the Acts of 
Parliament, and a short account of what happened in Yorkshire 
during the years the dissolution took place. 



iv PREFACE. 

The Suppression of the Monasteries really commenced in 
1524, when Cardinal Wolsey had authority from the Pope to 
dissolve St. Frideswide's Monastery at Oxford, and in 1525 to 
take some smaller houses and use their properties towards the 
building of Christ Church College, Oxford. The only abbey 
affected in Yorkshire was St. Mary's, York, which had a small 
cell at Romburgh in Suffolk. This was seized, although the 
Abbot of York protested in vain. (See letter, p. i.) 

About this time Henry VIII. had determined to divorce 
Queen {Catherine and to marry Anne Boleyn. Much litigation 
ensued, and because he did not please the King, Wolsey got 
into disgrace and was dismissed from his offices. He died 



It was after his death that Thomas Cromwell, to whom the 
destruction of the abbeys is chiefly due, came upon the scene. 
Born about 1485, and said to have been son of a fuller of cloth, 
he had led a very varied life till he was taken into the service of 
Cardinal Wolsey, who gave him the management of the 
suppression of the small houses and appointed him his secretary. 
Whilst with Wolsey, Cromwell seems to have attracted the 
notice of the King, who on the Cardinal's death at once 
employed him, and in the beginning of 1531 made him a Privy 
Councillor, in 1533 Chancellor of the Exchequer, and in 1534 
the King's Secretary and Master of the Rolls. 

Henry VIII. had now finally quarrelled with the Pope, and 
it is probable that by Cromwell's advice he determined to be 
Supreme Head of the Church of England, for which purpose 
an Act of Parliament was passed in 1534. For opposing this 



PREFACE. v 

policy several of the monks of the Charter House, London, 
Bishop Fisher, and Sir Thomas More lost their lives. 

Cromwell having been concerned in the first dissolution no 
doubt next suggested that a large sum of money might be 
obtained for the Royal revenues if a further seizure of monastic 
property could be made. This idea must have so pleased the 
King that he gave a commission in 1535 to Cromwell for 
a general visitation of churches, monasteries, and clergy (p. 3). 

Having obtained this commission Cromwell had to find 
persons to execute the work of visiting the monasteries; he 
therefore appointed as commissioners Dr. Richard Layton, 
Dr. Thomas Legh, Dr. John London, and John ap Rice. The 
two first, Layton and Legh, seem to have had the chief 
management in Yorkshire, and it is to them the great and 
unfortunate destruction was due. The following opinion about 
them, by Mr. Froude, can hardly be accepted: " Legh and Layton, 
the two principal commissioners, were young and impetuous men 
likely to execute their work rather thoroughly than delicately, 
but to judge by the surviving evidence they were as upright and 
plain dealing as they were assuredly able and efficient." 

Layton soon began his work, proceeding to Oxford in July 
1535, where he made some considerable changes, and afterwards 
to the West and South of England. About this time he wrote 
to Cromwell offering to visit the York Diocese (p. 3). 

This offer must have been accepted, as he and Legh set off 
to the north the beginning of 1536, arriving at York in January. 
They at once became active, ordering about the Archbishop of 



vi PREFACE. 

York, getting the Abbot of Fountains to resign and appointing 
a fresh one, persuading the Prior of Marton to surrender his 
house (p. 9). They then set off to make a hurried visit to 
most of the monasteries in Yorkshire, sending a report to 
Cromwell (p. 13). In the short space of time they spent their 
enquiries could not have been very valuable, but they drew up 
a list of the crimes and superstitions of the monks and nuns, 
which went by the name of " Comperta." This list is not 
entirely fit for publication, and was no doubt greatly exaggerated. 

Whilst Layton and Legh were in Yorkshire a bill was 
brought forward in Parliament to suppress all the smaller 
monasteries having a less income than 200 a year. Very 
little information is extant as to the proceedings and whether 
there was much opposition, but there is no doubt that the King 
put on pressure, so the Act was ultimately passed and received 
the Royal assent. (Abstract, p. 19.) 

Another Act followed to establish the Court of Augmenta- 
tions and appointing officers, and 24 April 1536 the King made 
commissioners to take possession of the priories and convents, 
to sell the goods, and to seize all the jewels and plate, which were 
to be sent up to London. 

It seems a little difficult to say exactly what happened to all 
the small houses during the year 1536, as they were not treated 
in the same manner, some few having special licence to 
continue. Marrick, Nunkeeling, St. Michael's, Hull, and 
Kirklees are mentioned as having a reprieve, which, however, 
did not last very long. Arden, Sawley, Coverham, Drax, Nun- 
Monkton, Easby seem to be among those that were earliest 



PREFACE. vii 

attacked, whilst Arthington, Basedale, Esholt, with others, were 
not meddled with. 

Many applications had been made to Cromwell by persons 
desirous of having a share of the spoils : Sir George Darcy 
asked for preferment of Swine, Sir John Nevile of Hampole, 
Sir William Gascoigne of Nun-Monkton, the Earl of West- 
morland of Keldhome. 

The dissolution of these monasteries was not generally 
popular; the people objected to see the buildings pulled down 
and the lands sold, the churches destroyed, and the monks and 
nuns oppressed. There may have been other reasons, but at 
any rate an insurrection commenced, first in Lincolnshire, which 
was not sufficiently supported, so it soon collapsed. In 
Yorkshire, however, there was greater enthusiasm, and a rising 
took place the beginning of October 1536, when Robert Aske 
was appointed leader. It is not necessary to go into the 
history of " The Pilgrimage of Grace," which came to an end 
in the early part of 1537. 

Several of the abbeys had assisted more or less in the 
insurrection, so they consequently suffered. Bridlington and 
Jervaulx fell into the hands of the King, who ordered the Duke 
of Norfolk to take possession of them. There is much corre- 
spondence in the State Papers, which is duly printed. The 
Duke destroyed the beautiful shrine at Bridlington and sent its 
contents up with all other valuables to London. Most part of 
the buildings were pulled down, but fortunately a small part of 
the magnificent church still remains, which is now used as the 
parish church, 



viii PREFACE. 

The King was so enraged at the rebellion and opposition to 
his laws about the smaller monasteries that he determined to 
suppress all the larger ones, which had remained undisturbed. 
Layton and Legh again offered their services to Cromwell to 
undertake the work (p. 48). As no Act of Parliament had 
been passed for this purpose, the commissioners were instructed 
to try to get the houses to surrender voluntarily and great 
pressure was put on them. This was slow work, and a long 
time elapsed before they were finally handed over to the Crown. 

In December 1538 the commissioners reported that they 
had dissolved Monk Bretton, Byland, Rievaulx, and other 
monasteries, and in December the next year they advertised 
another batch, including Fountains and St. Mary's, York. 
An Act of Parliament was passed in the Session of 1539 in 
order to make it legal for the King to take into his hands all 
the lands and goods of the whole of the houses dissolved (p. 78). 

There were further Acts of Parliament passed in 1540 to 
seize the lands of the Knights of St. John, and in 1545 to 
suppress all the hospitals, chapels, and chantries. 

The last letter in the State Papers is in the year 1540. 
Cromwell, the great correspondent, had got into disgrace and 
was attainted and executed in July that year. After then 
any document connected with the monasteries will be found to 
have been transferred to the Augmentation Papers. 

The second part of this volume contains a short account of 
the smaller priories in Yorkshire, which were suppressed under 
the Act of 1536. The number appears to have been about 



PREFACE. ix 

forty-four equally divided betwixt the monks and the nuns. 
Some of the nunneries were very small and of little value, and 
were so completely destroyed that at the present day they are 
hardly remembered. 

The information is chiefly taken from the Augmentation 
Papers at the Record Office in London. These are very 
voluminous, and, although it has been impossible to go through 
the whole of them, enough has been found to give a good idea 
of the procedure that took place at the dissolution. 

As soon as it was decided to suppress a priory a receiver 
was appointed to take possession of the property. In a good 
many cases Leonard Beckwith and William Blythman had the 
charge. They began their work at once, and we have their 
reports dating from the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel 
1535 to the same Feast in 1536. They say that they received 
the rents owing, that they had sold all the cattle and moveable 
property, taken possession of the jewels and plate, and had 
arranged for leasing the sites and lands. Arden was leased, 
19 September 1536, to Thomas Welles; Drax, 20 July, to Sir 
Marmaduke Constable. These leases were for twenty-one years. 
It does not, however, appear that all the nuns were expelled at 
once, though we find at Clementhorpe Nunnery the com- 
missioners arrived on June 13, and on 31 August 1536 the 
nuns were turned out and pensioned (p. 172). 

This course of leasing the lands was not always continued, 
as after the time of the Pilgrimage of Grace a different plan 
was adopted, Cromwell no doubt found out that more ready 



x PREFACE. 

money was wanted, and probably suggested to the King that 
it would be more profitable to sell direct than to lease. 
Bridlington and Jervaulx had been seized, and no doubt 
brought much money. Applications for a share of the spoils 
had come in, and a fresh valuation was made by regular 
valuers. The officials of the court, and even the commissioners, 
as Layton and Legh, probably had the first chance, and much 
favouritism ensued. It is, however, a mistake to suppose that 
the lands were given away, although they were often sold very 
cheaply. The site of Kirklees Nunnery, with part of the lands, 
came to ^987 15.9. 'jd. The large Priory of Bolton, and the 
chief part of the estates, were sold to the Earl of Cumberland 
for ^2490. The present value of money would amount to ten 
times that sum. 

Soon a regular traffic commenced, and rich persons like Sir 
Richard Gresham, William Ramsden of Longley, Sir Arthur 
Darcy, and others, became speculators. They bought large 
quantities of lands and then divided them up and resold at 
a profit. There is a book in the Augmentation Papers which 
contains " Requests to purchase." Offers were made, and if 
satisfactory to the commissioners regular grants followed. 
Although most of the monasteries had been surrendered in 
1540, good parts of the lands were kept in the hands of the 
Crown up to the end of the reign of Henry VIII. Of the smaller 
houses we find that Esholt was granted to Henry Thompson 
i Edward VI., Hampole to the Duke of Northumberland 

5 Edward VI., Charter House, Hull, to the Duke of Somerset 

6 Edward VI. It might have been supposed that the alienation 



PREFACE. xi 

of religious lands would have ceased in Queen Mary's reign, 
but Ralph Gower had a grant of the site of Easby 4 and 5 
Philip and Mary, about which time many other sales were 
made, and others were made by Oueen Elizabeth. 

It had been intended to have worked out how the grants of 
the sites of the abbeys had descended to the present owners, 
but it was found to be an impossible task, as the most had been 
repeatedly sold and resold, and that the only information that 
could be obtained would be out of private title-deeds. It may, 
however, be noted that the Duke of Devonshire still represents 
the Earl of Cumberland at Bolton, Sir George Wombwell the 
Belasyse family at Newburgh, Colonel Chaloner Sir Thomas 
Chaloner at Guisborough, Sir W. Strickland the Cholmleys of 
Whitby, whilst Sir George Armytage, our President, owns 
Kirklees, which came to his ancestors' possession in 1565. 

In conclusion I have to say that I am much indebted 
to the excellent Calendar of the " Letters and Papers of 
the reign of Henry VIII.," which contains abstracts of the 
letters in the first part, and references to the leases and 
grants in the second part. I have also to thank Mr. Francis 
Darwin, Mr. F. E. Musson, Mr. F. W. Slingsby, and 
Mr. R. B. Turton for information about the respective 
Priories of Arthington, Sawley, Skewkirk, and Handale; 
and Mr. S. J. Chadwick's "History of Kirklees Priory" 
in the "Yorkshire Archaeological Journal." 

If it was considered advisable at some future time, a second 



xii PREFACE. 

volume might follow, giving a similar account of the Greater 
Abbeys, and also of the Preceptories, Friaries, and Hospitals, 
about which the present printed accounts are rather scanty. 

JOHN W. CLAY. 



ERRATUM. 

P. 37, third line from top. After " lordshipe" add: "the 
sum of fortye poundes by yere whiche I have of youre lordshipe." 



YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES 



SUPPRESSION PAPERS. 



1524. Cardinal Wolsey had authority from the Pope to 
take possession of some monasteries in England for the purpose 
of obtaining funds for establishing his college at Oxford. There 
does not seem to have been any house in Yorkshire suppressed, 
but Rumburgh Priory, 1 a cell belonging to St. Mary's Abbey, 
York, was seized. The Abbot of York protested, but without 
success. 

The Abbot of York to Cardinal Wolsey. 

20 Sept. 1528. Pleaseth your grace to understaunde, that I, your 
pore oratour, have lately receyvid certen lettres frome our priour of 
Romeburgh, with other of our brethren there beinge, by whose 
purpote I perceyve that your graces pleasure ys to suppresse the said 
priory of Romeburgh, and also to unite, annex and improper the 
same unto the churche of Saint Peters in Ipiswiche ; and for the 
accompleshment of the same, as they wryte unto me, your officers 
came to the said priory the xj th day of the present moneth ; and 
these, after the redinge of certen lettres, commissionall not onely of 
your grace, bot also of our holy father the pope, and of our soveraigne 
lorde the kynge, for the same purpose directed, intered into the same 
priory, and that done, toke away as well the goodes moveable of the 
said priory, beinge a membre of our monastery, and gyven unto us 
by Alen Niger, summe tyme erele of Richemound and our secounde 
refounder, by whose gyfte next unto the kinges grace we have had 
moost benefyttes, laundes and profettes gyven us, by reason whereof 
we be most notabily charged with massez, suflfragies, and other 
almouse dedes for hys benefyttes to us most charytably exhibite, bot 
also certen munimentes, evidencez, and specialties, tochinge and 
apperteynynge unto our monastery, which we had lately sent unto 

1 Rumburgh is in Suffolk, four miles from FJalesworth. 

8 



3 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

our said priour and brethren there, for the tryall of certen laundes 
and rightus which lately did depende betwixt us and certen men 
of worshipp in Cambridge shyre in contraversie, and yet doith 
depende undecised, and for none other purpose. In consideracion 
wherefore, yf yt might please your grace, forasmuch as we have 
a greate parte of our laundes graunted unto us by reason of the said 
Alen Niger, whereby we be daly charged as doith appere by com- 
passicion made betwixt us and the said Alen Niger, and also confirmed 
by Boniface the iij th anno sui pont. tercio under certen censures and 
paynes with clausis dirogatorye, as most largely by hys said graunte 
doith appere, that the said pryory might consiste and abyde as a 
membre unto oure monastery, as yt haith done this thre hundred 
yeres and more, with your graces favour, your grace shall not onely 
put me and my brether to a greate quietude, hot also take away many 
sundry doubties and greate perels of the residew of our laundes 
graunted unto us by the said erele, which be right notable, yf the 
same suppression or alienation no farther precede ; and, besydes 
that, ministre unto us a more notable acte then ye had gyven us 
ten tymes more laundes then unto the same priory doith apperteyne 
and belonge ; for of trueth the rentes and revenuez unto the same 
priory belonging doith very lytill surmounte the sum of xxx 1 ' sterlinge, 
as far as I perceyve. And yet towardes your speciall, honourable, 
and laudable purpose concernynge the erection and foundacion of 
the said college and scole, I am right interely contentid, for your 
tenderinge of the premisses to gyve unto your grace ccc markes 
sterlinge, which shall be deliverd unto your grace immediately. 
Most hummely desyring your grace to accepte my pore mynde 
towardes your most noble acte, which shuld be far better yf that my 
lytell pore (estate) thereunto wolde extende, protestinge ever that yf 
your graces pleasure be to have the said priory to the purpose above 
recyted, that then with all my study, diligence and labour, I shall 
continually indever my self for the accompleshment of the same, 
accordengly as my dutie ys. Trustinge ever that your grace will se 
our pore monastery no farther hyndred, hot that we may in tyme 
commyng lyve lyke religiouse men, and serve Almighty God with 
our nombre determinate, and hereafter avoide both in law and good 
conscience all perells that thereby may ensue ; and also pray for our 
founders, benefactours, and your good grace, accordingly to the 
foundacion of our monastery, as our dutie ys ; and so knowith 
Jhesus, who preserve your most noble grace in high honour and 
greate prosperytie long to continew. Frome our monastery of Yourke 
the xx th day of Septembre. 

Your most bownden bedeman, Edmond, abbot of Yourke. 
To my lorde legates good grace. 

(Cotton MS., Cleopatra, E. ir., p. 58.) 

1 53 Q > Nov - 29- Cardinal Wolsey died at Leicester on his 
way from Yorkshire to London. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 3 

1534 (26 Henry VIII.). There was passed by Parliament 
An Acte concernynge the Kynges Highnes to be Supreme 
Head of the Churche of England. " Albeit the Kynges Majestic 
justely is head of the Churche of England, Be it enacted that 
the Kyng his heires and successors shalbe the only supreme 
Head in either of the Churche of England." 

1534-5, Jan. 21. Commission from the King as Supreme 
Head of the Church of England to Thomas Cromwell, his 
chief Secretary and Master of the Rolls, for a general visitation 
of the churches, monasteries and clergy (Cleopatra, F. n, 131). 

1535. A commission was issued for a general visitation 
of the monasteries, Doctor Richard Layton/ Thomas Legh, 2 
Doctor John London 3 and John Ap Rice 4 being appointed 
commissioners. 

1535. Lay ton was visiting Oxford and the South in the 
autumn, and it must have been about this time that he wrote 
the following letter offering to visit Yorkshire : 

No date. Please yor goodnes to understonde that forasmoche as 
Yorke dioces was not visite sens my Lorde Cardinales tyme and 

1 Richard Layton, LL.D., son of William Layton of Dalemain, co. Cumber- 
land, was educated at Cambridge and took orders. He had given him the 
sinecure rectory of Stepney, and after that of Brington. He then became 
Clerk in Chancery and Clerk to the Privy Council. Cromwell then employed 
him as his agent, and sent him to make a visitation of the University of 
Oxford in July 1535. He offered to visit Yorkshire and the Northern Counties, 
and arrived at York the beginning of 1536. He was one of the most active 
and unpopular of the visitors of the Yorkshire monasteries. In July 1539 
he became Dean of York and had other appointments, but died at Brussels 
in June 1544. (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 

2 Sir Thomas Legh, said to have been connected with the family of Legh 
of Lyme, had some official appointments before he became one of Cromwell's 
agents. He joined Dr. Layton in his visitation of the Northern Monasteries 
in 1536, when he was most active in that and the succeeding years. He 
managed to get for himself Nostell Priory at the Dissolution. He was 
knighted at Leith n May 1544, and died 25 Nov. 1545, being buried in the 
church of St. Leonard, Shoreditch. His widow married Sir Thomas Chaloner. 
(See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 

3 John London, D.C.L., a native of Hambleden, co. Bucks, was educated at 
Oxford. He had the livings of Ewelme and Adderbury, and was a prebendary 
of York and Lincoln. He became one of Cromwell's agents, being active in 
suppressing monasteries. According to Gasquet he was "the most terrible of 
all the monastic spoilers." However, in the end, he got into difficulties, was 
convicted of perjury, put in the pillory and the Fleet prison, where he died 
in 1543. (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 

4 Sir John Ap Rhys or Ap Price, of Welsh extraction, was originally 
a lawyer, was employed by Cromwell in 1535, and afterwards in 1536 became 
one of the visitors of the monasteries, though it does not seem he was so much 
engaged in the North as Doctors Layton and Legh. He had a grant of 
Brecknock Priory, and died about 1573. (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 



4 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

many thynges therbe within the saide province nowe muche nedefull 
of reform acion and worthy redresse. If hit myght please youre 
therfore nowe to send me into the said province and Blitheman yor 
servant to be regestre we myght well finisshe all that province by 
Michaelmas or sone after. 

Richard Layton. 
To the righte honorable Master Thomas Crumwell. 

(Cleopatra, E. iv., 56.) 

1535. In consequence of the idea getting about that 
something \vas going to be done about suppression of the 
monasteries in Yorkshire the following letters were written: 

Sir George Lawson to Cromwell. 

24 Sept. 1535. Pleas it your maistership to be advertished that 
wher as I understande your commissaries shall shortly reasortt in 
thies partyes in visitacon by your auctoritie, and as it is said ther 
shalbe temperall persons to haue the surveyng and receipt of all 
landes pertenyng to monasteries and religious houses, it may therfor 
like you to be so goode to me as to help and name me to sum 
and suche of those rowmes or offices as ye thynk convenyent, and as 
it may stand with your pleasor to have me in remembraunce in this 
behalfe wherby I shall not onely emongst all your manyfold goode 
dedes towardes me mayntene the contynuance of my pore lifting 
now [in] my old dayes, but as I am most bounden shall [daylie] pray 
for the preservacon of the kinges most royall maiestie and of your 
goode mastership long to endure. At York xxiiij daye of September. 

I trust of your goode remembraunce herin, althose I am not 
dayle in your presence. 

George Lawson. 1 

To my right honorable Maister Secretarye to the Kinges highnes. 

(Vol. 96, p. 231.) 



The Prior of Bridlington 2 to Cromwell. 

23 Oct. 1535- Right Wourshipfull, my dewtie in my moste 
humble maner remembred, I recommende me to your gude maister- 
shipe, and for somuche as your sayd maistershipe by your last lettres 
to me directed advised me, and in like maner counselled me, to 
recognishe the kynges highnes to be our patrone and ffounder, 
forasmuche as noe article, worde, sentence, or clause in our originall 
graunte to hus mayde by sir Gilbert de Gaunte, cosyne to our 
originall ffounder, appered to the contrarie whie of equitie Ins highnes 

1 Sir George Lawson of the city of York, knight, Treasurer of Berwick, 
had Thomas of York, who had Peter of Poppleton. See Glover's Visi- 
tation, 93. 

" William Wode, last prior of Bridlington, hung at Tyburn for being 
implicated in the Pilgrimage of Grace. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 5 

owght not so to be, or elles to appere before your maistershipe and 
other of his graces counsell the laste day of Octobre, as I wolde 
awoide his graces highe displeasour. In this matter, even so humblie 
as I canne, I shall besuche your gude maistershipe to be gude 
maister to me and your poour cotidiall oratours, my bretheren ; 
for notwithstondinge the kinges grace his noble progenitours titles 
and clames hertofore mayde to our said patronage and foundershipe 
(thoghe all one are and ever will be at his moste graciouse com- 
rnaundement and pleasour), yet we have ever benne dimissed clere 
withowt any interruption in this behalfe nighe this two hundreth 
yeres, as shall appere before your gudnes under substanciall evidence 
of recorde. And I so besuche your maistershipe we may be at this 
tyme, for in your maistershipe our holle truste in all our gude causes 
remaneth. And where as I ame detenede withe diverse infirmities in 
my body, and in lyke maner ame feble of nature, so that withowt 
great yeopardie of my liffe I cannot nor ame hable to labour in doinge 
of my dewtie to appere befor your [gude] maistershipe, I shall right 
humblie besuche your gudnes to haue [me] excused, and in lyke 
maner to accept this berar my brother as my lauful deputie in this 
behalfe, who shall mayke your maistershipe aunswer as concernynge 
thes premisses, to whome I besuche your maistershipe yeve firm 
credence, of whome also ye shall reseive a poour token frome me 
whiche I eftsones besuche your gude maistershipe to accept, thank- 
fullie with my poour hert and cotidiall prayers, of which ye shal be 
assured enduringe my liffe, as is my dewtie, God willinge, who ever 
preserve your gude maistershipe, in muche wourshipe longe to endure. 
Frome our monasterie of Bridlington, the xxiij day of Octobre, 
by your humble and cotidiall oratour. 

William, prior of the same. 
(Cott. MS., Cleopatra, E. iv., 68.) 

1535-6. Layton and Legh arrived at York the beginning 
of the year, when the following correspondence passed : 

Dr. Layton to Cromwell. 

1535-6, Jan. 13. Hit may please your mastershipe to be adver- 
tissede, that here in Yorkeshire we fynde gret corruption emongiste 
persons religiouse, even lyke as we dyde in the sowthe, tarn in capite 
quam in rnembris, and wurse if wurse may be in kyndes of knaverie, 
as, retrahere membrum virile in ipso punctu seminis emittendi, ne inde 
fieret prolis generatio, and nunnes to take potations ad prolem concep- 
tum opprimendum, with suche other kindes of offences lamentable to 
here. This day, we begyn with Saint Mare abbay, whereas we sup- 
pos to fynde muche evile disposition bothe in thabbot and the 
convent, wheroff, Gode willyng, I shall certify yowe in my next 
letters. The dean of Yorke was never fully concludede with the 
treasarure here for the deanrie. The dean wolde not resign unto 
hym, unleste he wolde leff hym other possessions j for pension 



6 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

he wolde none have, fearyng suche lyke debaytment therof as was of 
pensions in the laste Parliament. To have takyn the tresareureshipe 
for the lieu of a pension he was once content, wherunto the tresareure 
wolde not agre, unleste he myght have hade his prebende also with 
his deanrie, wiche the dean wolde not, and so they broke; the 
tresareure wolde have hade the dean to have wryten unto yowe of 
such towardnes in the premisses at suche tyme as the treasareure 
came up laste to London, wyche the dean then refusede to do, 
bycause therof he persauede no gret towardnes of any conclusion. 
This is the deans taile to me, and this I fynde trewe ; wherfore 
I shall desier your mastershipe to continewe your goode mynd 
towardes me, and in the mean tyme ye shalbe faste assurede of my 
faithfull servyce in all suche affaires as ye commite unto me, and for 
no corruption or lucre from my loyaltie to swerve in doyng my 
princes commaundment for your discharge, whyche.hath put your 
truste and affiance unto me. Frome Yorke xiij Januarii, by your 
assurede poire preste. 

Richarde Layton. 
(Cotton MS., Cleopatra, E. iv., 138.) 



Dr. Legh to Cromwell. 

1 4 Jan. 1535-6. Ryght worshipfull syr, my dewty presupposid, 
this is to advertise you that master doctor Layton and I the xj daye 
of January war with the archebushope of Yorke, whom we accordyng 
to your pleasure and preceptes have vysyte, injoynyng him to preache 
and teache the word of God according to his bownd dewty to his cure 
committid unto hym, and also in the knowlege concernyng the 
prerogatyve poore that the Kynges grace have, and to see other here 
in his jurisdiction being enduyd with good qualites, havyng any 
respecte either to God, goodnes, vertue or godlynes, to performe the 
same; injoyning moreover to hym to bring up unto you hys fyrst, 
second and thyrd foundations, wherupon he enjoiythe hys office and 
prerogatyve poore, with the grawntes, privelegis, and concessions 
geven to hym and to his see apperteynyng. The whiche whan that 
you have red them, and knowen in all poyntes the hole effect of 
them, I doo not dowte but that you shall see and rede many thynges 
wordy reformation, by the knowlege wherof I suppose the Kynges 
hygnes and you wyll be glad, and to thyncke it mete that every 
bushope war in leke wyse orderyd, then shuld they thene under ther 
governauns edyfye moche in Christ, in his doctrine and teachynges, 
and then the poore ignoraunte persons, now by blyndenes and 
ignoraunce sedusid, myght therby be browght to lighte and knowlege, 
wherby they should profitt moche the welthe of ther owne sowlys 
and the commynaltye. And it shuld be gretly expedient to the 
conservacion of ther fidelite toward ther prince, and to hys graces 
succession now begotten, or hereafter to be begotten. Now that 
I have enformyd your mastership of our actes and dedes, doon 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 7 

to a good ende, as our opinion serve us, yt shall lye in your circum- 
specte prudencye and wysdom to order all thynges as ye shall thyncke 
to your approvyd dyscretion most mete and to the furderans of the 
glory of god and preservation of the common welthe most expedient 
and necessary. For in the same injunctions geven heretofore, eyther 
augmentid or diminyshed, to be mynystred to other bushopys, as 
shall be thowght to your wysdom most convenyent. I doo not 
dowght but it shall be moche profitable and commodius bothe to the 
kynges highnes and to your mastership, as knoweth God, who ever 
preserve your mastership. From Yorke, the xiij th daye of January. 

Yours ever assuryd, 

Thomas Legh. 

To the ryght honerable master Thomas Cromwell, chyeff secretary 
unto the Kynges highnes, and master of his rollys, this be delyveryd. 

(Cotton MS., Cleopatra, E. iv., 125.) 

1535-6, 19 Jan. Acceptance by Richard Layton and 
Thomas Legh of the resignation of Wm. Thyrske, 1 Abbot of 
Fountains, on which was granted to him pension of 100 marks. 
(Cotton MS., Cleopatra, E. iv., 289.) 

Layton and Legh to Cromwell. 

20 Jan. 1535-6. Pleasit your mastership to understonde, that 
thabbot of Fontance hath so gretly dilapidate his howse, wastede ther 
wooddes, notoriously kepyng vj hoores, diffamede here a toto populo, 
one day denyyng thes articles with many mo, the next day folowyng 
the same confessyng, thus manifestely incurryng perjurie ; vj days 
before our accesse to his monasterie he committede thefft and sacri- 
lege, confessyng the same. At mydnyght causede his chapelaine to 
stele the sextens keis, and towke owte a jewel, a crosse of gold with 
stones. One Warren a goldsmith of the Chepe was with him in his 
chambre at that owre, and ther they stole oute a gret emerode with a 
rubie ; the saide Warren made thabbot beleve the rubie to be but 
a garnet, and so for that he payede nothyng, for the emerode but xx 11 . 
He solde hym also then plate withoute weyght or ownces ; howe 
moche therfore thabbot therfore therin was decevide he cannot tell, 
for the trewith ys he a vara fole and a miserable ideote. We 
pronouncede hym perjurede, and willede hym to shew us a cause 
why he owght not of ryght and justes to be deprivede, and reheresyde 
and rede unto hym his owne rule, wiche deprivede hym for the 
premisses, with other many his transgressions mo, wiche were to long 
to write. He cowlde not denye but by those his owne rulles he 
owght to be deprivede, if ther hade bene no nother lawe made 
or written for deprivation ; and for a conclusion he hath resignede 
privelie into our handes, no man therof yet knowyng. We have 
acceptede and admittede his resignation, et declavimus monasterium 

1 He was afterwards implicated in the Pilgrimage of Grace insurrection, 
was tried, found guilty, and executed at Tyburn in May 1537. 



8 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

jam esse vacans, and sufferith hym to ministre in all thynges (for the 
advoidance off suspicion) evyn as he dyde before, tyll we knowe your 
further pleasure. Ther is never a monke in that howse mete for 
that rowme. Yf the erle of Comerlande knewe that hit were voide, 
he wolde make all labor he cowlde possible for the scelerer ther, 
wiche I inseure yowe is not mete therfore, for such causes as I knowe 
ye will alowe, whan I shall declare them unto you. There is a 
monke of the howse callede Marmaduke, to whom M r Timmes lent 
a prebende in Repon churche, now abydyng upon the same prebende, 
the wysyste monke within inglonde of that cote and well lernede, 
xx 11 yerres officer and rewler of all that howse, a welthie felowe, 
wiche will gyve yowe syx hundreth markes to make hym abbot ther, 
and pay yowe immediatly affter the election, withoute delay or 
respite, at one payment, and as I suppos withoute muche borowyng. 
The first fruttes to the kyng is a thowsande powndes, wiche he with 
his pollicie will pay within iij yerres, and owe no man therfore 
one grote, as he saith, and his reason therin is vara apparant. Yf ye 
have not therfore providede or promisede suche a rowme for any 
other your frendes, this man we thynke were mete both for the 
kinges honour and for the discharge of your conscience, and the 
profett of the howse ; for I am sure all thabbottes of his religion will 
thynke hym a ryght apte man hereunto, and the most mete of 
any other. What shalbe your pleasure forther in this behalfe, other 
in preferryng ther man, or other ways as ye thynke beste, we 
advertissede of your pleasure shalbe glade, with all diligence and 
dexteritie that shall ly in us, to accomplisshe that your mynde, 
disieryng yowe that by this bringer my servant with spede hit may 
please yowe to certifie us of the premisses. And we suppos that 
many other of the beste abbottes mo, affter they have commonede 
with your mastershippe and us, will cum to lyke preferment. And 
wheras we have herde that thabbot of Whitbie hath by his letters 
certifyed yowe heretofore that he wolde resigne, if he be so myndett 
at our cumyng thether (wiche shalbe shortly) or if we fynde any 
cause of deprivation, whom hit shall please yowe therunto to 
prefere, if ye be prefixede & any hit may also please yowe to certifie 
us, or if ye be not determined of any, then if hit be your pleasure 
to commite that to our discretion we shall fynde yowe a man habile 
both for the Kinges honoure and discharge of his conscience and for 
your wurshipe and also profite. This monke of Repon hath a 
prebende of XL powndes, wiche ye may bestowe also upon your 
frende, if ye make hym abbot. 

Ye shall do well to sende for Warren the goldesmith, and lay 
unto hym thefft and sacrilege, and the recept therof, and to know 
what other thynges he hath hade of thabbot this viij or ix yeres paste. 
And thus I pray Gode sende you as goode helth as yowre hert 
desierith. From Richemont, xx Januarij, by your assurede poire 
prestes and faithful servandes. 

Rycharde Layton and Thomas Legh. 

(Cleopatra, E. iv., 136.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 9 

Richard Layton to Cromwell. 

7 Feb. 1535-6. Hit may please your goodnes to be aduertissed 
that this vij th day of Februarie I haue bene with my lorde tharche- 
bisshope, ther I delivered your letters and haue recevide an other 
letter of hym for yowe to nominate your clarke at your pleasure for 
the monkes prebende and this day at nyght 1 have bene at fontance 
to make the election but that I tarie in Yorke sumwhat to cause a 
lewide chanon & his floke (yf I can possible) to surrendre up his 
howse into the kinges handes of sevyn score powndes good Lordes 
and but xl markes of that in spirituale tethes. I had contriuede this 
matter long or nowe if a litle fals knave here in Yorke hade not bene 
a doggerell off the lawe & a pursevant of westeminster hale. Doctor 
Leig keppes oute our appointement in visitation & goys forwards 
styll wels I go aboute this matters ye shall further understonde that 
the prior of Gisborowe a howse of a thowsande markes hath resignede 
into our handes priuely if ye make no promes of that howse to 
noman tyll we cum up to London we shall by the way spy one for 
hit mete and apte bothe for the kinges honoure and discharge of 
your consciance and also profitable I doubte not, but if the Tresareure 
of Yorke knewe hit were resignede he wolde make hoote sute unto 
yowe for a yong man of that howse one of smale grauitie for suche 
an office and a vara boy whan I haue made the election at fontance 
I shall gode willyng from thens write unto yow my further pro- 
cedyng in the premisses octauo februarij we make an ynde of all 
these quartars & so pas towards carlell' we haue also done att North- 
urnberlonde at Sherfftyde we truste to se yowe. From Yorke vij 
Februarij by the speedy hande of your powre preste and assurede 
seruant. 

Rycharde Layton. 
(State Papers, vol. 108, p. 18.) 

1535-6 (27 Henry VIII.), 9 Feb. Surrender of Marton 
Priory. 1 Thomas Yodson, prior. Signed by the prior and five 
others. Acknowledged before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks 
of chancery, the same day (Calendar, vol. ix., 816). 

Dr. Thomas Legh to Cromwell. 

10 Feb. 15,45-6. Right worshipfull Sir. The prior of Gys- 
borowghe hathe resined to our handys his howse the whiche hether 
to we haue kept close, For the whiche ij of the house The Celerer 
and the burser stand for and for whois preferrement Master Treasorer 
hathe (as I here saye) laboryd for Whiche bothe be men of no littera- 
ture nor other qualites worthy the govornaunce of suche a howse 
whiche may spend better then a Thowsand marckes by the yere. 

1 Marton, an Augustine priory in the wapentake of Bulmer, five miles from 
Easingwold. This was the first house that surrendered, Dr. Layton having 
persuaded the prior and convent to resign. 



10 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

And in case ye be not provyded of a frynde of yours for suche a 
Roometh Pleasith it you to staye it unto our cummyng home I will 
provide woon of suche litterature circumspect prudency and wisdom 
experiens and other qualites as you shall thincke mete and worthy to 
have suche a Roometh ; And also shall be as profitable unto your 
mastership as any other ; Also Master Layton Hathe ben with 
Tharchebushope of Yorke and hathe doone suche thinges accordyng 
to your pleasure as your mastership wrotte And hathe taken sur- 
rendre of Martyn abbey to the kynges use And I haue ben at 
mownte grace and Hull And wher as in all other places I fynde 
theym all redy to fullfyll the kynges highnes pleasure And now he 
ys at the monastery of funtayns to performe your mynde and pleasure 
in leke wise ther whom I loke after this nyght and so to rnorowe to 
goo thorowgh to Caruyll and so from thens to retorne homeward to 
your mastership with all convenyent spede. From Richemond the 
x th daye of february. 

Yours euer assureyd, 

Thomas Legh. 

To the right honerable master Thomas Cromwell, Chief Secretary 
unto the kynges highnes and m r of hys Rollys this be dd'. 

(Vol. 102, p. 26.) 

The abbot of Fountains having resigned, Marmaduke Brad- 
ley was appointed in his place. He was the last abbot. 

The Abbot of Fountains to Cromwell. 

6 Mar. i 535-6. Ryght honorable and my singulre good maister 
I humble commende me unto youre maistership thankyng yow for 
my promocion unto this rowmeth of thabbotship of Fontaynes for 
the which ye shalbe assured both of my continuall praers and service 
at all tymes when ye commaunde me to be redy, and to advertyshe 
your maistership of such ordinaumes as maister Layton haith taken 
in this monastery at myn election is this ; first the election celebratyd 
and I confirmad he gaffe Injunctions in wrytyng to my predecessor 
by his own holl assent & consent that he shuld make his holl 
accomptes frome the first day of his entree in to the Abbottship unto 
the xj" 1 day of Februarij last past. And that he shulde delyver thame 
to our handes afore y e thyrde Sonday in lantyn, Wher unto he was 
verayly agreed, and also it was inioyned hyme to pay all such guddes 
as remayned in his handes, undischarged by hys accomptes, unto my 
handes & my bredren handes afore he receved eny frutes of his pen- 
sion. And over that that he shuld make Redy payment of all suche 
summes of money as he receyved from his first resignacion unto the 
day of myn election the wyche surmuntyth neight j C li ; the wych 
all thynges he refusys now to do notwithstandyng he was agreed to 
the same before maister Layton and doith nothyng accordyng aftir 
theis iniunctiones bot labors by a knyght callyd Sir William Malorey 
to geytt commaundment from the kynges heghnes and frome your 
maisterschip to me and my bredren, to haue such surty as he shall 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. ii 

devyse by lernyde councell for the suyrty of his pension. And with 
owt your grette helpe he purpossed to Resco [sic] with all the howse 
guddes that he haith, the wych as I am credible informed by my 
bredren is abowe j M ii over and besyddes the gret decay bothe in 
plant, sheype, woddes and odre store of this said monastery ; so that 
of verey trewth I fynd neuer one peny with in this howse nor yet to 
recevey afore May day ; and therfore both I and all my bredren 
lauly besuches your gud maisterschip to be our socour in this maytter 
so that in no wysse he haue no pension unto he haue maid his 
accomptes & restored all the money that remaneth upon hym & in 
his handes. And that done then that he may haue a resonable pen- 
sion but not xl ti for he haith not serued xx 11 markes ; for we haue 
in a statute in our Religion de AlVte Resignante and that is this 
"Alias qui lene rexerit per decennium haleat competentem pensionem " 
but he rulled in his tym nowghly ; and all theis therfore considered 
and also in what ruyen he leyft this monastery in, and also the grett 
charge that we be charged in to the kinges heghnes for our fyrst 
fruttes the wich is j M li and also the x th parte the wich is yerely 
j C ii and nothinge her is to make money of ; wher for I and all my 
bredren trustes in yowr gude maistership that ye will luke upon us & 
this monast'y with your ee of mercy and upon my predecessor with 
youre ryghtwisse ee of Justice that he shall lyffe no mor hyghly then 
he haith deserved. And also emonges odre his enorme actes he haith 
maid unto the said William Malorey, knyght, one patent under his 
seall of his office after his resignacion wherby he haith admyttyd 
hym to be our generall receyvour of all our rentes and to be steward 
of our courtes contrary to the profett of this monastery of Fontaynes. 
Wherthrugh this his dede the said Sir William Malorey haith labored 
to maister Norresse, the which haith sent a letter to me & my bredren 
for the confirmacion of the said pateat. Wherunto, both I and all 
my bredren haith maid such answere as we trust the said maister 
Norresse wilbe content with all. And now the said Sir William 
Malory intendes, as I am credibly enformed, cometh up to London 
in his own persone to labour ye kinges heghnes and your maistership 
to commaunde us to ratify the said pateat. Wher for we all the holl 
convent humbly desireth your maistership to stoppe that the said Sir 
William Malory haue no comforth nor graunt therin, nor in lik wysse 
that my predecessor haue no graunte of eny pension unto he, of his 
partie, haue holly fulfillyd the iniunctions that maister doctor layton 
inioynyd him. Wherfore bothe I my selfe and all my bredren 
beseches your gude maistership to make no graunte, nor suffer euy 
thynge to passe in theis mayters nor eny odres unto suche tyme that 
maister doctor layton and maister doctor Leighe and maister Blythman 
retorne home to your maistership agayn, for they can instructe yow 
of verey trewth of the premisses and odre thynges concernyng my 
said predecessor and this howse of Fountayns. And I and all my 
bredren shall pray &c. At Fountayns this sext day of March by 

Your humble and obedient Marmaduk thabbott of Fountayns. 

(Vol. 102, p. 164.) 



12 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

The Abbot of Fountains to Cromwell. 

21 March 1.535-6. Right Worshipfull and my synguler gude 
Maister. After als humble recomendacions As 1 can I commande 
me to your gud Maistership, And to adu'tysse the same this xxj th day 
of Marche 1 haue receyved your right lovinge ande kynde letters 
as concernyng the resyngnacion of a prebend that I haue in the 
colligiate churche of Ripoti ; trewly Sir I neuer maid promisse to 
resigne the same and of veray trewthe this howse, y l I am preferred 
in, is so farre in danger all maner of ways, that I haue raither wyll to 
resigne the Abbotship then my prebend. For no displeasour to your 
gud maistership I haue surficiant dispensacion to haue both the 
Abbotship and the prebend; And rather or I resigne the prebend 
I will utterly resigne the Abbotship. Wherfor boith I and all my 
bredern humble desireth your gud Maistership to haue me excused 
in this bebalffe, for we trust in consideracion of the relacion of my 
gud Maisters your commissioners the kynges visitours that your 
maistership will be so gud to pardon me for eny resignacion unto 
such tyme as we be clerely thrught with the kynges heightnes 
for owr first frutes, And that in consideracion that I haue sufficiant 
dispensacion for the same, And evyn so boith I and all my bredern 
humble desireth your gud Maistership to be, As we shall be trew 
beedmen to god for your longe presersuacion &c. At Fountans this 
xxj* of Marche. Y our humble beidman 

Marmaduk thabbot of Fountayns. 

(Vol. 102, p. 236.) 

Edward, 1 Archbishop of York, to Cromwell. 

22 March 1535-6. Righte honorable aftre my hertiest commen- 
dation I perceve by this bearer maister Wynter's servaunte that the 
abbot of ffountaynes as yet hath not resigned. True it is that afore 
the comeng of M r Wynters servaunte he told me that he had a 
sufficient dispensacon alowed by the visitors Doctour Layton and 
Doctour Leghe ; the dispensacon I did never see, but whan so ever 
his resignation shall come to my handes I shall furthwith give to his 
proctour collation and iustitucon, and any oother thing doo for him 
that maye lie in my litle power, wiche is so small hidreto, that I can 
almost nothing doo for anye of my owne chapleignes, that daylie 
serveme, but master Winter knowethe my good mynde towardes him 
wiche I wold gladlie shewe withe effecte, and rather at the contem- 
plation of your lettres. And thus in my saied hertiest maner ffare 
you woll. ffrom Cawood the xxij th of March 1535. 

Yo r owne ever assured 

Edouarde Ebor. 

To the right honorable my speciall goode frend Master Secretarie. 

(Vol. 102, p. 237.) 

1 Edward Lee, fifty-ninth Archbishop of York, consecrated 10 Dec. 1531; 
died 13 Sept. 1544; bur. in York Minster. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 13 

Whilst the Commissioners were in the north they seem to 
have made a hurried journey through Yorkshire to look at the 
monasteries. 

The following account of their " Itinerary " is what they 
most likely sent to Cromwell. They also made a list of all the 
crimes committed in the various houses and their superstitions, 
called " Comperta." This is of such a character that it is not 
fit entirely for publication. Blythman may have gone with them 
and have written the letter 28th February. 

In primis from Yorke to Newbrou (Newburgh), regular chanons 
off y e order oft' seynt Austeyne, off the fyrste fundacon off y e lord 
Mowbrey, which monastery was fondyd by the forseyd lord in y e 
tyrae of Kyng Stephen, now lord Howard, ducke off Northfolcke ys 
ther foundre & y l y s in mylys from Yorke xvj. 

It. from there to Bylond, off the order off the Cystercyensis, of y e 
same fundacon that the forsayd monasterye whas, & hys off & y l the 
second yeer after y e fundacon off Newbrarow whos sepulcre ys in the 
chaptytrouss wyndow oft'thys monastery off y e forsayd lord Mowbray 
& his wyff on myle from [thence]. 

It. to Mountgrace off y e order oft'Charterhous oft y e fundacyon of 
Ynglylbyes, Knyghtes in Kyng Henry the iiij tyme xij myle from y e 
forseyd place. It. to Gysbrow chanons off y e order of Seynt Austeyn, 
of the fyrst fundacon oft" y e lord Robert Brus hoos body w th ys wyffe 
bynn byryed in y e queer ther but now lord Latymer ys ther fondar 
& yt ys xij myle from y e forsayd place. It. to Wytbye, monkys off 
y e order oft" Seynt Benedyct of y e fundacon off y e fyrst lord Wyllym 
Persey aft 1 y e conquest wych dystedyd beyond the sey & ther ys body 
ys buryed but hys harte lyethe in Wyttby, but now the Kyng ys the 
fundar & yt ys xvj myle from the forsayd place. It. to Wyckam, 
nounes of the Cystercyene, off the Kynges fundacon, which ys xvij 
myle from y e forsayd place. It. to Yedyngham, nounes of Seynt 
Benedyct order, off y e fundacon of y e lord Latymer iij myle from the 
forsayd place. It. to Kelldhollme, nounes of y e Cystercyene order, off 
y e fundacon off y e lord Westmorlande x myle from the sayd place. It. 
to Ryvalles, monkys off the Cystercyene order off y e fyrst fundacon 
off Walter Especke, now my lord Rosse ys ther fundnr, vj myle fro' 
y e other. It. to Kyrkhame, chanons off Seynt Austeyne order of y e 
same fundacon that y e forsayd was & ys, x myle from y e other. It. 
to Maltonne, chanons off y e order off Seynt Gylberte, oft'y 6 funda- 
con of the lord Vessey, iiij myle from y e forsayd place. It. to 
Warther, chanons of Seynte Austeynes order fundyd furste be lord 
Water Trusbutt, but now lord Rosse ys ther fundar, xij myles a pre- 
dicto loco. It. to Brydlyngtonne chanonsse of Seynt Austeyne order 
off y e furste fundacon off lord Wal[terJ Gawntt, woss body lyethe in 
y* myddes off ther queer, allso ther ys shrynd behyend the awlter the 
body off Seynt John sum tyme prior of the same place, xviij mylles 



14 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

from the other. It. to Wattone, off y e order off Seynt Gylbert, 
& off the fundacon off y e lord Vessey v millys from y e for sayd 
place. 

It. to Beverley wer restythe y e body off the holly archebyshope 
Seynt John, furst fundar off y e same, with allso the bodyes off Seyntt 
Wynwalld & Brythewme, & allso a slayne vyrgyn callyd Seynt 
Yolffryde, v myles from y e other. It. to Mewsse Abbey off y e Cys- 
tercyenes, off y e fundacon off le Grosse sum tyme yerle off Albymarle, 
iij myly from y e other. It. to Hull towne & to y e monastery off 
y e Chaterhouss, off the fundacon off the lor d Wyllyam Delapolle, 
baronne in Kyng Edwarde the iij days, iiij mylys from y e other & 
from henss we went to Holdynes, almost to Ravynspor, but I yntende 
to omyt all vyllagys & rekyn only relygyous housys. In reverendo 
fro' Hull. It. fro' Hull to Haltermpryce, regular chanons off Seynt 
Austeyne order off the fundacon off lord Thomas Wake, Knyght, iij 
myles from predicto. It. to Ferybye, brytheryn off the Jerosolym- 
tenne order & off the furst fundacon of y e lord Eustahe Vessey, a 
predicto loco iij myles. It. to Drax, regular chanonss off Seynt 
Austeynes order, of the fundacou off Master Pannell, knyght, xvj 
mylys fro' the for sayd place. It. to Selbye monastery off Seynt 
Benedyctes order, off the fundacon off Kyng Wyllyam Conquerour, iij 
mylys from y e other. It. to Seynt Oswaldes, chanons regular of 
Seynt Austeynes order, off y e fundacon off Kyng Henry y e furst, 
xij mylys from y e for sayd. It. to Pontefract, monkys of Seynt Bene- 
dyctes order, off ye furst fundacon off lord Robert Lacye, knyght, 
v mylys from y e other. 

It. Pontefract to Hylley (Healaugh) monastery, chanons regular 
Seynt Augustin, off y e fundacon off John Dryebdeynes, knyghte, 
x mylys from Pontfracte. It. to Knaresbrow, off y e order oft' Sancti 
Trinitatis (?), of y e furst fundacon oft' lord Rychard, yerle off Coryn- 
wall & elect & chosyn to have been emprour off Allmaine, ix mylis 
from y e for sayd. 

It. to Chrystall abbey of the Cystercyenes off the furst fundacyon 
off S r Patffylld Pictaviensis, knyght, x mylles from y e other. It. to 
Ardington, nonnys off y e order of Seynt Bendyct off y e fundacon off a 
gentyllmanne namyd Master Ardyngtonne, iiij mylys from Chrystall. 
It. to Burtonne Abbey off the order off Seynt Benet, monkes off y e furst 
fundacon off S r Adam Swaynsonne, knyght, now Lord Mowntegle ys 
the fundar & ys from Chrystall xv mylys. In reverendo ad Chrystall 
& from predicto to Bolltonne, in chanons off y e order off Seynt 
Austeyn off y e furst fundacon off y e lord Meschynne & lady Cysley 
Rumiley, ys wjeff & ther heyreys iny e yeeroff our Lord (1120) in y e 
second yeer of Kyng Henry y e furst & 2 anno Thrustini Epi, now 
lord ClyfEord ys ther fundar, xij mylys from Chrystall. 

It. to Salley Abbey of y e Cystercyenes, off the furst fundacon of 
lord Wyllym Percy y e thyrd after the conquest, in y e year off our Lord 
(1140) xiiij miles. 

(Thence to Lancashire.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 15 

Rychmondsheer. 

It. to the monastery of Egylstonne apoun Tees water off y e order 
off Premonstratensians of the furst fundacon off Mast r Raffe Multon, 
gentyllman, & Alis hys wyeff. Gylbert Phylype & Matyld Delahaye 
& yt was foundyd in Kyng Stephyns tyme, now lord Dacres ys 
y e fundar. 

It. to Seynt Agathees chanons, off y e Premonstratensian order, 
apon Swalle flewd, of the furst fundacon off y e lord Rychmund in 
Kyng Stephens tyme yt was in y e yeer of our Lord (1152) now lord 
Schroope off Boltonne ys ther fundar, & yt ys viij mylys from y* 
other. It. to Gervalles, off y e Cystercyenes, apon Your flewd, fund) d 
sumtyme in another place now callyd Wensdale by lord Akar but 
afterwardes by lord Conanne, sonne to Alanne, yerle off Rychmond, 
y e monkes were removed fro' that place onto this forsayd Gervalles by 
y e forsayd yeerles sonne, & y* by the lycence off the sonn of y e lord 
Akarre callyd Hervey and y' was in y e yeer off our Lord (115?) y e 
xv. yere off Kyng Stephanne, then after was fundar lord Fytheus 
[Fitzhugh] now Master Pare ys ther fundar viij mylys from y e other. 
It. to Coverham or Coram of y e Premonstratensian order fundyd 
furst at a towne callyd Swaynsby by a lady callyd Elewysya de Gland- 
well sumtyme wyff to lord Robarte, lord off Mydlam Chastell with 
many lordshyppes y er about annexte by y e consent & assent off Wal- 
brane sonne to y e forsayd lord Robert and y er y eis chanons contynwyd 
att Kyng Henry y e second & Rychard y e furst tyme but afterwards 
y e chanons ware removyd from Swaynsbye onto Coverham apon the 
water of Covers within a mylle off Mydlam Chastell and y i y e xiiij 
yeer off Kyng Johnys Reyne, ij mylys fro' Gervalles. 

It. to Marycke apoune Swale, nounes off Seynt Benedyct order off 
the fundacon of Roger Aske, gentyllman in Kyng Johnnis days 
vj mylles from y e other. It. to Fountens abbey off y e cystercienes, 
off the fundacon off Threstonne sumtyme byschope off Yorke whych 
were in the yeer off our Lord (1132) fro' Yorke xviij mylles. It. to 
the college off Ryponne off" the fundacon off Seynt Wyllfryed, sum- 
tyme Archbyshope off Yorke, in y e tyme of Kyng Oswye ij myles 
from the forsayd. 

It. to Wylbyforce, nounes of the Benedyctes, of y c furst fundacon 
off S r Kateryngtonne, knyght now the Kyng hys ther funder. It. to 
Nunmongtonne of the benedyctes order off y e furst fundacon off 
S r Wyllyam Arche (?) knyght, noo S r Wyllym Gasconne ys ther 
funder. It. to Roche Abbey off the Cystercienes, off lord Buell & 
Turgett, now lord Clyfford ys ther fundar. 

In Yorksheer certeyn moo abbeys wyche we have been, In primis 
Marteyn abbey, chanons woss fundar I kno nothing off. It. Swyne 
by Beverley nonnes & allso Nouneboranem. It. to all y e Abbeys in 
Yorke Cytie as Seynt Maryes abbey, y e Trinytes. It. Seynt Andrews 
& Seynt Leonardos chanons & Clementes (?). 

But S r I praye you yff I mysse other in these wrytyns or ellys in 
the datt or counte off Kynges yeers blame my presydes & not me 



16 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

for I haue nothing off y er fondars nor off y e yeeres of ther fundacyon 
but by other mennes report. 

In all theys we haue been in be syd dyuersse other mo bothe 
in Durh. (?) byshopryke & allso Carlyell with many good townes & 
villages as well in my lordys grace lyberties as in others y us & Jhesu 
preserve your mastershippe. 

It. to Hampolle nonnes off the cysterciennes order off the furst 
fundacon off master Crescey, Jentyllmanne, now Clyfford & Mark am 
ther f undeers. 

(Underwritten. "Theis notes belong unto me Tho : Lovell 



Compendium compertorum per Doctorem Layton et Doc- 
torem Legh in visitatione regia in provincia Eboracensi. 

Rupa als. Roche. John Robinson, suspected of treason, imprisoned 
at York. There was a pilgrimage to an image of Christ crucified 
found in Rupa & had in veneration. Founder the Earl of Cum- 
berland. Rents i7o u , debts 20". 

S l Oswalds. There was a pilgrimage to S* Oswald. Founder the 
King. Rents i roo marks. 

Burton als. Monkbretton. Founder Lord Thomas Monteagle. Rents 

200 11 . 

Arthington. Founder Henry Arthington. Rents 20 marks. Super- 

stition the girdle of S c Mary. 
Hampall. Founder Gervase Cliffton, junior. Rents 4O 11 . Supersti- 

tionthere was a superstition to S* Richard not canonized. 
Esholt. Founder uncertain because there are many heirs of Christo- 

pher Warde, the founder. 
Kirklees. Rents 2O 11 . 
Basedale. Superstition there they had the Virgin's milk. Founder 

Sir Ralph Everes. Rents i8 h . 
Melsa als. Mewse. Founder the King. Rents 98". Superstition 

here singulum of S. Bernard is sometimes lent for pregnant 

women. 
Nonnelurnham. Founder Lord Dakers. Rents 7 H . Here they have 

part of the Holy Cross. 
North Fereby. Founder the Earl of Cumberland. The house owes 

8o u . Here S* Gratianus is worshipped. 
Ha/lemprise. Founder the Duke of Richmond. Rents IO4 11 . Here 

is a pilgrimage to Thomas Wake for fever and in veneration they 

have the arm of S l George and part of the Holy Cross & the 

girdle of S l Marie healthful for childbirth (as is thought). 
Warier. Founder the Earl of Rutland. Rents lao 11 . 
Swinhey (Swine). Founder Sir John Melton. 
Newluroh. Here they have the girdle of " Sci. Solvatoris " which 

assists lying-in women, also they have the arm of S l Jeremiah 

jn veneration, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 17 

Rivall. Here they have the girdle of S* Aired, helpful to lying-in 
women. Rents 300*'. The house owes 200 marks. 

Keldham. Here they have part of the Holy Cross and a finger of 
S l Stephen which is lent to lying-in women. 

Arden. Founder the Duke of Norfolk. Rents 20 marks. Here 
women go to the image of S* Brigett & offer for cows lost and ill. 

Gislurne. Founders Lord Conyers, James Strangways, Earl of Rut- 
land, William Gascoigne. Rents 700''. 

Handale. Founder Earl of Northumberland. Rents io 1! . 

Middleslurgh. Founder Lord Conyers. Rent zo 11 . 

IVhltly. Here St. Hilda is worshipped. Founder the King. Rents 
700 marks. 

Grande Monte (Grosmont). Founders Sir Francis Bigote, George 
Salwayn, armiger. Rents 13". 

Yedingham. Founder Lord Latimer. Rents 40". 

Rosedale. Founder the King. Rents xliiij 11 . 

Wykeham. Founder the King. Rents I3 11 . Here S* Sitha is wor- 
shipped. 

Nunheeling. Founder the King. Rents 36 1 '. Here is part of the 
Holy Cross. 

Bridlington. Here John of Bridlington is worshipped & in veneration 
have " tria lamina ligni Sci Crucis." Founder uncertain. 682 11 . 

Beverley College. Founder the King. 68 11 . 

Wilberforce. Founder the King. Rents 28 11 . 

Marlon. Founder the King. Rent 130^. 

Clemen thorpe. Founder the Archbishop of York. Here also they 
have milk (as believed) of the Blessed Mary in veneration & 
here is made a pilgrimage to Saint Sitha. Rents 5o h . 

Thichhenhede (Thichhead). Matilda Chapman seeks release from 
religion. Founder John Aske. Rents 23*'. 

S f Trinity, York. Robert Parker and Brian Bray seek release. 
Here they have in veneration the girdle of a prior formerly of this 
house, and it is believed safe for lying-in women. Barbara 
Constable, wife of Sir Marmaduke Constable, senior, foundress. 
Rents 160". 

Fountains. Six seek release. They have a girdle of S 4 Mary (as is 
believed). Founder the Archbishop of York. Rents 1200". 

Kirkstall. They have a singulum for pregnancy. Founder the King. 

336". 
Jerivall alias Gerves. Here they have the girdle of S e Mary (as is 

believed) safe for lying-in women. Founder Sir W. Parr. 

Rents 45 5 11 . 

S* Agatha. Two seek release. Founder Lord Scrope. Rent 200". 
Bolton. Founder the Earl of Cumberland. Rent 229 U . 
Ellerton. Cecillia Swalle seeks release. Founders William Aselby, 

William Thnrresby, Ralph Spencer. Rent 15". 
Coverham. They have the girdle of Mary Nevell of iron, good for 

lying-in women (as is believed). Founder the King. Rents 

140", 



r8 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

5' Martin, Richmond. Founder the King. Rent 43". 

Mowsly. Founder the King. Rents .30'*. 

Mountgrace. Founder the King. Rents 500 marks. 

Bylunde. Founder the King. Rents 400 marks. 

Pontffract. Here they have in veneration Thomas, Duke of Lan- 
caster, and his girdle, which as (is believed) safe for lying-in 
women & his hat for pain of the head. Founder the King. 
Rent 3.30''. The house owes 2o h . 

Selby. Here also they have the girdle of the Blessed Mary as is pre- 
tended. Founder the King. Rents 800 marks. Owes 300''. 

Sinningthwaite. Here they have the arm of S l Margaret & the tunic of 
S l Bernard as is believed safe for lying-in women. Founder the 
Earl of Northumberland. 

Nun Appleton. Founder the Earl of Northumberland. Rents 56''. 

Helagh. Founder the Earl of Northumberland. Rents So 1 '. 

Drax. Founder Marmaduke Constable, senior. Rents loo 1 '. 

5' Leonard's, York. Here they have the arm and finger of S* Leon- 
ard in reverence & his image. Founder the King. Rents 
7 marks. 

S' Mary's, York. Founder the King. Rents 2500". 

Kirkham. Founder the Earl of Rutland. Here also they have the 
girdle of S* Mary (as is pretended) safe for lying-in women. 

Nun Monkton. Rents So 11 . The house owes 20". Founder Sir W m 
Gascoigne. 

William Blythman 1 to Cromwell. 

28 Feb. 1535-6. In mye moste lowlie wyse my dewtie premysed 
pleas yt your honorable mastershipe too be advertised. Aftere the 
conclusion of the visitacion exercysed fore the Kinges maiestie in the 
province of Yorke I have mayde a cleane booke of the compertes and 
send yt too yo r mastershipe bye your commissaries Doctor Layton and 
Doctor Lee and shall shortlie bringe you a duble therof mye sylfe, I 
departed from theym at Ludeloo and retournyd too Yorke fore receipt 
of the fyrste payment and suerties for the fyrste fructes of the 
monasterie of Funtance and othe r money dewe to the Kinges maiestie 
and shall therwithall repaire too London withe diligence the secund 
weeke of Lent and I truste in God at that tyme too bringe withe me 
sume acceptable comodite fore your mastershippe bye the grace of 
Jhesus whoo preserve you too his pleasure. At Ludelowe the xxviij 
day of February. 

Your humble servaunt and moste bounden beedman 
William Blithmanne. 

To the right honorable and his most singulere good Master Tho- 
mas Crumwell principall secretarie to thekinges highnes. 

(Vol. 102, p. 90.) 

' He was of New Lathes and had a grant of Monk Bretton Monastery. 
His grandson Jasper Blytheman sold most of it to the Earl of Shrewsbury. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 19 

Whilst these things were proceeding in Yorkshire, Parlia- 
ment assembled in London, Feb. 4, 1535-6, when a Bill was 
brought in to suppress and take possession of all the monasteries 
which had a less income than jzoo a year. There seems to be 
no account of the proceedings extant or if there was any 
opposition. The Bill duly passed, the following being an 
abstract: 

An acte concernyng the suppression or dyssolucon of certeyne Rely- 
gyous houses and given to the Kinges highnes & to his heres 
for ever. 

Forasmoche as manyfest synne, vycyous, carnall, and abhomyn- 
able lyvyng ys dayly used and comytted amonges the lytell and 
smale abbeys, pryoryes and other relygyous houses of monkes, chanons 
and nonues, where the congregacon of suche relygyous persons ys 
under the nomber of xij persons, whereby the governours of suche 
relygyous houses and ther convent, spoyle, destroye consume and 
utterly waste, aswell ther churches, monasterys, pryorys, principall 
houses, fermes, granges, landes, &c., to the high dyspleasour of 
Almyghty God, slaunder of good relygyon and to the greate infamy of 
the kynges highnes and the realme if redres shuld not be hadde 
therof ; and albeit that many contynuall vysytacions hathe bene here- 
tofore had by the space of two hundreth yeres and more, for an 
honest and charytable reformacion of suche unthrifty, carnall and 
abomynable lyvyng, yett neuerthelesse lytell or none amendement ys 
hytherto hadde but ther vycyous lyvyng shamelesly encreasseth and 
by a cursed custome soo rooted and infested that a greate multytude 
of the relygyous persones in suche smale houses doo rather chose to 
rove abrode in apostasy than to conforme them to the observaeicon 
of good relygyon ; soe that without such smale houses be utterly sup- 
pressed, and the relygyous persons therin commytted to greate and 
honorable monasteries of relygyon in this realme, where they maye be 
compelled to lyve relygyously for the reformacion of ther lyves ther 
canne elles be noo reformacion in this behalf .... And therupon 
most humbly desire the kynges highues that yt may be enacted by 
auctoryte of this present parlyament, that his majestic shall haue and 
enjoye to hym and his heires for euer all and synguler suche monas- 
teryes, pryoryes and other relygyous houses of monkes, chanons and 
nonnes, of what kyndes or dyuersyties of habyttes, rules, or orders 
soo ever thei be called or named, which have not in landes and tene- 
mentes, rentes, tythes, porcions and other heredymentes, above the 
clere yerely value of two hundreth poundes ; and in lyke maner shall 
have and enjoye all the scytes and circuytes of every suche relygyous 
houses, and all the manors, granges, meases .... churches, chapelles, 
&c., &c., belongyng to every suche monasterye, pryory or other 
relygyous house, not havyng as ys aforeseid above the seid clere value 
of two hundreth poundes in as large and ample maner as theabbottes, 
pryours, abbesses, pryoresses now have or ought to have the same 

<? 3. 



2O SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

in the right of ther houses. And that also his highnes shall have to 
hym and his heires all such monasteries, abbeis and pryoryes which 
at eny tyme, within one yere next after the makyng of this acte, hath 
be gevyn and graunted to his majesty by any abbot, pryour, abbes or 
pryores, under the covent Seales, or that otherwyse hath be sup- 
pressed or dyssolved. To have and to holde all and synguler the 
premysses with all ther rightes, profyttes, jurysdyccions and com- 
modytyes, unto the kynges majestye and to his heires and assignes 
for ever, to doo and use therwyth his and ther owen wylles to the 
pleasor of Almyghty God and to the honor and profytte of thys 
realme. 

And yt ys also enacted by auctoryte aforseide that the Kynges 
highnes shale haue end enjoye to his owen propere use all the orna- 
mentes, jewel les, goodes, catalles, and dettes which apperteyned to 
eny of the chief governours of the seid monasteryes or relygyous 
houses in the right of ther seid monasteryes or houses at the furst 
day of Marche in the yere of our Lorde God MDXXXV. or eny tyme 
sythen, whersoever and to whose possession soever they shall comme 
or be founde ; except onely suche beastes, grayne and woodes, and 
suche other lyke catalles and revenues, as have been sold in the said 
furste day of Marche or sythen for the necessarye or resonable expences 
or charges of eny of the seid monasteryes or nouses. 

In consyderacon of which premysses to be had to his highnes 
and to his heires as ys aforseid, his majestye ys pleasyd and contentyd, 
of his most excellent chary te, to provyde to every chief hed and 
governour of every suche relygyous house duryng ther lyves, suche 
yerely pencions or benefyces as for ther degrees and qualytyes shalbe 
reasonable and convenyent ; wherein his highnes wyll have most 
tender respect to suche of the seid chief governours as well and truly 
conserve and kepe the goodes and ornamentes of ther houses to the 
use of his majestic without spoyle, waste or embeslyng the same, and 
also his majestye wyll ordeyne and provyde that the coventes of euery 
suche relygyous house shall have ther capacytes, if thei wyll, to lyre 
honestlye and vertuously abrode, and some convenyent charytie dys- 
posed to them toward ther lyvyng, or elles shalbe commytted to 
such honorable greate monasteryes of this realme wherin good re- 
lygyon ys observed, as shalbe lymyted by his highnes, ther to lyve 
relygyously duryng ther lyves. 

And yt ys ordeyned by auctoryte aforseid, that the cheff governours 
and couentes of suche honerable greate monasteryes shall take and 
accept into ther houses from tyme to tyme such nomber of the 
persons of the seid coventes as shalbe assigned and appoynted by the 
Kynges highnes, and kepe them relygyously durynd ther lyves within 
their seid monasteryes in lyke maner and forme as the coventes of 
suche greate monasteryes be orderyd and kept. 

After the Act of Dissolution came into force a further Act 
for establishing a Court of Augmentations was passed, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 21 

An acte for establyssyng the Courte of Augmentacons. 
27 Hen. VIII. (1535-6), C. 27. 

Forasmoche as the present parleament begon at London in the 
thirde dayeof November in the xxi st yere of oure Sovereigne lorde and 
adiourned unto Westminster and there holden and from that tyme 
contynued, by dyvers progacons unto the iiij lh daye of February in 
the xxvij 111 yere of hys Reigne, itys enactyd that, his maiestie shuld have 
and enjoye to hym, his heires and successours for ever all Monasteryes, 
Pryoryes and other relygyous houses of Monkes, Chanons, and Nunnes 
of what kyndes which have not in landes, rentes, tythes, pencons 
and other heredytamentes above the clere yerly value of twoo hundreth 
poundes, and all the scytes of suche howses, &c., in as large and 
ample manner as the Abbottes, Pryoures, Abbasses, Pryoresses then 
hadde. And further that the Kynges maiestye shuld have all orna- 
mentes, jewelles, goodes, catalle and dettes of the seid houses at the 
firste daye of Marche 1535. Be yt enactyd; First-the Kyng by 
auctorytie aforseid ordeyneth a courte to be called the courte of 
thaugmentacons of the revenues of the Kynges crowne which shalbe 
a courte of recorde and shall have one greate scale and one pryvye 
scale to be engraved and made after suche forme as shalbe approved 
by the Kyng. Also be it enactyd that ther shalbe one certeyne 
person which shalbe Chauncellor of the Courte and shalbe chief and 
pryncypall offycer of the courte and shalbe called Chauncellor of the 
Courte of thaugmentacons of the revenues of the kynges crowne. 
Also that ther shalbe one person called the Kynges Treasorer and 
shalbe the seconde Offycer. Also ther shalbe one person lernyd in 
the lawes of the londe called the Kynges Attorney and shalbe the 
thirde Offycer. Also that ther shalbe one person called the Kynges 
Solycytor, the fourth Officer. Also that ther shalbe ten Audytours 
and xvj Receyvours, one clerk, one huyssher, one messenger. 

Also be yt enacted that all the seid Monasteryes, Pryoures and 
other relygyous houses which be dyssolvyd and come to the Kynges 
Highnes by the Acte aforseid and all the manors, londes, c., shalbe 
in the order of the seid Courte and of the Offycers thereof except 
alweis suche of the same monasteryes which the Kynges Maiesteye 
by his letters patentes under his greate seale shall declare and lymyte 
to contynue. 

After the Acts were passed the King appointed Com- 
missioners to examine into the monasteries by the following 
decree (translated), and also gave instructions as to taking 
possession of their properties. 

24 April 1536. Henry the Eighth by the grace of God, etc., to 
his well-beloved and trusty Sir Ralph Elarker the younger, Kt., 
Sir Marmaduke Constable, Kt., Sir Geo. Lawson, Kt., and Sir Roger 
Chomley the elder, Kt., and to his well-beloved Wm. Babthorpe, 
Esq., Robert Chalanour, Esq., Leonard Bekwith, and Hugh Fuller, 



22 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

greeting. Know ye that wholly relying on your faithfulness and 
prudent discretion, have appointed you, 7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, 
of whom we will you the aforenamed Leonard and Hugh to be two, 
giving to you, 7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, of whom we will you the afore- 
named Leonard and Hugh to be two, full power and authority, 
to enquire, search and examine, in the ways and by the methods and 
means which you consider best and most convenient, as well within 
the county as the city of York and the co. and town of Kingston 
upon Hull, both within the liberty and without, concerning all and 
singular the articles and instructions to these presents annexed, doing 
and carrying out what in those articles is contained. And therefore 
we command you, firmly enjoining that you take effectual measures 
in the premises, and diligently do and execute them so that we may 
have the truth concerning these articles and each of them without 
favour, fraud, deceit, corruption or artifice, as you shall answer to us 
therein. And whatsoever you shall do in the premises and in all 
points thereof you shall certify to us in the chancery of our court of 
the augmentations of our revenue, distinctly and openly written in 
due form on parchment, sealed with your seals or with the seals of 
7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, of whom we will you the aforenamed Leonard 
and Hugh to be two in the Octave of Michaelmas next to come, 
according as the said articles prescrible and require. And this you 
shall by no means omit under peril of what may befall. Moreover 
we give [power] to you, 7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, of whom we will 
you the aforenamed Leonard and Hugh to be two, to summon and 
examine witnesses as shall seem best to you, 7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, 
of whom we will you the aforenamed Leonard and Hugh to be two, 
for the better execution of the articles aforesaid in all their points, 
by the tenor of these presents charging all and singular our Justices, 
Sheriffs, escheators, reeves, constables, bailiffs, and other our trusty 
subjects, to attend you, 7, 6, 5, 4 and 3 of you, of whom we will you 
the aforenamed Leonard and Hugh to be two, from time to time in 
the execution of the premises, and to be aiding and assisting, and 
in like manner answerable in all things as behoves them. In witness 
whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patent. Witness 
myself at Westminster on the 24th day of April in the 28th year of 
our reign. 

(Harleian MS. 364, fo. ai.) 

Henry the viij th . To our trusty, etc. Forasmoche as we under- 
stande that .... ys at this parte in such state as the same ys, 
neither used to the honor of God nor to the benefite of our comon 
weale, we late you wit that therfor beyng mynded to take the same 
into our owne handes for a better purpose like as we doubte not, but 
the hedd of the same wolbe contented to make his surrender, accord- 
ingly we for the speciall trust and confidence that we have in your 
fidelities, wisdome and discrecons haue and by these presentes doo 
auctorise, name, assigne and appointe you that imediatly reaparyng 
to the said house ye shall receyve of the said hedd suche a writing 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 23 

under the convent scale as to your discrecons shall seme requisite, 
mete and convenient for the due surrender to our use of the same. 
And therupon taking possession therof, and of all the goodes, 
catalles, plate, juelles, implementes and stuff beyng within or apper- 
teynyng therunto ; And farther causyng all the goodes and imple- 
mentes to be indifferently sold either for redy money or at days upon 
sufficient suerties, so that the same day passe not one yeare and 
a half, ye shall delyver to the said hedd and brether such parte of the 
said money and goodes as ye by your descrecons shall thinke mete 
and convenient for their dispache, and further to see them haue 
convenient pencions by your wisdomes assigned, accordfngly which 
done, and moreover seing the rightfull and due debtes there paid and 
satisfied aswell of the revenues as of the said stuff as to reason 
and good conscience apperteyneth and your own charges reasonably 
allowed, ye shall precede to the dissolucon of the said house. And 
further in our name taking possession of the same to be kepte to our 
use and prorfitt. Ye shall furthermore bring and convey to our toure 
of London after your said discrecons all the rest of the said money, 
plate, juelles, and ornamentes that in any wise shall come to your 
handes by meane of the premisses or of any parte therof straitely 
charging and commanding all maires, shirreffes, bailiffes, constables 
and all other our officers, mynysters and subgettes, to whom in this 
case it shall apperteign, that unto you and euery of you in execucion 
herof they be keeping, aiding, favoryng and assisting. And they 
woll answer unto us to the contrary at theyr uttermost perilles. 

(Cleopatra, E. iv., 221.) 

There is a list in the Cottonian MS. of the monasteries 
under the value of 200 a year. It embraces a few not York- 
shire Wetherall and St. Bees in Cumberland, which were cells 
to St. Mary's Abbey, York, Hyrst in Lincolnshire, a cell to 
Nostell, Bamburgh and St. Mary Magdalene, Lincoln. 

Religious Houses under the value of 200 per annum. 

s. d. 

1. Monast. Sancte Trinitatis (York) - 169 910 

2. Prioratus de Andree jux Ci vita tern Ebor. - - 4714 3 a 

3. Prioratus Monalium de dementis (York) - - 55 1 1 1 1 

4. Prioratus Monalium de Apulton (Nun Apleton) - 73 910 

5. Prioratus de Helough Parke - 72 10 7 

6. Prioratus de Synnythwayte - 60 9 2 

7. Cella dee Trinitatis de Wodeshall - 117 10 TI 

8. Cella de See. Martin jux Rychemond - - 43 16 8 

9. Cella See. Marie Magdalene jux Lincoln - 24 6 3 

10. Cella See. Bege in com. Cumb r - - 143 16 i\ 

11. Prioratus de Drayx - - 104 14 9 

12. Prioratus Monalium de Arthyngton - - n 8 4^ 

13. Prioratus Monalium de Essholt - - 13 5 4 



24 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



14. Prioratus Monalium de Ham pall - 


63 5 8 


15. Cella de Bamburgh 


116 12 6 


1 6. Cella de Skekirke 


800 


17. Cella de Hyrste in Jnsula de Axholme 


5 I0 I 


1 8. Prioratus Monalium de Kyrkeleys 


19 8 i 


19. Prioratus Monalium de Ardeyne - 


1206 


20. Prioratus de Gromonte 


1228 


21. Prioratus Monalium de Basedale - 


20 I 4 


22. Prioratus Monalium de Handale sive Gryndale 


13 19 o 


_ _ TJ * . 1 "\Jf . 


T e T r A 


24. Prioratus Monalium de Thyrkehed 


1 J O * 

20 18 10 


25. Prioratus Monalium de Yolsbye (Molesby) - 


26 2 IO 


26. Prioratus Monalium de Swyne 


82 3 9* 


27. Monast. Monalium de Kelyng (Nunkeeling) 


35 1 5 5 


28. Mon. ordine See. Gylberti - 


64 13 4 


29. Prioratus Cartusiens (Hull) 


174 18 3 


30. Prioratus de Waurter - 


H3 7 8 


31. Prioratus de Haltempryce - 


100 o 3^ 


32. Prioratus de Ellerton (on Spalding Moor) 


62 8 10 


33. Prioratus de Fryzebye (Ferriby) - 


6O 1 2 


34. Prioratus de Noneborneholme - - 


8 i ii 


35. Monast. Monalium de Wylberfosse 


21 l6 IO 


36. Abbathia de Salley 


147 3 10 


37. Monast. de Oldemalton - ... 


I 97 I 9 2 


38. Prioratus de Yedingham - - - 


21 16 6 


39. Prioratus de Rosedale - 


37 I2 5 


40. Abbathia de Agatha (Easby) 


in 17 ii 


41. Abbathia de Egleston - 


3<5 8 3 


42. Prioratus Monalium de Morzby (? Marrick) 


48 17 2i 


43. Abbathia de Coverham 


160 18 3 


44. Prioratus Monalium de Ellerton (on Swale) 


15 10 6 


45. Domus Scte. Roberti nup. Knaresburgh 


35 I0 


46. Prioratus Monalium de Nonemonketon 


75 I2 4i 


Houses not mentioned in the above list. 




47. Keldholme Nunnery - 


29 6 i 


48. Wykeham Nunnery - 


25 17 6 



49. Woodkirk cell to Nostell 

50. Middlesborough cell to Whitby - 25 17 5 

There soon began to be applications for preferment out of 
the monasteries which were going to be dissolved. 

Thomas Legh to the Prior of Guisborough. 

8 Marche i535 - 6- Right worshipfull, in my hertie maner I com- 
mende me to you, beinge sorie that you beinge a straunger in that 
contry, haue be so sore troubled, which thankes be to God and yo r 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 45 

wisdome, I trust you haue well escaped, marveling that I have not 
herd from you of so longe season, and where yo r brethern at my beinge 
ther gave me one advocation of the parishe churche of Barnyngham 
longing to yo r monasterie, I desire you to cause the same to be sealed 
with yo r covent seale and deliver it to this berer, and in so doing you 
shall deserve thankes and suche pleasiore as I may do you. Thus 
o r Lorde kepe you. At London the viij th daie of Marche. 

Your freynd assureyd 

Thomas Legh. 
To my singuler friend my lord prior of Guysboroughe. 

(Vol. 102, p. 193.) 

Sir George Darcy 1 to Cromwell. 

1 April 1536. After my most dewe and humble recommendations 
unto your honourable maistership, pleasith it yow to be advertised. 
I have wrytten to the Kynges maiestie to be good and gracious lorde 
unto me as concernyng the preferrement of the nonery of Swyne 
Abbay, wherof my wif is foundres after the decesse of hir father, 
besechyng your honorable maistership of yowr lovyng favour therin 
that I may haue the preferrement therof either in ferme or otherwise 
as may stand with your pleasure and help, and if there be any 
pleasure or service I may doo yow commaunde me as yowr owyn. 
Syr, I require yow to gyve credence to my brother Syr Arthure 
Darcie therin. Wrytten at Gayforthe the first day of Aprile 

By your assured & most feythfull frend and his poor 

George Darcy, KA 

To the right honorable and his especial good maister M r Crum- 
well, cheif Secretarie to the Kynges highnes, be this delyuered. 

(Vol. 103, p. 65.) 

Christopher, 2 Lord Conyers, to Cromwell. 

2 April 1636. In moste humble maner I recomende me unto 
yo r maistership, beseching the same as my speciall good maister for 
to be good maister unto me and to the poore brethern of the house 
of Giseburn, and that by yo r high wisdome ye wolde be meane for 
the same house of Giseburn unto the Kynges grace that thei may 
have to ther prior suche one able man of their owne house as shall 



1 Eldest son of Thomas, Lord Darcy, who was executed for participation in 
the Pilgrimage of Grace. He was restored and became Lord Darcy of Aston. 
He died 26 Sept. 1558; bur. at Brayton. M.I. His wife was Dorothy, dau. of 
Sir John Melton, Knt., of Aston, who brought that estate. The Meltons were 
descendants of the Hiltons, lords of Swine. 

-i Third Lord Conyers of Hornby and Skelton near Guisborough. He 
married Anne, dau. of Thomas, Lord Dacre, and died 14 June, 30 Henry VIII. 
(1538). His son John, 4th Lord, was the last in the male line, but the peerage 
has descended through females to the Countess of Yarborough, who has lately 
become Baroness Conyers. 



26 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

stande withe the Kynges graciouse pleasor and yours, and that it will 
please yow the rather at my request to help the said house and 
brethern, that they for for so moche as I am heire unto Erase ther 
funder by title of inheritaunce may be admitted and have of the 
Kinges grace his graciouse grauntes and confirmations, and to have 
and enyoie suche liberties as thei and my said auncetors have had 
within the said monasterie and the landes of the same. And I and 
the said monastery will therfor at the uttermost of owre powre 
andevor us to performe the Kinges graciouse pleasor and yowrs. 
I have no man but onely yo r maistership in whome I truste. 
Wherfor I aftsones beseche yow be as good with them and me 
as may stande with the Kinges pleasiour and yours and other wais 
I desire not, as knowith God, who preserve yo r maistership in honor. 
Writen the seconde daye of Aprill by yours to his litle powre. 

Christofer Conyers. 
(Vol. 103, p. 67.) 

Sir Henry Everingham 1 to Cromwell. 

4 April 1536. Ryght Wyrshypfull . . . . yff ther be or shalbe 
eny suche direcon takyn for abbays that temporall men shall have eny 
comodyte therby I desyer yo r maystershyppe, for my preferment in 
thatt behalfe, to conclude ther be also dyvers abbays in thys centre 
whyche haue had certayn landes goven theym by myn ansytorys for 
certayn dewtyes whyche they haue omytted & neclecytt, wherin also 

1 desyer yo r maystershypp off yo r gud and favorable helpe, & I shall 
gladly accordyng my lyttyll power desire yo r gentyll kyndnes therin 
& yo r further pleasur .... from Byrkyn y e iiij th day of Aprill. 

Henry Everingham. 
(Vol. 103, p. 96.) 

Sir John Neyvell, 2 Knt., to Cromwell. 

8 April 1536. Ryght honerabull my speciall and singuler good 
M r I hertely comende me to you, desyryng to her of your good 
prossperes helthe, of the wyche I besych Jhesu long to contenew to 
hys plesur your hartye desyre and cumford, thankyng your m r shyp 
for your kyndnes shewyd to me at altymes, for the wyche I am bond 
to hon to you my services so long ows leyff, ser, plesys hyt your 
mastershyp to understand that wer ows hyt hys let me to be acertenyd 

1 The Everinghams of Birkin had been there for several generations. 
Sir Henry was son of Sir John Everingham by Margaret Scargyll, and married 
Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Lynley of Lynley according to Tonge's Visitation. 
In Glover's Visitation it states he also married Anne, dau. of Sir William 
Fairfax. 

5 Sir John Nevile was a younger son of Sir John Nevile of Liversedge by 
Maude Rither, and founded the branch at Chevet, which he obtained by 
marrying Elizabeth, dau. and heir of William Bosvile, Esq., of Chevet. He 
was High Sheriff of Yorkshire 1518, 1523, 1527. His inq. p.m. was taken 

2 Edward VI. (1546). (See pedigree Dugdale's Visitation continued, ii. 154.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 27 

that Ser Thomas Wyntwort, knyght marscall, hathe grant of the 
kyngys hyghnes of the priore of Ampall for hys monay, Ser, in 
the honor of God be so good m r to my son Gerves Clyfton, on of the 
kyngys wardys wyche I hade of the kyng for on of my doghters, that 
he may have hyt for hys monay, ows a noder man schall, and he 
schal fynd sufficiant surete for the perfyrmacion of all syche comandys 
ows you schall demand of hym, for hys ancetors have beyn euermor 
fonders of that plaise, wer for in the honor of God be so good M r to 
me and to my son that he may have hyt, doyng for the kyngys 
avanteg so larghe ows a nother man wyl do, and you schalbe ows sure 
of hym and me next unto the kyng ows to one man levyng the deys 
of owr lyeff. Ser, I umbly desyre you to pardon me that I am 
so bold to besyche your mastershyp to haue me in rememberans 
emonges all other for Wallyng Welly s ows I wrot to M r Rechard 
your (nephew), or some thyng hellys that hyt schall plesse your 
maystershyp to help me to, ows as knowys Jhesu so have you in hys 
blessyd kepyng. From Chette the viij th day of Aprell by y r8 at 
comandment. 

John Nevyell, K*. 

(Vol. 103, p. 101.) 

The Archbishop of York to Cromwell. 

23 Apr. 1536. Right honorable, aftre my hertiest commenda- 
tion, accordeng to your requeste made to me in your lettres, I have 
furthwith upon the receipte of the same sent commauridement to 
certayne monasteries beeing nie to Yorke, where I was than, and 
nowe I have given comandment to all archdeacons to warne all 
monasteries of lesse yerlie valewe than n c li., being within their 
archdeaconries, that they shall nothing imberille ne alien ; and if 
theye have that theye shall agayne call suche thinges aliened or 
imperilled to their handes. Some that were noted to have received 
some goodes of such monasteries I called and warned that they shold 
in no wiese meddle with anye suche goodes, and that if they had any 
suche, that they shold restore them, and forthermore if anye suche 
goodes shalbee off red to them, that they shold give me warneng. 
And for bicause most resorte for suche propose is to the citie of 
Yorke, I have warned the maiour of Yorke and other of his brodren 
therof, and speciallie the maister of the mynte upon their peril and 
daunger, that theye receive no goodes of anye suche monasterie, and 
ferther herin I entend to doo from tyme to tyme, as I shall see neede, 
and dailie doo warne suche as doo resorte to me, that they meddle 
not with anye suche goodes, that by them this commawndment maye 
bee the more published, as I trust it shalbe nowe by th'archdeacons 
officially wiche bee nowe all abrode, and haue speciall commawnd- 
ment to sett furthe this propose. 

S r I entierlie praye you to bee good to me for ij places of the 
patronaige of the Archbusshoppes of Yorke, that if you shall thinke 
opon suche considerations as I shall alledge, that I haue reason to sue 



2$ SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

for them, that you will helpe me with your good word, that theye bee 
not suppressed. The tone of them named Saincte Oswaldes is not 
of foundation a monasterie of religiouse men but is " libera capella 
archiepiscopi." No man hathe title in it but the archbusboppe ; the 
prior therof is removable at my pleasure and accomptable to me, and 
the archbushoppe maye put ther, if he woll, secular prestes, and so 
wold I have doone at my entre, if I had not ther founde oone of myne 
acquayntaunce, whome I iudged meete to bee ther undre me. And 
morover tharchbushoppes of Yorke had it given to them by William 
Rufus in exchaunge tor recompense aswell of landes, as jurisdiction 
taken from them at the commeng of William Conquerour, as 
apperethe in my registres and odre old bookes, and in the same it 
apperethe that the saied chapell enioyethe all privilaiges, lieke as all 
oother the kinges free chapelles, for it was some tyme " libera capella 
regia," and for the defense of the saied privilaiges, and iurisdictions 
ther, my predecessours have alwaies had writtes from the king 
agaynst all disturbers, bicause it is no oodrewiese but" libera capella" 
and some tyme was the Kinges. 

The toodre is called Hexham upon the borders of Scotland. 

Yo r owne ever assured 

Edouarde Ebor. 
(Cleopatra E. iv., 239.) 

Sir Ralph Ellerker, 1 the younger, and others to Cromwell. 

28 May 1536. Pleasith it yowr maistership to be aduertysed, 
that apon Saturday the xxvj th day of May we were at the monastery 
of the Charterhows bysyde Hull, and there by vertue of the kyng 
our soueraigne lorde his commyssion and artycles to the same 
annexed to us and other dyrected we surveyed the said monastery 
accordyng to his most drad commandment. And the priour of 
the same hows and his bretherne were conformable to accomplysshe 
the said Articles in euery thyng. And Furthermore signyfieng unto 
your maistership that the said priour and bretherne are right well 
favored and commended by the honest men of Hulle, and other 
neighbowrs there abowtes for their good lyvyng and great hos- 
pitalite by theym dayly kepte, whiche men of Hulle and other 
their neighbowrs made great request unto us to desyer your maister- 
ship to be good maister unto the said priour and bretherne. And 
that it wold please yow of your goodnes to be meane for theym to 
the kynges highnesse that they myght contynew in their said hows. 
And they will dayly pray to God for yowr maistership in worship 



1 There were two Sir Ralph Ellerkers of Risby, both knighted at Flodden 
Field. The writer would most probably be the younger. He was on several 
commissions, and was marshal of the army in Boulogne, and died and was buried 
there April 1546. He had a son Sir Ralph. (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 29 

long to contynewe. From the monastery of Swyne the xxviij daye 
of Maye. 

Yours at commandmente 

Rauf Ellerker y e yong'. 

M. Constable. 

Leonard Bekwith. 

Hugh Fuller. 

(Vol. 104, p. 64.) 



Sir William Gascoigne 1 to Cromwell. 

17 June 1536. Syr, in my most humbliest maner I recomend 
me unto yon, and if it please yo r mastership to call to remembraunce 
that wher I am bounden to pay the Kynges grace nowe at the feast of 
Pentecost one hundrethe markes which I have sent to you by the 
bryngers herof my servaundes wherfor I besech you r mastership 
that they may know yo r pleasur whoo shall performe y l & that I may 
haue a suflycent acquyetence for my discharge for the same, and I 
humbly wold desyr yo r mastership to be good master unto me as 
tuchyng matters betwext me and Sir Nicholas Fairfax, knight, my 
nephoo for he clamyth of me as well of v markes rent goyng forth of 
my mylnes calyd Thorparche as oder old dettes of which I payd his 
grandfather xl li yeres sens, wherin I desyr yo 1 ' mastership to be gwod 
to me, seyin thatt I may have yo r favorable letters to my lord Darcy 
to be good to me therin, for ther ys one comission coinyd down so 
to my lord & oder for the seyd matters betwext hym and me, and 
I most humbly desyr yo r mastership to be good master unto me that 
if the abbay callyd Nonmonkton, which is a nunnery & of my 
ancestors fondacon, goo to the Kinges Augmentacon thatt I may haue 
the preferment therof, paying to the Kynges grace as muych as oder 
wyll, And also I humbly desyr yor mastership to be good master to 
me in all my causes, & if ther be any service that I can do yo r 
mastership I shalbe att yo r commaundement att all tyme as knoweth 
Almighty God whom kepe you long in helth. 

From Gawkthorp the xvij th day of June 

By yours at all your comandement 

William Gascoigne. 

To the Right Worshipfull & his singular good Maister Secretary 
on of the kinges most honorable consell this be delyuered. 

(Vol. 104, p. 1 86.) 



1 There were many Sir William Gascoignes in succession at Gawthorp. 
This writer seems to be the son of the Sir William who married Lady Margaret 
Percy. He was married four times, and his will was proved at York 23 March 
1551-2. He must not have been successful in his application for the nunnery 
of Nun Monkton, as it was granted to Lord Latimer, 



30 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

The Earl of Westmorland 1 to Cromwell. 

? 1536. Sir, I beseche you haue me in remembruns touching 
thabbay of Blaunchlond and the pryorye of the nonnes of Keldhom, 
and my olde suyte, and I wolle do therfor as any other wolle. 

(Vol. 102, p. 131.) 

It is rather difficult to make out exactly what happened to 
the monasteries during the rest of the year 1536, after the 
passing of the Act of Suppression. The commissioners who 
had been appointed seem to have visited all the houses and 
taken possession of them, though they were not exactly sup- 
pressed. Leonard Beckwith was instituted receiver of the 
finances, and he began to collect the rents. His first account 
dates from the Feast of the Archangel. 2 He appears to have 
had authority to sell the plate, cattle, and other moveable 
property. He mentions in several cases that the sites and 
lands had been leased. Some few of the priories were, however, 
allowed to continue. 

1536, 28 August. The Carthusian Priory of St. Michael, Hull, 
to continue with Ralph Malquerere, prior. (Patent Roll.) 

1536, y Sept. House of Marrick to continue. 

1536, 14 Dec. Benedictine Priory of St. Mary and St. Helen 
Nunkeeling to continue with Joan Alenson as prioress. (Patent Roll.) 

1536, 13 June. Commissioners arrived at Clementhorpe. 

'53\ 3 1 Aug. Nuns turned out. (R.O. Exch. Augt. Off., 
Mins. Acct., 178, m. I4d.) 

The dissolution of the monasteries was not all popular in 
the north of England, and great dissatisfaction arose, as it was 
not known what other events would follow. On October ist 



1 Ralph Nevile, 4th Earl of Westmorland. He seems to have been ulti- 
mately successful in his suit, as the site of Keldhome nunnery was granted to 
him in 1538. 

2 Account of Leonard Bekwith, particular receiver of the Lord the King, 
as well of all and singular the lordships, manors, lands, and tenements, and 
other possessions and revenues whatsoever, to all and singular the late 
monasteries or priories there belonging, which came to the King's hands, and 
are in his hande and annexed to his crown and the crown of his heirs and 
successors, Kings of England, in augmentation of the revenues of the same 
crown of England, by virtue of a certain act provided thereupon in his parlia- 
ment begun at London 3 November, 21 Henry VIII., and from there adjourned 
to Westminster, and continued by several prorogations to 4 February, 
27 Henry VIII. (1535-6). In the same act, amongst other things, is contained, 
as of the sums arising from the value of all the goods and chattels belonging 
to the said late monasteries or priories, and coming in like manner to the 
King's hands by virtue of the act aforesaid, to wit, from the Feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1536), to the same feast in the 
28th year, to wit, for one entire year. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 31 

an insurrection began in Lincolnshire, but not being adequately 
supported lasted not more than a fortnight. 

A much more serious rising, however, occurred in Yorkshire 
the beginning of October, called the Pilgrimage of Grace, 1 when 
Robert Aske, who was on his way to London, was persuaded 
to become the leader, and a large force assembled, which after- 
wards increased so much that nearly all Yorkshire was in a 
blaze. It was not till the King had made many promises that 
the insurrection came to a standstill. 

Many of the monasteries became implicated, the chief of 
them being Sawley, Bridlington, Jervaulx, Watton. 

It seems probable that Sawley had been leased to Sir Arthur 
Darcy. The two following letters will shew that the Earl of 
Derby had been ordered to look after Sawley, and that the 
monks there had appealed to Sir Thomas Percy for assist- 
ance : 

Henry VIII. to the Earl of Derby. 3 

19 Oct. 1536. Right trusty and right welbelovedd wegrete youe 
well, And wheras by our former letters addresed unto you we gaue 
youe specelly our comaundment not only to put your forces in 
redynes but also uppon advertisement from our cousin of Shrewsbury, 
our lieutenant for the repression of the rebellion in the north parties, 
with all your said forces spedily to addresse yourself unto him where- 
ever he shuld chance to be understanding, sithens that there hath 
been like insurrections and assemblies lately attempted in the bordres 
of Lancasher specially that the abbey of Salley and other partes 
therabout so moche as th'abbot and monkes be again by the traitors 
of thar assemblie restored to the possession of the said Abbey as 
we be enformed, We have determyned and resolved any thing in our 
said former lettres and the contrary herof notwithstanding to 
comaunde your that gathering all your said forces together and calling 
unto you all the gentlemen in the countrey theraboutes you shall 
immediately uppon the sight herof proceede with the same to the 
repression of the said assemblye in the said bordures of Lancasher, 
or elles where within or near the same if any such do yet contynue 
as semblably to the repression of all such like attempts that shalbe 
enterprised in those parties, and to travayl to th' attempt of your power 
to apprehende the capitaynes and chief doers of the same, and eyther 
to cause these like traitors to be then executed or elles to sende them 
uppe hither unto us in sure and sauf custody, specially going in the 



1 It is not proposed to enter into an account of the " Pilgrimage of Grace." 
There are many letters and accounts of the trials of Aske and other persons 
implicated in the State Papers, which it is hoped will some time be printed 
in full. 

2 Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby. He would be brother-in-law to the 
Duke of Norfolk. 



32 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

partes with all your said forces to the said abbey of Salley in case 
ther be not more nede of redresse in other places, in which case you 
shall first redresse that which hath most nede and after the other. 
And yf you shall fynde the late abbot and monkes therof remayning 
in the possession of the house, having receyved it again at the handes 
of such traitors and rebelles, we woll that you shall take the said 
Abbot and monkes with their assystantes fourth with violence, and 
without any maner of delaye, in their monkes apparail cause them 
to be hanged upp as right arrant traitors and movers of insurrection 
and sedition, accordingly having speciall regard througheout all the 
countrey and partes about you that no towne or village begynne to 
assemble or gather together, but that they maye with the sworde be 
imediatley repressed to the terrible example of all others .... And 
doubt you not but we shall so remember your charges and consider 
your services that you shal have cause to be satisfied and contented. 
And for your sufficient auctoritie for the purpose to levye a force and 
people in those partes about you we send unto you herewith a com- 
mission under our privy scale which shalbe your discharge at all 
tymes in that behalf. (Vol. 108, p. 205.) 

Monastery of Sawley to Sir Thomas Percy, 1 Knt. 

(?) Christmas 1536. In most humble wise sheweth and com- 
playneth unto your most noble Mastership, your day lie oratours and 
beydemen th'abbot and convent of the monasterie of our blessed ladie 
of Saley of your most anciente and noble auncetours fundacon .... 
And therfore in our right harty maner desirethe your especiall good 
.... to consider our most urgent causes and nede at this tyme by 
reason of the suppression of oure Monasterie as well of all ornaments, 
gooddes, catailles. [The MS. so torn that the following abstract is 
taken from the Calendar.] The whole country supports them in 
entering their house and is ready to extend the pilgrimage of Christ's 
Faith and the commonwealth, because it is rumoured that the captain 
has resigned his captainship, and that order is made for the farmers 
of suppressed houses to enter and occupy, and the religious to avoid 
possession until the Parliament, whereof neither place nor time is yet 
fixed, and this has given rise to suspicion. They mistrust their most 
sinister back friend Sir Arthur Darcy, and are advised by the commons 
to remain in their house. Beg to know his pleasure for the succour 
of their house, which has been well helped by the right worshipf ull 
Sir Stephen Hamertou, Knight, and Nicholas Tempest, esquier. 

To the Honorable and our moste speciall good master Sir Thomas 
Percy, Knyght. (Vol. 108, p. 212.) 

1 Sir Thomas Percy was younger son of Henry Algernon, 5th Earl of 
Northumberland, and brother of Henry, 6th Earl. For his actions in assisting, 
with his brother Sir Ingelram Percy, "The Pilgrimage of Grace," he was 
attainted and executed 2 June 1537 at Tyburn, being buried at Crutched Friars 
Church. He married Eleanor, daughter of Guiscard Harbottle, and left two 
sons, who became successively 7th and 8th Earls of Northumberland, his elder 
brother the 6th Earl having died without issue, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 33 

When the year 1537 began there was still great excitement 
in Yorkshire, although Aske had been to London to see the 
King, who promised forgiveness for all who had been implicated 
in the last rebellion. Aske returned the beginning of January, 
and seems to have tried to quiet the people. He was not, 
however, successful, as a fresh insurrection arose under the 
leadership of John Hallom, Sir Francis Bigod, and Sir John 
Bulmer. The towns of Hull and Scarborough were attacked, 
but the attempt to take them failed, and the leaders were taken 
prisoners. 

In the meantime the Duke of Norfolk, having been 
appointed the King's Lieutenant in the North, set out to come 
to Yorkshire. He arrived the end of January, and soon began 
to exercise severity on the offenders according to the King's 
orders, as the following letter will shew : 

The Duke of Norfolk 1 to Cromwell. 

1536-7, 13 Feb. My veray good Lorde .... Also with this ye 
shall receyve a bill of the namys of such as be nowe cast and where 
execution shalbe done .... From Yorke the xiij th daie of Febr. 

Yours assewredly 

T. Norfolk. 

[Addressed : ] To the ryght honorable and my singuler good 
Lorde my Lorde previe seale. 

It'm ij Chanons of Warter to bee hangid in Chaynes at Yorke, 
of whome oon was sometyme Supprior 2 of the hous, and thother 
kechynner, and alsoo ij yemen, the oon called Fenton and thother 
Cawnte. 

It'm the Supprior of Watton to be hangid yn Chaynes at Watton. 

1 Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, was son of Thomas, 2nd Duke. 
He was born 1473, and married ist Lady Anne, 3rd daughter of Edward IV., 
who died young without issue ; 2ndly, Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Stafford, 
Duke of Buckingham. He fought at Flodden, and filled many offices, being 
Lord Admiral and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. When the " Pilgrimage of 
Grace" began he commanded the army for its suppression, and after had to 
take possession of Bridlington and other abbeys and punish the offenders. 
He became Lord President of the Council of the North from April 1537 to 
Oct. 1538. Notwithstanding all his services he narrowly escaped execution, 
Henry VIII. dying the night before the day that was fixed for it. He was 
buried at Framlingham. His eldest son, the celebrated Earl of Surrey, was 
executed by Henry VIII., and his son, the 4th Duke, suffered the same fate in 
the reign of Elizabeth for his intrigues with Mary Queen of Scots. The 
present Duke is their direct descendant. 

2 Henry Gyll was sub-prior of Watton. In the first insurrection the monks 
wanted to elect a new prior "because the prior had fled to the Lord Cromwell, 
being one of his promotion, and had left three or four score brethren and 
sisters of the same house without 405. to succour them." Aske deputed the 
sub-prior to manage the house in the prior's absence (Calendar, xii., 6). He 
had, with the monks, been very active in the second rebellion. There is an 
account of his examination when apprehended (Calendar, xii., 98). 

D 



34 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Others kepte yet in prisone. 

A frere for sedicous preching whiche the lerned mene here woll 
not determyne to be treasone withoute aduertisemente of the Justices 
from tliens whos Confession signed with his owne hande shalbe 
with this. 

Such Ringleders as cannot yet bee gotten but as we thinke here 
bee fled oute of thies parties .... 

the frere of Knaresborugh .... 

As concernyng the Monk is of Sawley and thother Abbeys I can- 
not yet speke of their offences, but on sundaye I doubte not to doo. 

(Vol. 1 1 6, p. 20.) 



Henry VIII. to the Duke of Norfolk. 

1536-7, 22 Feb. Right trusty etc. cousin .... Fourth our 
pleasour is that you shall with diligence sende uppe in perfite suertie 
unto us the traitors, Bygode, the fryer of Grasboroughe, 1 Leche, if he 
may be taken .... and oon doctor pykering, a chanon of birdlington 
.... Finally forasmoche as all these troubles haue ensued by the 
sollicitac'on and traitorous conspiracyes of the monkes and chanons 
of those parties, we desire and pray you at yo repair to Salleys, 
Hexam, Newmynster, Leonerd Coste, 2 Saincte Agithe, 8 and all suche 
other places as haue maid any maner of resistence or in any wise 
conspired or kept their houses with any force sithens thappointement 
at Dancaster you shall without pitie or circumstance nowe that our 
baner is displayed cause all the monkes and chanons that be in any 
wise faultie to be tyed up without further delaye or ceremony to the 
terreble exemple of others. 

[Endorsed : ] The Mynute of the lettre sent to my lorde of 
Norff. the xxij of February. 

(Vol. 1 1 6, p. 92.) 

Henry VIII. to the Duke of Norfolk. 

1536-7, 17 March You are also to proceed against the 

abbot of Gervaise and the quondam of Fountains, for whose appre- 
hension we heartily thank you ; also against the abbot of Salley 4 
if you can find matter worthy of it, as we doubt not you shall. You 
may remember the letter sent by him to Sir Thomas Percy. We refer 
the arraignment and execution of the persons bailed by Sir Ralph 
Ellerker and others to your discretion. The rest we are content 
to take to mercy. From my lord of Durham's declaration, and other 
evidences, we see that the Friars Observats are disciples of the bp. of 
Rome and sowers of sedition. You shall therefore do your best 

1 Knaresborough. J Lanercrost. 3 Easby. 

4 The abbot of Sawley was not tried with his brother abbots in May. He 
is said to have been hung at Carlisle at an earlier date. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 35 

to apprehend the friars of that faction, and place them in other houses 
of friars as prisoners, without liberty to speak to any man, till we 
shall determine our further pleasure about them. Finally, we shall 
within a few days send for Lord Darcy, as you advise. 

(Calendar, xii., i, 293.) 

Sir Arthur Darcy writes about Sawley Abbey. 

Sir Arthur Darcy 1 to Cromwell. 

25 Feb. 1536-7. Ytt schall lyke yowr guid lordschip to be 
aduertyssed y lt att barnacastell aftter y" my lord off Norfolke hadd 
herid off ye dysscomfytur off the canons of Westmorland y lt Sir 
Rycherd Tempest hadd delyuered to ye abbott & covent off Sawley my 
sayd lordes letter in ye kynges name to aduoyd ther possession off 
Sawley uppon ye payn to be reputtyd as ye Kynges Rebells, to whyche 
letter the Abbott & monkes obbeyd, & then my lord badd me choze 
whether I wolld go to Sawley or to send thedd', & seing the jorney 
broken in effect by ye dyscomfyture off ye sayd canons I toke my 
leffe & went by Couerdalle & Wensledale to Sawley, where I found 
iij seruantes off Syr Ryc a Tempestes y l hadd resseyuydyepossessyon 
with oon of my tenauntes, for offtrewthe they haue wastyd in effect 
all ye lyttyll gooddes, catalles, schepe & haue takyn upp my hallf 
yeres rentes off my holl landes, so I dyd asske for ye Abbott & no 
I herd priuyly where he was, & I dydd send there a xij off my 
seruanttes & dyd take hym, & he makes hymssellff as thoff he can 
neyther rydd nor goo & holly dothe lay all ye blame to ye canons y ft 
contrary hys wyll they putt hym in, so I trust schortly to trye ye hall 
trewthe wherin I do labor as I cam awey from sawley I dyd here y lt 
Leche, & other hys lyke were in Lonyssdall & theyr I dyd send for 
them, & I went mysellff to Kettyllwell where I herd y u the sayd 
owtlaws were, where they were nott, & as yett I here nott from my 
sayd men y u went for Leche & his fellos butt lyttyll is fois (?) off them, 
for blessyd be god ye contreyes here are well steyed to good obbess- 
ance hyerly (?) thankyng ye kynges grace for hys pardon, & by ther 
mysdemeanors off ye acctes of themselffes they arr well instrucctyd 
to know ye kyng & hys lawes, my lord lewtenant lettes for no paynes 
to purssew ye correccyon off ye otfendyrs, no thyng regardyng euyll 
seassones off weddyres nor ye fowlle wayes butt sty 11 appon them 
as he heres wher any byssynes scholld aryze so as by hys polycey & 
cure the contrey is in a very good frame, my good lord I requyrs yow 
to be my good lord y u I be nott chargyd with my surtes for ye abbey 

1 He was a younger son of Lord Darcy, who was beheaded for his share in 
" the Pilgrimage of Grace." Sir Arthur, however, was not at all implicated with 
his father. He was rewarded by a grant of Sawley Abbey and other monastic 
possessions. He died 3 April 1560, and was buried in the same church, St. 
Botolph without Aldgate, as his father. From his son Thomas descended 
Conyers Darcy, created Lord Darcy and Conyers, ancestor of the Earls of 
Holderness of Hornby, 

D 2 



36 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

is gooddes y tt I neuer reyceyffyd (?), I haue payd an Clx ii yett off ye rest 
I wolld y" y e kynges grace wolld releas me, I haue wryttyn to Mearrs to 
putt yow in remembrance, my father is in Pomfrett by ye kynges 
lett' & commaundment & surly whatt so eu' ye kynges hyenes 
comands hym to do he sayth yatt he is redy to obbey, y lt off a surtye 
his deseas growes appon hym & he determinyng hymsellft' after thes 
byssynes to drawe him to quyettnes & to break hys howses & to lyff 
with a small company tyll he be owt off dett he dyd putt awey 
Strangwysse at rny first cornyng my lord I am calld to wrytt to yow 
thoff ye schull harddly rede my hand. 

Att my farewell ye comandyd me to wryt to yow whiche I do 
obbey, my lord I do send to yow an examynacyon off oon off my 
seruantes whyche apperes y tt ye relygoos persoones dyd styrr & 
procure thys pestelent sedicyon & nott only thatt butt wolld haue 
eftsoones quyckend & revyffyd the same, oonles off my fay the as 
I thynke y tt my lord lewtenant with all y e gentyllmen doo stopp ye 
cawsores & brewtores, I haue said ye lyke to my lord lewtenant to 
whom schortly I schall resort affter y tt my horssyes be any thyng 
refressched lyke ytt your lordschip to gyf orders to my seruaut thys 
berer & ye holygost presserue yow, From Pomfrett this xxv day off 
February att yowr lordschypes comandment, my lord I bessyche your 
lordschypp y lt I may know yo r pleasur in wryttyng whatt ye wyll 
command me to whiche I schall follow to my power 

Arthur Darcy. 

[Addressed :] To ye Ryght honerabyll & my very good lord my 
lord preuy seall. 

[Endorsed :] Sir Arthure Darcy the xxv of February shewinge the 
pacyfyinge of the Reb'ells in the Northe & howe he tooke possessyon 
of Sawley Abbaye. (Vol. 116, p. 117.) 

At this date there were three letters from Sir William 
Musgrave, Thomas de la River, and Sir Brian Hastings, asking 
for gifts of the monasteries and for Ham pole Priory not to be 
suppressed. 

Sir William Musgrave 1 to Cromwell. 

1536-7, 17 Mar. To the Right Honorable myn espesall good 
lorde my lorde Prevey Sealle. 

Right honorable and my espeschall good Lord. This shalbe to 
advertis youre lordschipe that wher ther is a vere small priore of 
nonys callyd Esholt within a lordshipe of my lait graunfather Sir 
Christopher Ward, who lyeth ther, callyd the manner of Esholt, which 
standeth vere commodyuslye for me, the holle valew thereof by yere 
xix li. or there about, wherfore my request shalbe unto youre lordshipe 
that it may pleas yow to be so much my good lord as to helpe me to 

1 Sir William Musgrave of Hartley Castle, co. Westm., was son of Sir 
Edward Musgrave, who married Joan, dau. and coheir of Sir Christopher 
Ward of Guiseley, who died 1521. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 37 

the sayme of the Kings Highnes for me and my heres, not only for 
suche puer servyce as I have downe unto his Grace but also for the 
same I am content to release unto youre lordshipe during the 
mynorite of John Tamworth and also shall accompte myself therby 
by youre lordeshipe. Which is my speciall dissiare and request yf 
this may stand with your pleasure. That I may have the Kinges 
Highnes letter in breff tyme Unto the Pryores and convent for the 
premysses commaunding them to ssaye all ther gudes and ther 
commoditise ffrom any further saill or other grauntes. And thus I 
pray God to preserve youre good lordshipe in myche honor and 
comfurts such as youre nobill harte requyerith. Wrytten at Yourke 
this i; 111 day of Marche. 

Youre Lordshipes to command 

William Musgrave. 

(Vol. 117, p. 29.) 

Thomas Dalaryvere 1 to Cromwell. 

1536-7- I humblie beseche your good lordshipe to have me in 
remembrance to the king hys highnes of the monastery of Bastall in 
the countie of Yorke within the Northe Ryding of the same countie, 
now in the handes of Sir John Bomere, knight, by rasone of a leasse 
which he bought oon Thomsone, merchaunt Taylor of Londone, 
which sayd leasse is nowe in the custodie of Sir Rauf Evers, 
knight, and the said Sir Rauf Evers contented that I shall have the 
leasse therof if it be your lordshipes pleasure. And if it be not your 
lordshipes pleasure that I shall have this I beseeche your lordshipe 
to remember me of the offyce of the keping of Ffosse, being in the 
sayd countie and in the sayd countie Ryding nowe in the handes of 
the Lord Darcy. 

Your S'uunt and Daylie Oratoure 

Thomas Dalaryvere. 

(Vol. 1 1 6, p. 174.) 

Brian Hastings 2 to Cromwell. 

J 537> 1 3 Apr. To the Ryght Honorable and my especiall good 
lorde my lord Prevey Scale be this lettere delyvered. 

Plesythe youre honorable lordshipe at this my pore instance to be 
so good lorde unto one pore house of Nunes called Hampole, whiche 
are neare neighburs unto me and of good name, fame, and rule, and 
so reputed and taken amonges all the Cuntrey aboute me, to the whiche 
house the kynge is so good and gracious lorde unto the sayd house 

1 There is a pedigree of the De La Ryvers of Brandsby in Glover's Visitation, 
Foster's Ed., 601. The monastery referred to is probably Basedale, a Cistercian 
nunnery, which was granted, 36 Hen. VIII. (1544), to Sir Ralph Bulmer and 
John Thinde. 

2 Sir Brian Hastings, Knt, of Fenwick, mar. Agnes, dau. of Thomas 
Portington of Barnby Don. He made his will 2 Aug. 1537, proved at York 
8 Oct. 1540. His son Sir Francis Hastings, Knt., who died in 1558, left only 
three daughters. 



38 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

by the order and direccion of youre lordshipe and others of the kynges 
most honorable councell shall not be suppressed bot to remayne and 
stande and have more religious women assigned unto them. And 
as yet they have not ther confirmacione that that they have not bene 
of abilitie for to serve for the same. Wherfore I shall estsones 
desyre youre honorable lordshipe to be so good lord unto the said 
pore house that they may have theyre sayd conrirmaccion for the 
whiche they have moved me to write unto your seyd lordship, and 
they wylbe your daily bedwomen, and further that it will please youre 
good lordshipe to call to youre remembrance that at my last being 
with youe at London the kynge was a good and gracious lorde unto 
me to graunte me the parsonage of Campsall fore terme of one 
hundreth yeres, and I have the kynges bylle assigned for the same. 
And also the Prevey Scale of the same and now master Chaunceler 
of the Augmentacyons wyll not suffer it to pass the seale for what 
cause I knowe not. Wherein I shall desire you to be so good lorde 
unto me, for insomuche as it is commoved and namyd in my countrey 
that I shulde have it and now letted I will rather lese more then 
I will speke of. Wherfore good my lorde as my especiall truste is 
in youre lordeshipe be good to me herin and ye shall have my servyce 
as I am bounde to doo, and that ye will gyffe ferther credence to my 
frende this berer herein. And thus owre Lorde God preserve you 
longe with honoure. Stristhorpe this 13 th day of Aprill. 

Your Lp's bonden 

Brian Hastings. 
(?Vol. 1 1 8, p. 1 68.) 

On May 15, 1537, the trial of "the Northern men" who 
had been apprehended for rebellion began. 

Indictment charging that Thomas, Lord Darcy, of Tempel- 
hirst, Robt. Constable of Flamburgh, Sir Fras. Bygott of 
Sedryngton, Sir Thomas Percy of Seymer, Sir John Bulmer 
of Wilton, Margaret Cheyne (wife of William Cheyne, late of 
London, esquire), Sir Stephen Hamerton of Wyggylsworth, 
Geo. Lumley of Thwynge, Ralph Bulmer of London (son and 
heir-apparent of the said Sir John Bulmer), Rob 1 Aske of 
Awghton, James Cokerell, clerk, rector of Lythe, quondam 
prior of Gysborough, Nic. Tempest of Baschehalle, William 
Woode, prior of Bridlyngton, John Pykeryng of Lythe, clerk, 
John Pykeryng of Bridlington, friar of the order of Friars 
Preachers, Adam Sedbar, abbot of Jerveulx, and William 
Thirske, clerk, of Founteyns, quondam abbot of Founteyns, 
did, 10 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII. (1536), as false traitors, with other 
traitors, at Shyrbourn, Yorks, conspire to deprive the King 
of his title of Supreme Head of the English Church, and to 
compel him to hold a certain Parliament and convocation of 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 39 

the clergy of the realm, and did commit divers insurrections, 
etc., at rountepelj divers days and times before the said io th of 
October. And at Doncaster 20 Oct., 28 Hen. VIII., traitor- 
ously assembled to levy war, and so continued a long time. 
And although the King in his great mercy pardoned the said 
Darcy and others (named) their offences committed before 
10 Dec., 28 Hen. VIII. (1536), nevertheless they, persevering 
in their treasons, on 17 Jan., 28 Hen. VIII. (1536-7), at 
Sedryngton, Tempylhyrst, Flamboroughe, Beverley, and else- 
where, after the same pardon, again falsely conspired for the 
above said purposes and to annul divers wholesome laws made 
for the common weal, and to depose the King ; and to that end 
sent divers letters and messengers to each other 18 Jan., 
28 Hen. VIII. (1536-7), and at other days and times after the 
said pardon. And that Sir Francis Bygod and George Lumley 
2i Jan., 28 Hen. VIII. (1536-7), and divers days and times 
after the said pardon, at Sedryngton, Beverlay, and Scarborough, 
and elsewhere, with a great multitude in arms, did make divers 
traitorous proclamations to call men to them to make war 
against the King, and having thereby assembled 500 persons 
did, 22 Jan., 28 Hen. VIII. (1536-7), levy war against the 
King. 

And thus the said jury say that Bygot and Lumley conspired 
to levy cruel war against the King. And moreover the said 
jury say that the others above named, 22 Jan., 28 Hen. VIII. 
(1536-7), etc., falsely and traitorously abetted the said Bygott 
and Lumley in their said treasons. 

In margin : Bella vera. (Calendar, xii., i., 555.) 

Many of the prisoners who had been found guilty were 
speedily executed, though some were kept longer in prison. 

Robert Holdsworth, the vicar of Halifax, seems to have 
been in London at the time, and to have sent the following 
information to his friend Sir Henry Savile, Knt. : 

Robert Holdsworth, 1 priest, to Sir Henry Savile. 2 

26 May 1537. As ys Fryday in Whytson day wook S r John 
Bomer (Bulmer), S r Stephan Hamerton, Nicolles Tempest, y e Abbot 

1 Robert Holdsworth, the vicar of Halifax, was a strong supporter of the 
King, and had a troublous life. He was at last murdered by thieves in his 
vicarage, being buried in Halifax Church 10 May 1556. There is an excellent 
life of him, by Mr. John Lister, M.A., in the Halifax Antiquarian Society's 
Transactions. 

2 Sir Henry Savile of Thornhill and Sothill, which latter estate he had by 
his wife. He was High Sheriff 1537 41, and died in 1558. 



40 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

of Gerves, 1 y* Abbot quondam of Fontaunce 2 (th'abbott quondam of 
Rievaus this crossed out 3 ), and of Bryddylton 4 wher drawne to 
Tyborae and y r put to exicucon, and y 6 lady y e wyffe of Sir John 
Bomer at y l tyme with them was drawne with out Newgatt and 
thens to Smythffeld and y r burned .... At London y e even of y e 
Trinite after myde day 1537. 

Yors holly 

R. H., pryst. 

To y e Ryght Wor[shipf]ull and interly belouyd S r Henry Sayvel, 
K l , y be dd. at Soytthyl Hall. 

(Vol. 1 20, 204.) 

Sir William Parr 6 writes to Cromwell about Jervaulx Abbey. 

Sir William a Parr. To the Right Honorable and verey singler 
goode lorde, my lorde Privey Seall, be theis delyvered. 

1537, 28 May. Right honorable and my verey singler good 
lorde my dutye remembred unto youre lordeshipe in my hardest 
maner I commend me unto. And where as my late being withe 
youre lordeshipe at London I shewed you that I had moved the 
Kings Highues to be good and graciose lorde unto me for the prefer- 
ment of Gervaxe Abbey in Yorkeshire, Whereof I am ffownnder, 
in cace it weyre suppressed. And at that tyme it pleased youre 
lordeshipe of your goodnes to assure me of your flavor and ffurthera- 
mire in the same my sute. Theis shalbe to beseke youre good 

1 Adam Sadber, the last abbot of Jervaulx, was mixed up in both insur- 
rections. For his actions in the second one he was apprehended and sent to 
the Tower. There is an account of his examination and confession in the 
State Papers (Calendar, i., 1035, 1269). 

J William Thyrske had been compelled to resign the abbotship of Foun- 
tains, as will be seen on p. 7. He seems to have been living at Jervaulx at the 
time of the second rebellion and to have got mixed up in it. 

3 Edward Kirkby was abbot of Rievaulx, but had been deprived and 
pensioned, a fresh abbot, Roland Blyton, having been appointed. Kirkby 
must have been found to have been implicated in the rebellions. He was put 
in the Tower, and there was a charge for his maintenance there for six weeks 
at 6s. 8d. a week. He was sentenced with the other abbots, but probably got 
reprieved, as there is a mention of him in October 1537 as moving about 
his pension. See the article on Edward Kirkby, abbot of Rievaulx, by Mr. 
Wm. Brown, F.S.A., in the " Yorkshire Arch. Journal," xxi., 44. 

4 William Woode, the last prior of Bridlington. He and his monks appear 
to have supported the rebellions. His examination and confession, 24 April 
!537> are in the State Papers (Calendar, xii., I, 1019-20). 

5 Sir William Parr was son of Sir Thomas Parr, K.G., of Kendal. His 
grandmother was daughter of Lord Fitzhugh. The members of that family in 
succession were patrons of Jervaulx, consequently Sir William Parr, having 
succeeded to their inheritance, was considered the founder of the abbey. He 
was born about 1513, and was one of the persons appointed to try the Lincoln- 
shire rebels, seeing many of them executed. For his services he was created 
Lord Parr of Kendal, and subsequently Marquis of Northampton. His sister 
Katherine became the last of Henry the VIII.'s wives. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 41 

lordeshipe to have my said sute in remembrance, ffor I am informed 
there is instant labor made by others in theis behalf. Wiche I dowbte 
not youre lordeshipe being good lorde unto me. I wolde be verey 
lothe to be disapointed herein considering I moved the matter not 
onely to the Kings Highnes but allso to your lordeshipe. And 
ffurther I am ffownnder of the saide howse, by reason whereof 
yf I weyre smallye regarded and litle estemed and that shulde 
redownnde to my dishonestye and greate reproche, wiche I troste 
youre lordeshipe shalbe assured of me at all tymes to be at youre 
Commaundement to the uttermost of my powier. As knowethe the 
Lorde, who preserve youre lordeshipe in moche honor. ffrome 
Benington the xxviii th day of this present monthe. 

Yours to commande 

William Parr. 

The monasteries of Bridlington and Jervaulx, having assisted 
the leaders of the Pilgrimage of Grace, were seized upon by the 
King, and the Duke of Norfolk was ordered to take possession 
of them and their properties. 

The Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII. 

10 May 1537 If your highnes pleasure be to haue the 

howses of Brydlington and jerves to be suppressed, uppon your 
pleasure knowen theryn I shall with diligence ryde thither and 
accomplisshe your commawndement, and under your highness 1 cor- 
rection I thinke most convenient for dyuerse causes that I shold be 
at the suppressing, aswell bycause the cuntrees abowtes them be 
popelouse and the howses greatlie beloued with the people, and also 
as I think well stored of Cataill and other thinges profitable that woll 
not come all to light so well if I be absent as if I be present, and, Sir, 
if it be your pleasure that J shalbe there let me haue with me 
M r Magnus, Sir George Lawson, Leonarde Beckwithe and Blitheman, 
And I shall appoynte with them Vuedale and Anthony Rous 
treasowur of my house to survey the landes and to take inventaries 
of the gooddes and cataill and to see the same well praysed, these 
men I thinke loke to haue none of the fermes of your maiestie, and 
therefore woll loke for your profight, where as others that wold haue 
them peradventure wold not so do. The said M r Magnus and my 
servaunt be perfightely skylled men in Surveying of londes, and I am 
sure woll do trewlie. Jerves is right well furnisshed with lede in the 
coveryng of their houses, but as for Brydlington I thinke hathe none 
like it in your hole realme for it hath a barne covered all with lede, 
the lengest, the wydest, and the depest roved that ever I sawe. 
I cannot thinke the lede of all the house can be so litle worthe as iij 
or iiij M u and dothe stande nere the see, yeasilie to be caryed. If 
I may knowe your pleasure hereyn by tewesday nyght I wolbe there 
or Whitsontyde and put eu'y thing yn order and retourne hither on 
Saturdaye. The defferryng therof may turne your highnes in besiling 



44 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

of many things to some losse, Sir, in myne opinion the howsehold 
stuff or at the lest as moche as is good & woll serue aswell of the 
Lord Darces Sir Robert Constables Culm's l oi the abbayes if ye woll 
haue them suppressed and of others of thiese p'ties that shall now 
forfet the same to your majestic wer best to be browght hither and 
by one appoynted by you to haue the Rowle therof to be receyved by 
Indenture, and the same to kepe here as in one of your wardrobys 
both to serue for your Cownsaill of these p'ties if ye woll haue any 
suche, or if ye woll hereafter send any noble man to come and lye 
here for a tyme, havyng the house before furnisshed with stuff may 
the Souer' make hast hither withowte taryeng for sendyng for his 
owen. And also, Sir, if god shall hereafter send youe so many Sones 
(as I shall daylie pray he may) that your pleasure shalbe to haue one 
of them dwell in thiese p'ties, your charges shalbe the lesse to fur- 
nysshe hym. And surely if the saide stuff shold be sold here ye shold 
not haue the therde parte for it that it shall cost youe to bye suche 
newe. Finallye, Sir, if it may stond with your pleasure with diligence 
to commawnde me shortely to dispeache the servantes of such as 
shall nowe be cast at London, ye shall the more alleviate your 
charges, for unto that tyme ye shalbe at no small charge. And if 
your pleasure be I shall so dispeache them I beseche your highnes 
I may knowe your pleasure, what I shall yeve to euery of them 
aswell servauntes as Religiouse persones. And also, Sir, if it shall 
stonde with your pleasure in the Whitsonwek I woll ryde to Jervas, 
to put lyke order there .... From Shrifhoton the x th daye of Maye. 
Your most humble seruant and Subiect 

T. Norfolk. 
[Addressed : ] To the kinges highnes. (Vol. 120.) 



Henry VIII. to the Duke of Norfolk. 

J 537> J 3 May. By the king. Right trusty and right entierly 
beloued Cousen we grete you well. And haue as well receyved your 
seuerall 1'res addressed unto us by our seruaunt Will'm Maunsell thone 
declaring the rindyng of thindictamentes the condempnacions of the 
two Monkes of Charterhouse withe certain other thinges touching our 
affaires, thother conteynyng the particular causes whiche moved you 
soo instantly to desire licence for your repaire into these parties as at 
good lenght harde the credence comyttyd to the said Maunsell. For 
aunswere wherunto Furst you shall undrestand that we take your 
procedinges in as good parte as your selfe coulde wishe and for the 
same give unto you oure most hartie thaukes. Secunde as con- 
cernyng the hous of Bridlington and Gerves w ch shall come to our 
handes by thatt ende of the gouernors of the same Like as we entend 
to take and use our right therin soo approving your devyse for the 
direction therof we desire and praye you conformably therunto to 
take the payne in person to Repair to those houses and to ensewe 

1 These two words seem to have been written over an erasure. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 4$ 

suche ordre bothe for the taking of the Inventories of the goodes of 
the same, the survey of the landes belonging unto them, and the 
bestowing of suche stuff as appertaynethe to the same and to such 
other as be indicted there is mete for our use as your selfe hathe 
diuised, not doubting but you will see euerye thing done in suche sorte 
and with suche dexteritie as shall appertaigne. And as concerning 
the discharge of the servantes of the said persons indicted and of the 
Religious in the said houses we be content you shall give unto eu'y 
of them after theire qualities and degrees suche money at their 
departing as your wisdomes shall thinke mete for our honor and the 
better satisfaction of them in that behaulf, trusting neuertheles that 
you no further charge us therin thenne with good consideration shalbe 
convenient and necessarie. 

[Endorsed : ] the mynitte of the kynges 1're sent to my lord of 

Norfolk the xiii th of May. /Tr , 

J } (Vol. 120.) 

The Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII. 

X 537) J 6 May. May it pleas your maiestie to be aduertised that 
yesternyght I receyved your lettres of the xiij th of this monethe, And 
notwithstanding that I have been this night sore handeled with my 
disease, yet with goddes grace I shalbe this night at bridlington, and 
haue appointed to be there with me for the sure surveyyng of the 
Londes and gooddes Maister Magnus, Sir George Lawson, Leonard 
Beckwith, William Blytheman, Fuller your highnes auditour of 
thaugmentacon in thiese parties, and my servant Anthony Rous, 
So that I doubte not your maiestie shalbe trewly served there. And 
on this day Seven nyght I woll ryde god willing to Jervaise with like 
persons for like intent .... 

[Endorsed : ] My Lord of Norfolks lettres to the Kings highnes 

xvi 'J y- (Vol. 120.) 

The Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII. 

1 537> J 8 May. My veray good Lorde with most herty recom- 
mendations Thies shalbe taduertise you that I haue caused all the 
gooddes of this house to be vyewed and wryten, and the best of it to 
be caryed to Shrifhotou. And forbycause ther is many thinges to be 
done here wheryn is veray requisate to know the kinges highnes 
pleasure howe the same shalbe ordered, whiche wold be veray Long 
to be wryten, I haue sent Leonerd beckwith to your good Lordshippe 
to declare all the said matiers unto you to thentent that all things 
may be ordered here and at Jervase according to the kinges highnes 
pleasure. 

Yours assewredly 

T. Norffolk. 

[Addressed : ] To my veray good Lord my Lord Pryvey Scale. 
[Endorsed : ] my lord of Norfolks lettres to my lord xviij maij 
with a remembrance 3d by Bekw h . 

(Vol. 120, f. 144.) 



44 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Matthew Boynton 1 to Cromwell. 

1537, 20 May. Pleas it your goode Lordeshipe to be aduertissed 
that it haithe liked my Lord of Norffolkes grace to be so goode 
Lorde unto me as to write unto your Lordeshipe in my favour 
concernyng the Stewardeshipe of the Landes belonging to the House 
of Bridlington, nowe newly suppressed, wherfore I humbly beseche 
your Lordeshipe to be so goode unto me as to move the kinges 
highenes therof. And if thoroughe your lordeshipes meanes I mought 
opteyn the same I truste to doe unto the kinges saide maiestie as 
goode seruice as any man of my poor degree in theis parties. My 
lorde it is a thing whiche liethe verey nye unto me and within 
the space of three myle, Wherfor eftesoones for the same I hartely 
desir and praye your goode Lordeshipe, And truste your Lordeshipe 
wolbe as good lorde, &c., &c. At Bridlington the xx 11 daie of Maie. 

Yours at commandment, &c., 

Matho Boynton. 

(Vol. 120.) 
Cromwell to the Duke of Norfolk. 2 

22 May 1537. Pleasith it yor grace to be advertised that the 
Kinges highnes having received yor lettres dated at Birlington the 
xviij th day of this moneth, wherby his grace perceveth yor order 
takyn for the same Burlington and the howse of G-erves, his highnes 
giving unto you alwaies his most harty thankes, hath commaunded 
me to advertise you of his graciouse pleasor bothe touching the 
effecte of the same yor lettres, and also to the matters expressed 
in yor lettres to me with certain remembrances delivered unto me by 
Leonard Bekwith. And as touching yor said order, surely the kinges 
highnes liketh it veray well. And albeit that he doubteth not but the 
persons whom ye have appointed woll do every theing to the best, 
yet nevertheless forasmoch as by Acte of Parliament all landes 
atteynted must passe by th'andes of the kinges generall surveyors, 
and certaun thinges by the order of the lawe, bothe in fynding of 
offices & other thinges, is to be observed, ye shall understande that 
the kinges highnes at this tyme dothe send down certain of his 
counsel to take order in that matter, as well touching the fynding off 
orlessis as also to make certayn & perfect bokes of all thinges 
belongyng to the same, not for that they shall attempt to adnull 
or infringe any thing that shalbe done by you ne by the persons 
appointed by your lordship, but that they all togeder may so conferre 
that euerything may be perritely and duely done to the Kinges 
honour & resonable proffect, his grace thinking that after the same 
shalbe directely & perfectly accomplished, considering the tyme of 
the yere nowe, and that fermors commonly entre not but aboutes 

1 Matthew Boynton of Barmston, Esq., married Anne, daughter of Sir 
John Bulmer, Knt. From him descended the Baronets of Barmston and 
Burton Agnes. 

- This letter appears to be a draft of one sent to the Duke of Norfolk. 
It contains other matter not appertaining. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 45 

michaelmas, it shuld not be for his graces proffict to make any 
graunt of any part of the said landes unto the said tyme, and also 
that the same may be well surveyd, when his at which tyme his [sic] 
highnes woll not onlye haue suche a respect bothe unto the poremen 
Inhabeting abowt bridlyngton & Jervaux, but also forse for som 
substanciall person mete and necessary to staye the cuntrey & kepe 
good hospitalite to dwell in the pryncypall parte of the monastery, 
wherein his highnes is mynded to folowe moch your lordships advice 
and counsul, and doth require you to aduertise hym fullye of your 
oppynyon touching the same. And as to the haven, wherof yo r 
lordship writes, the Kinges highnes upon suche consideracons as be 
mencioned in yo r said lettres is contented that if xx 1 ' woll annend it 
that ye shall cause the same to be done this som r in all hast possible. 
As for the shryne the Kinges highnes to the intent that his people 
shuld not be seduced in the offring of their money, his grace wold 
have takyn down whiche and all other plate and jewelles apper- 
teynyng to his highnes, except suche as you desire to haue for 
yor money which his highnes is content with his pleasor is shall be 
sent up hider as yor lordshipe thinketh most convenient with all 
speede .... And also the corn and catall, specially suche as be mete 
to be sold, and the landes likewise at this tytne of the yere being 
bothe sown, his highnes doubteth not but ye wyll order the same 
as shalbe most for his hignes profitt. And the pleasor of his highnes 
is that the due dates of the said howses shalbe contented of the 
goodes of the same. And as to the lead and all other theinges 
wherin ye be willing to knowe the kinges pleasor yor lordship shall 
understand that upon it vieu and survey therof nowe at theis tyme by 
your grace and his commissioners to be eftsones sent unto his 
highnes in all thinges he woll uppon the sight of the same determyn 
his further pleasure. 

(Vol. 120, p. 165.) 

William Blithman to Cromwell. 

23 May 1537. Mye moste Singulere good lorde mye dewtie 
lowly premised. Pleas yt your good lordeshippe too be aduertised 
I have receyved bye this berer M r Warmyngton advertisment bye 
worde of mowthe from Doctor Layton too come uppe with speede 
convenyent too rehers suche wordes as I at my last beynge at London 
anempst the treesorer of Yorke, and I (intendinge too have soo doon), 
supposinge yt too be yor lordeshippes pleasure as he affermyd too the 
messinger, was of ane howres warnynge comaunded bye mye lord of 
Northfolke to waite uppon hyme to the dissolvinge of the monasteries 
of Brydlington and Jerves. Brydlingeton is dissolved, and too morow 
his grace goothe towardes Jerves. Als soone as the busynes thereof 
ys perfytelye fyneshed I will waite uppon yor lordeshippe mye selfe, 
and in the measne tyme yt maye lyke yor lordeshippe to call to 
yor remembrance howe that I affermyd the treasorer of Yorke too be 
the fyrste mane that enterd mye howse ther and tooke forthe therof 



46 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

the beste bedde I hadde and a coote of plaite and what moore God 
knowethe, manye bookes and writinges I wante, and parte were 
in his howse and delyverd agayne sens mye comynge hoome ; mye 
bed ys delyverte agayn bye hyme and the coote of playte reternyd, 
yet albe yt he confessyd the takinge therof and promysed restitution. 
I said forther to yor lordeshippe that he receyved the commons with 
procession at the churche doore with all the minesters ther in there 
habytes, and so in deed yt was opynelye brutyd, whiche theye nowe 
qualefy and saye that theye beynge at a direge in the queor in ther 
habytes came to doore and met theym, bot not with procession, bot 
well I woote bye the common fame the belles were solemplye rongen 
at that same tyme. And forther I said that he pullyd down the 
kinges armes standing above hys hall doore, whiche ys evidente and 
notoreiowse, I se theym mye selfe within this fower dayes in settinge 
uppe agayn whiche was in the fyrste commotion, and sence the 
Kinges graciouse pardon T here nothinge of hime. And fore that 
I told yor lordeshippe anempste M r Bowes yt is undowbtydelye trewe 
and muche moore, wold to God ye hard the bruyte of the cuntreye 
therin, bot sens the pardon I heeve nothinge againste hyme bot that 
he haith stayed to hys power. Shortelye I intend, God willinge, 
to wayte uppon yor lordeshippe with the Kinges moneye fore fyrste 
fruetes, as I wold have doon ore nowe bot fore this busines of 
Bridlington and Jerves, as the Holye Gooste knowethe, whoo preserve 
yor lordeshippe in helthe and honor. At Yorke the xxiij daye 
of May. 

Yor humble boundon beedman 

Will m Blitheman. 
(Vol. 120, p. 175.) 

The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. 

1537, 3 1 May. My veray good Lorde with most herty recommen- 
dacons .... The house of Jerueaulx is suppressed, and 1 haue left 
there to put all thinges in order to the kinges most profight Sir 
George Lawson, Robert Bowys, Blytheman the Auditour, And 
Anthony Rous, And when they shall haue don there charges then 
the saide Robert and twoo other honest gentlemen shall remayne 
there unto the cummyng of Maister Pollard. 

Yours assewredly 

T., Norfolk. 

[Addressed : ] To my verray good lord My lord pryvey scale. 

A remembrance of certayne artycles to be shewed unto the 
Kynges highnes : 

Imprimis, Bryrdlyngton standythe in a faire corner of the shire 
adioynynge to the see, where no resorte is of strangers except suche 
as dwellyth abowte the same that corny th to the market there. 

Item The priorye cherche is the parysshe cherche. 

Item there is a thowsand and an half people within the said 
parysshe. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 47 

Item there is a great part of the inhabitants of Byrlyngton that 
haue their lyvyng within the same hows. 

Item they kepe tenne plowghes. 

Item that the inhabitantes of the same towne may haue all the 
demayne landes in ferme euery man seuerally to hym soo that he 
shall not alyen ne put awaye the same by his grant, wherby it shall 
not come to one mans handes, and therby many men shalbe relyved. 

Item the pere or haven there is in great decay and lyke to be loste 
if in case twenty poundes be not spent abowte the mendyng of 
yt bytwyx this and Michelmas, whiche is the great succour of that 
quarter. 

Item if the corne be sold nowe it wilbe the most profyte to the 
Kynges grace. 

Item all the catall to be sold to theym that shall haue the 
growndes. 

Item if in case that the inhabitantes haue the arable land, then 
they must haue the gresse grounde with the same, or elles they can 
not tyll their lande. 

Item concerny ng the shryne there called saynt John Shryne it is 
of small value, And the people wilbe desyrous to haue it, And then 
suche Oblations as shalbe made there shall come to the Kynges 
profyte. 

Item in case that the inhabitantes haue it in this mauer it is 
thowght by my lordes grace that all the people wilbe glad & 
contented. 

Item how the dettes shalbe payd, which as is supposid will 
amounte to CC li. 

Item to shewe that the saide pere or haven of Byrdlyngton 
is moche more dangerous than is Flamburghe, for my lordes grace 
hath viewde and sene bothe. 

Item in lyke maner to knowe for Gerves. 

Item the lande can not be surveyed suerly this fourtene dayes, 
therfor my lordes grace mynde is that some be sent downe for 
the same. 

Item the cherche is all covered with lead, and the better half of it 
perteynyth to the parochians, and it wyll please the parysshe better to 
haue the part that the priour and convent had. 

Item if the demaynes be lessed to one man, then the berne 
couered with lead whiche is of a good valewe can not well be sold. 

Item to remembre my lordes grace for the rynge. 

Item the Church stuf for my lordes grace. 

Item aft' this man' all men wilbe desirous to see dissolucion. 

Item a crosse of silu', a paire of censors for my lord. 

Item for the plate to be sold here & valued by some goldsmyth. 

Item a commission with an antedate for ye suppression .... 

Item to shew my lord p'vey seall y* Gregory Conyers commyth 
with the goods of the quondam. 

Item to gyf the kynges grace this ston, which is callyd the 
best ston. (Vol. 120, p. 237.) 



48 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. 

2 June 1537. My veray good Lorde .... forasmoche as I do 
nowe wryght to the Kinges maiestie I shall not molest you with 
nothing conteyned in my lettre sent to his highnes. And where I do 
understand his maiestie hath now sent 1'res to thiese parties con- 
cernyng vacabonds, your good lordship shall perceyve by copies of 
lettres wich I have a good tyme past sent to all the iustice of pease 
and religiouse houses in thies parties, that I haue not neglected that 
matier surely 1 neuer sawe so many as be in thiese cuntrees. And 
the almes that they haue in religious houses is the great occasion 
therof, and also the slackenes of the Justice of pease, for not doyng 
ther dewties. I haue and shall so order thiese cuntrees under my 
rewle that I thinke ye shall shortely here of no small nomber of them 
that shall drawe Southewards. My lord, the sooner that M r Pollard 
do come into thies parties the better, for therby the Kinges charges 
shalbe the soner releved ; the house of Jerueaulx was moche in 
debte, but the movables woll fully discharge that, and in likewise at 
bridlington, with a better peny. And surely if ye sende downe 
plommers hither, both to take downe the ledde of the houses and to 
cast the same in sowes, with one trewe over seer of them, it woll 
acquite the cost. And thus our lord haue you in his blessed tuytion. 
From Shrifhoton the ij de daye of June. 

[Addressed : ] To my veray good lorde my Lord Pryvey Scale. 

[Endorsed : ] My 1. of Norff. to my lord P. S. 

Item Thempors 1'res to the Duke of Norfolk. 

Item the copyes of my lord of NorfF. 1'res for the punishment 
of vagabunds. 

(Vol. 121, p. 25.) 

Henry VIII. being offended at the late insurrections, and at 
the part that some of the monks had taken in them, determined 
that in addition to the small priories under the value of 200 
per annum which had been ordered to be suppressed by the 
recent Act of Parliament, the whole of the abbeys should be 
dissolved. Dr. Layton, who had made the previous year a 
short expedition through Yorkshire, now considered that he 
should like to be engaged in this further work, and therefore 
proposed to Cromwell that he and Dr. Legh should be allowed 
to have a second and complete visitation. 

Dr. Layton to Cromwell. 

Friday the iiii th day of June (? 15.37). Pleasit yowe to under- 
stonde, that whereas ye intende shortly to visite, and be lyke shall 
have many sutlers unto yowe for the same to be yor commissares, 
if hit myght stonde with your pleasure that doctor Lee and I myght 
have committyde unto us the North contre, and to begyn in 
Lincolne dioces, northwardes here from London, Chester dioces, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 49 

Yorke, and so furthe to the borders of Scotlande, to ryde dowue 
one syde and to cum up the other, ye shalbe well and faste 
assuryde that ye shall not her fynde monke, chanone, frear, prior, 
abbott, or any other of what degre so euer be be, that shall do the 
kynges hyghnes so goode servys in this matter for thos parities, 
nether be so trusty, trewe, and faithfull to joine in the same, doyng 
all thynges so diligently for your purpos and your discharge. And 
forasmuche as the Kynges hyghnes hath put his onely truste in yowe 
for the reformacion of his clergie, gyvyng yowe therunto onely 
auctoritie and power, ye must have suche as ye may trust evyn 
as well as your owne self, wiche must be unto yowe as alter ego. 
Doctor Lee and I have onely bene preferryde to the Kynges servys 
by yowe, et te solum ab eo tempore in huncusque diem haluimus 
Mcecenatem et unicum patronum, nee alium unquam habituri. Oure 
desier is, therfor, now to declare unto yowe owre trewe harttey and 
faithfull mynde, owre faste and unfaynede servys that we bere 
towardes yowe, and owe unto yowe, as ye haue of ryght bownde us. 
Ther ys nother monasterie, selle, priorie, nor any other religiouse 
howse in the north ; but other doctor Lee or I have familier acqwayn- 
tance within x or xij mylles of hit, so that no knaverie can be hyde 
from us in that contre, nor ther we cannot be over fayssede nor suffer 
any maner injurie. We knowe and haue experiens bothe of the 
fassion off the contre and the rudenes of the pepull, owre frendes and 
kynsfookes be despersyde in thos parties in evere place redy to 
assyste us if any stoborne or sturdy carle myght perchaunce be 
fownde a rebellous. If ye hade leisure to overlooke the booke of 
articles that I made for your visitacion this tyme xij monethes, and 
to marke evere sondrie interrogatorie therin wryttyn, dowtles ther is 
matter sufficient to detecte and opyn all coloryde sanctitie, all super- 
sticiouse rewlles of pretensyde religion, and other abusys detestable of 
all sorttes, hether (to) clokyde and coloryde by the reformitors 
(so namede) of evere religion wiche ever, by frendeshipe, tyll this 
day hath founde craffty meanys to be ther owne visiters, therby no 
reformacion intendyng nother goode religion (if any be) to incresse, 
but onely to kepe secrete all matters of mischeffe, with muche priuey 
murmuryng emong them selffes, sellyng ther jewelles and plate to 
take half the valew for redy money, with gret rewyne and dekay 
of ther howsis wiche muste nedes yet continewe and indure dayly 
more and more with incresse, unleste ye nowe sett to yowr helpyng 
hande, and with expedicion spedy and efftsones tendre the premisses. 
Moste humble desieryng yowe to take no despleasure with this 
my rude and playne letter, thus boldely utteryng unto yowe my intire 
mynde and consayte, referryng all to your wisdom and goodnes, 
by the hasty hande of your moste assuryde poir preste, 

Rycharde Layton. 

(MS. Cotton, Cleopatra, E, iv., fol. 10.) 



50 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

William Gascoigne to Cromwell. 

5 June 1537. Ryght Honorable and my moste especyall good 
lorde &c. that it may please youe to be so good lorde unto me to helpe 
me to the preferment of eyther Bridlington Abbay or Jervax abbay with 
the demayns of eyther of thaym as shall stande with your lordships 
pleasur which are nowe suppressed and at the kyng our sou'aigne 
lord hys pleasur as I am Informed. And I shall not only gyffe as 
myche as eny other wyll for the preferment theirof but also do unto 
your lordship suche pleasur and seruyce as at eny tyme heir after 
shalbe in me to do to your lordship, my lorde as yeknawe aszit I 
haue but small lyffyng in my handes duryng the terme of my Father 
lyffe. Wheirfore eftsones I shall desire youe to be good lorde unto 
me in the said p'ferment of one of the said abbays, for withoute your 
lordship helpe I haue but small Frendes for optenyng their of as 
knawyth our lord god who preserue your lordship long with honour. 
From Cusworth ihys Fyfte day off June. Yours ever at Com'ande- 
ment, 

Will'm Gascoygne, yonger. 

[Addressed : ] To the right honerable and my most especiall 
good lorde my lorde prevey Seale be this lettur delyuerd. 

[Endorsed: ] Will' Gaskyn the yong r for to haue the prefer- 
ment of Byrlington or Jervaux. 

(Vol. 121, p. 56.) 

The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. 

5 June 15.37. My veray good lorde with moste herty recom- 
mendations. Thies shall be tadwertise youe that by Tristram Tashe 1 
this berer I do nowe sende to the kinges highnes in twoo boxes all 
suche gold stuff as was nppon the Shryne at Brydlyngton, and with 
the same one 1're to his maiestie to knowe his pleasure what shalbe 
done with the rest of syluer as by the saide lettre your good lord- 
shippe shall perceyve. My lord I require you to be good lord unto 
the saide Tashe, assuryng youe I pitie hym most of any man that 
hath been spoyled, for fewe others ar at this houre withowt restitucon 
or agrement made with them. And unto him I can not see the 
meanys howe it shalbe possible to bryng hym to so moche of his 
gooddes, but that he shall largely susteyne, bycause that he can not 
prove who were his spoylers, and in this cace he onely doth remayne 
eftsones requiring youe to be his good lorde .... Also I require youe 
to be good Lorde to Thabbot of Saincte Mary abbay who hath of 
late receyued a lettre from youe in the favour of Fulbery for a Ferme, 

1 l May, 29 Hen. VIII., 1537. Tristram Tesshe to be general receiver of 
the possessions of Co. York in the King's hands by the attainder of Adam 
abbot of Jervaulx, William prior of Bridlington, Sir Thomas Lord Darcy, Sir 
John Bulmer, Sir Robert Constable, Sir Stephen Hamerton, Sir Francis 
Bigod and John Wyvel, with fees of 40 a year and 20s, in every ,100 of the 
issues of his office (Patent Roll), 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 51 

assuryng your good lordeshippe that the said Ferme is so necessary 
for the saide abbay that withowte the same it is not possible to con- 
tynewe their hospitalitie as they doo for and they shold goo withowte 
it, they shold be inforced to bye ther provisions in the Market. And 
pitie it were that for one Mans profight So many persons shold want 
ther lyvinge. I am sory I haue so moche recommended hym to you 
in my lettres consideryng his ill procedinges in this matier .... From 
Shrifhoton the v th day of June. 

Yours assewredly, 

T. Norfolk. 

[Addressed: ] To my veray good Lorde my lorde pryvey Scale. 
[Endorsed: J My 1. Norff., v th Junij, 1537. 

(Vol. 121, 54.) 

The Duke of Norfolk to Henry VIII. 

5 June 1537. May it piece your maiestie to be aduertised that 
by .... Tashe this berer who doth bryng uppe to your highnes your 
mony dewe in thiese parties of the tenthe. 1 do send to your 
maiestie all such thinges of golde as were on the Shryne at Bryd- 
lington wich I caused Maister Magnus to take of the saide Shryne 
at my beyng there to suppress the house, the saide gold werke is in 
twoo boxes sealed with my scale and the saide M r Magnus. And I 
dare well saye ther dothe not lacke the vaylewe of one .... ryng. 
In the lesse box is three proper .... wrought Tablettes. And if I 
durst .... be a theff I wold haue stolen them to haue sent them to 
the quenys grace, but nowe your highnes havyng them may geve 
them unto her withe owte offence if it be your pleasure. 

In the great box is one proper thing of radix iesse to be set uppon 
an aulter, and in the same box is all the rest of the gold werke. All 
the rest of syluer geare that was on the saide shryne doth remain 
here with the plate of Sir Robert Constables . . . . f that was be- 
longyng to brydlington, and I .... and some litle thing .... wich 
is .... or to .... parties or to be sold .... moste advantage here 
as it shalbe your .... to comawnde of trouthe ther is verie litle 
therof .... convenient to be kepte to serue an honest man with all 
but veray old Stuff and to be broken rather than kepte. The hole 
vaylewe therof by estimacon woll extend abowtes iij ml iiij c Ixx oz. 
I can not wryght the trowthe by cause all is not yet come yn. 
Other newes I haue none, &c., &c. From Shrifhoton the .... 
Your most humble seruant and subiect, 

T. Norfolk. 

(Vol. 121, p. 52.) 



Sir Arthur Darcy to Cromwell. 

8 June 1537. It schall lyke your honourabyll lordschypp to be 
advertyssyd, that I was with my lorde Lewtenant att the suppresyon 
off Gervayes, whyche howes within the gatt ys coveryd wholly with 

E 3 



52 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

leadd, and ther is oon off the ffayrest chyrches that I have sseen, 
ffayr medooze, and the ryver runnyng by ytt, and a gret demayne. 
The kynges hyenes is att greatt charge with hys sstoodes off mares, 
att Thornbery and other placys, whyche arr ffyne growndes, and I 
thynke thatt att Gervayes and in the grangyes incydent, with the 
hellp oft" ther grett large commones, the kynges hyenes by good 
oversseers scholld have ther the most best pasture thatt scholld be in 
Yngland, hard and sownd off kynd ; ffor ssurly the breed off Ger- 
vayes ffor horses was the tryed breed in the northe, the Stallones and 
marees well assortyd, I thynke in no reallme scholld be ffownd the 
lykes to them, ffor ther is large and hye growndes ffor the ssomer, 
and in wynter wooddes and low growndes to serve them. My lord, 
by my lord lewtenant I haue restytucyon off a gret part of my goodes 
att Coverham. From Gervayes I went to Sallay, wher I inqueryd 
owtt a chalyce thatt was brybbed ffrome the kyng affor the ssup- 
pressyon off the howes, and allso I haue ffownd a booke off dettes 
belongyng to the howes, and ther is a barkhawes stoord with leddyr. 
I requyre yowr lordschypp to send to me your pleassure whatt I 
schall doo therm. 

My good lord, I requyre yow to gett me lycenes ffor xiiij dayes to 
cum upp to dysspache me off dettes thatt I ow. Off my ffaythe I 
never brake so muche credence as I have lattly doon. I haue dessyrd 
M r Jolymentt to remember yowr lordschypp ffor my cawssys. Off 
trewthe, my lord, I doo wast the kynges money here att Pomffrett ; 
ffor off a trewthe the contreyes in the northe was never in a moore 
dredeffull and trew obbeysance. 

My lord, I bessyche you be good lord to me ; ytt is schewd to me 
that the Kynges hyenes wolld ageyn survey my landes, and that 
fferther M r chanssler dyd send to me thatt ytt was thoght thatt I 
had dysseyvyd the kyng. My lord, ye know thatt I myght have hadd 
seynt Lenardes, whiche is better by iij c markes then my landes in 
the ffyrst survey. I dyd reffuze thatt, and on my ffaythe I never 
knew whatt Salley was, tyll ytt was grauntyd. M. Fermer and 
M. Montagew wolld have gyffyn syx c. markes yerly ffor Greness- 
norton ; and in consideracyon theroff, and with my wyffe in maryage, 
the kynges hyenes gave me my landes unssurveyd. Yff ytt be the 
kynges pleasure to haue my rentalles, uppon my lyft" I schall not lye, 
butt bryng them my sellfe, and hys grace schall haue all thynges att 
hys conssyence and pleasure, as knowythe God, who ever presserve 
you with myche honour. The viij day off Juyn. 

Yowrs humbly till comandment, 

Arthur Darcy. 
(Cott. MS., Cleopatra, E, iv., 287.) 



Richard Pollard to Cromwell. 

12 June 1537. Pleas it your good lordship to be advertished 
that at this present tyme I am at byrdlington as well for surveying 
of the same as for other suche ordors as is to be taken there. And 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 53 

at my being at Yorke I was at Maister Lawsons house where I had 
good chere, whom did acompanye me to Shirefhoton. And because 
1 perceyued that he did attend upon my lord of Norffolkes grace at 
the suppressin of byrdlington and Jervaulx, and about the orders of 
suche thinges as is ther taken by my said lordes grace, he did right 
diligent and acceptable seruice unto the kinges highnes as by the 
reaport and other apparaunce of his seruice I haue good knowlege. 
I desired the said Maister lawson to kepe me company to byrdling- 
ton at this my cumyng theder. Where I assure your lordship he 
dothe his deutie and sheweth hym self as a true subgiett shuld and 
ought to do to his sou'aigne lord in all the seruice he can do to the 
profuit and aduauntage of the kinges highnes. 

And forasmoche as now ther is no receyuor apointed to haue the 
receiptes for the Kinges maiestie of thies forfaitt landes commytted 
to my surveye at this tyme. If it may stand with the kinges 
pleasure and your good lordships I think the said Maister Lawson 
verey able and meytt for that rowme not onely for his good and 
diligent s'uice butt also can and may discharge the same rowme sub- 
stanncially. To whom I becech your good lordship to be good lorde 
in thoptenyng therof so that it may please you he may be accepted 
unto the same rowme. And the rather at this my poer request, &c. 
From Bydlington this xij th daye of Juyn. 

Your assuryd att commandement, 

Rychard Pollard. 
(Vol. 121, p. 112.) 

Richard Pollard to Cromwell. 

14 June 1537. Pleasith yt your good lordship to be advertised 
that my lorde of Norffolke had byn at Bridlyngton afore my comyng 
into these parties, and there he had all the Juells of the Churche, the 
vestymentes, the plate, oxen, & a great parte of the shepe, so that 
at my comyng thether there was but little stuff remaining. But 
notwithstondyng I haue gotton muche more syluer & summe gold 
in the Churche whiche I haue sent to my lorde of Norff. grace to the 
entent that may be sent to london with the resydue that my lorde of 
Norff. hathe. And suche shepe, cattail, Corne, & household stufte 
as dyd remayne at Bridlyngton at my comyng thether I haue solde 
by the advyse of Syr Marmaduke constable thelder & Richard 
Bellyces, the whiche stuff I assure you was the worst that euer I 
sawe in eny house of reputation as yt shall appere by my bookes, 
and a great part therof was stolyn by the poore people afore my 
commyng thether. And as for the churche & the landes of the 
churche & houses I haue done nothing therewith as yet untyll I 
know what the kynges graces pleasure shalbe done therin for that yt 
standyth within half a myle of the see. But I assure you the house 
and Churche is farr in dekay, the most profyt therof ys to be made of 
the leades for there was offered to me for the ledes of a Barne fyve 
hundred m'kes ou' & besydes the residue of the houses & churche 



54 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

there the which wyl amounte to a great sume of money. And there 
remayneth muche Glasse as yet for I haue solde noo parte therof nor 
the bells for I can haue no merchaunt for the same. And as con- 
cernyng the demaynes I haue offered the same unto the inhaby- 
tanntes of the towne betwene this & Michelmas and right so the corne 
in the feylde but they offer nothyng lyke for the same. Wherfor 
as yet I haue sett no parte therof. And herewith I haue sent to 
your good lordship a boke whereby ye may perceyve the discripcyon 
of the churche & late Monastery. I assure your lordship 1 never 
saw so nedy people in my lyve as arr in these parties, for they haue 
made theare afore my comyng great spoyle & rob'y- And to the 
entent your lordship shall perceyve my doyng in survey I have 
therfor also sent you herewith a survey that I haue made of the man' 
of Bulmer, sumtyme the inheritannce of Syr John Bulmer, to 
thentente that yf yt be not well & accordyng to your mynde, that 
then yt wyll please your lordship to send me your pleasure. And to 
my power I shall doo accordyngly. I assure you your servant M r 
lentall takyth great paynes and doth the kynges magestie right good 
true & dylygent servyse, as yt shall appere at our retorne signyfying 
your lordship that the country as far as I have labored be in good 
obbedyence to our sou'eign lorde the kynge, and be right gladde that 
they ben the kynges graces tennantes .... And as farr as I haue 
surveyed yet there shalbe due to the kynges Magestie at Mychelmas 
one hole yeres rent, & so ys lyke to be in all Yorkeshere, but they 
haue not used to pay untyll Seynt Martyns day then next followyng. 
From brydlyngton the xiiij day of June. 

Your assuryd att commandement, 

Ry chard Pollard. 

(Vol. i a i, p. 122.) 
The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. 

19 June f537- My veray good lord, my herty comendacons 
unto your good lordshippe. fforasmoche as it is necessarie that 
James Rokebye and Willm Blithman shold be present with 
Maister Pollerd at the survey of Jervaulx (who I veryly thinke wolbe 
there abowte a three wekes hens) to thentent they may instructe 
hym in dyverse thinges towching the kinges highues profight in the 
same. This shalbe therfore to require youe to see them expedited 
with diligence, and to be retourned hither agayne, so as they faile 
not to be there at the survey of the said mon(astery). And if not I 
verely thinke the kinges highnes shall susteyne great losses by the 
sane ther absence. And thus most hertely fare ye well, ffrom 
Sherifhoton the xix th daye of June. 

And my lord I requyre you to be gode lord unto them for I fynd 
them both diligent, well willyng and very honest men in all their 
services. Yrs assewredly, 

T. Norffolk. 

To my veray good Lorde my Lorde privey Scale. 

(Vol. 121, 146.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 55 

The Duke of Norfolk to Cromwell. 

28 June 1537. My veray good Lord. After my right herty 
commendations unto your good Lordeshippe. The same shall receive 
by thies berers James Bowser, Thomas Gary and my servaunt John 
Scoler all such plate as was of the houses of Bridlington and Jerveaulx, 
and of all such others that were attainted as came to my hands with 
a boke conteynyng all the parcells of the saide plate sealed with my 
scale and M r Magnus, who contynewally had all the saide plate in 
his kepyng sithen thattayndre, and I never medled with any parte of 
the same. 

Also your good lordshippe shall receive by the saide berers in a 
bagge sealed with my Seal, the Convent Scales of Sainct Agathes, 
and of Jerueaulx. And aswell the Convent Scale of Bridlington, as 
the scale of office of the same wich I haue caused to be hatred. 

Your lordshippe shall also understonde that I haue paied 
thexpenses for the cariage of the saide plate alredy .... From 
Shrifhoton the xxviij day of June. 

Yours assewredly, 

T. Norfolk. 
(Vol. 121, p. 183.) 

Richard Pollard to Cromwell. 

9 July 1537. I haue surveyd the demeans of the late monastery 
of Whalle & granges of the same, but as yet not all the landes, for hyt 
lyyth fer assunder yn dyvers shires, and 1 have lettyn the demeans 
& granges unto the power Inhabytantes therabowtes untyll Michel- 
mas, which ys to ther great comfort & releyff, and moche to the 
kynges avantage yerely heraft', so that hys grace wyll make no grant 
untyll suche tyme as hys grace may be ac'tenyd of my survee the 
cause of my wrytyng hcrof to your lordship ys for that I haue hard 
dyvers men sea that they trust to haue it of the kynges grant 
accordyng to the oold rents. And as concerning the leades of 
Whalle & byrlyngton I do not mell therwith ne with the leads 
of other monastaries lately attentyd untyll suche tyme as I may be 
ac'tynyd of the kynges pleasure what I shall do therwith, for yf hyt 
may be handelyd by suche as hathe knolyge ther yn hyt wyll yeld a 
great some of mony, for I had offeryd to me for the concryng of on 
berne at byrlyngton fyue hundred merkes wherfor I most humble 
desyre your lordship to ac'tyn me of the kynges pleasure theryn & 
ryght, so what shalbe don with the wallys of the howses and for all 
other thynges I trust your lordship shall perceve at my retorne to 
youe that I haue and shall do my dutye theryn and to the kynges 
honor and profyt. Maie hyt also pleace your lordship to be aduer- 
tysed that as concernyng the tythes which wher appropryat to the 
said late Monastares I haue grantyd them to dyvers men of worship 
& honeste untyll crystysmas, and then they to yeld accompt to me or 
to suche other as the kynges maieste wyll appoynt for the same of & 
for all the profittes of oon hoyll yere as a procter to the kyuges use 



56 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

& profytt so that therby the yerely profyt may be knoyn for hyt ys 
unc'tyn as yet tho which I suppose to be the best was to knowe the 
hoyll profyt therof, and as your lordship shall command me to do 
lerder theryn or yn any other thyng 1 shall not feyall god wyllyng 
but to do the same. Wrytyn at Whalle the ix day of July. 
Your assuryd at commandement, 

Rychard Pollard. 

(Vol. 122, p. 220.) 

[Addressed:] To the Ryght honorable & hys synguler good 
lord my lord priuye Seale thys be dd. 



Richard Pollard to Cromwell. 

3 Aug. 1537. May hyt pleace your good lordship to be adu'tysed 
that of late I resevyd your letter wherby I percevyd that the kynges 
maiestes pleasure and commandement whas that I shuld cause all the 
leads yn my survee to be meltyd & made in sowys & set the kynges 
merke apon them & so to kepe them to the kynges use. And so 
accordyngly I began at the late monestarye of Jervaux, but I whas 
sowan wery thorof as well for as J percevyd the Fynor kowde but 
lytyll skyll thorof for the kynges profyt as also for that I shuld haue 
had a long tyme yn the doyng therof, for I taryed ther yn meltyn of 
the leades of the Cladost' v days which ys but lytyll to the value of 
the hoyll leades, for I am sure the leades ther ben oorthe m 1 li & I 
thynk lytyll worse at byrlyngton, but at Whalle ther ys but small 
leades bysydes the churche, and for that I haue not don all the leades 
I most humble beseche your good lordship to make myne excuse to 
the kynges maieste for I suppose hyt had not ben best for hys profit 
without a good fynor .... thys is also to ac'tyn your lordship that I 
haue left all the leades as well melt as also unmelt yn saue kepyn as 
your lordship shall perseve ferder at my returne which I trust shall 
be shortely for this day I make an yend yn Yorkeshire & take my 
iorney towardes berlynges yn lyncolshire. Wrytyn at Dancaster the 
thyrd day of August. 

Your assuryd at commandement, 

Rychard Pollard. 
(Vol. 123, p. 198.) 

Sir Ralph Eure, 1 Jun., to Cromwell. 

14 Aug. 1537. My dewite remembered unto your gud lordchep 
umble bisuchyng your gud Lordchepe to haue in rememberans my 
long and continewall Suet for the preferment of my byll unto the 
kynges heyghnes, for in gud faythe my gud lorde it is so that 
necessayte movithe me to cawle so haystely apone you at this tyme 

1 He defended Scarborough Castle for the King at the time of the 
Pilgrimage of Grace ; was killed at the battle of Ancrum Moor with the Scots 
6 March 1544-5. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 5? 

for the expidition of the sayme & most instantly I requier your 
lordchepe to be so gud lord unto me as to exteynd your gudnes 
and petye in this behalyf, and also that it wolde pleayse you that I 
myght be your deputy of your Stewerschip of Whytby or gusburne 1 
or of any other offyce under your lordchip wher it schulde pleayse 
you to apoynt me for I ame disyerus for this cawse that your 
lordchepe shall knawe my delygence & trewithe in any thyng that 
you shall put me in trust of and in the premisses herin I hertily 
requier your gud lordchepe to haue me in rememberance, &c , &c. 
From my powre howse at Forrbryg this xiiij th day of August by your 
eu' at commandment, Rauff Eure. 

(Vol. 124, p. 42.) 

Richard Bellycys to Cromwell. 

14 Nov. 1^37. Pleasithe yor good lordship to be aduertysed I 
haue taken down all the leade of Jarvaye and maid it in pecys of half 
foders, whyche leade amoyntythe to the nombre of eghten skore and 
fyve foders wyth thryttye and foure foders and a half that were there 
byfore, and the said leade may not be conved nor caryed unto the 
next sombre for the ways in that cowntre are so foule and steipe that 
no caryage can passe in wyntre. And as concerninge the rasing and 
takyn down the howse if it be yor lordships pleasour I ame myndet 
to lat it staunde to the sprynge of the yere by reason the days ar now 
so short it wolde be doble charges to doo it now. And as con- 
cerninge the sellyng of the belles, I can not sell them abov xv s the 
houndrethe, wher in I wolde gladly knowe yor lordshipe pleasor 
whether I shuld sell them after that pryce or sond them up to 
London, and if they be sent up surely the caryage wolbe costly from 
that place to the water. And as for Byrdlington 1 have doyn 
nothing there as yet but sparythe it to Marche next, bycause the days 
now are so short, and frome suche tyme as I begyn, I trust shortly 
to dyspache it after suche fashon that when all is fynished, I trust 
yor lordship shall think that I have been no evyll howsband in all 
suche thinges as yor lordship haithe appoynted me to doo. And 
thus the holye gost euer preserue your lordship in honor. At Yorke 
this xiiij th daye of Nouembre by yo r most bounden beademan, 

Richard Bellycys. 
(Cleopatra, E, iv., 288.) 

A remembrance to my Lord privye Seals good Lordshipp for 
Richard Bellycis. 

No date. That it myght please hys good Lordshyp to be a mean 
unto the Kynges Hyghtnes for the sayd Rychard Bellycis to have in 
ferme the pryory of Brydlygton in the Countey of York paying 
therefor syche yeerly rentt as shall stand withe the kynges most 
gracyus pleasure. (Vol. 120, 176.) 

1 Guisborough. 



58 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

In the beginning of 1538 there were more applications 
to receive benefits out of the spoils of the monasteries. Arch- 
bishop Cranmer wants some preferment for John VVakefield 
out of Pontefract, the Earl of Westmorland again writes about 
Keldhom and has a longing for Rosedale, Sir John Nevile tries 
to get something out of Nostell or Monk Bretton, Robert 
Ferrar desires Nostell, Sir Richard Gresham offers for Fountains, 
whilst the Abbot of York and Sir George Lawson wish for the 
cell of St. Martin's, Richmond. They all write fulsome letters 
to Cromwell. 

Cranmer to Cromwell. 

1537-8, 28 Feb. My veray singuler good Lorde in my most 
hartie wise I commende me unto your Lordeshipe. And whereas 
diverse tymes I haue ben desirous and mynded to sue unto the 
kinges maiestie for some prefermente for John Wakefelde, gentil- 
man, Controller of my houshold, a man of goode Judgement and 
affection towardes God's worde whiche I haue knowne hyme for the 
space of theis xij yeares, alwayes redie to promote in his countrey, 
not rashely nor seditiously but gentely and soberly so that his owne 
countraye coulde nether gretly hate hym nor loue hym. Thei coulde 
not hate hym for his kindenes and gentilnes, being redie to do euery 
manner goode moche as in his power was. And yett thei coulde 
not hartely loue hym by cause he euer commended the knowledge of 
God's worde, studied it him selfe diligently ande exorted theme unto 
the same and spake many tymes againste the abusions of the clergie 
for whiche he hade all the hate that most of the clergie coulde 
procure againste hym. And partely for his sincere mynde whiche he 
bereth towardes Gode's wowrde, partely for his trew and faithfull 
hart whiche he hath borne towardes his prince and suche thinges as 
frome tyme to tyme his highnes haith set forthe, and specyally in 
this last commotion in the northe partes, forsomoche as he so 
unsaynedly declared his treu and faithfull alleigaunce unto the kinges 
highnes, refusing the confederacye of the lorde Darcye and other 
being gatherd together into the Castell of Pomfret where lord Darcie 
had trayned hym theder as forther yo r lordshipe shall proyve by the 
saide lord Darcy's lettres herein enclosed. And yet that notwith- 
standing after that my saide Controller by conaton with the said 
Lord Darcie had provd that ther was no towerdnes of iidelitie in 
hyme, he withdrew hym selfe out of the said Castel to his greate 
iopdie and losse of all his goodes which at that tyme were specyally 
spoyled because he was so unobediente unto their myndes, for the 
whiche spoille of his goodes he haithe ben partely recompensid by 
my lorde of Norfolke but not in comparison to his losse. I say 
therfore for this cause of his vexation & other the premisses I was 
many tymes mynded to sue for his preferment saving that hederto I 
sawe nothing mete for his comoditie, and now for asmoche as I am 
enformed that the priorie of Pomfrete and the demayne landes of that 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 59 

howse lyeth very comodiously for hyme specyally in the towne 
wheare he dwelleth, theis shalbe to beseche your lordshipe to be so 
goode lorde unto hym as to be a meane unto the kinges maiestie that 
he may haue the preferment of the saide priorie with the demaynes 
inferme doing in that behalf as any other will do for the kinges grace 
advauntage, it is no man so met as for hym and I think ther will be 
be but small suete for it by reason that the landes ar valewed to the 
uttermost and not onely lieth in tellage saving certen pasture for the 
mayntenance of the tythe but also no common pasture ne woodes 
belonging to the same for the which cause also my saide Controller 
wolde not sewe saving that it lithe so nygh unto hym. Beseching 
your lordeshipe that yf hereafter he espie any better thing in the 
contrye that he may haue your favour therin. And I doubt not in 
this his small preferment but that his neighbours perceyue that the 
kinges maiestie doth not forget thos that bere his grace thair true 
hartes and fideletie. If your lordshipe wold be so good as to shew 
theis my lettres unto the kinges maiestie declaring the consideracons 
therof I trust his highnes will tender my suete yf it were a greater 
matier, for his highnes will gladely helpe his faithfull subiectes yf his 
grace have information of them, and excepte his grace be informed of 
theym he cannot helpe the trustie subiecte he hath. Thus my lorde 
most hartely fare youe well. At fford the xxviij th of ffebruarye. 

Yo r ever to commaunde, 

T. Cantuarien. 
(Vol. 129, 157.) 

Elizabeth Ughtred to Cromwell. 

1 8 March 1536-7 (?). 1 Myn especiall goode Lorde after mooste 
hartie recommendacon pleas it youe to be soe goode unto me as 
thoroughe your meanes I mought be holpen to obteigne of the kinges 
grace to be farmer of oone of these abbays, yf thay fortune to goe 
downe. The names wherof I doe sende unto yo r Lordeshipe 
herynne incloosed ; and as for payment for the same I truste to 
discharge as well and surely as anny livinge personage. My Lorde 
insomyche as my husbande whose soule God pardone dide bere ever 
unto yo r Lordship boothe his harte and service next under the kinges 
grace I am therfor the moor bolder to write and sue unto youe for 
your goode helpe and furtheraunce herynne, besides that I doe putte 
myn oonely truste in yo r Lordeship for the goode expedicon herof, 
and entende not to sue to noon other but oonely to your Lordeship ; 
further at my laste being at the Courte I desired your Lordeshipe, 
that 1 mought be soe boolde as to be a sueter to youe, at whiche 
tyme yo r Lordeshipe gave unto me a verey goode aunsuer, praying 
youe soe to contynue my goode Lorde. I was in Maister Ughtreddes 
daies in a good howse of myn owne and ever syns have bene derven 
to be a seriornor by cause my living is not able to welcome my 

1 The exact date of this letter is doubtful. 



60 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

frendes whiche for my husbandes sake and myn owne wolde some 
tyme come and see me. Wherfor if it pleas yo r Lordeshipe nowe to 
helpe me soe that I mought be able to kepe some poor poorte after 
my degree in myn oune howse, nowe being a poor woman a lone I 
wer the mooste bounde unto youe that anny livinge woman mought 
be and moor with a litell helpe nowe thenne if ye a vised me to be 
hounde to thing of a thousande marke a yer. And for the same 
eftesoones I hartely desir your goode Lordship. Desiring youe further 
to geve credence to Maister Darcy concernyng suche causes as he 
shall move, and thus Almighty Jhesu euer preserve your goode 
Lordeshipe. At Yorke the xviij lh daye of Marche. By your mooste 
bounden Elysabeth Ughtred. 

The right honorable and myn especiall goode Lorde my Lord 
Privea Scale. 

(Vol. 117, 39-40.) 

The Earl of Westmorland to Cromwell. 

26 March 1538. My verye goode lorde in my moste harty 
manner I recommend me unto your lordship, thinkyng yowe sir 
hartelie for the grete goodenes that I alweis fynde in yowe, and for 
that ye ar so goode lorde unto my sone as I perceyve ye be whiche is 
to my grete comfforte to heve, whereby next unto the king my master 
and my lorde prynce ? I and all myne ar youres. My lorde I 
trowble yowe alweis with my olde suyte concernyng the suppressed 
bowses and londes of Rossedale 1 and Keldhom that it pleased the 
kinges grace by youre goode meanys to graunte me, desiring yowe my 
lorde to be so goode unto me as that I may haue all the same under 
the kingis highnes brode scale. I am the more bolder to wryte unto 
yowe herein becaus ye were so goode lorde unto me as to promesse 
me that I sholde by your goode meanys haue all the same so made 
sure unto me wheche were to my grete comfforte as to have it, and 
where as I am youre lordships dettor I pray you think nothing 
therein though I haue not send it yowe up or nowe, but it shall not 
be long or it be sent yowe. And for youre goodenes in that my 
lorde and in all other thinges I moste hartelye thanke you. And 
Jeshu preserue youre lordship. At Brancepeth this xxvi day of 
Marche. 

Your lordship to my best power, 

Rauff Westmerland. 

(Signature.) 
(Vol. 130, p. 143.) 

Sir John Nevile to Cromwell. 

1538, June. My verey specyall and singular good lord, my 
duytie is I humbly recomend me unto your lordship. I humbly 
beseche your lordshypp to pardon me that I come nott to gyve my 

1 He had a grant of Rosedale 6 July 1538. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 6t 

attendance off the kyng and off your lordshypp accordyng to my hert 
and duyte, and my good lord synce I was with your lordshypp last I 
have beyn in grett p'ayn and be the reason of y l I was cast in to a 
grett fever of an agewe that I am now abyll to gyve my attendance 
acordyng to my duytie, nevertheless I gyfe hereafter to dowe his 
grace and your lordshipp as ever I was as good servyce or better, 
humbly besechyng your lordshypp to be good and gracious lord unto 
me and to pardon me that I ame so bold to preventt any off thes 
howses off relygyon be ffor they come in to the kynges graces hands 
and your lordshypp, and yff itt wold please youe to be so good and 
gracious lord unto me as to gett me the preferment off the howse off 
Selbey or Sanntt Oswaldes or Monkburton with the demaynes yff 
they hereafter come into his handes and your lordshyppes be per- 
suatyon or other ways, for I suppose verely they have dysservyd as 
well to come in and submytt them selves as others haythe doyn, and 
this and all other I comytt unto your Lordshypps goodnes, and thus 
the holle trinete haue youe in his blyssyd kepyng long to endure, 
ffrome Stepnay by your pore orator, 

John Nevyll. 

To the ryght honorabyll my good lord my lord privey sell this be 
delyueryd. 

(Vol. 132, p. 249.) 

Sir John Nevile to Dr. Lee. 

3 June 1538. Ryght worshypfull Sir in my hertelyst maner y 1 I 
cane, I hertely recomend me unto you, humbly thankyng youe oft" all 
goodnes toward me, and Sir nowe itt is y l you may helpe me yf itt 
be your pleasur for your good word to my good Lords grace my lord 
privey selle for itt is so y l itt hatthe pleasyd God to call unto his 
mercye the prior off the monystery off Santt Oswaldes off whos sowll 
God pardon, & as I understand they ar determyned to kepp itt 
segrett iij or iiij days for whatt intent God knowythe as I hane 
certified my Lordes grace in his letter, and yff there be any servys y* 
I can dowe my lords grace or youe in that behalff or any other I ame 
redy & shall be redy duryng my lyric by the grace of Jesu who haue 
youe in his blyssed kepyng. From Chett the thurd day off June. 

I haue beyn with the prior off Munksburton and he is almost att 
a poyntt for the resynatyon off his howse into the handes off the 
kynges hienes and my good gracious lordes and yours, trystyng in 
my good and gracious lord and youe to helppe hyme and his brethren 
to some resonabyll pensyon that they may pray for the kynges henes 
and my lordshypes and yours, & Sir yff itt please youe to gowe to 
my lordes in my behalff to be so good lord unto me that I myght 
haue the said hows with the demanys and the parsonage off 
Royston whiche is in the parishe I dwell in, for I shall never sue to 
the kyngs henes nor to my good lord for no offys nor ffe nor 
promosyon more duryng my lyff, and Sir yff itt please my lord to be 
good lord unto me in this behalff, toyk whatt youe thynke I shuld 



62 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

gyve unto my good lord in way of reward I hertely requyer youe to 
nomynytt itt to his lordshyppe in my behalffe and I shall performe 
and kepe itt in wytnes whereof! I have subscrybyd my name. Sir, 
as for the abbott off Royche is comye upp, use hyme nowe as youe 
thynk best your selffe notwithstandyng we haue resavyd your lesse, 
butt itt cane nott be sealyd to he come down, desyryng youe to take 
credance to the berrer hereoff. 

John Nevyll. 
To the right worsheppffull Mast r Docter Lee. 

(Vol. 132, p. 249.) 



Robert Ferrar, 1 Prior of S. Oswald's, to Cromwell. 

5 Sept. 1538. Right honorable and my most singuler goode 
lorde to whome I knowlege me moste bounden under Godde and the 
kynge, I interlie commende and committe me unto yor goodnes, 
humblie besuching the same even as my hoole trust restes in yor 
lordeshipe next under Godde to haue me in yor benigne remera- 
braunce and to be intercessor to the kinges magestie for the howse 
of Sainct Oswalde whereunto by the goodnes of Godde it hath 
pleased his highnes at yo r mediation to preserve me that it might be 
establesshed a colledge for the norishement of yowth in vertue and 
learnynge to thincrease and advauncement of the lyvelie worde of 
Godde, diligentlie, sincerelie and trewlie to be preached to Goddes 
people and the kinges in thees parties, whiche thankes be to the 
Lorde are right diligent and with gladde hartes desirous to heare and 
learne the same ; euer besuchinge your goodnes to be continued 
towarde me and my poor brethren in that behalfe accordinge to the 
trust and expectacon we have in the same, and further that it might 
please yor good lordshipe to advertis me in som parte of yor pleasor 
herin by youre lettres or otherwise by this berar my chaplen of whome 
ye shall receyue a poor token frome me besuchinge yor goode 
lordshipe thankfullie to accept the same, not exteamynge the valewe 
of the thinge whiche is but litle, but the hartie affection of the gever 
who is hoolie yors withe his hoole harte and service unto deth as 
knowith the lyvinge Godde, who euer preserve yor lordeshipe in 
highe honor longe to continue ; from Sainct Oswaldes the fyveth day 
of Septembre by youre most humble orator, 

R. Ferrar, prior of the same. 

(Vol. 136, p. 93.) 

1 Robert Ferrar, said to have been born at Ewood in Midgley, parish of 
Halifax, during the reign of Henry VII. He became an Augustinian canon ; 
was appointed prior of St. Oswald's (Nostell) monastery, probably only to make 
surrender of that house to the Crown. This took place 20 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. 
(1539). In 1548 Ferrar became Bishop of St. David's ; but when Queen Mary 
came to the throne he was imprisoned, deprived of the bishopric, and ulti- 
mately burnt 30 March 1556 (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 63 

Sir Richard Gresham 1 to Cromwell. 

22 Oct. 1538. Myn homble dewty to yor goode lordeshype, 
maye yt please you to be aduertyssed that where 1 have movyd the 
kynges magiste to parches of his grace certen laundes be longyn to 
the howsse of Fowntens to the vallewe of thre hundred and fyvty 
poundes by yere aftyr the rate of xx 11 yeres purches the som of the 
mony amownting unto 7000 li wher of to be dessallyd 1000 li 
whiche I delyuered by the comawndment of the lorde cardenale to 
the Ducke of Bokyngham on his goynge to Guynes and the seyd 
cardenale receyvyd of the sayde Ducke ij obligacons where I staunde 
boundyn he and S 1 ' Thomas Woodehowsse with other to the kynges 
usse for payment of the sayd 1000 li and the same obligacons wher 
de delyuered by the seyd cardinale to Master Mekelowe beynge 
thresaurer of the kynges chamber, onely to thintent that I shoulld be 
recompenced to the some of 1000 li in customes whiche yet I am 
not as yor lordsheppes do knowe, and for the reste of the mony 
for the sayde laundes whiche ys 6000 li I wylle paye in hande 
3000 li and the other 3000 li .... to paye yerlly 500 li tyll yt be 
payed, besechynge yor goode lordeshipe to be soo goode lorde unto 
me that I may knowe the kynges gracious pleassor that yf I shold 
have the sayde laundes that I maye prepare the mony to be in a 
rydenes. And thus ower lorde preserue yor goode lordeshyppe with 
helthe. Att London the xxij daye of Octobr. 

Yo r owne at yo r lordeshepes commawndment, 

Rye. Gresham. 

To my lorde Prevy Seale. 

(Vol. 137, p. 253.) 



William, Abbot of York, to Cromwell. 

3 Nov. 1538. Pleasit your honorable good lordship to advertisith 
that I haue receved your lordship lettres in the preferment of your 
servaunde S r Georg Lawson to be the fermor of one of our cells 
called Sanct Marty ns besides Richmond, and if it lyek your good 
lordship to call to your rememrance of former lettres send by your 
lordship to me in the favor of Sir Roger Chamley, 2 Knyght and 
recorder of the citie of London for the same cell wherin I and my 
brethren took such order in the said your honorable lettres that your 

1 Sir Richard Gresham, probably born about 1485, was an eminent merchant 
in London. He advanced money to the King and Court, having many financial 
transactions with Wolsey and Cromwell. He was Lord Mayor of London 
1537, and knighted the same year. He obtained many grants of abbey lands. 
At this date he must have been proposing to purchase Fountains Abbey, which 
he succeeded in finally obtaining when the dissolution took place. 

Sir Richard Cholmeley, a natural son of Sir Richard Cholmeley of 
Thornton-on-the-Hill, co. York, was Lieutenant of the Tower, Recorder of 
London 1535, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas 1552. He seems to have 
had a grant of St. Martin's, Richmond, 1540-1. 



64 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

lordship shalbe .... in the same shortly, and thus disyering your 
good lordship to continue your goodnes toward this monastery, me 
and my bethern, and we shall daly pra to preserve your good lordship 
with myche honor from overton. 

Yowre humble beadsman, 

Wiftm, Abbott of Yorke. 

(Vol. 138, p. 96.) 

Sir George Lawson to Cromwell. 

5 Nov. 1538. Pleas it your good lordship to accept my hertie 
thankes for the contynuall goodnes by you dayle shewed unto me 
and my poor sonne your servaunt. And where it hath pleased you 
to wryte to thabbott of Saynt Maries in his favor for to have in 
farme the cell of S. Marteyns wherin the said abbott hathe maid a 
slender answer and geveth fayr wordes, the remedy of this mater 
restith all in your lordship, most humble beseching you to be good to 
your said servaunt in the same, for I think the said abbott doth 
dissimble in this. I was so bold as to wryte to Maister Gostwyk 1 
and my sone Peter to move your lordship to be so good lord unto me 
as that I might have the scyte of the Fryar Augustines in Yorke, 
whiche is butt a small ground in compas on circuite, without 
comoditie of orchard or garden saving a litil kitchin garden, butt it is 
most meyt for me and ioyneth to the walles of my poor howse. 
Most hartely praying your lordship to remembyr me in this mater 
and that I may know your pleasor therin, and as I am most bounden 
I shall dayle pray to our Lord for the preservation of your good 
lordship. At Yorke the V th day of Novembr. 

Yo r assured man euer, 

George Lawson. 
(Vol. 138, p. 151.) 

Robert Ferrar to Cromwell. 

15 Nov. 1538. My right singuler goode lorde, in my moste 
humble wise I do thanke your goode lordeshipe for your most 
favorable benignitie continually exhibited to me, so poor and 
unworthie a person, whiche I owght never to forgett, but rather to 
acknowledge by my poor service unto deth. And where as I am 
enformed the kinges moste graciouse pleasure is that the priourie of 
Sainct Oswaldes 2 whereunto by your lordeshipe his goode mediacon I 
was preferred shall emongst others be dissolved. Lesse I cannot doe 
for the declaracon of myn honestie and truthe in this behalfe, then to 
certifie your lordshipe not onelie of suche speciall debtes, and other 
gooddes as appteane to the said priourie, but also of the hoole extent 
of the landdes belonginge to the same as I have done by this berar, 
besuchinge your goode lordeshipe nowe to be goode lorde to me your 

1 Cromwell's Secretary. * Nostell. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 65 

servaunt and orator, and also to my poor bredren and ' servauntes 
accordinge to the trust I have ever hadde and yet have in your goode 
lordshipe and speciallie to that said berar who has taken great paynes 
for me at all seasons, to whome may it please you to geve further 
credence of my behalfe, of whom also ye shall receyue a poor token 
frome me whiche I besuche your lordshipe to accept in good parte, 
for if my power hadde been better I wolde with goode harte haue sente 
a better as knowith our Savior Crist Jesus, who ever preserve youre 
goode lordshipe in highe honor longe to endure. From the aforesaid 
priourie of Sainct Oswalde the xv th day of Novembre by your most 
humble orator with his service, 

Robert Ferrar. 
(Vol. 154, p. 169.) 

Sir John Nevile to Cromwell. 

23 Nov. 1538. Ryght honorabyll & my good lord I humbly 
recomend me unto your good lordship humbly besechyng your 
lordship to pardon me that I ame so bold .... and wher as itt haythe 
pleasyd the kynges henes and your lordshypp to apontt S r George 
Lawson & Master Bellows, 1 Master Bryethman 2 and other for the 
subpressions off certeyn howsys in our parties, and wher as itt shall 
please your lordshupp to understand that the said commysyeners 
was att the hows off Muncke Burton 8 this day the xxij day off this 
presentt monethe off November and att the for said hows of Burton 
ther the prior and all his brether haythe surrendered upp the hows in 
to the kynges henes handes and yours, and yff itt wold haue pleasyd 
your good lordshipp to have beyn so good lord unto me as to graunt 
me the preferment off the parsonage off Royston wythe the town off 
Cudworthe and Caryllton whiche the prior haid in his handes and 
itt is off this paryshe I dwell in, as this howse off Munk Burton is. 
I ame bownd to pray for your good lordshypp duryng my lyff and 
my good lord yff itt myght haue staid with your lordshypps pleasur 
that I myght baue haid the preferment off the said hows off Munke 
Burton with the demayns and suche goodes as therto belongythe itt, 
yff ther be no farther grant mayd by the kynges henes & your 
lordshupp that the comysyoners may knowe theire lordships pleasur 
herein and thus Almyghtfully Jeshu preserve youe in good helthe 
long to end .... Frome Chett the xxiij day of November by your 
trellie and faythfull suggett to the uttermost off his lyttyll power. 

John Nevyll. 
(Vol. 139, p. 132.) 

After the termination of the " Pilgrimage of Grace " in the 
spring of 1537 (as stated p. 48), the king determined that in 

1 Bellasis. 2 BIytheman. 

3 Monk Bretton was dissolved 21 Nov. 1538. 



66 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

addition to the smaller priories the whole of the abbeys and 
friaries should be dissolved. Commissioners were appointed 
for the work, and, as there was no Act of Parliament to compel 
a legal suppression, they were instructed to negotiate and try to 
get the monks and friars to agree to give up peaceably their 
buildings and possessions, receiving pensions for so doing. 
This course of procedure continued during the remaining part 
of 1537 and during 1538. The following letter shews how 
these negotiations had so far succeeded and what monasteries, 
&c., had been lately surrendered : 

The Commissioners of the North to Cromwell. 

15 Dec., 30 Hen. VIII. (1538). Owre most singulere goode 
lorde owre bownden dewties lowlie premysede, pleas yt youre 
honorable lordeshippe too be advertisede, we have laytlye receyvede 
youre letters conteigninge the kinges majesties pleasure anempsce 
the ordere of leed and belles apperteanynge to suche howses off 
religeon contenanyde in the Kinges graces letters commissionall to 
us addressed, wherof we have allredye commytte the salve custodie to 
substanciall honeste persons liable too answer therefoore, and have 
not solde ne intended to sell anye percell thereof. We have quyetlye 
takine the surrenders and dissolvyd the monasteries of! Wyeresoppe, 1 
Monckebreton, 2 Sancte Androos 3 at Yorke, Byland, 4 Ryvaille, 5 
Kyrkeham, 6 and Ellerton, 7 the ffreers 8 at Tykhill, Doncastere, Ponte- 
fracte and the citie or!' Yorke, where we perceyved no murmure or 
gruge in anye behalfe, bot were thanckefullye receyvede, as we shall 
within vj dayes more playnlie certifye your lordeshippe. And 
wheere yt haithe pleasyd youre lordeshippe too wryte fore reservinge 
of leed and belles at Bolton in chauns ther ys as yet noo suche 
commission cummyne to owre handes, as Jhesus knowethe, whoo 
preserve your lordeshippe in helthe and honor. At Yorke the 
xv the daye of Decembere. 

Youre lordshippes humble boundon orators, 

George Lawson. 

Rycherd Bellassez. 

Willm. Blithman. 

James Rokeby. 
(Cotton, Cleop. E, iv., fol. 242.) 

1 Worksop. 2 Monk Bretton, dissolved 21 Nov. 1538. 

3 St. Andrews, dissolved 28 Nov. 1538. 

4 Byland, dissolved 30 Nov. 1538. 
* Rievaulx, dissolved 3 Dec. 1538. 

6 Kirkham, dissolved 8 Dec. 1538. 

7 Ellerton, dissolved u Dec. 1538. 

' The house of Austen Friars at Tickhill, the three houses of Friars of 
Doncaster, the house of Black Friars at Pontefract, and four houses of Friars 
at York were all dissolved in November 1538. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 67 

Sir George Lawson and William Blithman to Cromwell. 
18 Dec. 15.38. Pleas yt your honorable lordeshippe to be adver- 
tysed the priors of Pontefracte, Newburghe and Maltone be mynded 
to surrendere there bowses in to the kynges handes yf there were 
anye commissione directe fore to receyve theym as the Holye Gooste 
knowethe who preserve your lordeshippe. At Yorke the xviij th daye 
of Decembre. 

Yo r lordeshippes bounden beedmen, 

George Lawson. 
Willm. Blithman. 
(Vol. 140, p. 129.) 



Sir Nicholas Fairfax to Cromwell. 

22 Jan. 1538-9. In my mooste lowelie maner I humblie besyche 
youre lordeshipe to be goode lorde unto me as in case Maister 
Bellasses do leve the prefermente of Bylande for anye other thinge 
that I maye, by youre lordeshippe meanes, have the preferment of 
the demaynes theire, whiche be comodiouse for me, by cause they be 
neare adioininge to my poor house. And if the kinges maiestie haue 
otherwise disposed the same, that yt maye pleas youre lordeshipe to 
be meane for me to the kinges maiestie, that I maye haue the 
preferment of the demesnes of Newbroughe or elles of Whitbye 
when they shalbe surrenderede, and for youre lordeshippe and for 
youre benevolence and furtheraunce in that behalf to be had I will 
geue unto youre lordeshipe XL li to bye one gelding with my prayer 
and service as the holie Goste knoweth who preserve your lorde- 
shippe. Scribled at Gilling the xxij daye of Januarye. 

Your humble bounden bedeman, 

Nicholas Farefaxe. 

To the most honorable and his moste especiall good lorde my 
lorde Privie Seale this be. 

(Vol. 142, p. 141.) 

Robert (Ferrar) to Cromwell. 

No date. My specialle goode lorde, please hytte yowr goodnesse 
to be assartaynde thatte I receyvydde yowr honorable letters in 
favowr offe Wyllm Pykrynge to obtayne & haue a leasse offe the 
celle offe Wodkyrke, percelle offe thys monasterie callyd Sancte 
Oswalde, wherunto by yowr lordeshypis mear favowrable means 
hytte hathe pleasyde Godde & the Kynges hyghnesse to praeferr 
me ryghte unhable botte oonly offe his gratiose benignitie. Whyche 
yowr pleasur showydde to me by benigne requestes, albehytte ye 
myghte offe goode ryghte haue comandydde the same .... Theyrfor 
I humbly beseyche yowr lordeshyppe to suffer benignely thys my 
dyffermente offe yowr pleasur concernynge Wodkyrke, unto I be 
comandydde to take the chanons therhens, & I promesse to yowe 

F 2 



68 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

thatte I shalle thaune notte fayle to praesente unto yowr lordshyppe 
with as conveniente speydde as I caune a leasse theroffe to dyspose 
atte yowr pleasur, by the grace of Chryste iesu, who keype yowe in 
heylthe & honor for euer. Atte Sancte Oswald, wrytten by the 
handys offe yowr owne atte commande. 

Roberte. theer. 

To the Ryghte honorable my syngular goode lorde offe the pry vay 
sealle. 

(Vol. 141, p. 184.) 

Dr. Richard Ingworth 1 had been previously commissioned 
to visit all the houses of friars in England. 

6 Feb., 29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). Henry VIII. to Ric., 
Suffragan of Dover. Commission to visit all houses of Friars, 
Preachers, Minors, Carmelites, Augustines, and Crutched Friars 
in England, with power to examine into and correct abuses, the 
said Bishop of Dover having been deputed to the above by 
Thos. Cromwell, K.G. 

5 May, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). Henry VIII. to Ric., 
Suffragan of Dover. Commission (issued because whereas the 
King gave him a commission to visit all houses of friars, and 
he has already commenced his visitation, it is reported that 
many of the heads of these houses pending the visitation have 
wasted and alienated the goods of their houses) to put the 
goods of the houses he has visited into safe custody, and to 
take inventories of the same. 

Richard, Bishop of Dover, to Cromwell. 

10 March 1538-9. My syngular good lorde, plesyth ytt your good 
lordeshype to understonde that I haue receyvyd, sythe I departyd 
from you, xvj coventes of frers into my handes to the kynges use, 
and there be yett styll standynge aboute x houses in these partes, 
besyde iij or iiij houses in Barwyke, the wyche I knowe nott 
whether Master Lawson haue receyvyd them or no, & yff I shulde 
ryde thether, ytt were aboue an hunderyd myle owte of my waye, so 
that I shulde nott be able to come home before Ester, wherfor I pre- 
supposynge they be downe. I entende nott to ryde there, butt yff 
they styll stande, then 1 beseche your lordeshype that ye wolde dyrecte 
your letter to master Laweson, that he may receyve them in to the 
Kynges handes as that he hathe done other, he hathe occasyon moche 
to be ther. 

Further, my good lorde, in these partes within the dyocese of 
Yorke the pore man that make surrender of ther houses be hardely 

1 The renegade prior of the richest house of the Black Friars in England, 
(Hibbert's " Dissolution of the Monasteries.") 



SUPPRESSION OP YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 69 

orderyd by the byschop's offycers, att the byschops comandement, so 
that they can nott be sufferyd to synge nor saye in any paryshe 
churche withoute they shewe ther letters off ther orderes, my letters 
or ther capacytes notwithstandynge, and the charges of these letters 
off ther ordres be so grett that the pore men be not abull to bere ytt, 
some muste goo an hunderyd myle to seke them, and when they 
come ther the cherges off for givyng the regyster ys so grett that 
they be not able to pay ytt, so they come home ageyne confowndyd. 
I haue bene with my lorde of Yorke & shewyd to hym your lorde- 
shyps letter that your comandemente ys, that they wyche so haue 
surrendryd ther houses shulde be sufferyde withoute interrupton to 
synge & saye in anye churche. The byshope made many obiecons 
& sayd that ytt muste be knowed whether they ware prystes or no, 
& I certefyde hym that wee that receivyd the houses make dewe 
serge wyche ware prystes & wheche ware none, & so made certy- 
fycate to your lordeshype & your lordeshype to the Kynges grace, so 
that by that meane ther capacytes ware grauntyd, wherfor I desyred 
hym to accepte ther capacytes from the Kynges grace with so moche 
favor as the byshops off Romes capacytes before had ben receyvyd, 
for the wyche ther was neuer serche made, butt streyghte obeyd. 
He att the laste grauntyd that so many as shewyd my hande shuld 
be allowyd tyll that ther capacytes myghte come, butt ther be many 
that be putte owte by other comyssyons that haue not my hande. 
Wherfor your lordeshype sholde do a charytable dede to wryghte 
your letters to the byshope, that he streyte att the syghte off your 
letters myghte sende thoroughe hys dyocese that all curates myghte 
haue warnynge to suffer soche pore men that haue gyffe upe ther 
houses to synge in ther churches, for they all haue before comande- 
ment off the byshope that they shall uott suffer them to synge with- 
oute they shewe ther letters off ther ordres, the wyche ys nott possyble 
for them to doo. These ij letters my goode lorde I beseche you to 
remember, one to M r Laweson for certen coventes in Barwyke, the 
othe to the byshope of Yorke, for pore men to synge in paryshe 
churches within hys dyocese with owt shewynge of letters off ther 
orders. 

My good lorde, I nowe am in Skarborowe, where I haue receyvyd 
iij pore houses off frers to the Kynges use, blake, whyte, & greye, so 
pore that they haue solde the stall and partclossys in the churche so 
that nothynge ys lefte butt stone and glasse, yett there ys metely 
good lede in these iij places I thynke amonge them xl* 1 foder, for the 
more parte in euery house sythe that I cam from you ys good lede, 
the wyche I haue to the Kynges grace & bellys & pore chalyses for 
other plate I fynde none. I shall nowe ryde, so sone as the weder 
wyll suffer me, to Carlelyll & Lancaster, & other houses yff any be in 
the waye or that I may here off, & I truste to see your lordeshype on 
palme Sondaye be Goddes grace, who preserve your good lordeshype. 
Thys x daye off Marche, wrytten be your servaunt and oratour, 

Richard Dover. 

(Vol. 144, p. 85.) 



70 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Richard, Bishop of Dover, to Cromwell. 

I April 1539. My singuler good lord, pleseyht ye yo r good lorde - 
schyp to understood I baue don your commandementt in all the 
northe & receyved all of howses of freers so far as I can know to 
the nomber of xxvj howses, in the which were ix schor faders & more 
the poorest howses that ever I came in. All the best thorow all 
Ynglond were taken by other vesytors, for that I haue done all the 
poreest & few of any substans war lefte for me. I am rebuked in 
myselfe that I can bryng no more substans to the Kynges grace. 

Besecheyng yow in y e way of charyte to be good lorde to me for 
sum suarans of ye leueyng in Langley. 

Thys fyrst day of Aprill. Richard Dover, Bishop. 

(Vol. 146, p. 236.) 



Richard Pymond to Cromwell. 

9 April 1539. Please it your good lordship to be aduertysed that 
where as that Sir Rychard Gresham made a request unto your lord- 
ship for a small farme belongyng unto the pryor of Seynt Oswaldes, 
Now it maye please your good lordship to be advertysed that the 
saide pryor is come up to London, and mooste humblye desyryng 
your good lordshyppe to haue me in remembrans whan that the said 
pryor shall come be for your good lordship for the saide pryor hath 
grauntyd me his good will so farforthe as that I myght attayne the 
good will of your lordeshipe. As knowythe the Lorde, who preserve 
your good lordeship in helthe. Frome Wakeffeld the ix daye of 
Aprill An 1539. 

Your poor orator and servaunte, 

Rychard Pymond. 
(Vol. 150, p. 108.) 

Sir George Lawson to Cromwell. 

15 May 1539. It may pleas your lordship to call toyowr remem- 
braunce that ye directed your letters to the Kinges Commissioners of 
the surrendred monasteries and houses of freyrs in thies parties in 
my favor, that I shuld haue the preferment of the Awsten Freyrs in 
Yorke and the White Freyrs in Newcastell, whiche adioyneth to my 
two poor houses in the same and now haue them in possession. 
Most humble I besech your good lordship to be so good lorde unto 
me as to speke to Maister Chauncellor of thaugmentacon that I may 
haue a lease of the said houses accordinglye as other persons hathe 
ther leases of suche like houses of freyrs. 

And our Lord God preserue your good lordship long in honor 
and prosperitie. At Berwik this holy thursday at night. 

Your bounden beadman, 

George Lawson. 
(Vol. 151, p. 205.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 71 

Sir Ralph Ellerker the younger to Cromwell. 
19 June 1539. May it pleas your gude and honorable lordshipe 
to be aduertisid that where it pleasyd youe to be so gude Lorde to 
me at my laste beynge with yowre lordshipe as to advisse your moste 
favorable letters, as well to my lorde abbote of Yorke for the farme 
of his parsonage with all that belonges, the sayme of Hornse in 
Holdernesse, the which he dyde refusse to graunte me apone the 
resayte of your lordshippes letters, wherfore I moste humbly beseche 
yowre gude lordshipe to be so gude lord to me as to moue the abbotte 
your self for me for the sayme farme, whiche I triste he will note say 
your lordshipe nay, or els that the sayd abbotte myghte be farder 
advertessyd of your pleasure in wrytynge for me in that behalf, and 
as for Maister Mangnus whome your lordshipe dyd writte at that tyme 
in lyke for me who dyde acomplesse your lordshipes requeste, for the 
whyche yf it wolde pleas yowe to be so gud lorde to me as that I 
myghte haue yowre lordshipes letter of thankes to the sayde Mayster 
Mangnus, or els your lordshipe to geue hyme thankes for me at syche 
tyme as he is presente with your lordshipe, I ware meche bowndine 
to your lordshipe for the sayme, and farder my lorde as I dowe here 
say thayre shall cume to the Kynges maygistees handes all the landes 
whiche was the lady Salysberis, for the whiche yf it wolde please yowe 
to be so gude lord to me as to gitte me of the Kynges magiste the 
manor of Cottyngam with the demayne of the same whiche belongide 
to hir for the yerly rentte as it hays gone here to fore, whiche is 
xlv li. xi", and it ly in my power to dowe your lordshipe service or 
any other pleasur yowe shall command me, whiche I slialbe as redy 
in gude harte to dowe as any man shalbe, and farder yf it staunde 
not with your honorable lordshipes pleasur to sewe to the Kinges 
Magiste for me that I humbly dessyere your gude lordshipe to be so 
gud lord to me as to gytte me the graunte of the demaynes of Nun- 
keyllynge in Holdernesse, whiche is by yere xxj li. xij 3 iiij d to haue 
it for the rente payinge. Your lordshipe were so gud lord to me at 
my laste beynge with youe that ye commandyd me to weyte to yowe 
fro tyme to tyme, wherfore it maykes me bowlde to trowble youe 
with my rudnes wher in I humbly desyere yowe to holde me 
exscussyd, for onder the Kynges Magiste in youe is my triste as 
knawis Gode, who presarue your lordshipe in honor longe to con- 
tenewe. From York this xix day of June, by hyme that is your 
lordshyppes assuryde to command. 

Rauft Ellerker, younger, Kt. 

(Vol. 152, p. 83.) 



Sir John Nevile to Cromwell. 

27 Sept. 1539. My especiall gode lord, I humelye beseche your 
gode lordshipe to be gode & gracious lorde unto me and I myght 
haue your gode & favorabul letter unto Syr Bryan Henke, tresurer, 
unto the Kynges honorabull Chaumbre, to withdraw hys accion (?) 



72 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

agaynste me tyll your lordeshipe may see a conuenyent tyme with 
the Kynges grace ; furder more my lord hys hyghnes hath comaunded 
me to send a rememberaunce to your lordship for the suppression of 
the house of Gysseburgh and the demaynes to the same with the par- 
sonage, besechyng your honorabul lordship that I myght haue oute 
the Kynges gracious corny ssion for the suppression of the same, & 
your gracious & favorabull letter for the prefarment of the godes 
moueabull & on moueable, wherbye I myght be the mor abull to 
maynten the farme, and I shall pray dayly for your gode helth long 
to endure. From Chett 1 the xxvij th day of Septembre, be your poor 
oratur. 

John Nevyell. 
(Vol. 153, p. 162.) 



William Abbot of York to Cromwell. 

9 Nov. 1539. Right honorable and my synguler good lord, in 
my most humble maner I recommend me to your good lordshipe, 
evenso thankyng the same for your synguler goodnes towardes me 
and this poore house at all tymes, besechyng the same of contynuance 
in this my greate necessitie, and if myght please the Kynges most 
graciouse maiestye that this his monasterye myght stande with 
alterations to serue his highnes, as I trust the situations of the same 
and trew seruyce in tymes past wyll apere to his sayd maiestye and 
your lordshipe convenyent. I wold be glad not onely as your sayd 
lordshipe shall thynk good to be orderyd but evenso to tak so myche 
payues, and those that shall remayn there, as is to us possible, and 
if his graces pleasor be determyned that we shall all avoyde, than I 
humblye bescyche you to be so good lord to me as to assigue me a 
good pensione and a honest house to dwell yn in this my age and 
weyknesse of bodye, yf it may be the maner of Overton, with thap- 
portenances, to be had to me as parcell of my pensione as the valor 
therof shall extende, and as I am boundon I shall contynually pray 
for your good lordshipe long to contynow in myche honor. At York 
the ix th day of November. 

Yowr lordshippes humble Beadsman, 

William Abbott ther. 

(Vol. 154, p. 147.) 

Robert Ferrar to Cromwell. 

ij5 Nov. 1539. Ryghte honorable and my ryghte effectuose 
goode lorde, affter humble reuerence & intier thankes (accordynge to 
my bownden deubtie) for yowre honorable goodnesse moste largely 
exhibyte to me atte alle seasons, hearwythe I do assertayne yowre 

1 Chevet, near Wakefield. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 73 

lordshyppe thatte (furste my conscience playnly utterydde unto the 
ryghte worshyppfulle mayster Henley & hys associats) I dydde 
humbly subm) tte my seylfe to the Kynghes pleasure, wythawte any 
conditione or requeste for tnyne awne parte, beseychynge thayme 
eyven as I hartyly beseyche yowre lordshyppe to be goode and favor- 
able to my poore feloose servauntes & other poore people whyche 
hadde releyffe & socowre offe me theare, and veryly I fownde Mayster 
Henley moste worshyppfulle, most gentle, playne, ryghtwyse & 
charitable, takynge alle thynghes to the beste, thatte eyver I kneywe 
in any orfice hear, specially towardes me in alle thynghes, He that for 
yowr sake. I fownde mayster Belasses lykewyse faste & freyndly, 
mayster Watkyns freyndly, my lorde deane & mayster doctor 
Legh sumwhatte straytte, neuerthelesse gentle in wordes. Mayster 
doctor hathe taken possessions yn yowre ferme of Huntwyke, 
myndynge so to haue doone atte the poor celle offe Stokyrke 1 whear- 
unto I hadde putte (by the hoole consente & deydde offe the con- 
vente) a veyry poore manne whyche maryedde my syster, havynge 
many smalle chylder & no howse to dwelle yn, botte goode mayster 
Henley consyderynge the poor mans neydde & also yowre honorable 
letters concernynge my mansione hathe referrydde the matter to 
yowre lordshyppe. Whearyne bycause bothe my poor brother ys 
destitute off an howse & I also, I beseyche yowre lordshyppe offe 
yowre favorable helpe, & forther to be goode lorde to my faythfulle 
brother Syr loan Gybsone, who hathe taken moste payns offe alle 
that to me belongydde. Soche poor servyse under Godde & the 
Kynge as I may or caune doo atte alle tymes ys my bowndon deubtie 
to yowre lordshippe, whome I pray Godde for the love offe Chryste 
Jesu to save & mayntayne in heylthe & honor to Goddes glorie. 
Wryttne atte Hoghton By yowre awne in the Lorde, 

Roberte Ferrar, laitte offe S. Oswaldes. 

(Vol. 155, p. 13.) 



Walter Handle & Commissioners of the North to Cromwell. 

19 Nov. 1539. In our moste humble maner we commende us 
to your goode lordship, and for asmoche as in thexecutinge of our 
moste souerayne lorde the Kynges highnes commission at the lait 
monasterye of Saincte Maryes at Yourke we did fynde the lait abbott 
ther verey obedient and all his covent to accomplishe the Kynges 
most graciouse pleasor in all thinges, and also his house in suche 
ordre and staye as we do nott doubte butt att our repay[ring] to 
London with our certificate itt shall be to his highnes contentacon. 
We therfor perceyvinge his honestye in all his doinges, ar so boulde 
nott onlie to maike relacon unto your lordship accordinglie, butt also 
to desyer the same in his sutes unto youe to be goode and favorable 

1 Skewkirk, a cell to Nostell Abbey, which was granted to Dr. Legh. 



74 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

lorde unto him, and likewise to reporte him to the Kynges Maiestie. 
And thus our lorde euer preserue your goode lordship in moche honor. 
Att Montegrace the xix th day of December. 

Yo r att commaundment, 

Walter Hendle. 

Thomas Legh. 

Richard Watkyns. 

Leonerd Bekwith. 

Hugh Fuller. 

(Vol. 155, p. 153.) 



The Commissioners of the North to Cromwell. 

8 th Decembre (1539). After meest humble commendacions to 
your good lordship, pleaseth it the same be aduertiesed that we haue 
altered Burton-upon-Trent, and accordinge to the Kinges highnes 
commission and iustruccions we haue dissolued the howses of Ham- 
pole, 1 Sancte Oswaldes,- Pountefracte, 3 Fontaunce, 4 Sancte Maries in 
Yowrke, 5 Nonappleton, 6 and Selbye, 7 and also altered the howse of 
Sancte Leonerdes in Yowrke, after such ordre and fassion as we trust 
shall appeir to your lordship to be to the Kinges honour and con- 
tentacion. Albeit, we could natt make despeche in parte of the said 
places without some dirficultie, as yo r lordship shall perceyve at o r 
repayer to London, ffurther certitienge yo r lordship that we haue 
takyn the shrynes in all such places as we haue yett hetherto 
repayrede unto the Kinges use ; and for asmoche as we haue no com- 
mission in that behalf, we beseiche youe that we may haue a com- 
mission for that purpouse, beringe date of the other commissions, to 
shewe if neede shall requier. And thus o r Lorde euer preserue 
youre goode lordship in moche hono r . At Selbie the viij tu day of 
Decembre. 

Yours at commandement, Waltere Hendle, Richarde Layton, 
Thomas Legh, Rychard Bellassys, Richard Watkyns. 

(Cleopatra, E, iv, 290.) 

Sir John Nevile to Cromwell. 

26 Dec. 1539- Plessythe your gude lordshyppe that I haue 
recyvyd your gud lordshypp gud letters, and a letter from Maist r 
Chanselar of Augmentacyons to Maisf Walter Hyntielay & other 
of the Kynges comysioners in my favor for the possessyon of Stanar 
and Thorppe, belongyng to the monestery of Selbe, and wher that yt 
hawthe pleasyd your gud lordshyppe to derect a letter unto the said 
comysioners for the staying off my possescyon, be cause that yt was 
informyd the Kynges highenesse & your gud lordshyppe that they 

1 Dissolved 19 Nov. 1539. 2 20 Nov. 1539. 3 23 Nov. 1539. 4 23 Nov. 
I 539- ' 2 9 Dec. *539- 6 5 Dec. 1539. 7 6 Dec. 1539. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 75 

were thwo princypall keys off the howsse for gud hospytalyte 
kepyng, and my gud lorde I suppose that he that heyth takyn yt off 
the right worshyppfull M r Saddelar wyll kep but small hosppytalyte 
ther. Neuerthelesse, my gud lord, I am and ever wyll be wyll con- 
tent as y* shall plesse the Kynges hightnesse & your gud lordshypp. 
And also my gud lord yf yt plesse your gud lordshypp to understond 
as for the ferm of Thorpe is no parcelles of the demanes, but that the 
Abbot dyd lait it owt the last yer to on Rauffe Bawyd, stuard to the 
lait Lord Darcy, and to other two by covent seall humbly besuchyng 
your gud lordshypp to remember me and to call to your gud remem- 
berance of the Kinges heghtnesse gud & gracyous grant for the pre- 
ferment of the howse of Gyssburthe & Selby, trustyng in your 
honorabyll lordshypp & in the way off charyte to remember me in 
some recompence of the same, an I may dayly pray for your most 
nobyll eystayt long to endur. From my power howse att the Cheytt, 
the present Sanct Steven day, by your orator, 

John Nevyll. 
(Vol. 155, p. 178.) 



The Commissioners of the North Parties to Cromwell. 

7 Jan. 1539-40. Pleasith youre good lordship to be advertised 
that upon the dissolucon of the late monasterye of Egliston in the 
Countie of York we ther receyved youre letters dated in Marche last 
past wherby it appered the Kynges pleasor to be that Edward 
Aglamby of Karlell shuld haue the preferment of the same house. 
And also we recevyd at the same tyme frome M 1 Chancellor one 
letter dated in the moneth of Octobr last past by which it appered 
the Kinges Maiesties pleasor to be that Alen Kyng 1 suld have the 
preferment of the same house, And for so moche as it was doubtfull 
to be unto whether of the saide parties the Kynges Maiesties pleasor 
is that the possession and custodye of the same house shuld be 
delyuered, We therfore by the consent of bothe partyes haue com- 
mitted the custody of the same house and demesnez unto one 
Thomas Rokeby, esquier, dwellinge nere the same savely and indif- 
ferently to be kept unto the Kynges Maiesties pleasor be further 
knowne by youre good lordship whoose honor we besuche Almighty 
God longe to contenew. At Eglestone the vij day of January. 
Yor 8 at commaundment. 

Walter Hendle. 

Richarde Layton. 

Thomas Legh. 

Richard Watkyns. 
(Vol. 157, p. 30.) 

1 Alan Kynge of London had a lease of lands, etc., belonging to Eggleston 
Abbey 28 Feb. 1540-1. (Augmentation Books, vol. 213.) 



j6 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Thomas Legh to Cromwell. 

16 Jan. 1539-40. My bounden duetie in most humble wise unto 
your goode lordship promised, wheras the same att all tymes sens 
our coming furth frome London haue continually beyn occupied and 
had so great matters uppon hande I wold nott be so bould afor this 
tyme to make my sute unto your lordship, butt nowe trusting the 
most parte of the same to be over passed I ame so bould as to reduce 
unto your lordshippes goode memorye my sute of Sanct Oswaldes, 
whiche it pleased the Kinges highnes I shuld haue in recompense 
of Croxton, beseiching youe of your moost especiall goodnes 
towardes me to be [moving] in my behalf that I may haue the said 
Sanct Oswaldes 1 according as I had Croxton, and your lordship in so 
doing shall bynd me att all tymes to render unto the same my true 
hert and faithf ull service next under the Kinges Maiestie. I beseiche 
your lordship to se expedicon had in this behalf, and that itt wold 
pleas the same to to be goode and favorable lorde unto Syr John 
Lowther, Knight, in his sute unto youe for the preferment of Shappe. 
And thus our Lord euer preserue youre goode lordship in moche 
honor and hertes comforthe. Att Kendall, in hast, the xvj th day of 
January. 

Your lordship att all comandment, 

Thomas Legh. 

(Vol. 157, p. 63.) 



Robert, Bishop of Llandaff, 3 to Cromwell. 

18 March 1539-40 My suytt is to your good lordshipe to 

be a meane to the Kinges maiestie for the signyng of the by 11 for the 
assurans of Watton for terme of my lyffe, and thus I am euer bolde 
to molest yow with my suyttes and can neuer deserue noo parte of 
your goodnes as knawyth the blyssyd Trinite whoo euer haue you in 
his governance my most singuler good lorde. From Yorke the 
eighteyn daie of Marche. 

Your lordshippes assuryd orator att comandmentt, 

Rob 1 Landaff. 
(Vol. 158, p. 72.) 

1 It was afterwards granted to him. 

8 Robert Holgate, born at Hemsworth 1500, a canon of the order of 
St. Gilbert of Sempringham, prior of the house of Watton, created Bishop of 
Llandaff 19 March 1536-7, being empowered to retain the mastership of Sem- 
pringham and priory of Watton, which was surrendered 9 Dec. 1539. He was 
elected Archbishop of York 10 Jan. 1544-5, ant * was Lord President of the 
Council of the North, but was deprived of his see 16 March 1553-4. He 
founded free schools at York, Hemsworth, and Old Malton (of which latter 
abbey he had a grant), and a hospital at Hemsworth. (See Athenae Canta- 
brigienses, 164.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 77 

John Uvedale 1 to Cromwell. 

14 April 1540. Pleas it youre good and honorable lordship to bee 
aduertised, that according unto your right kynde and honorable 
promyse made unto me at my late being at London with your 
good lordshyppe I haue receiued frome the same a right feyr bare 
stoned hors for a stallande, for the whiche in my mooste humble 
wise I hartily thanke your good lordship, and truste within iij or iiij 
yeres frome hens to presente youre good lordship with some colte of 
his owne getting. Wold God that euery countie in this realme had 
but 0011 suche a fayre stallande for the increas of our brede of horsses, 
whiche is sore decayed in thies parties, and all for wante of good 
stallandes. 

And, because I haue alwayes knowne youre good lordship indued 
with a honorable and vertuous mynd and purpos towardes the 
Comonweale of this realme, I haue bene soo bold to pene oon acte 
againste the make merchauntes of Yorke, whiche by making of 
malte within the same haue almoost destroyed the same goodly 
aunciente citie and alsoo consumed all the woodes growing within 
xx li myles of the same, wherefore mooste humbly I beseche your 
good and honorable lordship to take the payne to reforme the said 
acte where it is amys, and to preserve the same soo as it may reforme 
thofFenders, or elles this citie wolbe brought yeuen to nought within 
fewe yeres, for they haue almoste clery forsaken all honeste 
mysteries and handy occupacons and dayly doo practise this feate 
of malte making by means whereof malte hath bene and is con- 
tynually derer at Yorke thene it is in all other the northe parties of 
this realme. My lord presidente of the northe cane further declare 
this incomodie thus mysused if it woll pleas youre good lordship to 
here his opynyon therein. 

I doo sende my servaunte William Strikland, this berer, at this 
tyme unto your good lordship as well for your good and honorable 
loving aide for opteynyng of my leasse of Marrike at thandes of 
Maister Chancellor of the Augmentacons, who yet hidderto (I knowe 
not for what purpos) hathe and dothe delay e me of the same, as for 
sundry his owne pursuytes for such pore thinges as he of late 
opteyned at thandes of his kynnysman, the late abbot of Whitby, 
wherein I mooste humbly beseche your good lordship to be his good 
lorde, and the rather to despatche hym at this my humble pursute, 
he being a pore yong man and having litle to leve on or to spende, 
but oonly suche pore thinges as what his pene he gettethe under me. 
I see a great nombre of leasses passed to divers men of thies parties 
by the said M r Chauncellor and my leasse deferred, of soo small a 
thing I marvaile what he meanethe by it. They and I were of con- 
trary opynnyons. I ame well assured in tyme of the late comocen 
me thinketh of equytie the said Maister Chancellor shuld fauor me 

1 Secretary to the Council of the North, Treasurer of Garrisons on the 
Border. He had a grant of Marrick priory. 



78 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

as well as theym and somewhat considre my service here, though it 
bee done farre of and not in dayly sight. I mooste humbly beseche 
your good lordship to helpe to further me oouys againe in this my 
long pursute, and thus the holie Trynytie evermore haue you in 
gouernance my mooste singuler good lorde. Written at Yorke the 
xiiij daye of Aprill 

By your oldeste disciple, 

Jo. Uvedale. 
(Vol. 159, p. 84.) 

Although it had been intended that the monks and nuns of 
the monasteries not included in the first Act of Parliament 
should surrender their houses by their own free will, there is no 
doubt that great compulsion was used to accomplish the work. 
It, however, seemed necessary that there should be another Act 
passed to enable the King to take possession of all the lands 
and goods into his own hands. An Act was therefore passed 
in the session of 1539, of which the following is an abstract: 

31 Hen. VIII. (1539), c. 13. 
An Acte for dissolution of Abbeys. 

Where diverse and sundrie Abbottes, Priours, Abbesses, Prior- 
esses, and other Eccliasticall Governours and Governesses of diverse 
Monasteries, Abbathies, Nonries, Colleges, Hospitalls, Houses of 
Friers, and other religuous and eclesiastical Houses and places within 
this our Soveraigne Lorde the Kinges realme of Englande and Wales 
of their owne free and voluntarie myndes, good willes and assentes, 
without constraynte, coaction, or compulsion of any manner of person 
or persons, sythen the fourth daye of February the xxvij th yere of the 
raigne of our nowe most dred Soveraigne Lorde, by the due order 
and course of the comen lawes of this his realme of Englande, and 
by their sufficient writinges of recorde under their covent and comen 
scales, haue severally geven, graunted, and by the same their writinges 
confirmed all their saide Monasteries, Abbathies, Priories, Nonries, 
Colleges, Hospitals, Houses of Friers, &c., and all their scites, cir- 
cuites, and precynctes of the same, and all and singuler their mannors, 
lordshipps landes, tents, meadowes, pastures, rentes, condicons, 
comons, leetes, courtes, libertyes, privileges, and franchesies apper- 
teyning or in any wise belonging to any suche Monastery, &c., by 
whatsoever name or corporacon they, or any of them, were then 
named or called, and of what order, habit, religion, or other kinde or 
quality soever they, or any of them, then were reputed, knowen, or 
taken ; To have and to holde all the saide Monasteries, &c., to our 
saide Soveraigne Lorde, his heirs and successors, for ever ; and the 
same their saide Monasteries, &c., voluntariely, as is aforesaide, have 
renunced, lefte, and forsaken and everie of them hathe renounced, 
lefte, and forsaken ; Be it enacted by the King and the Lordes 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 79 

Spiritual! and temporall and the Comons in this present parliament 
assembled and by auctoritie of the same, That the Kinge shall haue, 
holde (possesse), and enjoye to him, his heires and successors for 
ever, all suche late Monasteries, c., of what kindes they were 
named, which syth the said fourth daye of Februarye the xxvij th 
yere of the reigne of our saide Lorde, haue been dissolved, suppressed, 
renounced, relinquyshed, forfeyted, given upp, or by any other meane 
come to his Highnes ; and by the same auctoritie shall have all the 
scites, manners, landes, &c., which apperteyned to the saide late 
Monasteries, &c., in as large and ample manner as the late Abbottes, 
&c., had held or of right ought to haue holden in the rightes of the 
saide late Monasteries, &c., at the time of the saide dissolucon, or by 
any other manner of meane comyng of the same to the Kinges 
Hignes sythen the fourthe day of February above specified. 

And it is further enacted that not onlye the saide late Monasteries, 
Abbathies, Priories, &c., but all other Monasteries, &c., which here- 
after shall happen to be dissolved, or by any other meane come 
unto the Kinges Highnes, shalbe vested by auctoritie of this parlia- 
ment in the possession of the Kinge our Lorde. 

And be it also enacted that all the saide late Monasteries, &c., 
which bene dissolved and which hereafter shall be dissolved shalbe 
in thorder and governance of our Lorde the Kinges Court of Aug- 
mentacons of the Revenues of his Crowne, and of the Chauncelor, 
Officers, and Ministers of the same, and all the revenues shall be 
ordered to the Kings use in suche manner as the Monasteries, &c., 
late apperteyninge or belonginge unto the Monasteries, &c., late by 
auctoritie of parliament suppressed, bene ordered, surveyed, and 
governed. 

An Act of Parliament was passed in 1540 to take possession 
of the houses and lands of the Knights of St. John of 
Jerusalem. 

32 Hen. VIII. (1540), c. 24. 

The Possessions of Thospitalles of S* Johns of Hierusalem. 

The Lordes spirituall and temporall and the Comons in this 
present parliament assembled, having credible knowledge that divers 
the Kinges subjectis called Knightes of [the] Rodes, otherwise 
callid Knightes of Sainct Johnes, otherwise called Freers of the 
Religion of Sainct John of Jerusalem in England, and of a like 
house being in Ireland, abiding in the parties of beyonde the See, and 
having aswell out of this Realme as out of Irelaund and other the 
Kinges Dominions yerelye greate somes of money for maytenance 
of their lyvinges, have unnaturally and contrarie to the duety of 
their allegeaunces susteyned and maynteynid the usurped powre and 
auctoritie of the Bishop of Rome, lately used and practised within 
this Realme and other the Kinges Dominions, and have not onely 
adhered theymselfis to the said Bishop being comon ennemye to the 



8o SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

King and to his Realme, untruely upholding, knowleging and 
affirmyng maliciously and traitorously the same Bishop to be 
supreme and chef hed of Christes Churche by Goddes holy wourde, 
intending thereby to subvert the good lawes of this Realme, their 
naturall Contrey, made and grounded by auctoritie of Holy Churche 
by the most excellent Wisedome, polycy'e, and goodnes of the 
Kinges Majesty with the hole assent and consent of the Realme for 
the abolishing, expulsing, and utter extincting of the said usurped 
power and auctoritie, but also have diffamed and sclaundred aswell 
the Kinges Majesty as the noble men, prelates, and other the Kinges 
true and loving subjectis of this Realme for their good and godly 
preceding in that behalf; have, therefore, deepely pondered and 
considered that, like as it is and was a mooste godly acte of the 
Kinges moste roiall Majesty and the said noble men, prelates, and 
comons of this Realme utterly to expulse and abolishe, not only from 
this Realme but also from other the Kinges Dominions, the said 
usurped power and auctoritie of the Bishop of Rome, by expulsing 
wherof Goddes holy worde necessarie for increace of vertue and 
salvation of Christen soules is not onely purely and sincerely 
avaunced and set furth, but also the extorte exactions [and] innumer- 
able somes of Money craftely exhausted out of this Realme and of 
other the Kinges Dominions by the Color of the said usurped auc- 
toritie is removed and taken away, to the inestimable benefite and 
comoditie of the Kinges loving subjectis ; So like maner of wise it 
shulde be mooste daungerous to be suff red or permitted within this 
Realme or in any other the Kinges Dominions any Religion being 
sparkis leaves or ympes of the said roote of iniquitie; Consideryng 
also that the Isle of [Rhoodes], wherby the said religion toke their 
olde name and foundation, is surprised by the Turke, and that it 
were and is muche better that the possessions in this Realme and in 
other the Kinges Dominions appertayning to the said religion shulde 
rather be employed and spent within this Realme and in other the 
Kinges Dominions for the defence and suertie of the same, than con- 
verted to and amongest suche unnatural subjectis which haue declyned 
not only from their naturall duetye of obedience that they ought to 
bear unto the King their Lorde, but also from the good lawes of this 
Realme, their naturall Countrey, daily doing all they can to subvert 
the good and godly Policye in the whiche thanckis be to God and to 
our most dradde Lorde this Realme and other the Kynges Dominions 
now stande in ; In consideracon wherof the said Lordes and the 
Comons in this parliament most humbly besechin the Kinges moste 
Roiall Majesty that it may be enacted by his Highnes and by thas- 
sent of the Lordes and the Comons that the corporation of the said 
Religion aswell within this Realme as within the Kinges Dominions 
and lande of Ireland, by whatsoeuer name or names they be founded, 
incorporatid, or knowen, shalbe utterly dissolued & voyde to all 
intentis and purposes 5 And that Sir Wiftm Weston, Knyght, nowe 
being Priour of the said Religion within this Realme of England, 
shall not be named or callid from hensfurth Prior of Sainct Johnes 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 81 

of Jerifn in England, but shalbe callid by his propre name of Wiftm 
Weston, Knight, without further addition towelling the said Religion; 
And that likewise John Rawson, Knight, now being Priour of Kil- 
maynam in Irelande, shall not be callid Priour of Kylmaynam but 
onely by his propre name of John Rawson, Knight ; nor that any of 
the bretherne or confreres of the said Religion shalbe called Knightes 
of the [Rhoodes], nor Knightes of Sainct Johnes, but shalbe called 
by their owne propre Christen names and surnames of their parentis 
without any other additions towching the said Religion. 

And be it further enacted that the Kinges Majestic, his heires 
and successours, shalhave all that Hospitall, Mansion House, Churche, 
and all other houses, buyldinges, and gardeines being nereunto the 
Citie of London, called the House of Saincte John of Jerim, and all 
that Hospitall Churche of Kilmaynam, and all Castellis, Honours, 
Mannours, landes, commaunderies, preceptories, wheresoever they be, 
which belonged to the said religion or to the Priours, Maistres or 
Gouernours, Knightis, and all goodes, catallis, dettis, &c., to have 
and to holde to our saide Soveraigne Lorde and to his heires and 
successours foreuer to use and employ at his owne free will and 
pleasure. 

The last letter that there is in the State Papers regarding 
the suppression of the monasteries appears to be the one from 
John Uvedale in April 1540, printed above. In two months 
after that date Cromwell's career ended, and he came to an 
untimely end. 1 

Not being content with the surrender of the monasteries 
the King determined in 1545 to suppress in addition all the 
hospitals, chapels, and chauntries, so a fresh Act was passed. 

37 Henry VIII. (1545), c. 4. 

In their moste humble wise shewen unto your roiall Majestie 
your lovinge subjectes the Lordes spirituall and temporall and the 

1 Thomas Cromwell is said to have been born about 1485, and to have 
been the son of a blacksmith or fuller of cloth. He went when young to Italy, 
and is supposed to have been in the French service. He returned to England 
in i5!3) when he became a lawyer and money-lender. He was appointed 1514 
by Cardinal Wolsey as a collector of his revenues, and in 1524 assisted him in 
his suppression of the monasteries for the endowment of Christ Church College 
at Oxford, and became his trusted servant. He afterwards attracted the notice 
of Henry VIII., and in 1531 was made a Privy Councillor, and in 1533 
Chancellor of the Exchequer, and in 1534 Vicar-General. He had in 1535 
a commission as general visitor of the monasteries, and had full control of 
their surrenders. He was created, 9 July 1536, Lord Cromwell of Oakham, 
and had a grant of the monastery of Lewes. He negotiated the marriage with 
Anne of Cleves, and 17 April 1540 became Earl of Essex; but shortly after, 
on 10 June, was accused of treason, imprisoned in the Tower, and executed 
28 July. His son Gregory had been summoned in his lifetime as Baron Crom- 
well, which peerage lasted till 1709. 

G 



82 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Commons of this present Parliament assembled, That where there 
haue bene diverse Colleges, Freechappelles, Chauntries, Hospitalles, 
Fraternities, Brotherheddes, Guyldes, and Stipendarie Prestes having 
perpetuity for ever, Sithens which tyme dyvers of the Donors, 
founders, or patrones, or suche as pretende to be of the same Col- 
leges, &c., of their avarouse and covetouse myndes and of their owne 
auctoritie without your graciouse licence have of late entred into the 
mansion houses, manners, landes, &c., to the same colleges, &c., 
belonginge and have expulsed the Prestes, Wardeyues, Maisters, 
Ministers, Rulers, Governors, and Incumbentes of the same out and 
from the possession thereof, and they and their heirs and assignes 
doe occupye the saide Mansion Houses, &c., and doe receyve and 
converte the rentes to their owne proper uses, and some of the saide 
Prestes, &c., by covyne betwene them and the Patrons, donors, or 
founders of the same have also of their owne auctority, withou\t your 
Grace's licence, bargayned and soulde all or parte of their manners, 
&c., annexed, unyted, or belonginge to the saide Colleges, &c., and 
some of the saide Prestes, &c., of their owne auctoritie without thas- 
sent of their Patrons have nowe of late made Leases for terme of lief 
of their saide Frechappelles, chauntries, hospitalles, &:c., and have 
not reserved the accustomable rent that the same hath bene used to 
be letten for ; and some of them by covyne have suffered recoveries, 
levyed fynes and made feoffamentes of all or parte of their posses- 
sions ; by reason whereof diverse of the said Frechappelles, &c., ben 
clerely dissolued contrarye to the willes and purposes of the founders, 
&c., and to the greate contempte of your Majestie j And we your 
Graces most lovinge humble subjectes right well knowing and per- 
ceyving thexcedinge greate charges, costes, and expences which your 
Majestie hathe had and susteyned and dayly doeth susteyne, aswell 
for the mayntenance of theis present Warres againste the Relmes of 
Fraunce and Scotlande and for the preservacon and defence of us 
your subjectes againste the invasions and malice of your enemyes 
the Frenchmen and Scottes, who dayly do studdy, devise, and 
attempte to greine, annoy, and hurte your lovinge subjectes ; 
Doe therefore with our hole voice most humblie beseche your 
Majestie that it may be enacted by your Hignes withe thassent 
of the Lordes spirituall and temporall and the Commons in this 
Parliament assembled, that all the saide Colleges, Frechappelles, 
Chauntries, Hospitalles, Fraternities, Brotherheddes, Guyldes, and 
other the same promocons, had or made to have contynuaunce in 
perpetuite for ever, and beinge or that hathe or ought to be contribu- 
torie to the payment of the First Frutes and Tenthes accord inge to 
the Lawes in that behalfe had and made, by what name they were 
founded, and all the mansion houses, manners, orchardes, gardens, 
londes, tents, churches, chappelles, advowsons whatsoever they be 
belonginge to any such College, &c., shall from hensforth by auc- 
toritie of this Acte be adjudged and demed and also be in the very 
actuall possession & seisin of the Kinge our Soverayne Lord and of 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 83 

his heires and successours for ever in as large and ample a manner as 
the said Prestes, &c., or the Patrons, &c., at any time sichens the 
said fourthe daye of Februarie in the xxvij th yere aforesaid had occu- 
pied or nowe hathe enjoyethe the same and as though all the saide 
colleges, &c., were in the present acte specially named. 

And be it further enacted that all the saide Chauntries, Hospitalles, 
Colleges, &c., and all the Mansion Houses, Mannors, and Lands 
shalbe in the order of our Soveraigne Lorde the Kinges Court of 
Augmentacons of the Revenues of his Crowne, and to be graunted 
by the Chauncellor, Officers, &c., of the same Courte in suche 
manner as other mannors, &c., appoynted to the said courte of Aug- 
mentacons bene to be graunted. 



PART II. 



AN ACCOUNT OF THE SMALL PRIORIES UNDER THE 
VALUE OF j2OO A YEAR WHICH WERE DISSOLVED 
BY THE ACT OF PARLIAMENT, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



ARDEN.i BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to S l Andrew. 

Founded by Peter de Hoton, who gave the site, which his 
daughter Elizabeth and Roger de Mowbray confirmed. At the 
dissolution the Duke of Norfolk was called the Founder. 2 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2oo/. per annum. 
VALUATION. i2/. os. 6d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 86). 
SURRENDER. 1536, there being 9 nuns. 

PENSION. Margery Danby, the last Prioress, had a pen- 
sion of 4/. (Augmentation Books, vol. 232, p. 575.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel 27 Henry VIII. (1535) 
to the same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with i2/. 185. zd. of the issues of the 
Priory due at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account 
of Robert Hill, collector of the rents there. Also with 
7/. 135. 6d. due at Whitsuntide, received and expended by 
Dame Margery Danby, late Prioress there, with 345. 8d. 
received at the time of the removal. Also with 4^. us. $d. 
received from the said Robert Hill of the issues of his office 
this year. Total, 25^. 4?. id. 

He charges himself with 765. Sd., the price of " le plate" 
and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory subscribed 
by the abovesaid Margery Danby, late Prioress. Also with 
1 67. 135. 4^. for the lead on the roof of the church and of the 
other houses. Also with IQS. for two small bells hanging in 
the belfry. Also with 235. qd. for the grain in the granary at 
the time of the survey, expended in the priory. And with n/., 
the price of sundry beasts expended there between the survey 
and the suppression, viz., i horse 6s. 8d., 30 wethers 6os. , 
26 ewes 345. Sd., 30 other sheep 305., 40 lambs 265. Sd. } 

1 Eight miles from Thirsk and ten miles from Helmsley; in the Deanery 
and Archdeaconry of Cleveland. " In a narrow valley in the Hambleton hills ; 
only a chimney remains " (Grainge's " Vale of Mowbray "). 

1 Dugdale, Tanner, Burton. 



88 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

9 cows 725. Also with 425. 4^., increase of price on the 
above, viz., on the wethers 6s. Sd., on the ewes 2.*., on the 
lambs J25., on 29 sheep called " hoggerelles " charged at 295., 
95. Sd., on the 8 cows or heifers 12?., which increase was 
received by the Prioress and expended in her inn. Also with 
8/. 125. received by the Prioress for things sold by her in the said 
time and expended in the said inn, not charged in the inventory, 
viz., i young horse 55., i cow 125., 34 wethers 565. 8d., 
236 fleeces of wool at 5^., 4/. 185. 4^. Also with 45/. 35. nd., 
the value of the rest of the goods, etc., according to the inven- 
tory, sold by the Commissioners to John Banks, farmer, of 
the site of the priory, with the demesne lands, with 665. Sd. 
increase. Total, 89/. igd., with I4/. izd. increase. 

19 Sept., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Thomas Welles of the household of the site of 
the late Priory of Arden for 21 years at the rent of SI. gs. Sd. 

This indenture made between the most excellent prince and 
lord, the Lord Henry the Eighth, by the grace of God, etc., of 
the one part, and Thomas Welles, gentleman of the household 
of the said Lord the King, of the other part, witnesseth that 
the said Lord the King by the advice and consent of the council 
of the court of the augmentations of the revenues of his crown, 
has given, granted and to farm demised to the same Thomas 
the site of the house or late priory of Ardern in the county of 
York, by authority of parliament recently suppressed and dis- 
solved, together with all the houses, buildings, barns, dove-cots, 
yards, orchards, gardens, demesne lands, meadows, feedings 
and pastures under-written to the same site or late priory 
belonging or pertaining, to wit, the Rye feld, the Hoode feld, 
the Hethermerbrodefeld, the Mylne Carre, with the Freer 
house garthe, the Stany flatt, one close called the Cowhouse 
Ynges, the West feld, one close called the Cow Yng, one 
other close called the Homylhome, the Homylfeld, the Wethur- 
cote Yng, the Northmore close, the Throwdale close, one other 
close called the Rygge, another close called Cowhill, another 
close called Holyng, another close called Hasteling, another 
close called Elleryng, another close called Crosse flatte, 
another close called LJncote hill, another close called Rams- 
flatte, the Rughe croft feld, another close called Thomas Busk, 
the Horseclose, one watermill with one acre of meadow to the 
same adjacent, one other acre of meadow called Hemme acre, 
one house called the deyryhouse, with one close called Kowe 
Wathe and another enclosure called Gate Cote (all escheats, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 89 

reliefs, great timber trees and woods to the same belonging 
excepted and wholly reserved to the said Lord the King, his 
heirs and successors). To have and to hold the site aforesaid 
and all and singular other the premises with the appurtenances 
(except the before-excepted) to the aforenamed Thomas and his 
assigns from the feast of the Annunciation of the B. V. M. 
last past to the end and term, and for the term of 21 years 
then next following and fully to be completed, paying therefor 
yearly to the said Lord the King, his heirs and successors, 
8/. 95. Sd. of the lawful money of England, payable in equal 
portions at the feasts of St. Michael the Archangel and the 
Annunciation of the B. V. M., or within one month after 
each of those feasts, at the court aforesaid during the term 
aforesaid. And the aforesaid Lord the King wills, and by the 
presents grants, that the said Lord the King, his heirs and 
successors, will well and sufficiently repair, keep up and main- 
tain, all the houses and buildings of the premises, as well in 
timber as in roofs of ' tile' and 'sclate/ from time to time so 
often as it may be necessary and fitting, during the term afore- 
said. And the aforesaid Thomas and his assigns, at their own 
costs and charges, will well and sufficiently keep up and main- 
tain the roofs of straw and all other necessary repairs of the 
premises, excepting the timber, f tile' and 'sclate' aforesaid, 
from time to time so often as it may be necessary and fitting 
during the term aforesaid. And the aforesaid Lord the King 
further wills and by the presents grants, that it shall be lawful 
to the same Thomas and his assigns from time to time to take 
and have competent and sufficient ' hegebote, fyerbote, plough- 
bote' and 'cartbote/ from and upon the premises there yearly 
to be expended and occupied during the term aforesaid. In 
witness whereof to the one part, etc., and to the other part, 
etc. Given at Westminster on the 19th day of September in 
the a8th year of the reign of the said Lord the King. 

By the council of the court aforesaid. 

(Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 10.) 

GRANT to Thomas Culpeper, the site of the Priory of 
Arden with lands pertaining. 

[Translation.] 

") The King, to all to whom, etc., 
For I homas Culpeper / greeti Whereas by a certain in- 

J denture made under the great seal 

of the court of the augmentations of the revenues of our crown, 
bearing date at Westminster on the second day of June in the 



go SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

thirtieth year of our reign .... we demised .... to Sir Ralph 
Ellerker of Rysby, co. York, knight, the house and site of the 
late priory of Haltamprice in the said county .... And 
whereas also by another indenture made between us, of the 
one part, and Thomas Welles, gentleman of our household, 
of the other part, dated at Westminster on the i9th day of 
September in the 28th year of our reign [here recited] we 
demised to the aforenamed Thomas Welles the site of the 
house or late priory of Arden in the said county .... Know 
ye that we, in consideration of the good, true and faithful 
service which our well-beloved servant Thomas Culpeper, 
esquire, has heretofore rendered to us, of our special grace, 
certain knowledge and mere motion, have given and granted, 
and by the presents do give and grant to the same Thomas the 
reversion and reversions of all the aforesaid houses and sites of 
the said late priories of Haltamprice [and Arden], and of the 
aforesaid messuages, lands, meadows, pastures, and all and 
singular other the premises above expressed and specified . . . : 
and to the abovesaid Ralph Ellerker [and] Thomas Welles 
.... by the several indentures aforesaid [as is set forth above] 
severally demised. Moreover we give and by the presents do 
grant to the aforenamed Thomas Culpeper .... all the .... 

annual rent of 8Z. 95. 8d to us reserved .... Also we do 

give, and for the consideration aforesaid confirm, to the afore- 
named Thomas Culpeper the whole house and site of the said 
late priory of Arden in our said county of York, now dissolved, 
and all the church, belfrey and churchyard of the same late 
priory, and also all our messuages, houses, buildings, dovecots, 
ponds, fish-stews, yards, orchards, gardens, lands and soil, 
being as well within as without, and near and close to the site, 
enclosure, ambit, circuit and precinct of the same late priory, 
and also our watermill with its appurtenances [and the parcels 
of land as set forth in the minister's account under the heading 
of demesne lands] and the reversions, rents and annual profits 
of all and singular the premises in Arden aforesaid and of every 
parcel thereof, as fully and wholly, and in as ample manner 
and form, as the last prior(ess) of the said late monastery or 
priory of Arden, or any of his (her) predecessors, priors thereof, 
in right of their priory, at any time before the dissolution of 
the same late priory, had held or enjoyed the aforesaid site, 
mill [etc., etc.], or ought to. have had, held or enjoyed the 
same, and as fully and wholly, and in as ample manner and 
form, as all and singular these things came or ought to have 
come into our hands, and now are in our hands, by reason or 
pretext of the aforesaid act of parliament or in any manner, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 91 

the which site of the said late monastery or priory of Arden, 
and the aforesaid messuages [etc.] in Arden aforesaid are 
valued at 8/. 9$. Sd. a year, and not more .... To hold .... 
the site of the said late monastery or priory of Arden aforesaid 
[etc.], paying yearly therefor to us, our heirs and successors, 

lys payable to our court of the augmentations of the 

revenues of our crown at the feast of St. Michael the Arch- 
angel every year, for all rents, services and demands whatsoever 
to be rendered, paid or done for the premises or any of them. 
And moreover, of our further grace, we do give and by the 
presents grant to the aforenamed Thomas Culpeper, all the 
issues, rents, revenues and profits of all the aforesaid sites, 
messuages, [etc., etc.] above expressed and specified from the 
feast of the Annunciation of the B. V. M. last past up to the 
present coming or growing, to have to the same Thomas of our 
gift, without any account or other thing to be therefor rendered, 
paid or done in any way to us, our heirs or successors. 
Although express mention, etc. In witness whereof, etc. 
Witness the King at Westminster on the twelfth day of June. 

By the King himself. 
Patent Roll, 32 Henry VIII. Part 2, m. 27 (15). 

20 Nov., 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

REQUEST by Thomas Culpeper to purchase the farm of 
the site and lands of the Priory of Arden. (9th Report of the 
Deputy Keeper.) 1 

ARTHINGTON. 8 BENEDICTINE OR CLUNIAC 

NUNNERY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded in the latter end of the reign of King Stephen or 
the beginning of Henry II., by Peter de Ardington. At the 
dissolution Mr. Arthington was called the Founder. 

1 Arden Priory came after to the family of Tancred. Ralph Tancred is 
called of Arden in the Visitation of 1584. He was son of William Tancred of 
Boroughbridge. From him descended a long line, possessors of the Priory 
till quite recently, when it has been sold to Hon. William Saville. (See the 
pedigree of Tancred in Foster's " Yorkshire Families.") 

2 In the parish of Adel, wapentake of Skyrack, seven miles from Leeds. 
There is a description of the buildings in " Twelve small Yorkshire Priories," 
where it is called a Cluniac nunnery, by William Brown, F.S.A. (" Yorks 
Arch. Journal," ix., 211). An interesting building, now a farmhouse, is on 
the site. 



g2 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

POSSESSIONS. The Church of Maltby. 
VALUATION. ill. 8s. ^d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 16.) 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2oo/. per annum. 

EXEMPTION FROM SUPPRESSION. n Mar.. 29 Hen. VIII. 

(1537-8). 

Elizabeth Hall to be prioress. (Calendar, xiii., 242.) 

SURVEY OF RENTAL. 26 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 
Site with orchard, gardens, etc., is worth 5,$. Total value 
of the demesne lands, loSs. 4^. (Paper Surveys, No. 401.) 

26 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER by Eliz. Halle, Prioress, and the convent of the 
monastery of Ardyngton and all its possessions. Acknow- 
ledged same day before Ric. Layton, one of the Clerks of 
Chancery. 

PENSIONS assigned. Eliz. Hall, Prioress, 5^., Eliz. Moore 
33,?. 4.d., Eliz. Vavasour, Kath. Cokyll, Janet Tompson, Eliz. 
Wormewall, Agnes Pettye, Dorothy Porter, Effam Ratclyff, 
Isabel Whytehed, and Joan Hayles, 26s. 8d. each. Signed by 
Hendle Legh, Bellasys, and Watkyns, commissioners. (Aug- 
mentation Misc. Books, vol. 234, p. 357.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 (1541) to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

He answers for 2i/. 2s. received from Henry Mason, col- 
lector of the rents and farms belonging to the said priory, for 
this year. 

He credits himself with payment of annuities of 26s. Sd. to 
Leonard Bekwith, Esq., 2os. to John Riddyall, and 265. 8d. to 
Robert Arthyngton and his brother Laurence, with pensions to 
the nuns, and with 33$. 4^. to Margaret Wormewell for a 
corrody. (Minister's Account, 4644.) 

6 March, 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

LEASE to Peter Johnson of Arthington, yeoman, of the 
house and site of the nuns of Arthington, lately dissolved, 
with lands, etc., for 21 years, at the rent of 1085. 4^. (Aug- 
mentation Misc. Books, vol. 212, p. 93.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 93 

7 June, 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

GRANT of the site and its demesnes to Thomas Cranmer, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, in exchange. 1 (Calendar, xvii., 256.) 

20 March, i Edward VI. (1547). 

GRANT to Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
of the site of the Priory and sundry lands in the parish of 
Arthington. Rent to the crown 12s. (Calendar of Deeds, 
Edward VI., 2.) 

The Estate was sold to Robert Mitchell 2 of Arthington 
Grange, whose descendant Sarah Mitchell married in 1668 
Thomas Fawkes, Esq., M.P., in whose family it remained till 
its sale by Walter Fawkes, Esq., to Lord Harewood, the 
present owner. 



BASEDALE. 3 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Ralph de Nevile at Hoton, then removed to 
Thorpe, afterwards to Nunthorp, but in the latter part of 
Henry II. settled at Basedale. 

VALUATION. 2O/. is. 4^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 87.) 
In the SUPPRESSION LIST as under 2ooZ. 

24 Aug., 31 Hen. VIII. (1539). 

RENTAL, SURVEY OF. Site, with orchard, garden, etc., is 
worth 325. ^d. 

Total of demesne lands, 665. Sd. 

Rent of messuage or grange called " The Nunnehouse " in 
Nunnethorp, 6/. 13.$. ^d. (Paper Surveys, No. 401.) 

SURRENDER. 24 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539), when 
there were 9 nuns and a prioress. 

1 The amount of the money to be paid for the purchase is said to have 
been 429^. 145. 2d., but whether this sum is solely for the nunnery does not 
seem quite certain, as he had other grants in Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and 
Kent. 

* We have not the exact date of the sale, or if it was from Thomas Cranmer 
:he Archbishop's son or from the Crown. Robert Mitchell, however, was in 
possession in 1614. 

3 In the parish of Westerdale, 11 miles from Stokesley. The buildings 
lave been converted into farmholds. There is a description of them in 
' Twelve small Yorkshire Priories," by William Brown, F.S.A. (" Yorks 
Vrch. Journal," ix., 327). 



94 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

1 6 March, 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

PENSIONS. Elizabeth Rowghton, Prioress, 61. ly. ^d., 
Alice Stable i6s. Sd., Eliz. Couper, Marg 1 Couper, Agnes 
Nellis, Agnes Addeson, Barbara Bromeley, Agnes Turtylby, 
and Joan Fletcher, nuns, 2os. each. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, vol. 234, p. 267.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 (1541) to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

He answers for 261. i is. received from Thomas Yoward, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
priory, for this year. 

He credits himself with an annuity of 4/. (not to be allowed 
hereafter) to James Dukke, chaplain. (Minister's Account, 
4644.) 

26 Nov., 3( Henry VIII. (1539). 

LEASE to William Snowball of the Household, of the house 
and site of the Priory of Basedale, lately dissolved, and lands 
in Nunthorp, parish of Ayton, for 21 years at the rent of 
665. Sd. (Augmentation Books, vol. 212, p. 15.) 

20 Nov., 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

GRANT in fee for 538/. 19.?. yd. to Sir Ralph Bulmer, jun., 1 
and John Thynne of the reversion of the house and site leased 
to William Snowball ; also the house and site of the priory and 
lands which were in the Prioress's own hands. (Calendar, 
xix., n, 413.) 

1 According to " Glover's Visitation," Sir Ralph Bulmer would be son of Sir 
John Bulmer who was executed for his share in the Pilgrimage of Grace. Sir 
Ralph, however, was restored in blood and had eight daughters, of whom Joan 
married, first, Francis Cholmley, secondly, Francis Hildesley; Frances mar- 
ried Marmaduke Constable of Cliffe ; Millicent married Thomas Grey of Bar- 
ton. There were also Dorothea, Brigetta, Barbara, Mary, Anne. 

The eight daughters and coheiresses held it in 6th Philip and Mary. After 
divers grants and alienations it became the property of the Fotherleys of 
Castleton, and about 1729 was purchased by Ann, daughter of William Pier- 
son, Esq., of the Middle Temple, but dying unmarried her brother Bradshaw 
Pierson, Esq., succeeded to her estate. (Graves' " Cleveland," 268.) It seems 
uncertain if Graves is perfectly correct, as the Yoward family appear to have 
been connected with Basedale. In 6 Eliz. (1564) there is a fine between 
Robert Yowart, gent., and Ralph his son, plaintiffs, and Thomas Grey, Esq., 
and Melucina his wife, of moiety of lands and water-mill in Basedale, and in 
1582-3 another between Ralph Yoward, gent., and Francis Cholmley, Esq., and 
Johanna his wife, and Anthony Welburye, gent., and Ann his wife, of part of 
messuages and mill in Basedale and Westerdale (Yorks Inquisitions, Rec. Ser.). 
However, it passed into the hands of the Pierson family, and after by 
purchase to the Russells of Brancepeth. By marriage it has descended to 
Viscount Boyne, the present owner. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 95 

COVERHAM.i PREMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Helewisia, daughter and heiress of Ranulph de Glanville, 
lord chief Justice of England, founded an abbey in the reign of 
Henry II. at Swainby in the parish of Pickhall. But in the 
i4th of John it was removed by her son Ralph Fitz Robert, 
lord of Middleham, to Coverham, he being buried there. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Coverham given by Ralph, 
lord of Middleham; of Downholme given by the Lord Scrope; 
half Kettlewell by the Lords Grey of Rotherfield, and Sedbergh 
by Sir Ralph le Scrope. 

VALUATION. i6o/. iSs. $d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
243-) 

PENSION. Christopher Roxby or Raper 24^., the last abbot. 
(Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 232, p. 34.) 

SURVEY OF RENTAL. Site with " le fermery garth" is 
worth 45. Total value of the demesne lands, i$l. 195. 



ACCOUNT of William Blytheman, the King's Receiver in 
the Archdeaconry of Richmond, from 4 Feb., 27 Henry VIII. 
(1535-6), to Michaelmas, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 
[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 
He answers for 980^ i8s. Sd. for goods sold, etc., viz., 
27 oxen, 78 cows, and other stock, corn and old hay, sold by 
the commissioners to Sir Arthur Darcy, Knight; sheep on the 
pasture of Bellerby, sold to Ralph Rokeby and Rowland 
Pudsey ; 33 stones of wool, tithes of the Rectory of Kettillwell ; 
live stock and grain sold to Launcelot Marton, William Riche, 
John Warde of Meddeham, and Sir William Malory, Knight; 
236 stones of wool from Sedbergh Rectory, sold to Marmaduke 
Wyvell, Esquire; 61. for lambs from the same, sold to James 
Rokeby; I9/. 145. $d. for divers church ornaments and furni- 
ture of the chambers there and of other houses, sold by retail to 
divers persons; $61. os. 8d., the estimated value of the orna- 
ments in the vestry and choir, remaining in the King's hands 

1 In the Wapentake of Hang West, two miles from Middleham. 



96 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

reserved to his use; i$6l. is., the estimated value of 781 oz. 
of silver plate, and 3 oz. of gold reserved in like manner; 4O3/. 
65. 8d. for I2i fothers of lead obtained in pulling down the 
said late monastery, with 3 fothers in the ashes; i6/. 135. ^.d., 
the value of 6 bells there, weighing 2000 Ibs. For old timber 
and other stuff obtained in pulling down the buildings, besides 
that used in firing and milling the lead, 8/. us. 4^. 

He has recovered 22/. iSs. in debts due from Ralph Wither, 
Thomas Newell of Massam, Michael Metkalf, Bryan Whithow, 
and John Masson, chaplain, late Vicar of Sedbergh. 

In issues of lands, etc., for the 28th year 1O5/. 135. 3%d., 
and for the 2gth year lyg/. 155. 6d., including farms and rents 
of a tenement in Bellerby from Ralph Rokeby, the rectory of 
Ketillvvell from Launcelet Marton, the rectory of Sedbergh 
from Marmaduke Wyvell, the rectory of Downeham from 
Christopher Lasselles, the rectory of Seeham from Robert 
Bowes, Esq., and the rectory of Coverham from Leonard 
Bekeweth. (Minister's Account, 7467.) 

8 Oct., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Christopher Lasselys of Brakenburgh, armiger, 
of the site of the Monastery of Coverham for 21 years at the 
rent of 13^. 195. lod. (Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 71.) 



10 June, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to Leonard Beckwyth of the Rectory of Coverham 
for 21 years at the rent of 2O/., and to Marmaduke Wyvell of 
Little Burton of the Rectory of Sedbergh at the rent of 5O/. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. gob.) 

1 6 March, 32 Henry VIII. (1540-1). 

LEASE to Robert Darknall of the household of the King, 
the Rectory of Downham, belonging to Coverham, for 
21 years at the rent of 14^. 35. 4^. (Augmentation Books, 
vol/213, p. 470.) 

26 March, 30 Henry VIII. (1539). 

LEASE to Ralph Rokeby of Lands in Bellerby belonging to 
the late Monastery of Coverham, for 21 years at the rent of 
265. 8d. (Augmentation Books, vol. 211, p. 60.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 97 

30 May, 3 P. and 4 M. (1557). 

GRANT to Humphrey Orme, 1 gen., and Cecilia his wife, the 
site of the Monastery of Coverham, to be held of the Queen 
in cap'ite. (Palmer's Index, p. 139.) 

31 July, 4 P. and 5 M. (1557). 

GRANT to Thomas Loftehouse and John Beck of Lands in 
Swyneshead, Melmerby Carleton, belonging to Coverham. 
(Palmer's Index, p. 140.) 

1 6 June, 4 Elizabeth (1562). 

GRANT to Thomas Allen and Thomas Freeman of the 
Rectory Church of Coverham, in the tenure of John Warde, 
gen., late Abbot of Coverham. (Palmer's Index, p. 185.) 

5 Eliz. (1563). 

FINE. Ralph Crofte and Ann his wife, Plaintiffs, and 
Humphrey Orme and Cecilia his wife, Deforciants ; 2 mes- 
suages and a water-mill with lands and free fishing in the water 
of the Cover in Coverham, etc. (Yorks, Rec. Ser., i., 278.) 



DRAX. 2 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 

Dedicated to St. Nicholas. 

Founded by William Paganel in the time of Henry I. 
POSSESSIONS. Wressle, Bingley, and Drax Churches. 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 
VALUATION. 104^. 145. gd. 
SURRENDER. 1536. 

1 13 May 1557. Valuation by me Antho. Rowe, Auditor, rated for Hum- 
phrey Orme : " The clere yerly value of the premisses xiij 1 xix 8 x d , which rated 
at xxx" yeres purchase amountethe to cccc 1 xix 9 . The mony to be paid before 
the xxv j of May 1557. The King and Quenes Majesties to discharge the 
purchaser of all fees and reprises goyng out of the premisses. The purchaser 
to have the issues from the fest of the Annuncyacon of our Lady last past. 
The purchaser to be bound in a thousand poundes for the woodes. The leade 
and belles and the advowson to be except." Will m Petre, Frances Inglefeld, 
John Bakers. (Harl. MS. 606.) 

2 In the Wapentake of Barkston Ash, five miles from Snaith. It is now 
only identified by a farm house. (Lawton.) 

H 



98 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

PENSION. William Emson, Prior, i8/. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 232, p. 33.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535), 
to the same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 49/. i2s. ^d. of the issues of the 
Priory due at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account 
of Richard Brelby, collector of the rents there. Also with 
59/. TJS. S^d. due at Whitsuntide, received and expended by 
Sir William Empson, late Prior there. Also with 8/. 8s. 4^. 
received by Sir John Scolaye as Rector of the Rectory of 
Byngelcy, appropriate to this late Priory. Also with gl. gs. gd. 
due from Sir Marmaduke Constable, the elder, knight, farmer of 
the scite of the late Priory, with the demesne lands, and not 
paid. Also with 13^. 17$. io\d. received from the said Richard 
Brelby of the issues of his office this year. Total, 14.11. 6s. 

And he charges himself with I2/. 185. 4^., the price of " le 
plate " and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory sub- 
scribed by the said William Emson, late Prior there. Also 
with 93/. 6s. 8d., the lead on the roof of the Church and of the 
other houses. Also with 2o/., the price of 6 bells hanging in 
the belfry there. Also with \l. is. for the grain in the granary 
there at the time of the survey, expended by the said Prior. 
And with 26s., the price of sundry beasts, expended by the 
Prior between the survey and the suppression, viz., 15 sheep 
15,9., i pig i2d., 2 young cattle 105. Also with 355. o^d. for 
sundry things sold by the Prior and expended in his inn, not 
charged in the inventory, viz., I horse 2os., and the hides and 
pelts of the cattle and sheep expended there 155. o^d. Also 
with j6l. i$s. id., the value of the rest of the goods according 
to the said inventory, sold by the Commissioners to Sir Mar- 
maduke Constable the elder, knight, farmer, of the site of the 
Priory, with the demesne lands, with TOO,?, increase. Total, 
2io/. 35. i^c/., with 61. 155. o^d. increase. 

20 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE of the site of Drax Priory surrendered to Sir Marma- 
duke Constable, knight, for 21 years at the rent of 8/. 19$. 6d. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 96.) 

20 May, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to Wm. Babthorpe of Osgodby of the Rectory of 
Drax for 21 years at the rent of 22/, 125. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 209, p. 85.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 99 

. . . ., 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to John and Simon Scoley of the Rectory of Bingley. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 210, p. 4.) 

22 July, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT in fee to Sir Marmaduke Constable, sen., of 
Everingham, for 2Ool. of the house and site of the dissolved 
Priory of Draxe, the Church, steeple, churchyard, lands in 
Draxe, the fishery of New Hey now in the tenure of Robt. 
Okes and Margaret his wife, and the passage of the water of 
the Ouse in New Hey now in the tenure of Wm. Ryecroft, in 
as full manner as Wm. Emson, the late Prior, held them. 
Clear annual value 2i/., rent of 42,9. as tenth. (Calendar, 
xiii., 569.) (Pat., p. 3, in. 12.) 

8 Dec., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to Ric. Wylkynson of Bradford, Lands in Bingley, 
Presthorp, and Mykylthwayte, which belonged to Drax. 
(Calendar, xvi., 174.) 

19 April, 34 Henry VIII. (1543)- 

LEASE to Anthony Dunwyche of London, merchant, of the 
Rectory of Wresyll, late belonging to the Prior of Drax, for 
2i years at the rent of lol. 3$. ^d. (Augmentation Books, 
vol. 215, p. 636.) 

31 Aug., 35 Henry VIII. (1543)- 

GRANT to Wm. Babthorpe, the lordship and manor of 
Newhey, which belonged to Drax Priory, and all possessions 
there. (Calendar, xvi., p. 60.) 



ST. AGATHA, EASBY. 1 PREMONSTRATENSIAN. 

Dedicated to St. Agatha. 

Founded by Roald, Constable of Richmond Castle, about 
1152. His estates passed to the Scropes, who were great 
donors to the Abbey, many of that family being buried there. 

At the Dissolution Lord Scrope was considered the founder. 



1 One mile from Richmond, on the left bank of the river Swale. The 
ruins were excavated by W. St. John Hope, M.A., in 1886, and an account of 
the buildings was written by him and printed in the " Yorkshire Archaeological 
Journal," vol. x., p. 117. 

H 1 



ioo SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Easby, Stanwix, and Manfield. 

VALUATION. nil. 17.9. nd. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 2 37-) 

SURRENDER. 1536. 

PENSION. Robert Bampton, Prior, 40 marks. (Augmen- 
tation Books, vol. 232, p. 30.) 

SURVEY. Site, with demesne lands, occupied by the monas- 
tery, ijl. 1 8s. ^d. 

Total value, with granges of Wathecoote, Huddeswell and 
Watewath, and Langmores, lordships or townships of Ease- 
bye, Bronton, Skebye, etc., 246^. 6s, $\d. 

The spiritualities include rectorial tithes of Manfelde, Stan- 
wikes (with Chapel or Church of St. Cuthbert of Barton and 
Chapel of Cleisbye), and Easeby, yjl. 'js. 6d. 

Total, 283^ 135. nc?. 

Rents, etc., paid, 61. i6s. 8d. 

Pensions, salaries, synodals, 53^. 75. zd. 

Fees of stewards and bailiffs, 66s. 8d. 

Total of the reprises, 6%l. los. 6d. 

Clear annual value, 22O/. 35. 5^. (Paper Surveys, No. 401.) 

ACCOUNT of William BIytheman, the King's Receiver in 
the Archdeaconry of Richmond, from 4 Feb., 27 Henry VIII. 
(1535-6), to Michaelmas, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 
[Arrears: none, because this is the first account.] 
He charges himself with giol. i6s. received for goods sold, 
viz., 23 oxen and a heifer sold by the late abbot from the store at 
Kyplyng; stocks of grain sold to Lord Scroope ; 6 bulls, 
56 cows, and other stock sold to him; ig/. 145. 6d. for the 
utensils and furniture in the hall, chambers, melting-house, 
brewing and malt house, and kitchen, with all the cloth of 
linen and wool, sold to Lord Scroope; 28 horses and foals of 
divers ages sold to Robert Akeryg, Chaplain there; 22/. 49. for 
vestments and ornaments found in the vestry ; i6/. 13,?. ^d., 
the estimated value of the bells; 52O/., the estimated value of 
302 pieces of lead, i.e , 151 fothers, and 5 fothers in the ashing 
in milling the same, arising from the pulling down of the said 
Abbey and Church, with other houses there, remaining at 
York, and there reserved for repairs, except one fother in " Cez 
Welbez"; 74/. $s. 6d., the estimated value of 448 oz. of silver 
plate, remaining to the King's use; lot. for 74 stones of 
wool, etc, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 101 

For materials derived from the pulling down of the building, 
exclusive of the timber used in milling the lead, 6/. 135. 8d. 

In debts due to the monastery 64.1. 8s. for the 28th year, 
and in issues of lands, etc., i6ol. 45. 2d. for the 28th year, and 
2i8L 4$. io^d. for the 29th year, including sums due from 
Robert Collinson, the price of wood sold to Ralph Gower of 
Rechemond ; \6l. 135. 4^. from the executors of the wills of 
Sir William Bulmer, knight, and Elizabeth Ashe, widow, 
remaining out of legacies of 100 marks, to have services in the 
Church of Eisby, besides 2ol. paid by the said Sir William 
himself; rents from Lord Scroope in Garresdale, and for the 
farms of the rectories of Manfeld, Stanwyk, Easby, Keplyng, 
Sadington, and Barford. Sum total, 1360^ 6s. 



10 Dec., 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to John, Lord Scrope, of St. Agatha's Monastery, 
except the Rectories of Manfield, Stanwykes, and tithes. 
(Calendar, xiii., 588.) 

2 May, i Edward VI. (1547). 

GRANT to Edmund Boughtell, after the expiration of Lord 
Scrope's lease, the site and lands at an annual rent of 
igl. 8s. 4d. 

8 Nov., i Mary (1554). 

GRANT to Henry Sidney of Wathcote, grange belonging to 
St. Agatha. (Palmer's "Index," p. 126.) 

16 Dec., 4 and 5 P. and M. (1557). 

GRANT to Henry, Lord Scrope, and Henry Tirrell, gent., of 
lands in Kipling belonging to St. Agatha. (Palmer's " Index/' 
p. 147.) 

5 Dec., 4 and 5 P. and M. (1557-8). 

GRANT of the site, etc., of St. Agatha's to Ralph Gower/ 
generosus. (Palmer's " Index," p. 145.) 

Ralph Gower, dying in 1567, bequeathed the same to his 

1 3 J u ly 1-557- Site of the monastery let to John, Lord Scrope, for 30 years 
10 Dec., 29 Hen. VIII., and reversion to Edmund Boughtell for 21 years after. 
The most part of the possessions of St. Agatha's is very good profitable land 
and lieth about the town of Richmond. Clear value igl. 8s. 4d., and rated at 
34 years' purchase amounting to 66o/. 35. 40?., to be paid before 16 July. 
Town of Skeby rated to Gower, 81. 12s. lod. at 34 years, amounting to 
293/. 165. 4^. (Harl. MS. 607, 36.) 



102 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

son John Gower, who, being attainted for high treason in 1569 
for being concerned in the Rising of the North, had all his 
estates confiscated to the Crown. (Clarkson's " Richmond.") 

10 March, 14 Elizabeth (1571-2). 

GRANT of the above to John Stanhope, ar., Richard Hughes 
and heirs of John. (Palmer's " Index," p. 215.) 

21 Elizabeth (1578-9). 

GRANT of the above to Henry Scrope, 1 brother of Thomas, 
Lord Scrope. 

EGGLESTON. 2 PREMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY. 
Dedicated to St. Mary and St. John Baptist. 

One account states that it was founded by Conan, Earl of 
Richmond; another that Ralph de Multon was the founder in 
the latter part of Henry I. or beginning of Richard I. 

At the Dissolution Lord Dacre, who represented the Lords 
Multon, was considered the founder. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Rokeby, 3 Great Ouseburn, 4 
Startforth. 5 

VALUATION. 36/. 8s. 3^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 236.) 

30 Jan., 28 Henry VIII. (1536-7). 

Premonstratensian Abbey of St. John the Baptist in the 
Archdeaconry of Richmond, exemption from Suppression. 
Th. Dranton, Abbot. (Calendar, xii., i, 143.) 

1 He died 5 Sept., 1625, and left the same to his son Emanuel, Earl of 
Sunderland. He bequeathed the property to his natural daughter Annabella, 
who had been granted the precedency of an Earl's daughter. Lady Annabella 
married John Grubham Howe of co. Gloucester. Their grandson, 2nd Viscount 
Howe, sold the manors, etc., to William Burton of Luffenham, co. Rutland. 
They seem to have been divided and partly sold, but Rev. William Smith 
bought the manor and abbey of Easby and built the present mansion. Thomas 
Smith, in 1775, bequeathed them to his natural son Thomas Smith als. King, 
who sold them in 1780 to Robert Knowsley of Wighill Park for .15,000. He 
sold them in 1788 to Cuthbert Johnson, and that family again parted with 
them in 1810 to Robert Jaques, Esq., for ^45,000, in whose family they 
remain. (Clarkson's " Richmond.") 

2 In the Wapentake of Gilling West, parish of Rokeby. There is a long 
account of the Abbey, by Rev. J. E. Hodgson, in the " Yorks Arch. Journal," 
vol. xviii., p. 129. 

3 At the Dissolution the patronage came to the Crown. 

4 Came to the Crown. Present patron, Mrs. Scolfield. 

5 Patron, the Earl of Lonsdale. (Ripon Calendar.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 163 

5 Jan., 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

SURRENDER (by Thomas, Abbot of Egleston, in co. Rich- 
mond, and the convent) of the Monastery and its possessions 
in cos. Richmond, York, and Durham. Acknowledged same 
day before Ric. Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery. 

PENSIONS. Thos. Shepard, Abbot, 13^. 6s. 80?.; Robt. 
Redshawe, sub-prior, 4/. ; Hen. Clacton, Wm. Mason, Win. 
VVrighte, Thos. Hildereth, Ralph Cootes, and Thos. Eggleston, 
priests, 405. each ; John Clappam, sub-deacon, 26s. 8d. Signed 
by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Warkyns. (Calendar, xv., 28.) 

SURVEY made 5 Jan., 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). Site of 
the houses within the walls, containing 2 acres with the out 
orchard there to the mill, is worth los. 

Value of the demesne lands, with a water corn-mill, 2il. 2s. 

Two corn-mills under one roof at Stratford, 405., and at 
Barnardcastell, 6s. 8d. 2/. 6s. 8d. 

Tithes of Stratforthe and Argyllgarthedale (letten), 61. 
Total value, zgl. 8s. 8d. (Paper Surveys, No. 401.) 

28 Feb., 32 Henry VIII. (1540-1). 

LEASE to Alan Kynge of London of lands in Egleston and 
tithes of Arkelgarthdale Rectory belonging to Egleston. (Aug- 
mentation Misc. Books, vol. 313, p. 21 b.) 

24 May, 2 Edward VI. (1548). 

SALE to Robert Strelley of the site of the Monastery ot 
Eggleston, with sundry premises, the parsonages and advow- 
sons of the vicarage of Startforth and Arkelgarthdale, and 
sundry mills. (Calendar of Deeds, Edward VI., 2, 68, i86a.) 

3 Aug., 3 P. and 4 M. (1556). 

GRANT to Fredeswide Strelley, 1 vid. and heirs, the house and 
site of the Monastery of Egleston in the Archdeaconry of 
Richmond. (Palmer's " Index," p. 138.) 

1 After the death of the Strelleys Eggleston is said to have come to Robert 
Strelley's nephews, children of his sister Elizabeth, wife of George Savile 
(" Yorks Arch. Journal," xviii., 175). He may perhaps be the George 
Savile of Grantham who heads the pedigree in the " Visitation of Lincoln- 
shire " (Harleian Soc., vol. Hi., 860). According to the fines it passed 
through members of several lines of Savile. Afterwards the property got into 
many hands, and in 1770 was sold by Sir Thomas Robinson, Bart., to John 
Morritt, from whom it has descended to the present owner of the same name. 



104 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

5 Eliz. (1562-3). 

FINE. William Saville, Plaintiff, and Robt. Strelley, Jeffrey 
Wayse, Giles Porter, Ric. Porter, Win. Porter, and John 
Saville, Deforciants, manor of Eggleston, tithes, advowsons of 
churches of Arclegarthdale and Stratforde. (Yorks Rec. Ser., 
i., 274.) 

5 Eliz. (1563). 

FINE. John Savyle, Plaintiff", and William Savyle, Defor- 
ciant, manor of Eggleston, mills, advowsons (as above). (Yorks 
Rec. Ser., i., 278.) 

22 Eliz. (1580). 

FINE. John Savile, Esq., Plaintiff, and Edward Savile and 
Katherine his wife, manor of Egglestone, mills, advowsons 
(as above). (Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 151.) 

23 Eliz. (1581). 

FINE. Robert Savile and Michael Pearson, Plaintiffs, John 
Savile, Esq., Edward Savile, gent., and Katherine his wife, 
and Henry Savile and Ann his wife, manor of Egglestone, 
mills, advowsons (as above). (Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 164.) 

28 Eliz. (1586). 

FINE. Henry Savile, gent., Plaintiff, and Edward Savile, 
gent., and Katherine his wife, Deforciants, 4O/. rent out of 
Egleston, Stratford, and Arkyngarthdale. (Yorks Rec. Ser., 
"i-> 550 

39 Eliz. (1597). 

FINE. Richard Smyth, Doc. Med., Plaintiff, and Henry 
Savile and Ann his wife, Deforciants, manor of Eglestone, 
mills, lands, rectories of Stratforde and Arkilgarthdale, with 
advowsons of the vicarages. (Yorks Rec. Ser., iv., 74.) 

44 and 45 Eliz. (1602). 

FINE. Peter Broughton, gent., Plaintiff, and Paul Smythe, 
gent., Deforciant, manor of Eglestone, mills, rectories, and 
advowsons. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 105 

ELLERTON ON SPALDING MOOR. 1 GILBERTINE 

PRIORY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin and St. Lawrence. 

Founded 1221 as a Priory of Canons of the Order of Sem- 
pringham or St. Gilbert. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Ellerton, Aughton, East Cot- 
tingwith. 

VALUATION. 62l. 8s. lod. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 128.) 

SURVEY. Site, with orchards and two small gardens, 
Ss. Sd. 

Total value of the demesne lands, including a tenement 
called "Woodhouse," 13^. 6s. 

Rents in divers townships, 8/. I'js. nd. 

Total value, 22/. 35. nd. 

Rents resolute, 45. Sd. 

Clear yearly value, 2i/. igs. ^d. 

A second Survey (n Dec., 30 Henry VIII.) values the site 
at ios., and records a fishery in the Darwent worth i2d. 

Total (with farms of tithes of North banke in Aughton, 
of Ellerton and Estcottingwith), 2jL Sd. (Paper Surveys, 
p. 401.) 

SURRENDER. n Dec., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). Signed 
by the Prior and Convent. 

PENSIONS. 8 Apr., 1539. John Goldyng, Prior, 13^. 6s. Sd., 
Roger Dow, Richard Symson, Robert Mychylson, William 
Spens, priests, 4/. each. (Augmentation Books, vol. 233, 
p. 112.) 

ACCOUNT of the said William Blitheman upon the dissolu- 
tion, ii Dec., 30 Henry VIII., made there. 

[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 

f r (\ ^ ^ e answers f r 69$- &d. received by him for 

LroodS I divers vestments found there, to wit, one suit 

2ls ' 3 of "Blod" velvett 40^.; one tunicle of white 

and red say 2s. 4d.; i suit of "livid" velvet, old, and i suit 

of green " Bawdekyng Counterfet," sold to John Horseley, 

1 In Holme division of Harthill, eight and a half miles from Pocklington. 



jo6 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

26s. Sd., the whole being 6gs. 8d. as above; and for 205. the 
price of i "fetherbed," 2 " Mattressez/' 2 " blankettes," 
3 " Coverynges," i "Bolster," i "pillow," i " teister " of old 
dornyx, and other furnishings of the chamber of the late prior, 
sold to John Herbert ; and 8s. for the furnishings of the lower 
chamber there, sold to the said John; and 105. for the fur- 
nishings of the chambers called "Highe Chambre," sold as 
above; and izd. for i old " Matteresse " and i coverlet there; 
and 135. 8d. for the kitchen utensils; and 2od. for the utensils 
in the promptuary; and 30^. for the utensils in the brew-house; 
and 66s. Sd. for divers " Stampez >} or " Mowez " of grain, 
remaining in sheaf in the granaries; and i6s. for a "stampe" 
of peas tound in the barns there; and 2os. for a "stampe" of 
oats and 435. 4^. for 6 quarters of siligo; and 6s. Sd. for a 
quarter of wheat; and 2,2s. for 6 quarters of oats; and 145. for 

6 quarters of oat malt; and 45. for i^ quarters of barley malt; 
and 135. 4^. for hay in the grange; and iSs. Sd. for hay in the 
" Oxehovvse Barne"; and 6s. Sd. for 3 old waggons, with the 
" teymez 3> and other appurtenances ; and zos. for one cistern 
and other vessels in the melting-house (domo ustrina) ; and 
4/. i6s. for oxen found there, at izs. a head; and 56,9. for 

7 cows ; and 485. for eight beasts of various ages ; and los. for 
3 two-year-olds ; and 65$. for 5 heifers, 4 " stagges," and 2 mill- 
horses; and 135. <\.d. for pigs and sucking-pigs; and 645. for 
16 acres of land sown with corn; and 40^. for i " horsmyll," 
all sold to the said John Herbert. Total, 39^. 175. Sd. 



SI f 1 d not answer f r tne P r ice of 2 fothers of 

, I |, e >lead estimated to be on .the roofs of the houses 
3 there, because it remains reserved to the King 
till his pleasure be known ; nor for any bells, because the 
Church there forms the Parish Church. 

, r T , I Nor for the price of i chalice weighing oz., 
Sale of Jewels. > , , 

) because it is reserved among the others, and 

delivered to the Master of the King's Jewelhouse. Total of 
the Receipts, 39^. 17^. 

Whereof he accounts in payments to John Goldyng, late 
Prior there, iocs., Roger Dewe, Richard Sy meson, Robert 
Michelson, and William Spencer 265. Sd. apiece, by the King's 
grace, in all io/. 6s. Sd. And in rewards to divers servants 
there, to wit, to Charles Poole, Robert Wyld, Richard Daye, 
Ralph Duffeld, and Robert Clarke, 4$. each ; to William 
Ramesey 2s. 6d.- } George Kyrke 35.; Henry Killington 2s. 6d.; 
John Dewre 35. ^d. ; the kitchen boys 2s. ; Simon Johnes, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 167 

John Brighame, and Agnes Cowper, 2od. each ; Robert Wil- 
liamson is. ; Reginald Speke 3,9. ; John Wald 35. $d. ; Richard 
Bonobye, 35. 4^.; Roger Hunt and Henry Hude, is. 6d. each; 
Peter Rede 35. 4^. ; Richard Cooke lid.; a poor man &d. ; 
John Ustwhaitt 2od. ; Margaret Leche 35. 4^. ; Isabell 
Thoineson 35. ^.d. ; and to Isabell Hall $s. 4^. in all 735. 4^. 
Total, i4/. (Minister's Accounts, No. 7453.) 

9 March, 31 Henry VIII. (1540). 

LEASE to John Herbert of Ellerton, gen., of the house and 
site of the Priory of Ellerton, lately dissolved, with Ryddyng 
Grange and Rectories of Ellerton and East Cottingwith for 
21 years at a rent of 2y/. 8s. (Augmentation Books, vol. 21 2, 
p. yob.) 

jy April, 31 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to Sir Thomas Heneage and Katherine his wife of 
the grange called Ryddyng Grange in Ellerton, belonging to 
the late Priory of Ellerton, and lands there, and a parcel of 
meadow called the "North Hyll," in the fields of West Cot- 
tingwithe, in as full manner as the last Prior of Ellerton held 
the same. (Calendar, xv., 289.) 

i April, 33 Henry VIII. (1542). 

GRANT to John Aske 1 of Aughton, Yorks (in exchange for 
manors in Sussex), of the late Priory of Ellerton, lands in the 
parishes of Ellerton and Aughton, the fishery in the water of 
Derwent and other lands there, and in Lathome, West Cot- 
tingwith, Thorganby, Holme, Goodmadam and Huggate, and 
in the City of York, which belonged to the Priory. (Calendar, 
xvii., 283.) 

34 Eliz. (1592). 

FINE. George Sayntpoole, Kt., and Martin Brighouse, 
Esq., Plaintiff, and John Aske, Esq., Deforciant, manor of 
Ellerton. (Yorks Rec. Ser., iii., 177.) 

1 There is a pedigree of Aske in " Glover's Visitation." It would seem 
that John Aske was a brother of Robert Aske, the unfortunate leader of the 
" Pilgrimage of Grace," who was executed. His great-grandson is said to 
have sold away all his lands. It then probably came into the hands of the 
Bethell family, who continued for some generations. Hugh Bethell, Esq., 
died in 1747, leaving his estates to his nephew Sir William Codrington, who 
assumed the name of Bethell. In 1840 Sir Christopher Codrington Bethell 
was the owner. 



io8 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

38 and 39 Eliz. (1596). 

FINE. John Robinson, senr., Plaintiff, and John Aske, 
Esq., Deforciant, manor of Dighton and the site of the late 
priories of Thykhed, and lands and free fishing in the Derwent. 
(Yorks Rec. Ser., iv., 57.) 

41 Eliz. (1599). 

FINE. Hugh Bethell, Esq., Plaintiff, and Thomas Knevit, 
Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, Deforciants, manor of Ellerton. 
(Yorks Rec. Ser., iv., 125.) 



ELLERTON ON SWALE. 1 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 

Said to have been founded by Warnerius, the dapifer to the 
Earl of Richmond in the reign of Henry II. 

VALUATION. 15^. los. 6d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 244.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2Ool. per annum. 
SURRENDER. By Johanna, last Prioress. 

ACCOUNT of William Blytheman, the King's Receiver in 
the Archdeaconry of Richmond, from 4 Feb., 27 Henry VIII. 
(1535-6), to Michaelmas, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 

He answers for I5O/. 9^. iod., the value of goods and chat- 
tels, viz., 61. 4s. id. for 34! oz. of silver plate, remaining in 
the King's hands; 8i/. 13$. 4^., the estimated value of 24^ 
fothers of lead derived from the pulling down of the said Priory, 
and i fother in the ashes at the burning and milling of the 
same lead ; 40$., the price of 4 small [? pTTTJ [sic] bells, and 
1065. 8d., the price of stock, etc., consumed by the nuns. Also 
for 145. zd. for glass, timber, etc. (besides the timber used for 
melting the lead), obtained in pulling down the buildings. 

In issues of lands, etc., for the 28th year nZ. 25., for the 
29th year 2il. gs. 3^., including rent for the demesne lands 

1 In the parish of Catterick, on the south bank of the Swale. It is often 
confused with the Priory of Ellerton on Spalding Moor. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 109 

from Anne Cleisby, the farm of Woodehouse from Ralph 
Cleisby, and rents from divers other tenants. Sum total, 
/. 15$. %d. (Minister's Account, 7467.) 



31 July, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

LEASE to Ralph Cleseby of the household of the King, 
gen., of the house and site of the late Priory of Kllerton in the 
Archdeaconry of Richmond for 21 years at the rent of 
12,1. IQS. 8d. (Augmentation Books, vol. 210, p. 39.) 

31 July, 10 Elizabeth (1568). 

GRANT to Percivall Bowes and John Moysier and their 
heirs, the house and site of the late Priory of Ellerton, with 
lands, etc., to be held in capile. (Palmer's "Index," p. 201.) 

24 Elizabeth (1581-2). 

TRANSFER to Gabriel Drax, in whose family it has con- 
tinued to recent times. 



ESHOLT.i CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. Mary and St. Leonard or St. James. 

Founded by Galfred Haget and Simon Ward and Maud his 
wife and William their son. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as being under 2OO/. 

VALUATION. I3/. 55. 4d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- *50 
29 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539)- 

SURVEY. Site, with 8 acres, is worth 20^. Total value of 
the lands in Essholte, Geisley, and Otley worth I4/. 9,9. 4^. 
(Paper Surveys, No. 401.) 

29 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER. By the Prioress and 10 nuns. 

1 In the parish of Guiseley, West Riding. A few pointed arches alone 
remain. There is a description of the buildings in "Small Yorkshire Priories," 
by W. Brown, F.S.A. (" Yorks Arch. Journal," vol. ix., p. 321). 

2 There is an account of the Ward family in Slater's " Guiseley," 



no SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

PENSIONS. Joan Jenkynson, Prioress, 61. Agnes Collyn, 
Joan Burton, Barbara Dogeson, Agnes Dogeson, Agnes Bayne, 
Eliz. Mandy, Agnes Woodd, and Joan Huson, 26s. Sd. each. 
(Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 234, p. 349.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekvvith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 33/. 6s. 2d. received from Richard Derloue, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
Priory, for this year. (Minister's Accounts, 4644.) 

No date. 

LEASE to William Knevett of the household of the King, 
the house and site of the late Priory of Esholt with lands there, 
and in Guiseley and Otley, for 21 years at the rent of 14^. gs. ^d. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 212, p. 79.) 

12 March, 36 Henry VIII (1544-5). 

REQUEST by Henry Thompson to purchase the farm of the 
site of the Priory of Esholt with its demesnes. (9th Report of 
the Deputy Keeper.) 

25 Aug., i Edward VI. (1547). 

GRANT 1 to Henry Thompson, one of the King's gentlemen- 
at-arms at Boulogne, of the Priory of Esholt for 79i/. ios. lod. 
(Palmer's " Index," p. 87.) 



NORTH FERRIBY. 2 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 

A Priory of Knights Templars founded by Eustace de Vesci, 
which, on the suppression of the Order, seems to have become 
an Augustin Priory. 

VALUATION. 6ol. is. 2d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. T8.) 

1 Copy of the Grant in Slater's " Guiseley," p. 83. According to " Glover's 
Visitation " (Foster Edition, 300), he had by Elene Towneley a natural son 
William Thompson, who became of Esholt, whose great-grand-daughter 
Frances married Walter Calverley, Esq., of Calverley, and carried the estates 
into that family. Walter's son. Sir Walter, built the present house on the 
site of the nunnery. In 1755 it was sold to Robert Stansfeld of Bradford, 
ancestor of the present Miss Stansfeld, who has been compelled to hand 
it over to the Bradford Corporation for municipal purposes. 

* Four and a half miles from South Cave; eight miles from Hull. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. in 

SURRENDER. 1536. 

PENSION. John Bawdewyne, lol. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, vol. 232, p. 330.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckvvith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel 27 Henry VIII. (1525) to 
the same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 13^. 12,9., the price of " le plate " 
and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory signed by 
the said John Bawdewyn, late Prior. Also with qol. for the 
lead on the roof of the Church and of the other houses there. 
Also with 2os. for two small bells hanging in the belfry there. 
Also with 261. 135. 4.d. for the grain in the granary at the time 
of the Survey, and expended by the Prior in his household 
before the dissolution. Also with 40,9., viz., 26s. Sd. for 
4 horses, 135. <d. for i waggon delivered there for the carriage 
of the King's " le plate " and other goods this year, and after- 
wards stolen, as appears by the inventory. Also with 4/. 15,9. 
for divers things expended by the Prior between the Survey and 
the Suppression, viz., 4 cows 36^., i bull js. 6d. } i old horse 
6s. Sd., 2 pigs 2s., 31 sheep 415. ^d., other things i$d. Also 
with 8/. for 40 stones of wool, sold or expended by the Prior in 
the same time and not charged in the inventory. Also with 
()6l. gs. 6d. for divers goods sold by the Commissioners to Sir 
William Fairfaxe, Knight, farmer, of the site of the priory, with 
the demesne lands, with 61. 135. \d. increase. Also with 
4/. i6s. Sd. received from the accountant himself for 2 vest- 
ments with their appurtenances. Total, 247/. 6s. 6d., with 
I4/. 135. 4^. increase. 

He charges himself with 6ol. i6s. q^d., the issues of the 
Priory at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account of 
Ambrose Bekwith, collector of the rents there. Also with 
23/. los. id. due at Whitsuntide, received and expended by Sir 
John Bawdewyn, late Prior there. Also with I7/. 45. lid. due 
from Sir William Fayrefax, Knight, farmer, of the site of the 
Priory, with the demesne lands, and of the Rectory of North- 
feryby, and not paid. Also with 2O/. I2s. o^d. received from 
the said collector of the issues of his office this year. Total, 
I22/. 35. 



20 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Sir Wm. Fairfax, Knight, of Ferriby Priory and of 
the Church of North Ferriby, of Styton (Steeton) for 21 years 
at the rent of jl. os. 2d. (Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 6.) 



H2 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

12 June, 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT in fee to Thomas Culpeper in consideration of his 
true and faithful services, of the reversion in the Lease, 20 July, 
28 Henry VIII. (1536), to Will. Fairfax of the site of the late 
Priory of Fereby in the county of the town of Kingston upon 
Hull, term 21 years, rent y/. 3.9. 2d. 1 (Calendar, xv., 405.) 

i and 2 P. and M. (1553). 

FINE. William Fairfax, knt., and Thomas Mitton, Plain- 
tiffs, and Arthur Darcy, knt., and Mary his wife, Deforciants, 
site and grange of the late priory of Fereby and lands. 

9 Eliz. (1567). 

FINE. Francis Bakon, Plaintiff, Gabriel Fairfax, 2 Esq., and 
Elizabeth his wife, Deforciants, 2 parts of the site of the late 
priory of Fereby, and lands there and in Hessell and Swanland. 
(Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 334.) 



GROSMONT. 3 ALIEN PRIORY. 

In the beginning of the time of King John, Joan, daughter 
of William Fossard, wife of Robert de Turnham, gave a parcel 
of land in the forest of Egheton, since called Eskdale, to the 
abbot and convent of Grandimont in Normandy, who there- 
upon sent monks of their own order to settle here, when, by 
reason of the wars with France, the Kings of England bore 
hard upon these alien priories, the abbot of Grandimont got 
leave to sell the advowson in this cell to John Hewit alias 
Serjeant, and thereupon it seems to have become " prioratus 
indigana," and to have subsisted till the dissolution. (Burton's 
" Monasticon," 275.) 

VALUATION. 12/. 2s. 8d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 86.) 

1 It came into the hands of the Lillingston family ; part came to Alderman 
Ferris of Hull. (Tickell's " Hull," 882.) 

2 Son of Sir William Fairfax. 

3 In the parish of Egton, wapentake of Langbarugh, on the banks of the 
Esk. There is a description of the buildings in " Twelve Small Yorkshire 
Priories," by W. Brown, F.S.A. ("Yorks Arch. Journal," vol. ix., p. 213), 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 113 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2Ool. per annum. 

SURVEY made 2 June, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). The site 
worth 35. 4-d. ; a watermill in decay, $s. 

Total farms of demesne lands, 113$. 6d. 

Rents in Egton and herbage of woods, 515. id. (Paper 
Surveys, No. 401.) 

SURRENDER. Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). (Calendar, 
xvi., 30.) 

4 Sept., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. James Richardson, Prior, 4/.; Edward Skelton, 
3/. 6s. 8d. -, W. Alatson, 4/. ; Robt. Holland and Laur. Birde, 
Canons, each 3/. 6s. Sd. (Augmentation Books, vol. 234, 
p. 425.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 (1541) to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

He answers for 2^.1. gs. 6d. received from Edmund Wright, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
Priory, for this year. (Minister's Account, 4644.) 

2O Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

LEASE to Edmund Wrighte of Egton, arm., the house and 
site of the priory of Friars called Bonhonnnes of the order of 
St. Mary of Grandmonte, lately dissolved, with certain closes 
and a mill in Egton for 21 years at the rent of 6L 5,9. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 2i 2, p. i8b.) 

6 May, 35 Henry VIII. (1543)- 

REQUEST of Edmund Wright to purchase the farm of the 
site and demesne lands of the late Priory of Gran demon te. 
(Deputy Keeper's loth Report.) 

15 Feb., 35 Henry VIII. (i 543-4)- 

GRANT in fee to Edmund Wright for 184^. 13$. id. of the 
site, etc., of the late Priory of Grandemonte or Groin oute and 
all possessions of the Priory in Egton parish, viz., a watermill 
at Egton Brigge and lands and pastures in the forest called 
Egton Woode, which were in the Prior's lands, except leaden 
roofs and tenements in Egton parish. (Palmer's MS., 44; 
Calendar, xix., i.) 

I 



H4 SUPPRKSSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

4 Feb., 36 Henry VIII. (i 544-5)- 

LICENCE to Edmund Wright to alienate the site of the 
Priory of Gromonte and a watermill, etc., in Egton parish to 
Sir R. Cholmeley. 1 (Calendar, xxi., 128.) 



HALTEMPRICE.2 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 

Dedicated to the honour of the Nativity of our blessed Saviour, 
the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, and the. Exaltation of the 
Holy Cross. 

Thomas, Lord Wake of Lyddel, on 26 June, 15 Edward II. 
(1322), obtained licence from the King and on 8 July from the 
Pope to build a monastery for the order of St. Augustin in his 
manor of Cottingham. 3 But because a perpetual title could 
not be made to this site the monastery was removed to a hamlet 
called Newton, since called Haltem price or Altaprisa. 4 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Kirk Ella and Wharram Percy. 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

VALUATION. lool. os. ^d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 127.) 

SURRENDER. 1536 or 1537, when there were a Prior and 
eleven or twelve canons. 

PENSION. Robert Colynson, Prior, 2o/. 

1 It continued in the possession of the Cholmeley family till 1668, when it 
passed by purchase to Sir John D'Oyley, whose sister soon after marrying 
John Saunders, Esq., of Coatbank Lodge in Egton, now enjoys a considerable 
part of the demesnes, but the cell and lands adjoining became the property of 
Richard and Matthew Agar and Mr. John Linskill. (Graves' " Cleveland," 
p. 288.) Whether Mr. Graves is correct in assuming that it belonged to the 
Cholmeley family till 1668 seems uncertain. There is a Fine 2 and 3 P. and M. 
between Henry Scrope, Esq., and Jas. Phyllyppe, gent., and Richard Cholmley, 
knt., and Cath. his wife, of the manor of Grossmont, messuages, cottages, and 
2 water-mills. J. W. C. 

3 In the parish of Cottingham, 4^ miles from Hull and Beverley. There 
are no remains of the Priory. 

3 For the souls of his own and of Blanch his wife, daughter of Henry, Earl 
of Lancaster, of John his father, and of Joan his mother. He died s.p. 31 May, 
23 Edward III. (1349). (" Dugdale's " Baronage," p. 541.) 

4 Burton, Tanner, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 115 

SURVEY. Michaelmas, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). Site with 
orchard, dovecot, etc., worth 2os. ; total value of demesne lands, 
i8/. 14$. yd. ; farm of tithes in Elley, I5/. Total, 33^. 14$. yd. 
(Paper Surveys, p. 401.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535) to 
the same Feast, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

And he charges himself with ^23 3^. 8d., the price of "le 
plate" and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory 
signed by the said Richard Collynson, late Prior there. Also 
with 6ol. for the lead on the roof of the Church and of the 
other houses there. Also with 26/. 13^.4^. for 4 bells hanging 
in the belfry there. Also with i3/. 6s. Sd. for grain in the 
granary at the time of the survey, and expended by the Prior in 
his household before the dissolution. Also with 7 /. us. 2d,, 
the price of goods sold and expended as above, between the 
survey and suppression, viz., 2 horses i8s., 12 heifers 52^., 
40 sheep 73$. 4^., 9 pigs 6s. , other things 22d. Also with 9,?., 
the increase on the price of the sheep actually sold and expended 
by the Prior for 4/. 2s. ^d. Also with 445. received by the 
Prior, viz., for 15 hairy hides of young oxen 30,9., for 45 sheep's 
pelts 45., for 3 stones of wool los. Also with 76/. 5.$. $d. for 
the rest of the goods specified in the inventory, sold by the 
commissioners to Sir Ralph Ellerker, the younger, knight, 
farmer of the site of the priory with the demesne lands. Total, 
209^. 13^. ^d., with 53^. increase. 

He charges himself with IO3/. 2s. 6^d., the issues of the 
Priory at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account of 
Christopher Wright, collector of the rents there. Also with 
97/. 8s. 8d. due at Whitsuntide, received and expended by 
Sir Robert Collynson, late Prior there. Also with i67. 17,?. 4^. 
due from Sir Ralph Ellerker, the younger, knight, farmer of the 
site of the Priory with the demesne lands, and of the rectory of 
Elley, and not paid. And with igl. los. id. received from the 
said collector of the issues of his office this year. Total, 

1. i8s. 8d. 



8 June, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

LEASE to Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun., of Rysby, of the house 
and site of the Priory of Haltemprice and the demesnes for 
21 years at the rent of 33^. 14^. gd. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, vol. 210, p. 47.) 

I 2 



n6 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

12 June, 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT in fee to Thomas Culpeper in consideration of his 
true and faithful service, of the reversions in the Crown lease, 
8 June, 30 Henry VIII., to Sir Ralph Ellerker of Rysby, 
Yorks, of the house and site of the late Priory of Haltamprice 
and divers lands in Haltamprice and Cotingham ; term, 
2i years; rent, i8/. 14?. gd. (Calendar, xv., 405.) 

20 Nov., 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

REQUEST by Thomas Culpeper to purchase the farm of the 
site of the Priory of Haltemprice. 1 (9th Report of the Deputy 
Keeper.) 

18 March, 36 Henry VIII. (1544-5). 

GRANT to Sir Ralph Ellerker of the Rectory of Kirk-Elley* 
and sundry tithes. (Calendar, xx., i.) 

28 Dec., i P. and 2 M. (1554). 

GRANT to Walter Jobson of lands in Cottingham, Willerby, 
Wolfreton, Anlaby, Kirk Ella, belonging to Haltemprice. 
(Palmer's "Index," p. 129.) 






HAMPOLE.s CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by William de Clairfait and Avicia de Taini about 
1170* for 14 or 15 nuns. 

1 It afterwards appears to have been granted to the Ellerkers, in which 
family it continued. Roger Mainwaring Ellerker died leaving several sisters. 
Miss Harriet Mainwaring Ellerker seems to have been the owner in 1840. 
Her sister Arabella married the Earl of Onslow. In Overton's " History of 
Cottingham," 1862, the Hon. Colonel Onslow is named the proprietor. (See 
Oliver's " Beverley " and Poulson's " Holderness," i., 394.) 

2 The patronage of Kirk Ella passed from the Ellerkers in 1686 to the 
Bradshaws and in 1794 came to the Sykes family, Rev. J. Foord, Patron (York 
Calendar). That of Wharram Percy was in 1618 in the hands of Sir Thomas 
Hutton, and in 1668 Sir John Buck presented, in whose family it continued. 
In 1737 the two sisters and coheiresses of Sir Charles Buck presented. 
Lord Middleton is the present patron. (Lawton's " Collections.") 

* In the parish of Adwick-le-Street, six and three-quarter miles from Don- 
caster. There are still some remains of the Priory buildings converted into 
cottages. Four shields might lately be discovered with the following devices : 
i, A fess between three escallops (Isabella Arthington, last Prioress); 2, Five 
fusils in fess, probably the heraldic distinction of the house of Hampole. 
(Hunter's " South Yorkshire," vol. i., p. 359.) 

4 At least fourteen years earlier. (Hunter.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 117 

POSSESSIONS. The Churches of Adwick, Melton, and 
Marr. 1 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2ool. per annum. 

VALUATION. 6$l. $s. 8d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 44-) 

ii March, 29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). 

EXEMPTION from Suppression. Isabella Arthyngton to be 
Prioress. (Calendar, xiii., i, 242.) 

19 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER (by Isabella Arthyngton, Prioress, and the 
Convent) of the Monastery and all its possessions. Acknow- 
ledged same day before Thos. Leigh, one of the clerks of 
Chancery. 

PENSIONS. Assigned same day. Isabel Arthyngton, 
Prioress, io/. ; Joan Gascon, sub-prioress, 3^. 6s. Sd. ; Alice 
Alan, Joan Haryson, Kath. Stokes, Eliz. Wetherall, Joan 
Roclyflf, Magdalen Walton, Agnes Frobysher, Isabel Lazyng, 
Marg. Thurland, Alice Pykhaver, Agnes Cutler, Kath. Tyas, 
Ellen Standiche, Agnes Horseman, Joan Pullane, Isabel Cox- 
son, and Eliz. Arthyngton, 535. 4^. to 405. each. (Augmenta- 
tion Misc. Books, vol. 234, p. 387.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 92/. 35. id. received from John Warde, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
Priory, for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of the annuity of 405. of 
Leonard Bekwith, the learned Steward of all the manors of the 
Priory. 

And with payment of 61. 13,?. 4^. to Robert Skott, Chap- 
lain, Curate of the Church or Chapel of Marre (according to a 
deed under the Priory seal of 12 July 1522), and William 
Watson, Chaplain, Curate of the parish church of Melton. 
(Minister's Account, 4644.) 



1 Adwick Church was granted to the Saviles of Methley, F. S. H. Fuller- 
ton, Esq., present Patron. Marr Church followed with the manor to the 
Thellusons. The Queen had the presentation of Melton Church in 1571 ; it after 
came to the Fountaynes ; F. J. O. Montagu, Esq., present Patron. 



ii8 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

8 Aprij, 1536. Sir John Nevile writes to Cromwell : 

" I understand that Sir Thomas Wyntworth, Knight Mar- 
shal, had a Grant from the King of the Priory of Ampall for 
his money. Be so good, master, to my son Gervase Clyfton, 
one of the King's wards, whom I had of the King for one of 
my daughters, that he may have it for his money. His ances- 
tors were the founders of that place." (Calendar, x., 256.) 

8 March, 32 Henry VIII. (1540-1). 

LEASE granted to William FitzWilliam, gen., of the whole 
house and site of the late Priory of Hampall, lately dissolved, 
with lands and tithes there, and in Owston, for 21 years at a 
rent of 3/. us. lod. (Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 213, 
p. 42b.) 

8 Nov., 6 Edward VI. (1552). 

GRANT of the site and demesnes of the Priory to John 
Dudley, Duke of Northumberland 1 ; rent to the Crown, 495. $d. 
(Calendar of Deeds of Purchase, Edward VI., 105.) 

10 July, 5 Elizabeth (1563). 

GRANT to Robert Hichcock, ar., and John Gifford, gen., of 
lands in Melton and the Church of Marr belonging to Hampall. 
(Palmer's "Index," p. 186.) 



CHARTER HOUSE, HULL. CARTHUSIAN 
PRIORY. 

Dedicated to St. Mary, St. Michael, and St. Thomas of 
Canterbury. 

Sir William de la Pole, knight banneret, intended to have 
built a hospital here, and afterwards resolved to found, instead 
of it, a house for nuns of the Order of St. Clare, but being 

1 The Duke was attainted. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth it was divided 
between Francis Holmes and James Washington. Holmes made it his resi- 
dence. In 1666 the Stanhopes were residing there. Thomas Stanhope was 
a brother-in-law of James Washington, but may have been only a tenant. 
The Washingtons sold it to George, Earl of Kinnoul. It descended with 
Brodsworth to the trustees of Peter Thellusson, Esq. (Hunter's "South 
Yorkshire," vol. i., p. 359-) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 119 

prevented by death his son Michael de la Pole, afterward Earl 
of Suffolk and Lord Chancellor, founded without the north gate 
a Carthusian priory for thirteen monks, 2 Richard II. (I378). 1 

VALUATION. 174^. i8s. ^d. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2oo/. per annum. 

28 Aug., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

EXEMPTION. Carthusian Priory of St. Michael near Hull 
to continue, notwithstanding the Act of 27 Henry VIII., with 
Ralph Malyvere, professus of the order, as Prior. (Calendar, 
xi., 157.) 

9 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER by Ralph Malevery, Prior, and the convent 
of the monastery and all its possessions in Hull and elsewhere. 
Acknowledged same day before Thomas Leigh, one of the 
clerks in Chancery. (Calendar, xv., n, 174.) 

9 Dec., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. Ralph Malevourie, Prior, 50 marks ; Robt. 
Hall, Adam Rede, Wm. Remyngton, Wm. Browne, Robt. 
Brewet, and Thos. Synderton, Priests, 61. 135. ^d. each. 
Signed by Hendle, Legh, Bellasys, and Watkyns, Commis- 
sioners. (Calendar, xiv., n, 242.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

Kingston on Hull. He answers for 2i6/. iSs. gd. received 
from Edmund Pepper, collector of the rents and farms belong- 
ing to the said Priory, for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of fees and annuities to 
John Wood, clerk of the court of Sculcotes and Remysworth; 
Richard Aiscough, gent. ; William Bapthorpe, Esq. ; Richard 
Smethley, Esq., and his son Anthony; Edmund Pepper, late 
servant there; Leonard Bekwith, Esq.; Joan Whelpedale, 
widow; Christopher Smyth, gentleman of the King's Exche- 
quer; Christopher Wright, late servant there; William Robin- 
son, Gilbert Robson, John Denys, Peter Hik, Bryan Rutter, 
and Richard Lyon, late servant there; amounting altogether 
to 28/. 

1 Tanner's " Notitia," 693. It is not mentioned in Burton's " Monasticon." 
There is a copy of the charter in Tickell's " Hull," 24. 



12O SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Also with $61. i$s. 4d. paid in salary to John Holay, Vicar 
of Skulcotes; Thomas Browwik, Chaplain in a chantry in the 
parish Church of Great Kelke; William Mygeley, Vicar of 
Foston; Henry Goodwyn, Vicar of Hoggesthorpe ; and Richard 
Browne, Vicar of North Cave. 

And with 40,?. to John Swyfte for a corrody. (Ministers' 
Accounts, 4644.) 

7 June, 5 Edward VI. (1551). 

GRANT of the site of Charter House to Edward Sey- 
mour, Duke of Somerset. 1 (Calendar of Deeds of Purchase, 
Edward VI., 116.) 

19 March, 6 Edward VI. (1552-3). 

GRANT to Edward, Lord Clinton, the site of the Charter 
House at Hull. (Calendar of Deeds, Edward VI., 117.) 

2, July, 2 Mary (1554). 

GRANT to John Greene and William Jenyns, gen., the site 
of the Priory of the Carthusians in Hull, in tenure of Ralph 
Constable, lately the lands of John, Duke of Northumberland, 
attinct. 2 (Palmer's "Index," p. 127.) 

8 June, 4 P. and 5 M. (1558). 

GRANT to Sir Henry Gate 3 and Thomas Dalton, 3 mercator, 
the Priory of the Carthusians, Hull, and site of the mansion of 
Sculcotes. (Palmer's "Index," p. 156.) 



1 He was beheaded 22 Jan. 1551-2. 

2 He was beheaded 18 Aug. 1553, when his estates probably came to 
the Crown. 

3 Right trustie and welbeloved we grete you well, letting you understonde 
that aswell in consideracon of the good service heretofore done to us by our 
loving servaunt S r Henry Gate, knight, as for -the consideracon hereafter 
followyng, our will ys that he shale have of us by waye of purchase all that 
our manner of Sculcotes sometyme parcell of the late dissolved monastery of 
Hull Charterhouse and all our messuages, landes, etc., yelding to us so muche 
ready money as the same shall after the rate of twentie yeres purchase come 
unto, over the woodes upon the premisses, to have the manner to S r Henry 
Gates his heires for ever, to hold the same by the xl th parte of a Knightes fee. 
These are therefore to requyre you to conclude with S r Henry Gates. At our 
mannor of Est Grenewiche the viij"' day of Maye in the fourth and fyfte yeares 
of our Raignes. 

To our ryght trusty and welbeloved counsellors Thomas Cornewallis, 
Knyght, controller of our houshold, S r Edward Walgrave, Knyght, Chaunceler 
of our Duchie, S r Fraunces Englefield, Knyght, M r of Wardes and lyveryes, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 12! 

HANDALE (OR GRI^NDALE).* BKNfcLDICTINE 

NUNNERY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by William, son of Richard de Perci, 1133. 
(Tanner's " Notitia," 655.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OoZ. per annum. 

VALUATION. i$l. 19^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 87.) 

SURRENDER. 23 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539), when 
there were 8 or 9 nuns. 

PENSIONS. Anne Lutton, prioress, 61. 135. ^.d. ; Alice 
Branton, Agnes Pykeham, Margaret Logan, Isabel Norman, 
Cecily Watson, Anne Bennyson, Emma Smyth. 

SURVEY OF RENTAL. 23 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 
Site with small orchard and graveyard, worth 35. 4^.; a water- 
mill next the priory, 5,?.; total value of the lands, 4/. 125. 
(Paper Surveys, 401.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 2O/. i^s. ^.d. received from Ambrose Bek- 
with, collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said 
late Priory, for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of an annuity of 405. to 
Thomas Henryson, Chaplain. (Minister's Account, 4644.) 

S r William Peter, Knyght, S r William Cordell, Knyght, M r of our Rolles, and 
S r Jhon Baker, Knyght, Chauncellor of our Exchequier, or to any v, iiij or iij 
of them. (Harl. MS. 607, 187.) 

12 May 1558, rated for Sir Henry Gates, Kn 4 , lands in Hull and Sculcotes, 
yearly value 97' 15* io (1 at xx yeres purchase 1955' 16" 8 d . 

Soon after it was divided into three parts, of which Dalton had two parts 
and Sir Henry Gates one part. In 1560 Dalton sold one of his shares to 
Alexander Stockdaile, the other to Thomas Alured, who ultimately appears 
to have got the whole. In 1656 John Alured sold part to John Clement of 
Hull, remainder to Charles Vaux, Esq. (TickelPs " Hull," 896.) 

1 In the parish of Lofthouse, nine miles from Guisborough. There is 
a description of the buildings in " Twelve small Yorkshire Priories," by 
W. Brown, F.S.A. ("Yorkshire Archaeological Journal," vol. ix., p. 211). 
Little now remains except the west end of the chapel and some of the walls 
in the farm-house. (Graves' " Cleveland.") 



122 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

20 Dec., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

LEASE to Robert Kyrke, Clerk of the Market to the King's 
household, of the site of the Priory of Handale, lately dissolved, 
for 21 years at the rent of 4/. I2s. (Augmentation Books, 
vol. 212, p. 360.) 

10 July, 35 Henry VIII. (1543). 

GRANT to Ambrose Beckwith, 1 the house and site of the 
Priory of Handale with lands and a mill. (Calendar, xviii., 

5830 

. . . May, 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

LICENCE to Ambrose Beckwith 2 to alienate to William Percy 
and Thos. Saltmarshe to be regranted to the said Ambrose and 
Elizabeth his wife and their heirs the house and site of the 
Nunnery of Handale. (Calendar, xix., 383.) 



HEALAUGH PARK. 3 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 
Dedicated to St. John the Evangelist. 

An hermitage in the wood or park of Helagh, with liberty 
to clear the grounds about it, was granted to Gilbert, a monk 
of Marmonstier, in order, as it seems, to found a religious 
house by Bertram Haget before 1203, when the convent dis- 
claimed any right in the hermitage, and thereupon a Church 
was built and some religious fixed here by Jeffrey Haget, son 
of Bertram. About 2 Henry III. (1218) a convent of regular 
black canons was established by Jordan de St. Maria and Alice 
his wife, grand-daughter of Bertram Haget. 

At the Dissolution Sir John Dykbdeyn was called the 
founder. 



1 Brother of Sir Leonard Beckwith, who had a grant of Selby Abbey. (See 
Dugdale's "Visitation," continued, I.) 

- Ambrose Beckwith therefore obtained possession of the Priory, and it con- 
tinued in his family till his descendant Roger Beckwith sold it to Mr. Sander- 
son of Staithes 27 or 28 Jan. 1758, from whose daughter it passed to Thomas 
Richardson. It was sold after to Stevenson Thomas and Thomas Rowland. 
In 1819 it was transferred to Edmund Turton, Esq., and from him to his 
cousin John Bell, Esq., of Thirsk, and is now the property of his great-nephew 
Reginald Bell, Esq., of Thirsk. 

3 In the Ainsty, three miles from Tadcaster. The conventual buildings 
were in a great part pulled down and used in the erection of the existing 
sixteenth-century manor house. It is now a farm house. (Skaife's "Lower 
Wharfedale," 359.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 1:23 
POSSESSIONS. The Churches of Healaugh and Wighill. 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

SURRENDER. 1536, before 10 Oct., 30 Henry VIII. 
(Calendar, xiii., n, 502.) 



PENSION. Richard Roundall, Prior, i8Z. (Augmentation 
Misc. Books, vol. 232, p. 34.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel 27 Henry VIII. to the 
same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 22/. [4.9., the price of "le plate " 
and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory under the 
hand of Richard Roundale, late Prior there. And with 
261. 135. 4cL, the price of the lead on the roofs of the Church 
and other houses there. And with i$l. 6s. 8d., the price of 
4 bells hanging in the belfry. And with 6os., the price of the 
grain in the granary at the time of the survey, expended by the 
i j rior. And with i7/. 15,9., the price of sundry goods and 
chattels sold and expended between the survey and the suppres- 
sion, viz., 12 oxen 8/., 6 cows 605., 8 young oxen and heifers 
40,9., 3 young mares ios., 2 foals 20*., i heifer 6s. 8d., 
47 sheep 47.9., other goods us. ^.d. Also with 8/. 13,9. ^d. of 
increase of price on the above items, charged above as 17^. 15,9. 
and sold and expended by the Prior at a higher rate, viz., an 
increase on the 12 oxen of 61. i6d., on the 4 cows 225., the 
8 young oxen 205., the 3 young mares called " fillies" ios. 
Also with I2/. 6s. id., the price of sundry things sold and 
expended and money received by the said Prior and not charged 
in the inventory, the price, to wit, of 3 pigs 6s., 6 stones of 
wool 235. ^.d., 10 lambs ios., the rent of 7 acres of meadow 
305., of i^ acres of meadow 6s., the price of i old pan 3,9., of 
i "kymnell" 1 i6d., for wood sold to sundry persons 81. 6s. $d. 
Also with 661. 13.9.. the value of the residue of the goods speci- 
fied in the said inventory, and sold by the Commissioners to 
Sir Thomas Wharton, knight, farmer, of the site of the priory, 
with the demesne lands, with 100,9. increase. Total, I7O/. 
us. $d,, with 25^. 195. $d. increase. 

And he charges himself with 54^. 10,9. $d., the issues of the 
said Priory due at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the 

1 A tub or brewing vessel. 



124 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

account of Thomas Fale, collector of the rents there. Also 
with i4/. 185. zd., due at Whitsuntide and received and 
expended by Sir Richard Roundale, late Prior there, with 
4/. i6s. id. received at the time of the removal. And with 
i6/. 2s. 8d. received from Sir Thomas Wharton, knight, farmer, 
of the site of the Priory and Rectory of Helaugh, due this year 
but not yet paid. Also with 281. iqs. jd. received from the 
said collector of the issues of his office this year. Total, 
ii4/. i os. lod. 

13 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Sir Thomas Wharton of Wharton, knight, of 
the Priory of Healaugh Parke, surrendered and dissolved, and of 
the Church of Healaugh at a rent of 23/. os. ^d. (Augmenta- 
tion Misc. Books, vol. 209, p. 4^.) 

20 March, 31 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to James Gage of the King's household in fee for 
5147. 185. 4-d. of the house and site of the late Priory of 
Helaugh, the Church, steeple, and churchyard, closes, the 
rectory and advowson of the Vicarage of Helaugh, except 
certain woods, to hold by a rent of 57$. <$d. (Calendar, xv., 

I73-) 

17 April. 

LICENCE to James Gage to alienate the above to Sir Arthur 
Darcy and his heirs for ever. (Calendar, xv., 289.) 

i Dec., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

LICENCE to Sir Arthur Darcy to alienate the late Priory of 
Helaugh, with lands (specified) in Helaugh, Hagney, Hagneby, 
and Tadcaster belonging to it, and the rectory and advowson 
of the Vicarage of Helaugh to Sir Thomas Wharton. (Calen- 
dar, xvi., 172.) 

26 Feb., 36 Henry VIII. (1544-5). 

GRANT to Sir Thomas Wharton, Lord Wharton, for 366^. 
6s. 8cL, of woods in Helaugh, 1 Hagnebye, etc. (Calendar, xx., 
127.) 

1 Helaugh has passed from the Wharton family to that of Brooksbank, who 
still possess it. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 125 

KELDHOLME. 1 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Robert de Stuteville, 2 temp. Henry I. The 
patronage descended to the Wakes. At the dissolution it was 
called of the foundation of Lord Westmorland. 

VALUATION. zgl. 6s. id. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2Ool. per annum. 

No Ministers' Accounts. 

SURRENDER. 1536. By Elizabeth Lyon, last Prioress. 

PENSION. 1005. per annum. (Augmentation Books, vol. 
234, p. 278b.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel 27 Henry VIII. (1535) to 
the same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Beckwith, Esq., the King's Receiver. 

He charges himself with 74,9. 6d., the price of " le plate " 
and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory under the 
hand of the abovesaid Elizabeth Lyon, late Prioress. And with 
2ol. for the lead on the roof of the Church and of the other 
houses there. Also with ios., the price of 2 small bells hanging 
in the belfry. Also with ios., the price of the grain in the 
granary at the time of the survey, expended by the Prioress 
before the dissolution. Also with 2O/. qs. 6d., the price of 
sundry things sold and expended by the Prioress between 
the survey and suppression, viz., 4 oxen 44?., 2 cows iSs., 
2 young oxen of 3 years 12s., 13 young oxen of 2 years 52$., 
4 calves 9^., one mare called "a fillie " 4$. 6d., 444 muttons 
I2/., 12 ewes i6s. 8d., other small things 35. j.d. Also with 
31?. 6d. increase on the above, viz., on the oxen 4?., on the 
three year olds 4$., on the two year olds 225., on the filly i8d. 

1 In the parish of Kirkby Moorside, and a mile from the town. 

2 Robert de Stutville of Cottingham, who also founded Rosedale Abbey. 
He died circ. 1186. His great-grandson, Nicholas de Stutville, had a daughter 
Joan, who married Hugh le Wake. Not a vestige of the house remains ; on 
the site is erected an oil and flax mill. 



126 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Also with 114^. for goods sold and expended by the Prioress in 
the same period and not charged in the inventory, viz., 2 three 
year old oxen i6s., T heifer 6s., 2 oxen 245., i bull 8s., i cow 
ios., 12 stones of wool at 3,9. lod. a stone plus i8d. on the 
whole 47$. 6d., 16 sheep's pelts 2s., 2 calves' pelts 6d. Also 
with 44^. 8s. lod. received for the rest of the goods of the 
said priory sold [sic]. Total, g6l. i8s. 4^., with 7/. 55. 6d. 
increase. 

He charges himself with 205. received by Dame Elizabeth 
Lyon, late Prioress there, from Anthony Aisson, farmer, of the 
corn-mill there, for the half-year ended at Whitsuntide, and by 
her expended, according to her acknowledgment. He does not 
answer for any other issues, because Ralph, Earl of Westmor- 
land, has received the same for the whole period, by what 
warrant the accountant does not know, and the Earl ought to 
answer. He does answer below. Total, zos. 

9 July, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT, along with that of Rosedale Priory, to Ralph Nevile, 
Earl of Westmorland, 1 the site and lands of Keldhome Priory. 
(Calendar, xiii., i, 564.) 



KIRKLEES. 3 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. James. 
Founded by Reiner le Fleming in the reign of Henry II. 

POSSESSIONS. The Church of Mirfield. 

VALUATION. igl. 8s. 2d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 67.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

1 The Earl of Westmorland was attainted, and his estates confiscated. 
They remained in the hands of the Crown till the reign of James I., when they 
were granted to George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, whose son sold them 
to Sir Charles Duncombe, ancestor of the Earl of Feversham. 

' In the township of Hartshead cum Clifton and parish of Dewsbury. 
Mr. S. J. Chadwick, F.S.A., has printed in the " Yorkshire Archaeological 
Journal," vol. xvi., a complete account of this nunnery, with full copies of the 
various documents. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 127 

13 May, 30 Henry VIII. (1538), 

EXEMPTION. The Cistercian Priory of Kirklees, exemption 
from suppression. Cecilia Topclyffto be Prioress. (Calendar, 
xiii., 410.) 

24 Nov., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER. By Joan Kyppes, Prioress, and the convent 
of the monastery and all its possessions in cos. York and 
Lane, and elsewhere. Acknowledged same day before Ric. 
Layton, one of the clerks of Chancery. 

26 Nov. 

PENSIONS. Janet Kyppes and Joan Lenthorpe, 405. each ; 
Isabel Hopton, Agnes Broke, Isabel Rodys, Kath. Grice, and 
Isabel Sautenstall, 33$. ^d. each. Signed by Hendle, Legh, 
Belassys, and Watkyns, Commissioners. 



(I537)- 

LEASE to Robert Freeston of Warmefeld of the tithes of 
Mirfield Rectory for 21 years. (Calendar, xiii., 582.) 

23 Feb., 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

LEASE to James Rokeby, gen., of the house and site, late 
the Priory or Nunnery of Kirkleys, lately dissolved, with one 
water-mill, etc., for 21 years at the rent of 13^. (Augmentation 
Misc. Books, vol. 212, p. 66.) 

24 April, 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT in fee to Thomas Savell of Clifton of the Rectory 
of Mirfield, of the value of 61. 6s. 8d., at a rent of 12s. Sd. 
(Patent Roll.) 

3 July, 35 Henry VIII. (i543)- 

GRANT in fee to Ric. Andrewis and Wm. Romsden, all lands 
in Heaton, Denbye, Darton, Shelf, Liversage, Scoles, Hekyn- 
wyke, Shepeley, Emeley, Sadelworth, belonging to Kirklees 
Priory. (Calendar, xviii., part i., 526.) 

35 Henry VIII. (i543'4-) 

REQUEST by Richard Androys and William Kamsden to 
purchase the possessions of Kirklees Priory. 



128 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

31 May, 36 Henry VIII. (1544)- 

GRANT of the site of Kirklees Priory to John Tasburgh, 
Esq., and Nicholas Savell, gent., for 9877. 155. yd. (Patent 
Roll.) 

12 Sept., 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

LICENCE to John Taseborough and Nicholas Savell to 
alienate to William Romsden of Longley and James More, 
clerk, the site, etc., of Kirkleys Priory, lands, and woods in 
tenure of Thos. Savell. (Calendar, xix., ii., 196.) 

29 March, i Edward VI. (1547). 

LICENCE to William Ramsden of Longley, gentleman, and 
James More, clerk, to dispose of the site and lands to Thomas 
Gargrave, Esq. (Patent Roll.) 

20 Feb., 2 Edward VI. (1548). 

TRANSFER of the site, etc., from Thomas Gargrave, Esq., 
to Robert Pilkington, by deed. 

8 July 1547- 

LICENCE to Cuthbert Savile, son of the above Thomas 
Savile, to dispose of the Rectory of Mirfield to William Rams- 
den, who, 14 Oct., had licence to convey it to John Dyghton of 
Batley. 

26 Oct., 7 Elizabeth (1565). 

SALE of the site, etc., by Robert Pilkington and his wife 
Alice, daughter of Thomas Savile, to John Armytage, Esq., of 
Farnley Tyas, yeoman, ancestor of Sir George Armytage, 
Bart., the present owner. 

2 June 1601. 

CONVEYANCE of the Rectory of Mirfield by Thomas Savile 
of Whitley, gent., to John Armytage, Esq. (It was sold nearly 
50 years ago to Joshua Ingham, Esq., of Blake Hall.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 129 

KNARESBOROUGH. 1 TRINITARIAN OR ORDER 
OF ST. ROBERT FRIARY. 

" Robert Flower, son of Robert,, twice Mayor of York, 
some time a white monk at Newminster, afterward a hermite 
in a chapel of the Holy Cross here. There was a great opinion 
of his sanctity. King John gave him forty acres of land in 
Swinesco. He was the first beginner of the Priory here, and 
instituted his company in the sect of friars of the Holy Trinity 
de redemptione captivorum," of which order there was a con- 
vent settled here in the chapel of St. Robert in the reign of 
King Henry III., chiefly by the beneficence of Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall and King of the Romans. These religious were little 
better than mendicants. 

VALUATION. 35^. los. nd. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 355-) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

i Dec., 1538. 

SURRENDER of the house. Signed by Thomas Kent, 
Minister; 7 priests, one of whom signs with a mark, and one 
undescribed. (Deputy Keeper's 8th Report.) 

8 April 1539. 

PENSIONS. Thos. Kente, Minister, i3/. 6s. 8d. ; John 
Turnbulle, 5/. ; John Trystrame, Thos. Yorke, John Sterkbone, 
Ric. Walshe, John Ailmer, Robt. Gybson, Thos. Grene, Ric. 
Mallynge, Ric. Burnyston, brethren. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, 233, no.) 

ACCOUNT of William Blithman, the King's Receiver, upon 
the dissolution made there 20 Dec., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 
[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 
Sales of goods and chattels : He answers for 6s. 8d. } the 
price of utensils found by the King's Commissioners in the hall 
of the late house there, and sold to Hugh Askewe; los. for the 
utensils and furniture in the promptuary ; 415. 2d. for those in 
the kitchen; 6s. Sd. for those in the dry larder; los. for those 
in the wet larder; 375. for those in the malt and brew-house; 

1 Tanner's " Notitia," p. 681. There is no mention of the Friary in Bur- 
ton's " Monasticon." There is a long account in Wheater's " Knaresborough." 

K 



130 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

95. Sd. for those in the Knightes Chambre; 9.9. Sd. in the 
Kynges Chambre; 2s. in the Littell Chambre; 6s. Sd. in the 
Butterye Chambre; 6.9. Sd. for a "counter" 1 in the hall, and 
the like [for another?] in Huntes Chambre; also for the prices 
of 3 " cartehorses," 8 working oxen, 4 draught horses, 6 cows, 
2O pigs, 2 wains, 3 " cowpes," 2 2 ploughs, and of divers stores 
of grain and hay, and the crops sown, all sold as above; 6s. Sd. 
for the utensils of the forge, sold to the said Blithman ; 785. iod., 
the price of vestments and ornaments found in the Church 
there, sold to Blithman; and ijl. 2s. Sd. for stores of grain at 
Whyxley; in all 6^1. Ss. 

Sale of lead and bells : He does not account for lead, esti- 
mated at 1 8 fothers, found on the roof of the Church, because 
it is reserved by the King's command; the five bells found in 
the belfry, weighing about 7000 Ibs., are likewise reserved until 
the King's pleasure be known. 

Jewels: The jewels, estimated at about 80 oz., viz., 
2 chalices weighing 26 oz., and a cross weighing 56 oz., were 
delivered to the Master of the King's jewel-house. 

He accounts for jl. iSs. Sd. received in debts due from 
Peter Curror of Hampstwayte, William Birkebek, William Hill, 
Thomas Barker, Robert Huntroute, and John Wright, for 
arrears of farms and rents. 

Total of the receipts, jil. 6s. Sd. 

He has paid out i6/. 6s. Sd. in sums distributed by the 
King's grace to the late Master Thomas Kent, and to the 
brethren, viz., John Turnebull, John Trusteram, Thomas Yorke, 
John Starkebone, Richard Walsse, John Millyn, Robert 
Gybson, Thomas Grene, John Mallen, and Richard Burne- 
stone; and 61. 6s. in like manner given to the servants of the 
said late monastery for their wages in arrear, viz., Anthony 
Aldeburghe, gent., Robert Straker, Richard Gill, John Benson, 
Richard Atkynson, Roger Oundall, John Pilley, John Prynce, 
Stephen Pollarde, Thomas Chateforrh, William Massey, Robert 
Tunstall, Roger Glassonbye, William Geffray, Thomas Broun, 
John Wray, Christopher Bowlyng, John Hallman, William 
Rawe, Richard Judson, Thomas Fa wcett, William Ganesburgh, 
John Tayllor, Henry Burrell, James Roose, Margaret Mathew, 
Ralph Hyll, John Nicholson, John Dyxson, William Wyke, 
John Yate, Thomas Tynney, six choristers, Peter Waryng, 
James Lofthouse, Oswald Straker, and Oswald Hardestye. 

Also 4/. IQS. in the pensions due to the Vicars of Wyxlay 
and Fewyston. 

1 A table, * Carts that can be tilted, 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 131 

The expenses of the Commissioners, who were there for a 
day and a half in execution of their commission, 165. ^.d. 

Memorandum that all maner edifices and byjdynges there 
doo remayn not prostrate. (Ministers' Account, 7452.) 

12 March, 30 Henry VIII. (1538-9). 

LEASE to Hugh Askue of the household of the King, gen., 
the house of the Crutched Friars of St. Robert of Knares- 
borough for 21 years at the rent of ill. i6s. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 211, p. 60.) 

12 March, 33 Henry VIII. (1541-2). 

GRANT to Hugh Ascue in fee of the woods called the Sykes 
Coppes and Chappell Garth in Knaresborough, which belonged 
to the Priory of St. Robert of Knaresborough. (Calendar, 
xvii., 220.) 

30 June, 7 Edward VI. (1553). 

GRANT of the site of the house of St. Robert, with mill, 
etc., to Francis Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury. (Palmer's 
" Index," p. 113.) 

3 and 4 P. and M. (1556). 

FINE. Francis Slyngesbye, 1 Esq., Francis Tankard, and 
Thomas Slyngesbye, son and heir-apparent of Francis, Plaintiffs, 
Francis, Earl of Salop, and Lady Grace his wife, Deforciants, 
manor of Seynt Robert near Knaresburghe, messuage, and 
2 water-mills, with lands there and in Follygate and Pannall. 
(Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 198.) 



OLD MALTON. 2 GILBERTINE PRIORY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 
Founded by Eustace Fitz-John about 1150. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Norton, Old Malton, Langton, 
Winteringham, Brompton, Marton. 

1 The estates then passed into the hands of the Slingsby family. 

2 Very little remains of the conventual buildings, and only part of the 
Church, now used as the parish Church of Old Malton. " What does survive is 
a magnificent remain of the noblest period of mediaeval art." (Sir Gilbert 
Scott.) 



132 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under tool, per annum. 
VALUATION. 197/. 19$. zd. 

ii Dec., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER. By Robert, Bishop of Llandaff, President of 
the Council in the North and Commendatory of the whole 
Order of St. Gilbert in England. John, Prior of Malton and 
the convent, of the monastery and all its possessions. Acknow- 
ledged same day before John Uvedale, King's Commissioner. 

9 Dec. 

PENSIONS assigned. John Crawshawe, Prior, 40^. ; Robt. 
Laverok, Sub-prior, 61. ; Wm. Rygwall, Anthony Swynebanke, 
Robt. Emerson, John Todde, John Jackson, Henry Bayneley, 
Robt. Paytes, Wm. Bawdekyn, 4/. each ; John Scott, lunatic, 
405. Signed by Hendle, Legh, Belassys, and Watkyns, Com- 
missioners. (Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 234, p. 290, 
and Calendar, xiv., ii., 243.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 72^. 5$. id. received from Thomas Spenser, 
collector of the rents and farms of Malton, with its members, 
for this year ; and for divers (specified) sums from William 
Atterton and the said Thomas Spenser, collectors for the rents 
and farms of Rillyngton, Lynton, Mowethorpe, Wynteryng- 
ham, Knapton, Snaynton, Brompton, Synnington, and divers 
hamlets in the county of York, Winterton and Ancaster in co. 
Lincoln, and rents and farms in the counties of Leicester and 
Hertford. 

He credits himself with payment to the Dean and Chapter 
of York, tithes for tenements in Eberston, due to their rectory 
of Pykerynge; and to King's College, Cambridge, a pension out 
of the rectory of Marton in Burghshire, co. York. 

And with 8/. 19*. Sd. for corrodies to William Gascoigne 
and Agnes his wife, Thomas Norman and Agnes his wife. 
(Ministers' Account, 4644.) 

15 June, 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

LEASE to George Dakyns of Settrington, gen., of the 
Rectory of Old and New Malton for 21 years at the rent of i6l. 
(Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 212, p. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 133 

26 June, 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to Rob. Holgate alias Halgate, 1 Bishop of Llandaff, 
in fee for 2j6L, of the house and site of the late Priory of 
Malton ; the Church, steeple, and churchyard, etc., and the 
demesne lands of the said late Priory in Old Malton, and the 
fishery of the Darewent ; the grange called Sutton Graunge in 
the parish of Norton next Malton, and certain lands in the 
parish of Kyrkby Overkarr in the lordship of Ryton ; all 
which belonged to the late priory in as full manner as the last 
Prior or the general Master of the Order of St. Gilbert of Sem- 
pryngham held the same. Rent 305. Sd. (Calendar, xv., 
410.) 

10 July, 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

LEASE to John Thorpe of the tithes of Wintringham 
Rectory. (Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 212, p. I7ob.) 

14 March, 36 Henry VIII. (1544-5). 

GRANT unto Robert (Holgate), Archbishop of York, of the 
Rectory of Old Malton and tithes there, and at New Malton, 
Wykeham, in tenure of George Dakyns. 2 (Calendar, xx., i., 



17 March, 3 P. and 4 M. (1556-7). 

GRANT to the Master, Brothers, and Sisters of the Hospital 
at Hemsworth, the Priory of Old Malton, 2 mills, a house 
called Fish House, all the fishery in the water of Derwent and 
Rye, and 20 mess, and cottages, lands in Swynton, Pickering, 
Hovingham, Pickering Lythe. (Palmer's "Index," p. 141.) 



1 Robert Holgate died in 1556. He left, by his will, 27 April 1555, to his 
executors the site of the late Priory of Malton, with the land, and the site of 
the Priory of Yeddingham, with other estates, to found a hospital at Hems- 
worth for a master and 20 brethren and sisters the master to be in priest's 
orders, the poor to be chosen by the parson and churchwardens ; the master 
to have 20 marks a year, and the poor 535. $d. The executors built the 
hospital, which is still in existence, though new buildings have been erected. 
(See Hunter's " South Yorkshire.") 

2 The patronage of the Church of Old Malton was exchanged, by Act of 
Parliament, by the Archbishop of York with the Marquis of Rockingham, and 
now belongs to Earl FitzWilliam. (Lawton.) 



134 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

MARRICK. 1 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. Andrew or the Virgin. 

Founded in the latter end of the reign of King Stephen, or 
beginning of Henry II., by Roger de Aske. 

POSSESSIONS. The Church of Marrick. 

VALUATION. 48/. 181. id. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 



9 Sept., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under zool. per annum. Bene- 
dictine House or Priory of St. Andrew, Marrick, to continue, 
notwithstanding the Act, with Christabel Cowper as Prioress. 
(Calendar, xi., 209.) 

15 Sept., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER by Christabel Cowper, Prioress, and the con- 
vent of the Priory of Maryke. Enrolled same day before John 
Uvedale and Leonard Beckwith, King's Commissioners. 

PENSIONS. Christabell Cowper, Prioress, 1005. ; Marg. 
Lovechild, Joan Norres, Marjory Conyars, Eliz. Dalton, 
Eleanor Maxwell, Joan Barnyngham, Joan Marton, Grace 
Rotherforde, Eliz. Close, Eliz. Robynson, Anne Ledeman, 
Eliz. Syngleton, from 665. to 2O.v. each. Signed by Jo. Uvedale, 
Leonard Bekwith. Countersigned by Sir Ric. Riche. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 234, p. no.) 

8 Jan., 29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). 

John Uvedale asks Cromwell to obtain for him the farm of 
the house, demesnes, and parsonage of Marrick Nunnery. 
(Calendar State Papers, vol. xiii., p. 15.) 

6 June, 34 Henry VIII. (1.542). 

LEASE to John Uvedale, arm., of the house and site of the 
Priory of Marrick, lately dissolved ; lands in Downham, Rectory 
of Marrick. (Augmentation Books, vol. 214, p. 38.) 

1 On the banks of the River Swale, three miles from Reeth, eight miles 
from Richmond. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 135 

8 June, 37 Henry VIII. (1545). 

GRANT in fee for 364^. os. 6d. to John Uvedale, 1 one of the 
King's Counsellors in the north, of the house, site, etc., of 
Marrych Nunnery and lands there; Rectory of Marrycke, in the 
Prioress' own hands at the dissolution, now all in tenure of 
John Uvedale. (Calendar, xx., i., 524.) 



MARTON (IN GALTRES). 2 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Bertram de Bulmer (who lived in the reign of 
Stephen and beginning of Henry II.) for men and women, but 
the nuns were, not long after, removed to Molesby. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Marton 3 (given by Bertram 
Bulmer) ; Sheriff Hutton (given by the Mauleys) ; and Sutton 
in the Forest. 

VALUATION. i5i/. 55. 4^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 94.) 

9 Feb., 37 Hen. VIII. (1535-6). 

SURRENDER. 4 Thomas Yodson, Prior (signed by the Prior 
and five others). Acknowledged before Ric. Layton, one of 
the clerks of Chancery, the same day. (Calendar, ix., 816.) 

1 John Uvedale left his estates to his son Alverey Uvedale, who held Marrick 
till 1583, after which his sons John and Thomas sold it, with the advowson of 
the vicarage, to Richard Brackenbury, Esq., of London, for 200 marks. On 
8 March 1592 Richard Brackenbury conveyed the estate to Timothy Hutton, 
gent., of Bishop Auckland. 20 Nov. 1630 Matthew Hutton, Esq. (son of 
Timothy), had licence to alienate it to Robert Blackburne, gent., and John and 
Gyles, his sons, for the sum of 328o/. It remained in the Blackburne family 
for some years, till it was sold, 23 Oct. 1671, to Charles Powlett, after Marquis 
of Winchester, who settled it on his second son, Lord William Powlett. The 
manor of Marrick was sold by his descendant, 19 Aug. 1817, to Josias Morley, 
Esq., but part of the estate, with the site of the priory, became the property of 
James Pigott Ince, Esq. (See "Collectanea Top. et Gen.," vol. v.) 

2 In the wapentake of Bulmer, five miles from Easingwold. There are no 
remains of the buildings, only a farm-house erected with part of the stone. 
(Burton.) 

3 Present patrons : Marton, the Archbishop of York ; Sheriff Hutton, the 
Archbishop alternately ; Sutton, the Lord Chancellor. 

4 This was the first Priory which surrendered. (See page 9.) 



136 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535), to 
the same Feast 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 24^. 185. id., the price of " le 
plate" and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory. 
Also with 38^. 165. yd. for sums received by George Burgh and 
George Sutton, late Canons there, the price of sundry goods 
sold by them and expended in their household between the 
survey and suppression of the Priory, and not charged in the 
inventory, viz., 4 oxen 4/. 6s. 8d., 4 cows 585., 3 heifers 305., 
17 young bullocks 61. 55., 7 pigs 8s. id., 92 sheep gl. 175. iorf., 
6 mares 4^. 2s. gd., 8 lambs 125., and for divers parcels of 
plate 8/. 165. 3^. He also charges himself with 247^. 85. lod. 
for the whole of the lead and the bells and the residue of the 
moveables, as appears by the said inventory, with 6jl. 85. 
increase. Total, 3ii/. y. jd., with io6l. 45. yd. increase. 

He charges himself with 6gl. 145. l\d., the issues of the 
Priory at St. Martin (as above), according to the account of 
Ralph Bekwith, collector of the rents there. Also with 40^. 
igs. ^d., issues at the Feast of the Annunciation, received and 
expended by Sir Thomas Yodson, late Prior there. Also with 
3 il. 14$. 6d. due at Whitsuntide, received by the said Sir 
Thomas Yodson, Rector of Shirrevehuton and Sutton, by virtue 
of the King's letters patent. And with j6l. ijs. *]\d. received 
from the said collector of the issues of his office this year. 
Total, 2igl. 5.9. 8d. 

9 Sept., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Henry Seymer of the household of the site of the 
Priory of Marton for 21 years at the rent of 28/. 6s. 8d. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 209, p. 10.) 

29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). 

LEASE to W m Styllyngfeld alias Strynger, Chaplain of 
Marton Rectory. (Calendar, xiii., 589.) 



16 Feb., 34 Henry VIII. (1542-3). 

GRANT (in exchange for the manor of Beverley, etc.) to 
Edward [Lee], Archbishop of York, of the house and site of 
the late Priory of Marton with lands, 2 mills, and lands in 
Sutton. (Calendar, xviii., 128.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 137 

2i Feb., 2 P. and 3 M. (1555-6). 

GRANT to Nicholas [Heath], Archbishop of York, of the 
Priory of Marton, with water-mill and lands. (Palmer's 
"Index," p. 131.) 

14 March, 36 Henry VIII. (1545). 

GRANT to Robert [Holgate], Archbishop of York, the 
rectories of Sheriff Button and Sutton in the tenure of Tho 8 
Yodson, late Prior. (Calendar, xx., i., 214.) 

i Feb., 33 Henry VIII. (1541-2). 

GRANT to Charles, Duke of Suffolk, of lands in Thripland, 
Crakehowe, and Appultrewyke, which belonged to Marton 
Priory. (Calendar, xvii., 58.) 1 



MIDDLESBURGH. 2 CELL TO WHITBY ABBEY 
(BENEDICTINE). 

In the time of King Henry I. or King Stephen, Robert de 
Brus and Agnes his wife gave the Church of St. Hilda at 
Middlesburgh, with its appurtenances and two carucates and 
two oxgangs in Newham, to the monks of St. Peter and St. 
Hilda of Whitby, that some of them should always reside and 
perform Divine Service at Middlesburgh. 

VALUATION. 25/. 175. 5^. 

SURRENDER. Only two or three monks there. 

ACCOUNT of the bailiffs, reeves, collectors of rents, etc., for 
the late monastery of Whitby, co. York (with its cell of Mid- 
dleburgh), Mich., 31 Henry VIII. (1539), to Mich., 32 Henry 
VIII. (1540). 

1 The soil is held by a number of owners, but the Archbishop of York 
is lord of the manor. (White's " Directory.") 

' There are only about three cells mentioned in the list of priories to be first 
surrendered (page 23). Middleburgh must have been considered more inde- 
pendent, not being mixed up with the parent Abbey of Whitby. 



138 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

ACCOUNT of John Hexham, occupier of all the lands and 
tenements to the said late cell belonging. 

[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 

He answers for jgs. 8d. for the farm of the site, with dove- 
cot, orchards, and gardens, and the demesnes, including closes 
called Westley Close, the House Close, Angram Close, West 
Feld, Est Feld, South Felde, and Brakyn Hille. 

Also for 61. 2 s - 4d' for rents of cottages and crofts in the 
township of Middilburgh in the tenures of William Pottes, 
.... Wadrynge, Lionel Ansell, Richard Tayrell, William Har- 
ringson, Richard Harringson, Thomas Theker, Thomas Burton, 
and John Whithed; to/, for the farm of Neweham Grange, 
demised to Sir George Conyers, knight; 235. %d. for rents of 
land in Linthorpe, in the tenures of William Hudson, .... 
Hornalt, Robert Ansell, and William Stuppes; igs. 6d. for 
land in Marton in Cleveland, in the tenure of Christopher 
Marton ; 5$. for land in Ormesby, in the tenure of Christopher 
Robinson ; 66s. Sd. for the farm of the tithes belonging to the 
Chapel of Middilburgh. (Minister's Account, 4624.) 

23 Feb., 34 Henry VIII. (1542-3). 

LEASE to John Harrys of the household the cell of Middle- 
burgh for 30 years from the expiration of a lease, i Jan., 30 
Henry VIII. (1538-9), by which Thos. Brooke, merchaunt 
tailor of London, W m Davell, W m Jackson, and John Kylden 
hold the same from Whitby Abbey, rent free, during the life of 
John Lexham, late Abbot of Whitby, at a rent of 25/. ijs. $d. 
(Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 215, p. 13.) 

14 July, 6 Elizabeth (1564). 

GRANT to Thomas Reve, William Ryvett, and William 
Hochins, and their heirs of the site lately the house or cell of 
Middleburgh. (Palmer's "Index," p. 188.) 



MOLESBY.i BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. John the Evangelist. 

This nunnery was founded before 1167 by Henry II. for 
nuns who had removed from Marton Priory, founded by Bertram 
de Bulmer. 

1 Now called Moxby in the parish of Marton, five miles from Easingwold. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 139 
POSSESSIONS. Churches of Whenby 1 and Thormanby. 2 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

VALUATION. 261. 2s. lod. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 95-) 

SURRENDER. Before 10 Oct., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 
(Calendar, xiii., ii., 502.) 

PENSION. Philippa Jenison, 10 marks. (Augmentation 
Misc. Books, vol. 232, p. 33b.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver from the Feast of St. Michael 
the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1525), to the same Feast 28 
Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 2i/. js. j^d., the issues of the 
Priory at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account of 
Robert Hill, collector of the rents there. And with ill. ics. Sd., 
the issues due at Whitsuntide, received and expended by Dame 
Philippa Jenyson, late Prioress there. Also with 61. 2s. 6d. 
due from Sir Roger Cholmeley, knight, farmer of the site of 
the Priory with the demesne lands, and not paid. Also with 
8/. \2d. received from the said collector of the issues of his 
office this year. Total, 47 /. 21 \d. 

He charges himself with I3/. 12s. lod., the price of "le 
plate" and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory 
under the hand of John Home, chaplain of the abovesaid 
Philippa Jenyson, late Prioress. Also with 2ol., the price of 
the lead on the roof of the Church and of the other houses 
there. Also with 4^., the price of the grain in the granary at 
the time of the survey, expended by the Prioress. Also with 
jl. 12*. for divers cattle sold, and expended by the Prioress 
between the survey and the suppression, viz., 6 oxen 66s. 8d., 
6 cows 46,?., 7 young oxen 14$., 20 sheep 235. 40?., 2 pigs 2s. 
Also with 525. lod. increase on the same, viz., on 5 oxen 
24?. iod., on 6 cows 14^., on 3 young oxen 145. Also with 
4iZ. 155. 4^., the price of the other goods specified in the 

1 Whenby Vicarage came into the hands of the Archbishop till the time of 
Queen Mary, when it passed into private hands, viz., Edward Barton in 1602 ; 
Thomas Crofts in 1639; John Cook in 1690; Trustees of Lord Derwentwater 
in 1720; 1724, the Garforth family. (Lawton's " Collections," 472.) The Hon. 
H. W. Fitzwilliam is the present patron. 

1 Thormanby, since the dissolution, has been in the alternate presentation 
of the Lords Downe and the Cayleys. (Lawton.) 



140 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

inventory and sold by the Commissioners to Sir Roger Chol- 
meley the elder, knight, farmer of the site of the Priory with 
the demesne lands, with 66s. Sd. increase. Also with a farther 
155. received by him, viz., from Sir Roger 5.9. for one frontal 
for the altar, and los. from Hugh Fuller for one vestment. 
Total, 8jl. 12s., with 119$. 6d. increase. 

16 Feb., 34 Henry VIII. (1543). 

GRANT to Edward, Archbishop of York, in exchange the 
site, etc., of the late Priory of Molsby alias Molesbye and 
lands there, and in Sutton, Stillyngton, Farlyngton, Sheriff 
Hutton, Whenbye belonging to the Priory. (Calendar, xviii., 
part i.) 

21 Feb., 3 P. and 3 M. (1555-6). 

GRANT to Nicholas, Archbishop of York, and his succes- 
sors, the site of the late Priory of Molesby and messuages 
and lands in Sutton, Stillington, Farlington, Sheriff Hutton, 
Whenby. (Palmer's " Index/' p. 131.) 



NUN APPLETON. 1 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin and St. John the Evangelist. 

Founded by Adeliza or Alice de St. Quintin, with the con- 
sent of Robert her son and heir, about the latter end of King 
Stephen. (Burton's " Monasticon," 376.) 

VALUATION. j^l. 95. lod. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under tool, per annum. 

12 July, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

EXEMPTION FROM SUPPRESSION. Anne Langton to be 
Prioress. (Calendar, xiii., 567.) 

5 Dec., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER. By Anna Lanketon, Prioress, and the Con- 
vent, of the monastery and possessions; acknowledged same 
day before Thomas Leigh, one of the clerks of Chancery. 
(Calendar, xiv., ii., 232.) 

1 In the parish of Bolton Percy, six miles from Tadcaster. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 141 

i March, 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

PENSIONS. Agnes Snaynton 3/., Eleanor Normabell, 
Prioress, 46$. 8d., Agnes Ardyngton 46,9. Sd., Joan Gore 405., 
Isabella Gaston 405., Jane Watson 40,?., Marg. Carter 40^., 
Eliz. Carter 405., Agnes Simpson, Magdalen Kylborne 40$., 
Agnes Aunger 40^., Dorothy Man 40,9., Anne Johnson 405., 
Margery Elton 40,?., Alice Sheffelde 405. Jane Fayrefax 
33$. 4^., Agnes Asselabye 33,9. 4^., Eliz. Parker 335. ^d., and 
Ellen Bayne 336'. \d., nuns. (Augmentation Books, vol. 234, 
p. 398.) ' 

1 8 March, 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

LEASE to Robert Darkenall, of the household of the King, 
of the Priory of Nun Appleton, lately dissolved, with lands in 
Col ton and Steton, for 21 years at the rent of io/. 95. Sd. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 21 2, p. 78.) 

28 Nov., 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

GRANT in fee to Robert Darkenall of the site of the Priory 
of Nun Appleton, with the Church and lands pertaining in 
Apleton, Acastre, Bolton Percy, and Stillingfleet for 369/. 
2s. 6d. (Calendar, xvi., 642.) 

33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

LICENCE to Robert Darkenall to alienate the late Priory of 
Noune Appleton, with the Church and lands (specified) in 
Appleton, Noune Appleton, Acastre, Bolton Percy, and Styl- 
lingflete, which were granted to the said Robert by patent, 
21 Nov., 33 Henry VIII. (1541), to Guy Fayrefax and Thos. 
Fayrefax and the heirs of the said Guy for ever. Pat., p. 3, 
m. 9. (Calendar, xvii., 163.) 

8 Aug., 5 and 6 P. and M. (1558). 

GRANT to Sir William Fairfax, kn 4 , and Guy Geffreson, 
possessions of Nun Appleton, lands in Bilburghe. (Palmer'-s 
"Index," p. 1 7 1.) 1 



1 Upon the site Thomas, Lord Fairfax, built a handsome house which 
was purchased by Alderman Milner of Leeds, and continued in his family 
till it was recently sold to Sir Angus Holden, Bart. 



142 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

NUNBURNHOLME. 1 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. Mary. 

Probably founded by the ancestors of Roger de Merlay, 
Lord of Morpeth, or of Thomas de Greystock, before 1206. 

SUPPRESSED. In the list as under 2OO/. 

VALUATION. SI. 155. $d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 129.) 

SUPPRESSION. 1536. 

20 Nov., 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

PENSION. Elizabeth Kilbourne 5 marks. (Augmentation 
Misc. Books, vol. 232, p. 2.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535), to 
the same Feast, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 4/. 145. iod., the price of " le 
plate " and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory 
signed by John Hessey, deputy of the above-said Elizabeth 
Kilborne, late Prioress. And with io/. for the lead on the 
roof of the Church and of the other houses there. And with 
IDS. for 2 bells hanging in the belfry there. Also with 235. 4^. 
for the grain in the granary there at the time of the survey, 
expended bv the said late Prior [sic~\ before the dissolution. 
Also with 165. Sd. for certain things likewise expended between 
the survey and the suppression, viz., 8 sheep los. Sd., 5 lambs 
35. 4^., 2 ewes 2s. Sd. Also with 555. Sd., money received by 
the said late Prioress for divers things sold and expended there, 
not charged in the inventory, viz., 403 fleeces of wool, weighing 
ii^ stones, at 45. %d. a stone, 475. lid. ; for 3 sheep's pelts 
gd., and for the agistment of cattle js. Also with 35^. 145. lid., 
the price of the residue of the goods specified in the inventory, 
sold by the Commissioners to William Hungate, farmer, ot 
the site of the Priory with the demesne lands, with 205. 
increase. Total, 55^. 149. ^d., with 75$. Sd. increase. 

He charges himself with 61. i6s., issues of the Priory due 
at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account of Ambrose 

1 In the Wilton-Beacon division of Harthill, three miles from Pocklington. 
Burton does not seem to mention the nunnery, and there is little known of it, 
and there are no remains. 

There has lately been published " Nunburnholme and its History," by Rev. 
M. C. F. Morris, M.A., Rector of Nunburnholme, York, 1907. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 143 

Bekwith, collector of the rents there. Also with 625. gd. due 
at Whitsuntide, received and expended by Darne Elizabeth 
Kilborne, late Prioress there. Also with 52$. 6d. received from 
the said collector of the issues of his office this year. Total, 
ill. us. $d. 

31 Oct., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

LEASE to William Hungate of Nonneborneholme of the 
site of the Priory of Nunburnholm, dissolved, for 21 years at 
the rent of 4/. 135. od. (Augmentation Books, vol. 211, p. 4.) 

6 July, 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

GRANT to Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and Robert Tirwhite, 
esquire of the body, the late Priory of Nunborne Holme and 
its demesnes there in the tenure of Will. Hungate. (Calendar, 
xvi., 506.) 

8 Dec., 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

LICENCE to Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and Robert Turwit, 
esquier of the body, to alienate the site and precinct and chief 
messuage of Nunborne Holme to Sir Arthur Darcy. (Calen- 
dar, xvi., 696.) 

12 May, 35 Henry VIII. (1543). 

LICENCE to Sir Arthur Darcy to alienate lands in Nonne 
Burnholme to Roger Sotheby. 1 (Calendar, xviii., i., 365.) 



NUNKEELING. 3 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene and St. Helen. 

Founded by Agnes de Arches (de Catfosse) in the time of 
King Stephen, 1152. 

1 Roger Sotheby appears to have been son of John Sotheby of Pock- 
lington, and to have made his will 8 April 1544; proved York, 20 Sept. 
1546 (Test. Ebor., vi., 207). He left an only daughter, Margaret. 

In 1840 Nunburnholme belonged partly to Lord Muncaster, but mostly to 
the Duke of Devonshire, lord of the manor (White's " Directory"). It seems 
to have passed into the hands of Charles Henry Wilson, Esq., who was created, 
i6Jan. 1906, Lord Nunburnholme. 

^ In Holderness, six miles from Hornsea. There is a description of the 
Church, etc., in "Twelve Small Yorkshire Priories," by W. Brown, F.S.A. 
("Yorks Arch. Journal," ix., 269). There is an engraving of the Church in 
Poulson's " Holderness," i., 386, 



144 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 
POSSESSIONS. The Church of Nunkeeling. 

VALUATION. 35/. 155. 5^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- "5-) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2oo/. per annum. 

14 Dec., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

EXEMPTION. Monastery or Priory of SS. Mary and Helen 
to continue with Joan Alenson, Prioress. 

10 Sept., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER. By Christina Burgh, Prioress, and the Con- 
vent, of all its possessions enrolled (Close Rolls, p. 3, No. 32), 
as acknowledged same day before John Uvedale and others, 
King's Commissioners. (Calendar, xiv., ii., 43.) 

PENSIONS. Christiana Burgh, Prioress, 81., Agnes Hall 
465. 8d., Alice Stapleton 465. 8d., Mary Sigiswicke 465. Sd., 
Isabel Boyne or Baute 465. Sd., Joan Mason 40.9., Isabel 
Methame 30^., Alice Thomlynson 305., Dorothy Wylberfosse 
305., Johanna Bowman 305., Alice Sygeswyke 305., Johanna 
Hewthwaite 305., and Joan Clevynge 40*., nuns. (Augmenta- 
tion Books, vol. 234, p. 2y8b.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 261. "js. 6d. received from William Grimsbon, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late Priory, 
and from Sir Richard Gresham, knight, farmer of the rectory 
there. 

He credits himself with payment of 565. 8d., the fee of 
Giles Burgh, steward of all the manors of the said Priory; 40$., 
the fee of Leonard Bekwith; and 5^., the fee of John Wood, 
clerk of the Court of Silkeston. 

And with 6s. 8d. to the said Sir Richard Gresham for bread, 
wine, and wax expended in the Church. (Minister's Account, 
4644.) 

20 Aug., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

LEASE to Sir Richard Gresham, kn 1 , of the Rectory of 
Nunkeeling for 21 years at the rent of 8/. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 212, p. 216.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 145 

26 Aug., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to Sir Richard Gresham, kn*, of the site of the 
Priory of Nunkeeling with lands appertaining, and in Buholme, 
Beningholme, Catwyke, Waghen. (Calendar, xvi., 96.) 

18 April, 35 Henry VIII. (1544). 

GRANT to Sir Richard Gresham, kn l , of the Rectory of 
Nunkeeling. (Calendar, xix., i., 280). 

28 and 29 Elizabeth (1585). 

FINE. Thomas Cecill, k l , (first Earl of Exeter), and Thomas 
Reade, Esq., plaintiffs, and Ann Gresham, widow, deforciant, 
the tithes and moiety of the manor and site of the late Monas- 
tery of Nunkeeling. (Yorks Rec. Ser., iii., 59.)! 



NUN-MONKTON. 2 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Probably founded by William de Arches and Ivetta his wife, 
temp. King Stephen. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Askham-Richard, 3 Kirk-Ham- 
erton, Walton Chapel, St. George, York, Kirkby juxta Ouse- 
burn, Naburn. 

1 Sir Richard Gresham was an eminent merchant in the reign of 
Henry VIII., with whom he had great financial dealings. He was a large 
purchaser of abbey lands. He died 1556. His second son, Sir Thomas 
Gresham, founder of the Royal Exchange, London, seems to have been pos- 
sessed of Nunkeeling Priory. According to the " Dictionary of National 
Biography" his wife was Anne, widow of William Read. Dame Anne Gresham 
levied a fine of a moiety of Nunkeeling, 31 Elizabeth, on the marriage of her 
grandson Thomas Read with Mildred, daughter of Sir Thomas Cecil, ist Earl 
of Exeter. There are many abstracts of deeds after that time in Poulson's 
" Holderness " regarding the Berkeley, Devereux, and other families, till it was 
sold about 1707 to the Hudsons. It remained with them for a considerable 
time. T. C. Dixon, Esq., appears to be the present owner and patron of the 
living of Nunkeeling. 

2 In Claro wapentake, eight miles from York. The beautiful church still 
remains, and there are interesting accounts of it in " Yorkshire Churches," 
1844, and Skaife's " Nidderdale," p. 27. 

3 Present patrons : Askham Richard, W. F. Wailes Fairbairn, Esq.; Kirk 
Hamerton, E. W. Stanyforth, Esq.; Walton, G. L. Fox, Esq.; St. George, 
the Archbishop ; Naburn, Rev, G. Palmes. 

L 



146 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

VALUATION. 75^. i2s. 4^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, v., 
355-) 1 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 
SURRENDER. 1536. 

28 Henry VIII. 

PENSION. Joan Slingsby, Prioress, i$l. 6s. Sd. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 232, p. 576.) 

29 Henry VIII. 

PAPER SURVEY of Income, etc., amounting to I32/. 155. o|c?. 
(Copy " Yorkshire Churches," ii., iii.) 

ACCOUNT of William Blytheman, the King's Receiver in 
the Archdeaconry of Richmond, from 4 Feb., 27 Henry VIII. 
(1535-6), to Michaelmas, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

Nonnemonkton. 

[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 

He answers for 335/. Ss. id., the price of goods and chattels 
sold, which do not include the jewels, lead, bells, and house- 
hold goods found in the monastery at the time of the suppres- 
sion, ii June, 28 Henry VIII., as appears by indenture made 
by the King's Commissioners, because these were afterwards 
sold separately by the said Commissioners or reserved for the 
King's use. The goods sold comprise grain growing on the 
demesne lands at Kyrkehamerton ; 2 wains and ploughs, with 
12 draught oxen and other stock there, sold to the said Blithe- 
man ; grain at Nonne Monkton, sold to Sir Marmaduke Con- 
stable, the younger, knight; 3 wains, 3 ploughs, 26 draught 
oxen, 21 horses, sheep and other live stock there, sold to the 
said Constable ; utensils in the house of the brethren, the hall, 
the great chamber, the kitchen, the chamber adjoining the great 
chamber, the parlour, the promptuary, the lower chamber, the 
brew-house, bake-house, and melting-house (ustrina), sold to 
Constable. But he has received from the Commissioners, and 
includes in the above sum, 59/. 135. ud., the value of 28if 
of silver found there, viz., of gold [sic] 107 oz., of parcel gilt 
147^ oz., and of ungilt 52^ oz. ; also 136^ 135. 4^., the 
estimated value of 41 fothers of lead, viz., 80 pieces arising 
from the pulling down (prostratione) of the houses of the said 

1 There is a detailed account of the valuation in " Yorkshire Churches," 
ii., 1 08. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 147 

Priory, and one fother found in the ashes in burning and rolling 
(molacione) the said lead; and 4/. 135. 4^. for 3 bells, estimated 
to weigh 700 Ibs. ; and iocs., the estimated value of the timber, 
glass, and stone obtained at the pulling down aforesaid. 

In wool (48 stones) by shearing, and in hides and pelts 
sold, 9/. 2s. 6d. 

In rents, issues of land, etc., he received j^l. Js. 6d. in the 
28th year, and I2O/. 13,9. 8fd. in the 29th year for farms due 
from Sir Marmaduke Constable for the demesne lands, the 
mill of Hamerton, and the Rectory of Monketon, for the 
Rectory of Kirkehamerton occupied by the accountant, for 
tithes of grain to Walton Chapel from William Gascon, for 
the issues of the Rectory of St. George of York, the farm of 
the Rectory of Askam Richard occupied by Christopher 
Norton, and rents of divers tenants. Sum total, 809^. us. g%d. 
(Minister's Account, 7467.) 

19 Sept., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Sir Marmaduke Constable of Flamburgh, the 
site of the Priory of Nunmenkton for 21 years at the rent of 
5/. 6s. 2d. (Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 9b.) 

i Feb., 29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). 

LEASE to William Blytheman, gen., of lands in Kirk 
Hamerton, late of the Monastery of Nun- Monk ton, for 
21 years at the rent of 40,9., and of the Rectory of Kirk- 
Hamerton at the rent of icm. (Augmentation Books, vol. 
210, p. 60.) 

12 Feb., 29 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT in exchange to Sir John Nevell, 1 Lord Latymer, of 
the reversions of the possessions leased to Sir Marmaduke 

1 John Neville, 3rd Lord Latimer of Snape, died n March 1542-3. His 
will, mentioning Nun Monkton, was proved at York 22 May 1543 (Test. 
Ebor., vi., 159). His son John, 4th Lord, left only daughters. The eldest, 
Katherine, married firstly Henry Percy, ist Earl of Northumberland, and 
secondly, to the disgust of her family, Francis Fitton of Binfield, co. Berks, 
her steward. She had Nun Monckton from her father, and died 1596. Fitton 
alienated or sold it to John Carvill. He proved his pedigree in 1612 
(St. George's Visitation), being then described of Nun Monckton. It then 
passed to the Payler family. George Payler died 1678, having married Lady 
Maria Carey; their son or grandson Nathaniel Payler came into possession, 
and his daughter Mary Anne married George Cresener; their daughter Eliza- 
beth married Samuel Tufnell, Esq., and had two sons, John and William 
Jolliffe, who had assumed that name and who appear to have had Nun 
Monckton, and died 1797. His nephew Samuel succeeded, dying 1820. In 
1860 Isaac Crawhall, Esq., bought the estate from the Tufnells. (Burke's 
"Commoners," ii., 182, and Skaife's " Nidderdale.") 

L 2 



148 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Constable of Flamburghe and Will. Blytheman, and the rents 
reserved in the leases of 2$l. 6s. 2d., iois., and 405., viz., the 
house and site of the late Priory of Nonnemonketon, the church, 
steeple, and all messuages, granges, etc., a corn mill and two 
grain mills on the water of Nydde, a fishery, the Rectories of 
Nonnemonketon and Kirkehamerton, of St. George in York, 
Walton, and Askham Richard, the manors of Monketon, 
Nonnemonketon, Kirke Hamerton, and various lands in 
Benynghurgh, Benyngton, Flyxton, Marton, Newton, Ripon, 
Thorp Underwood, Kirkleventon, Thorp Arch, City of York, 
etc., in as full manner as the late Prioress held the same, of the 
annual value of I49/. 6s. 4\d., and are to be helcl by an annual 
rent of I4/. i8s. 8d. in the name of tenth. (Calendar, xiii., 
136. Pat., p. i, m. 8.) 



ST. MARTIN'S, RICHMOND. 1 CELL TO THE 
BENEDICTINE ABBEY OF ST. MARY, YORK. 

Founded about noo by Wymer, Lord of Aske, sewer or 
chief steward to Stephen, Earl of Richmond, who gave the 
Chapel of St. Martin of Richmond, lands in Edlingthorp, 
Thornton, Forset, Scotton, etc., to St. Mary's Abbey, York. 
That monastery sent nine or ten Benedictine monks, who 
founded a cell. Other lands were added by the Earls of Rich- 
mond. The Priory, though a cell subordinate in spiritual 
matters to St. Mary's Abbey, acted in other matters as an 
independent society. It was richly endowed, and generally 
contained about nine or ten monks, who paid a yearly pension 
as acknowledgment of subjection. As for the rest of the 
revenues they had them for their own use, as appears from 
their own rent roll or compotus distinct from that of the mother 
Church, and from several grants of a late date to the Priory 
of St. Martin, without any mention of the Abbey of St. Mary. 2 

VALUATION. 43^. i6s. 8d. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under 2oo/. per annum. 

1 About half a mile from Richmond, on the southern bank of the river. 
There are but few remains. There is a copy of the charters in Clarkson's 
" Richmond," and a list of possessions, which is also in Burton's " Monasticon." 

? Clarkson's " Richmond," 335. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 149 
SURRENDER. By John Mathew, last Prior. 

ACCOUNT of Sir Roger Cholmeley, knight, the King's 
farmer there, from Mich. 31 (1539), to Mich., 32 Henry VIII. 
(1540). 

[Arrears : none, because this is the first account.] 

He answers for 4/. 5$. \d., the farm of the demesne lands, 
including the site of the said late cell, which, with orchard 
and gardens, covers about an acre, closes called Rampeynge 
riddyng, Bordall close, Estcote leez, Mawde rayne, Thortyard 
ba[nke?], Bakehouse flatte, the Holme, the Ooce pasture, the 
Ortyardes, Monkegarthes and Pounde garthes, and Catell 
flattes, as demised to the said farmer by lease under the seal of 
the Court of Augmentations. 

Also for Z2l. 2s. lod. for rents of tenements in Monkeby 
with Sandbek, in the tenure of Richard Carter, James Mamie 
(who rents the water-mill), Richard Swaledale, John Wilkynson, 
Thomas Sissotson, Thomas Carthwayte, William Swaledale, 
William Hewbanke, John Sympson, Elizabeth Clerkeson, 
widow, Thomas Cooke, William Colynge, Anthony Teesdale, 
William Hawthorne, John Teesdale, Elizabeth Calverd, widow, 
Thomas Corner, and William Neleson ; and of tenements in 
Hawkyswell, Langton, Huddeswell, the borough of Richmond, 
Oldeburgh, and Kirkeby (part of these entries being illegible). 

Also for 1 135. in tithes from the late Priories and Monas- 
teries of Marrik, Coverhame, St. Agatha, and St. Gervasia. 
(Minister's Account, 4595.) 

[No date.] 

LEASE to Sir Roger Cholmeley of London, of the house and 
site of the Priory or cell of St. Martin near Richmond, belonging 
to the Monastery of the Blessed Mary, city of York, with all 
its possessions, at the rent of 44/. 9$. 8d. (Augmentation 
Misc. Books, 212, p. i46b.) 

10 June, 4 Edward VI. (1553). 

GRANT of the Priory and cell of the Blessed Mary, with 
lands in Monkeby, Sandbeck, Hawkswell, Richmond, East 
Appleton, to Edward Fynes, kn 4 , Lord Clinton and Saye, 1 Lord 
High Admiral, on his paying rent of 3^. 19$. ud. to the 

1 Edward Fiennes, Lord Clinton and Saye, created Earl of Lincoln 4 May 
1572, K.G., Lord High Admiral, had many grants of Abbey lands. He died 
16 Jan. 1584-5. (See " Diet. Nat. Biog.") 



150 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

King yearly, and $1. a year to a priest to perform the cure 
within the Church of St. Martin and Monkby. (Palmer's 
"Index/' p. 98.) 1 



ROSEDALE. 2 BENEDICTINE OR CISTERCIAN 

NUNNERY. 

Dedicated to St. Mary and St. Lawrence. 
Founded by Robert de Stutville in the reign of Richard I. 
SUPPRESSION. List under 2oo/. per annum. 
VALUATION. 37/. 12*. $d. 

SURRENDER. Before 10 Oct., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 
(Calendar, xiii., ii., 502.) 

PENSION. Mary Marshall, Prioress, 61. (Augmentation 
Books, p. 232.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver from Mich. 1539 to Mich. 1540. 

He charges himself with 261. ijs. iod., issues of the Priory 
at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the account of Robert 
Hill, collector of the rents there. Also with 23/. 35. g\d. due 
at Whitsuntide, received and expended by Dame Mary Marshall, 
late Prioress there. Also with 74$. 6d. due from Richard 
Thomson, farmer of the site of the Priory, with the demesne 
lands, and not paid. Total, 53/. i6s. i^d. 

He charges himself with 9/., the price of "le plate" and 
other jewels, as appears by the inventory under the hand 
of the said Mary Marshall, late Prioress. Also with i3/. 6s. Bd. 
for the lead on the roof of the Church and of the other houses 
there. And with 105. for 2 bells hanging in the belfry. Also 
with 9/. 8s. $d. for sundry things expended by the Prioress 

1 8 Nov., i Mary (1553). Lord Clinton sold the same soon after for 8oo/. 
to William Pepper, Esq., and to Cuthbert Walker and William his son of Rich- 
mond, yeomen. The estate was then divided, William Pepper to have the site 
of the cell with garden and orchards. His descendants have sold them to 
various persons. William Walker sold his part to the Hospital of St. John the 
Baptist at Kirby Ravensworth, which it enjoys at the present day. (Clarkson's 
" Richmond," 343.) 

2 In the parish of Middleton in the wapentake of Pickering Lythe, seven 
miles from Kirkby Moorside. There are some remains. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 151 

between the survey and the suppression, viz., i cow gs., 
3 young oxen 15*., 2 calves 4?., 2 mares 135. 4^., 78 sheep 
61. i os., and divers other small things 175. id. Also with 
32^. 8s., the price of the rest of the goods, specified in the 
inventory, sold by the Commissioners to Richard Thomson of 
London, farmer of the site of the Priory with the demesne 
lands, with 405. increase. Total, 64^. 135. id., with 405. 
increase. 

20 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to William Smythdeyke, of the household of the 
King, the site of the Priory of Rosedale for 21 years at the rent 
of jl. 95. od. (Augmentation Books, vol. 209, p. 9.) 

10 June, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to John Barwyk, of the household of Rosedale Priory 
and lands there which were leased 20 July, 28 Henry VIII. 
(1536), to W m Smythwyk ; transferred to Sir John Bowmer 
(Bulmer), and by him forfeited. (Augmentation Books, vol. 
209, p. 103.) 

6 July, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT to Ralph, 1 Earl of Westmorland, in tail of the 
reversions and rents received of the Crown leases, viz., to John 
Berwyke of the household, 10 June 1537, of the house and 
lands of the dissolved Priory of Rosedale for 21 years at 
103^. ^.d. ; to the said John of a tenement in Rosedale for 

21 years at 465. Sd. rent; and of the Manor of Rosedale and 
the Rectory of Thorpenowe, belonging to the said Priory, and 
the house, site of the late Priory of Keldom, and all lands in 
Rosedale, Thorpenowe, Keldom, Thornton, Pikring, Newton, 
and Swynyngton Regis belonging to the said Prioress of Rose- 
dale and Keldom, clear annual value 90^. 155. yd.; rent of 
24^. 25. $d. (Calendar, xiii., 564.) 

23 Feb., 13 Elizabeth (1570-1). 

GRANT to Ambrose, 2 Earl of Warwick, and his heirs, of the 

1 Ralph Nevile, 4th Earl of Westmorland. He died 21 April 1549 ; buried 
at Staindrop. Grandfather of the last Earl, who was in the " Rebellion of the 
North." 

2 Younger son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, who was 
beheaded 1553. He was a favourite of Queen Elizabeth, and was created, 
25 Dec. 1561, Lord Lisle, and the next day Earl of Warwick. He died s.p., 
when his honours became extinct, 20 or 21 Feb. 1589-90. 

In 1840 nearly all the property in Rosedale belonged to Rev. Geo. S. 
Penfold, Lord of the Manor. (White's " Directory.") 



152 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Manor of Rosedale, part of the possessions of Charles, late 
Earl of Westmorland, attinct, belonging to the late Priory. 
(Palmer's " Index," p. 305.) 

1 8 Elizabeth (1576). 

FINE. The Queen, plaintiff, and Ambrose, Earl of War- 
wick, K.G., and Anne his wife, deforciants. Manor of Rose- 
dale, 40 messuages, 6 mills with lands. (Yorks Rec. Ser., 
v., 88.) 



SAWLEY. 1 CISTERCIAN ABBEY. 

Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 
Founded by William de Perci, the third Lord Perci. 2 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Tadcaster and Gargrave, 
Chapel of Hazlewood. 

SUPPRESSION. As under 2oo/. per annum. 

VALUATION. itfl. $s. icd. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 144.) 

SURRENDER. 1536. 

28 Henry VIII. 

PENSION. Thomas Bolton, 2O/. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, vol. 232, p. 27.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535), 
to the same Feast, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with J2l. 2s. iod., the price of "le 
plate" and other jewels there. Also with 300^. i8s. id., the 
price of the rest of the goods, together with the lead and bells, 
sold by the King's officers to Sir Arthur Darcy, knight. Total, 
373/. lid. 

He does not charge himself with any profits thereof, because 

1 Three miles from Clitheroe, on the east bank of the river Ribble. 
a He is said to have been buried at Sawley. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 153 

Sir Arthur Darcye, knight, has received the same for the whole 
time of this account, by what warrant the accountant does not 
know, and Sir Arthur ought to answer the same to the King. 
And he answers below. Total, nothing. 

9 May, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT to Sir Arth. Darcye in fee simple (in exchange for 
the Manor of Grenesnorton Northt., granted him 28 May, 
27 Henry VIII.), viz., the site, circuit, and precinct of the 
Monastery of St. Mary, Sawley, Yorks, dissolved ; the lordships 
or manors of Staynforth, LangclifT, and Stanton ; the manor and 
forest of Gisbourne ; a moiety of the manor of Bolton ; annual 
rent of 4/. 6s. od. from the vill of Grynleton ; tenements and 
messuages in Brandford, Chepyng, Waddyngton, Wourston, 
Chatsbourne, Downham, Renyngton, Gaisgill, Lytton, Barneby, 
Rassemell, Cottill, Pathern, Newstune, Swynden, Ilklaye, 
Farneleaye, Halton, par. of Whitkirk, Catterton, Sledebourne, 
Dutton; rents in Whitwourthe ; the advowsons and rectories 
of Tadcaster and Gargrave; a rent of 535. ^d. due to the late 
Abbot by the Abbot of Fornes ; and all other lands which 
belonged to the said Monastery of Sawley. (Calendar, xiii., 
409.) 

1 6 Sept., 2 Elizabeth (1560). 

Sir Arthur Darcy leaves by his will " the demeane landes of 
the late monasterie of Salley " to his son Henry Darcy. 

3 Elizabeth (1560-1). 

INQUISITION found that Henry Darcy held the site of Salley 
and manor of Langcliffe by Knight's service. 

12 Elizabeth (1569-70). 

INQUISITION that the above Henry Darcy held the manors 
of Grangemoor and Gisborne, granges of Ellingthorpe and 
Pathorne and the rectory of Gargrave. 

24 Elizabeth (1582). 

FINE. The Queen, plaintiff; Henry Darcye, k 4 , and 
Katherine his wife, deforciants. Manor of Sawley 1 and 60 
messuages, etc. (Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 185.) 

1 Sawley Abbey must have reverted to the Crown, for in 13 James I. 
(1615-6) Sir James Hay, Knt., created Baron Salley and Earl of Carlisle, 
owned the monastery, probably by grant from the Crown. He died 



154 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

SKEWKIRK. 1 CELL TO THE AUGUSTIN PRIORY 
OF NOSTELL. 

The Chapel of All Saints with some lands here, being given 
to the Priory of Nostell by Geffrey Fitz-Pain before A.D. 1114, 
some Canons were sent to reside. (Tanner's "Notitia," 646.) 

VALUATION. 8/. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., p. 64.) 
SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

2 March, 30 Henry VIII. (1539). 

GRANT to Thomas Legh, LL.D., of the whole house and 
site. 

i and 2 P. and M. (1544-5). 

FINE. Thomas Ferneham, gent., and Thomas Wright, 
plaintiffs, and Thomas Leigh, 2 Esq., deforeiant. Manors of 
St. Oswold de Nostell and Bramham Byggyng; also the Manor 
of Skewkirke and 3 messuages, 2 cottages, and a water-mill, 
with lands there and in Merstone and Tolwyth. (Yorks Rec. 
Ser., ii., 184.) 

8 and 9 Elizabeth (1566). 

FINE. John Browne, Esq., plaintiff, and James Blunt, k 1 , 
Lord Mountjoye, 3 and Katherine his wife, deforciants. Manors 

25 April 1636, and his son James Hay succeeded as 2nd Earl of Carlisle, and 
married Margaret Russell, daughter of 4th Earl of Bedford. In his will (1660) 
he left Sawley to Edward Russell and Arthur Fleetwood equally, but there 
seem to have been very complicated arrangements, as the Greville family got 
possession. 

William Weddell afterwards purchased Sawley, and left it to Lord Grant- 
ham, from whom it has descended to Lord Lucas, the present owner. 

1 In the township of Tockwith, parish of Bilton, deanery of Ainsty. There 
is now a farm-house built out of the remains (see Skaife's " Nidderdale"). 
Skewkirk was a cell to Nostell, but it must have been in a certain independent 
position so as to be separately placed in the list of Priories to be dissolved. 

2 Sir Thomas Leigh, the original grantee, left by will, 9 March 1544-5, his 
estates to his nephews Thomas and William. Thomas the nephew conveyed 
his interest in Skewkirk to Jane, wife of Sir Thomas Chaloner, widow of his 
uncle. Her daughter Catherine Leigh married Lord Mountjoy, who, as by the 
above fines, appears to have sold Skewkirk. (Hunter's " South Yorkshire," 
ii., 211.) 

J James Blount,6th Lord Mountjoy, married about 1568 Catherine, daughter 
of Sir Thomas Leigh of St. Oswald's. She was buried 25 June 1576, at the 
Grey Friars, London. Lord Mountjoy died about 1581. (G. E. C.'s "Peer- 
age.") 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 155 

of Skokyrk and Bramam Byggyng, and 13 messuages and 
2 mills, etc. (Yorks Rec. Ser., i., 327.) 

9 Elizabeth (1566). 

FINE. Edward Beseley, 1 gent., plaintiff, and James Blunte, 
k 4 , Lord Mountjoye, and Katherine his wife. " De scitu sive 
Cella" de Skewkyrke als. Skokyrke, and 6 messuages, 6 cot- 
tages, and a water-mill, with lands and free fishing in the water 
of the Nydde in the same, and in Bylton, Tockwith, Merston, 
and Grenehamerton. (Yorks Rec. Ser., ii., 340.) 

15 Elizabeth (1573). 

FINE. Christopher Neleson, plaintiff, and Edward Beseley, 
gent., and Brigitt his wife, deforciants. Manor of Skewkirke 
and 6 messuages and 2 mills, fishing in the Nydd, lands in 
Bilton, Tockwith, Marston, and Kirkehamerton. (Yorks 
Rec. Ser., v., 33.) 

19 and 20 Elizabeth (1577). 

FINE. Thomas Harryson, 2 Esq., plaintiff, and Christopher 
Nelson, Esq., and Mary his wife, deforciants. Manor of Skew- 
kyrke and messuages, lands, etc. (as above). (Yorks Rec. 
Ser., v., 107.) 



SWINE. 3 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Robert de Verli before the end of King 
Stephen. 

POSSESSIONS. The Church of Swine. 

1 There is a pedigree of Besley of Skelton in Glover's " Visitation " (Foster's 
Edition, 218), in which it is stated that Edward Besley married Bridget, daughter 
of William Nelson of Skelton, as his second wife. 

2 Skewkirk was bought about 1600 by one John Tennant from Thomas 
Harrison, and continued in the Tennant family for some generations. The 
last one to hold the property was Henry Tennant, who sold it to Andrew 
Montagu, Esq., in 1832. It now belongs to F. J. O. Montagu, Esq. (Informa- 
tion, F. W. Slingsby, Esq.) 

3 In Holderness. There is a description of the buildings by William 
Brown, F.S.A. (" Yorks Arch. Journal," ix.) See also Tanner's " Notitia," and 
Burton's " Monasticon," 253. 

Most of Swine is the property of the Earl of Shaftesbury. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

VALUATION. 35^. 155. 5^. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 1 15-) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under aoo/. 

i Oct. 1537. 

EXEMPTION. The Priory of Swine to be exempt from sup- 
pression. Helen Deyne to be Prioress. (Calendar, xii., ii., 
39-) 

9 Sept., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

SURRENDER by Dorothy, the Prioress, and the convent of 
the Priory and all its possessions. Acknowledged before John 
Uvedale and others. King's Commissioners. (Calendar, xiv., 
ii., 42.) 

ao Feb., 31 Henry VIII. (1540). 

PENSIONS. Dorothea Knyght, Prioress, 13^. 6s. Sd., Alice 
Smyth, Eliz. Clyfton, 665. Sd., Eliz. Clytheroo, Barbara Pulley, 
535. 4ct., Marg. Whitefeld, Eliz. Thorne, 6os., Isabella Jen- 
kynson 53,?., Martha Battell, Eliz. Grymston, Eliz. Arte, 
46$. S>d. } Dorothea Stapleton, Eliz. Ellesley, Eliz. Patrike, Eliz. 
Copelay, Eliz. Tyas, Mary Banke, Cecilia Swale, Dorothy 
Tomlynson, Alice Nicolson, 40^., nuns. (Augmentation Misc. 
Books, vol. 234, p. 345.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 147^. 19$. n^d. received from Thomas 
Constable, collector of the farms and rents belonging to the 
said late Priory, and from Sir Richard Gresham, knight, farmer 
of divers lands and tenements there, and of the rectory for this 
year. 

He credits himself with payments of annuities, viz., to 
William Escryke, Chaplain, 4/., Leonard Bekwith 40^., Wil- 
liam Babthorpe, Esq., 26,?. Sd., Marmaduke Faux 4^., John 
Wood, clerk of the Court of Swyne and Skirlaugh, 135. ^d. 

And with i6l. 135. ^d. to Richard Wryght, Vicar of Swyne, 
for bread, wine, and wax, according to a composition made 
between him and Dorothy, late Prioress, 8 Jan. 1538 [-9] ; and 
565. Sd. to William Walder, Chaplain, celebrating in the 
chapel of South Skirlagh, for the inhabitants of South and 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 157 

North Skirlagh, Arnold, and Runton in the parish of Swyne, 
in which chapel there were formerly two chaplains celebrating 
in the two chantries founded there [etc.]. (Minister's Account, 
4644.) 

20 Aug., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

LEASE to Sir Richard Gresham of London of 39 cottages 
in Swine; South Skyrlegh Manor with certain cottages ; lands 
in Riston and Holme on the Wold ; Benyngholme Grange in 
the parish of Swyne, and Swyne Rectory and tithes. (Aug- 
mentation Misc. Books, vol. 212, p. 195.) 

i Oct., 32 Henry VIII. (1540). 

GRANT to Sir Richard Gresham, kn*, of the site of the 
Monastery and Church, with lands appertaining, and in 
Dripole, Sutton, Welburgh, Lound, Lanthorpe. (Calendar, 
xvi., 96.) 

9 A P ril > 35 Henry VIII. (1544)- 

GRANT to Sir Richard Gresham and Sir Richard Southwell 
of the site and demesnes of Swine Priory, granges, and lands. 
(Calendar, xix., i., 279.) 

18 April, 35 Henry VIII. (1544). 

EXCHANGE to the Crown by Sir Richard Gresham of Swine 
Priory for Nunkeeling Priory and other lands. (Calendar, xix., 
i., 280.) 

15 June, 38 Henry VIII. (1546). 

GRANT in fee to Sir Richard Gresham of the Rectory 
of Swine, the advowson of the vicarage which used to be 
retained in the hands of the Prioress. (Calendar, xxi., i.) 

3 July, 3 and 4 P. and M. (1557). 

GRANT to Sir John Constable and Henry his son of the 
site of the Monastery of Swyne, late the lands of Sir Richard 
Gresham, kn l , to be held of the Queen in capite. (Palmer's 
" Index," p. 139.) 



158 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

4 May 1557. 

VALUATION. Farm and site of the monastery containing 
by estimation 172 acres; a parcel of land called Banstede; 
Wolburghe Grange, 297 acres; pasture in Sutton, 37 acres, 
let to William Bolton and Richard Fayrecliff in reign of 
Edward VI. for 21 years. The premises lyethe not nere any 
of the King and Queenes houses reserved for their accesse; 
what woodes or mynes belongethe to the premisses I knowe not. 
The seid parcell lyethe in a good soyle. 

Ex d by me Anthonius Rowe, Auditor. 

The clere yerely value of the premisses lij 11 xv 8 iiij d , which 
rated at xxix yeres purchase amountethe to mSxxx 11 iiij" viij d , 
the money to be paid in hand before the 32 of May 1557. The 
King and Ouenes Maiesties to discharge the purchaser of all 
charges and incumbrances made or done by their Majesties 
except leses. The purchaser to discharge the King and Quene 
of all fees and reprises goyng out of the premisses. The tenure 
in chefe by knightes servyce. The purchaser to have thissues 
from the fest of the Annunciation of our Lady last past. The 
purchaser to be bound for the woodes, the leade, belles, and 
advousons to be excepted, the mynes to be excepted. 
Will m Petre, Francis Englefylde, Jo. Bakere, Edm. Waldgrave. 
(Harleian MS. 606, 22.) 



SYNINGTHWAITE. 1 CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin. 

Founded by Bertram Haget about 1160. Confirmed by 
Roger de Mowbray, his lord, and the Archbishop of York. 
(Bin-ton.) 

POSSESSIONS. Church of Bilton, given by Gundred, 
daughter of Bertram Haget. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under 2OO/. per annum. 

1 In the parish of Bilton, four miles from Wetherby. "The little house of 
Sinningthwaite was, if I may be allowed to use the term, the most aristocratic 
of the Yorkshire nunneries. Ladies who had in their veins some of the best 
blood in the north of England, were always to be found within its walls." 
(Canon Raine, Test. Ebor., ii., 272.) It is now only a farm-house, but a beau- 
tiful Norman doorway is still in existence. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 159 

VALUATION. 6ol. gs. id. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 4.) 

SURRENDER. 1536. 

13 Nov., 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

PENSION. Katherine Foster, Prioress, 10 marks. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 232, p. 29.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver, Leonard Beckwith, from the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 27 Henry VIII. (1535), to 
the same Feast, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

He charges himself with 42^. 4^., the price of " le plate" 
and other jewels there, as appears by the inventory subscribed 
by the said Katherine Foster, late Prioress. Also with 33^. 6s. 8d,, 
the price of the lead on the roof of the Church and of the other 
houses. And with 35. ^d. } the price of one small bell hanging 
in the belfry. And with 95., the price of 9 sheep in the pasture 
there at the time of the survey, expended by the Prioress before 
the suppression. And with 47^., the price of divers things sold 
and expended by the Prioress and not charged in the inventory, 
viz., hides and pelts of beasts and sheep bought and expended 
there by the Prioress, gs.; for a certain parcel of wood sold, 8s.; 
two cows, 305. Also with 52/. os. iod., the price of the rest 
of the goods and chattels, according to the inventory, sold by 
the Commissioners to Sir Thomas Tempest, knight, farmer of 
the site of the Priory and of the demesne lands, with 1065. Sd. 
increase. Total, gol. gs. 2d., with jl. 135. $d. increase. 

And he charges himself with 29^. 145. 7\d. of the issues of 
the Priory due at St. Martin (as above), as appears by the 
account of Ambrose Bekwith, collector of the rents there. Also 
with 2i/. los. ioc?. due at Whitsuntide, and received and 
expended by Dame Katherine Foster, late Prioress there. Also 
with 61. I2d. due from Sir Thomas Tempest, knight, farmer 
of the site of the said Priory with the demesne lands, but not 
paid. Also with <)l. 14$. 2\d. received from the said collector 
of the issues of his office this year. Total, 6^1. os. Sd. 

He charges himself with i8/. 19$. ^d. due from divers 
persons for arrears of rent at the dissolution, viz., from Sir 
Oswald Willesthroppe, knight, i6L ; John Calbek, los. ; Wil- 
liam Taylor, living in Conystreate in the city of York, 135. $d. -, 
Robert Abney of VVomwell, 36$. 

10 June, 29 Henry VIII. (1537). 

LEASE to Chr. Joye of London, of Bykerton (? Bilton) 



l6o SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Rectory for 21 years at the rent of 1005. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 209, p. 87.) 

23 Dec., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT to Robert Tempest of Holmesett, Durham, nephew 
of Sir Thomas Tempest of Holmesett, of the dissolved Priory 
of Synningthwaite in the city of York, and certain closes in 
Synningthwaite, Walton, Bikerton, and Bilton as fully as 
Katherine Foster, the late Prioress, enjoyed the same. (Calendar, 
xiii., 496.) 

5 July, 5 and 6 P. and M. (1558). 

VALUATION of the house and site of Synnyngthwaite, rated 
for the lords Wharton, which had been granted 17 Sept., 
30 Henry VIII., to Robert Tempest of Holmsett, ar. The 
estate of the tenant is before mencyoned durynge which estate 
the Quenes Ma tie hathe no further comodytie but the rent 
reserved and the tenure of Knyghtes service. I am enformed 
aswell by the reporte of credable persones as by thothe of 
Michaell Tempest, gent., sone and heyre to the above Robte 
Tempest, that he ys yet lyvynge and hathe also foure 
other sones all lyvynge. The clere yerely value of the 
seyte xij/. ijs. which ratyd at iiij yeres purchase amountythe to 
xlviij/. viijs. and the clere yerely value of the rente reservyd 
xxiiijs. iij5. which rated at xx u yeres amountyth to xxiiij/. vs., 
and so thole ys Ixxij/. xiijs., the money to be paid in viij dayes. 
The tenure in chyef by Knightes service. The purchaser to 
have the issues of the seyte of the priorye from the deathe 
of the foresaid Robte Tempest, Esq., and his heyres males and 
the rente reservyd from the feaste of St. John Baptyst last 
paste. The leade, belles and advowson to be exceptyd. 

Tho" Cornwalleys, John Bakere, Wa. Myldmaye. 

Ex d viij June 1558 per me Antho. Rowe, Auditor. (Harl. 
MS. 608, 56.) 

8 Aug., 5 and 6 P. and M. (1558). 

GRANT to Thomas, Lord Wharton, 1 of the Priory of Syn- 
nyngthwaite, with lands in Walton, Bickerton, Bilton, etc. 
(Palmer's "Index," p. 179.) 

1 Syningthwaite was bequeathed by Philip, Lord Wharton, to trustees for 
the support of a Bible Charity. The "Bible Lands " were sold in 1871 to 
A. F. W. Montagu, Esq. (Speight's " Lower Wharf edale," 357.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 16 1 

THICKHEAD. 1 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Roger Fitz-Roger in the time of King 
Richard I. 

VALUATION. 2o/. 185. lod. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 94.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under 2OO/. per annum. 
SURRENDER. 27 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. Agnes Bekwyth, Prioress, 61. 135. ^d., Alice 
Yong 335. 4-d., Marg* Kychynman and Ellene Starkye 26s. 8d. 
each, Matilda Chapman, Agnes Hunsley, Marjory Swale, 
Isabella Cawton, and Elene Fysher, nuns, zos. each. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 234, p. 268b.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 2O/. 15$. 6d. received from William Horom, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
Priory for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of 535. ^d. for a corrody 
to Henry Wilkynson, Chaplain. (Ministers' Accounts, 4644.) 

20 Feb., 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

LEASE to William Wytham of Derlyngton in the bishopric 
of Durham, the house and site of the Priory of Thikhede, lately 
dissolved, at the rent of 61. us. lod. (Augmentation Books, 
vol. 212, p. 49b.) 

33 Henry VIII. (1541-2). 

REQUEST by John Aske to purchase the site and demesnes 
of Thickhead. (Deputy Keeper's gth Report, 159.) 

1 Thicket is in the parish of Thorganby, nine miles from York and Pock- 
lington. There is an account of the buildings in " Twelve Small Yorkshire 
Priories," by W. Brown, F.S.A. ("Yorks Arch. Journal," ix., 201.) 

M 



162 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

i April, 33 Henry VIII. (1542). 

GRANT to John Aske of Aughton of the late Priory of 
Thykhede with its windmill and lands there, and at West Cot- 
tviigworth, at rent of 135. ^d. (Calendar, xvii., p. 283. ) l 



WARTER. 2 AUGUSTIN PRIORY. 

Dedicated to St. James. 
Founded by Geoffrey Fitz-Payn or Trusbut in 1132. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Lund and Warter. 

VALUATION. 1441. js. Sd, 

SUPPRESSION. 1536, when there were about ten canons. 

PENSION. William Holme 22/. (Augmentation Books, 
vol. 232, p. 33.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver. 

He charges himself with 8oo/. due from Thomas, Earl of 
Rutland, to the King, as the price of all and singular the goods 
and chattels belonging to the Priory, as appears by the inventory 
under the hand of Sir William Holme, late Prior there, therein 
valued at 524/. 13*. 4^., and sold to the Earl by Sir Richard 
Rich, kt., Chancellor of the Court of Augmentations, for 8oo/., 
with an increase of 275/. 65. Sd. Total, 8oo/., with 275/. 6s. 8d. 
increase. 

He does not charge himself with any profit therefrom, 
because Thomas, Earl of Rutland, has received all the issues 
and profits thereof by virtue of the King's letters patent, not 
yet delivered to the King's auditor. But he charges himself 

1 It afterwards came to the Robinson family. Humphry Robinson, son of 
John Robinson of London, was of Thicket, and was buried at Wheldrake 1626. 
The fourth in descent, Nicholas Robinson, died 1754, leaving his property to 
his illegitimate daughter Sarah Brearer, with reversion to his nephew Hugh 
Palliser. (Dugdale's "Visitation Continued," iii., 171.) In Burton's time the 
proprietor was Henry Waite, Esq. It now belongs to the Jefferson family. 

* In the division of Harthill, five miles from Pocklington. The site was 
excavated in 1899 by W. St. J. Hope, M.A. (See " East Riding Society's 
Transactions," viii., 40.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 163 

with i2iZ. i8d, due from the said Earl, and reserved to the 
Crown in the name of a tithe, payable yearly at Michaelmas r 
as in the said letters patent more at large appears. Total, 
i8d. 



INVENTORY of the vestments, jewels, plate, etc. 

Thes er the westimentes, coppes, with all other orna- 
mentes belongyng onto monastery of Wartre. 

Furst one sute of reid welvet, one for the prest, decane 
and sub-decaiie, and one coppe of the seid reid welvet, and 
for the chanters two coppes of flowred damaske with vij other 
coppes appertenyng on the resydew of the mynysteres of 
the qweire of redde satan of burgions. 

Also one sute of sanguine welvet, one coppe, vestimentes 
for the prest, decane and sub-decane of the same. Also two 
copes of blew welvet for the chanters. 

Also one sutte of blew sylke called the watter bowges (the 
arms of the Roos family], a cope for the prest, also westi- 
mentes for the seid prest, sub-decane, decane, and also coppes 
for the chanteres of the forseid watter bowges. 

Also for the prest, decane, and sub-decane, westimentes 
of blew welvet purfeild. 

Also copes of blew satan, other wais callyed Catt of 
Montans, for the prest and for the chanteres, with westi- 
mentes for the prest, decane and sub-decane of the forseid 
sathan, with no more of thes remanyng. 

Also one old sute of blew sattan off burgions, coppes for 
the prest and chanteres, and also for the prest, 
parish of'wartre decane and sub-decane, westimentes of the seid 
blew sattan, with no more of thes remanyng. 

Also one sute for the prest, decane and sub-decane, of 

One giffin to whitt sylke, and one cope for the prest, and 

Seton, anoder to vj copes of whitt buschan for the chanteres and 

Lmton. f or t ^ e resydew o f t ne ministeres of the qwere. 

Also one sute of blake worseitt coppes and westimentes for 
the prest, decane and sub-decane, with the 
chanteres and viij for the resydew of the minis- 
teres in the qwere, with no more of thes 
with us remanyng. 

Also one sute copes and westimentes for the prest, decane 
and sub-decane, with the chanteres of grene sattan. No more 
of thes with us remanyng. 

.Also one cope and westimentes of gold cloth of tyssue for 
the prest, deca,n,e and sub-decane, 

M Z 



164 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Also one westiment and the ornamentes to prest and 

Of no value. decane for festival dayes and Sundayes, and 

Given to also for the prest and decane of .... and 

the Chanons. one wes tment of blake worseid for morow 

messe of requiem dayly. 

Also for vij auters with vij westimentes with all other 
ornamentes necessarye belongyng to them singulerlye. 

Thes er the jewelles with the platt belongyng to the monas- 
tery of Wartre. 

In primis one salte with coveryng xxviij onces. 
C Item one calix xxxj 

xix et dimid onces. 
xv onces. 

xlviij onces. 

xv 

xv et dimid onces. 

xvij onces. 

xv 

xiij 

xx vij et dimid onces. 

xxxiij onces. 



handes. ] Item one peice 

(_ Item one gret masser called Jacob 
Item thre dowsan sponnes 
Item alter calix 
Item alius calix 
Item alter calix 
Item alius calix 
Item alter calix 
Item Saynt Jamys hand 
Item one paire of sensores 



Item thre saltes with one coverynge xx 

Item one scheipe 

Item one paire candilstykes 

Item one croce 

Item one flatt pyce 

Item one croce fote with the stalke 

Item one salte and two cruettes 

Item one calix 

Item one peice with the coveryng 

Item alter peice 

Item one paire sensores 



XHJ 

1 

Ivj 

x 

XXX 

xxxj 

xix et dimid onces. 

xxiiij onces. 



xxviij 
INVENTORY of oxen, calves, horses, sheep, and swine. 

" This is a trew certificacion of the lenthe and breid of our 
church, with all other howses coveryd with leyd belongyng onto 
the monastery of Wartre. 

The croce church, of breid xij yerdes; of lenthe 

xl yerdes. 
Item the qwere in lenthe xxviij yerdes; of breid 

ix yerdes. 

Item the clauster rundaboute Ixxxxvj yerdes; of breid 
iiij yerdes. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 165 

Item the chapiter, of lenthe xiiij yerdes; of breid 

vij yerdes. 
Item the dorter, of lenthe xxxiiij yerdes; of breid 

ix yerdes. 
Item the hall, of lenthe xxxiiij yerdes; of breid 

ix yerdes. 
Item Master Prior's chawmier, of lenthe xvj yerdes ; 

of breid ix yerdes. 
Item one garner, of lenthe xvij yerdes; of breid 

viij yerdes. 
Item the fratry, of lenthe xxvij yerdes ; of breid 

ix yerdes. 
Item a nother garner, of lenthe xxxiiij yerdes; of 

breid xiij yerdes. 

Of thes hows afore writtyng, thre are scupe ruffid, that is 
the churche, dorter, and the hall, and other thre of these are 
basterd, that is the Master Prior chawmer and the two garners, 
and the fratry flatt ruffid. 

Of thes iiij or [sic] are up rewifd, that is the croce churche, 
the chapitor, the quere, and the hall, and all other are flatt 
ruffid. (The Duke of Rutland's MSS., Historical Manuscripts 
Commission, vol. i., aS.) 1 

2 Sept., 28 Henry VIIL (1536). 

GRANT to Thomas, 2 Earl of Rutland, in tail of the site, etc., 
of the dissolved Priory of St. James Wartre alias Waulter, and 
of the dissolved hospital and free chapel of St. Giles in Beverley, 
the Church, bell towers, bells, lead, and churchyard of the 
Priory, and the Church and churchyard of the hospital ; and 
all messuages, houses, etc., belonging to the said Priory and 
hospital, the lordships or manors of Wartre, Seton, Wheldrake, 
Preston in Holdernes, Waxham, Frasthorp, and Awbourne; 
the rectories of Wartre, Lound, and St. Giles in Beverley ; 
Barton and Askkam, Westmor ; the moiety of the rectory of 
Ulsby, Line.; the advowsons of the churches of Wartre and 
Lounde, Barton and Askham; and all messuages and lands 
which belonged to Wm. Holme, late Prior of the said Priory, 
and to Th. Smith, late master of the said hospital, in right of 
their houses in Wartre, Seton, Holme in Spawdyngmore, 
Northcave, Meltyngby, Rudston, Burneholme, Burneby, Hay- 

1 It has been thought worth while to print the above Inventory, as 
it shews what valuable vestments and plate some of the small priories must 
have had. 

2 Thomas Manners, 2nd Duke of Rutland, died 20 Sept. 1543- 



\ 



166 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

ton, Beilby, Southclyflf, Thexer, Riplyngham, Bentley, Busshop- 
burton, Riddyngs, Moscrofte, Cheriburton, Etton, Neuton 
Garth, juxta Garthum, Beswyke, Sorbrugh, Cransvvyke, 
Lounde, Middelton, Northdalton, Hugget, Hobbescroft, New- 
ton, Wilbertosse, Sutton, Wheldrake, Lyngcrofte, Fowforth, 
Nabourne, Kylwike Percy, Preston in Holdernes, Waxham, 
Tunstall, Frasthorp, Awbourne, Risby, Skitby, Cotyngham, 
Aldbrugh, and Cheriburton ; in the city of York ; in Feryby, 
Willerby, Heysell, Swandland, and Elley, in Ulsby, Line.; 
and in Barton, Askham, and Clifton, Westmer; with views of 
Frankpledge, etc. Annual value i8y/. 145. iod., to be held at 
a rent of nil. i8d. by way of tenth. (Calendar, xi., 207.) 

8 March, 32 Henry VIII. (1541). 

Grant in fee of the above. (Calendar, xvi., 325.) 

17 Elizabeth (1575). 

FINE. Juliana Holcroft, wid., Thomas Manners, kt., 
John Manners, Esq., Gilbert Gerrard, Esq., Attorney-General 
to the Queen, Thomas Holcrofte, Esq., and Thomas Markham, 
plaintiffs, and Edward, Earl Rutland, deforciant. Manors of 
Warter, etc., and the late Priory of Warter and the rectories of 
Warter and Lownde. (Yorks Record Ser., ii., 68.) 



WILBERFOSS. 1 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded, it is said, before 1 153, by Alan son of Helias de 
Calton. 

POSSESSIONS. Church of Wilberfoss, Chapel of Newton 
upon Derwent. 

VALUATION. 2i/. i6s. iod. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 142.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 

1 In Wilton-Beacon division of Harthill, five miles from Pocklington. 
There is a description of the buildings in " Twelve Small Yorkshire Priories," 
by Wm. Brown, F.S.A. ("Yorks Arch. Journal," ix., 204.) # 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 167 
SURRENDER. 20 Aug., 21 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. Eliz. Lorde, Prioress, 8/., Ellen Rede 33$. ^d., 
Agnes Barton 33,9. 4^., Alice Metcalf 26,9. 8d., Margery 
Broune 265. 80?., Alice Thorneton 2,os., Joan Andrewe 26s. Sd., 
Isabel Creik 26s. 8d., Beatrice Hargill 26,9. 8d., and Sitha 
Cotys zos., nuns. (Augmentation Misc. Books, vol. 234, 
P- 345-) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

Wilberfosse late Priory. 

He answers for 37^. 155. $d. received from John Bekwith 
the elder, deputy of John Bekwith the younger, collector of the 
rents and farms belonging to the said late Priory for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of 2O/. in pensions to 
Elizabeth Lorde, late Prioress, Ellen Rede, Agnes Barton, 
Alice Metcalfe, Beatrice Hargill, Isabel Creik, Margery Browne, 
Joan Andrewe, Sithe Cootes, and Alice Thorneton, late nuns 
there. 

And with 59$. for a corrody to Edward Harlynge, Chaplain. 
(Minister's Account, 4644.) 

8 April, 7 Edward VI. (1553). 

GRANT to George Gale, 1 Esq., and Mary his wife of the site 
of Wilberfoss Priory, with lands in Newton, for 6i$l. iBs. id. 
(Palmer's " Index," p. 105.) 



WOODKIRK. 2 CELL TO THE AUGUSTINE PRIORY 
OF NOSTELL. 

William, Earl of Warren, Ralph L'Isle and William his 
son, having given the Church of St. Mary here to the Priory of 

1 George Gale, goldsmith, of York, M.P. ; Lord Mayor of York, 1534 and 
1539. He died 12 July 1556; buried in the Minster. His wife was Mary, 
daughter of Robert Lord of Kendal. Her sister, Elizabeth Lord, was the last 
Prioress, and died at York 1550-1. (Skaife's "Corpus Christi Guild," Surtees 
Society, 174.) The Gales afterwards became owners of Scruton, near Bedale, 
and were progenitors of a long line, including Roger Gale, the antiquary, and 
Thomas Gale, the author of " Registrum de Honoris de Richmond." The last 
of the family, Henry Gale, died in 1821, leaving a daughter who married 
Colonel Coore. 

3 Woodkirk, or West Ardsley, is a parish in the Wapentake of Agbrigg, six 
miles from Wakefield and Dewsbury. The Church is considered by Dr. 



i68 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

Nostell, temp. Henry I., some black canons from thence were 
placed here. (Tanner's " Notitia," 654.) 

VALUATION. 4y/. os. ^d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 64.) 

ACCOUNT of all the bailiffs, reeves, collectors, etc., for the 
late Monastery of St. Oswald with its cells, Mich. 33 (1541) to 
Mich. 34 (1542) Henry VIII. 

The late cell of Woodkirk in the county of York. 

ACCOUNT of Sir Henry Savell, 1 knight, farmer there. 

[Arrears : none, as appears at the foot of the preceding 
account.] 

He answers for 47/. os. 4^., for the farm of the whole cell, 
with all the lands, tenements, tithes and profits thereto belonging, 
as demised to him by indenture, besides 85. paid to the Arch- 
bishop for procurations and synodals, 65. 8d. to Sir John 
Wentworth, knight, 26s. 8d. to Thomas Grice, steward there, 
and 6s. Sd. to Thomas Beamond, bailiff. 

No wood has been sold during the period of this account in 
the parish of Woodkirk, in the woods and coppices called Falle 
Woode, Master Ynge or Shavynrode, or the coppice in Preste- 
flatte; and no perquisites of court have accrued during the 
period. (Minister's Account, 4879.) 

12 April, 7 Edward VI. (1553). 

GRANT of Woodkirk belonging to St. Oswald's to Lord 
Talbot. 2 



Whitaker to have been both conventual and parochial. It has lately been 
restored. The grounds seem to have been extensive. The cloister court was 
on the north side, now completely destroyed. The remains of large reservoirs 
for the canons' fish are very conspicuous in the valley beneath, and may have 
been used also for a corn mill. (Whitaker's " Leeds.") 

1 Sir Henry Savile, Knt., of Thornhill, died 25 April 1558. 

2 He would be probably George, Lord Talbot (eldest son of Francis, 5th 
Earl), who became 6th Ear! of Shrewsbury. The 5th Earl had the chief 
management of the Savile property for many years. It may have been by a 
family arrangement that Woodkirk came into the Howley branch of the 
Saviles, where it remained till all their estates passed to the Earls of Cardigan. 
The Countess of Cardigan is the present patroness of Woodkirk Church. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 169 

WYKEHAM.i CISTERCIAN NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to the Virgin Mary. 

Founded by Pain Fitz-Osbert or de Wickham about 1253. 
(Tanner's " Notitia," 666.) 

VALUATION. 25^. ijs. 6d. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
P- 1450 

SURRENDER. 21 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. Kath. Nandyke, Prioress, 61. 135. 4^., Agnes 
Thotnlynson 465. $d., Emma Buttry 535. \d., Alice Sorell, 
Isabel Nendyk, Anne Seloo, 335. ^d. each, Ellen Kereston, 
Felicia Chapman, Kath. Gayle, Joan Kyrby, Eliz. Gyll, Joan 
Barthwayt, and Eliz. Peyrey, nuns, %6s. 8d. each. (Augmen- 
tation Books, vol. 234, p. 359b.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 55^. 6s. 8d. received from Christopher 
Nendike, collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said 
late Priory, for this year. 

He has paid an annuity of 135. ^.d. to Christopher Nendyke, 
Clerk of the Court belonging to the said late Priory. And 8/. 
to Ralph Harrington and Nicholas Robynson, Chaplains in the 
Chantry founded in the parish Church there, for the soul of John 
Wykehame, in addition to a dwelling-house, four cottages and 
land in Brompton Felde, etc. (Ministers' Accounts, 4644.) 2 

10 Sept., 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

REQUEST by Francis Poole to purchase the site and demesnes 
of the late Monastery of Wykeham. (Deputy Keeper's 9th 
Report.) 

15 Feb., 35 Henry VIII. (1543-4)- 

GRANT to Francis Poole the King's servant, the site of the 
late Priory of Wykeame, and its lands in the parish, and a 

1 Seven miles from Scarborough. There is an account of the buildings in 
" Twelve Yorkshire Priories," by Wm. Brown, F.S.A. (" Yorks Arch. 
Journal," ix., 325). 

2 The Prioress was bound by an agreement to find book, bell, chalice, 
vestments, and all necessaries for the said chapel, wine, wax, and "syngyng- 
breade " only excepted. 



170 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

grange called Wykeame Grange, leased to Edw. Dakyns, 
which were in the occupation of the Prioress. (Calendar, xix., i.) 

LICENCE to Francis Poole and Katherine to alienate to 
Richard Huchenson and Ellen his wife, Wykeham Manor. 1 

24 April, 38 Henry VIII (1546). 

GRANT to William Ramsden of Longley 2 and Richard 
Vavasour of Ripon, the Rectory of Wykham, with the 
advowson and tithes in the Prioress' hands at the dissolution, 
afterwards leased to Geo. Dakyns. (Calendar, xxi., i.) 

2 May, 1546. 

LICENCE to Win. Ramsden and Richard Vavasour to 
alienate the rectory and vicarage leased to Geo. Dakyns. 



YEDDINGHAM. 3 BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 
Dedicated to St. Mary. 

Roger or Heliwisia de Clere founded before 1168, 
9 Henry II., a small monastery for eight or nine Benedictine 
nuns. (Burton's " Monasticon," 285.) 

VALUATION. 2il. i6s. Sd. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v., 
p. 144.) 

POSSESSIONS. The Churches of Yeddingham 4 and Sin- 
nington. 5 



1 Richard Hutchinson died 1559-60. Wykeham Abbey continued in 
the family through several generations. Boynton Hutchinson changed his 
name to Langley, and his son Richard Langley left his estates to his cousin, 
the Honourable Marmaduke Dawnay, from whom they have come to the 
present Viscount Downe. 

2 He was a great speculator in abbey lands. 

3 Called also Little-Mareis or De Parvo Marisco. In the Wapentake of 
Buckrose, nine miles from Malton, thirteen miles from Scarborough. There is 
an account of it in " Twelve Small Yorkshire Priories," by Wm. Brown, F.S.A. 
(" Yorks Arch. Journal," ix., 206.) 

4 Present patron, Earl Fitzwilliam. 

5 Present patron, Mrs. Kendall. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 17! 
SURRENDER. 20 Aug., 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. Airnes Bradrigge, Prioress, 61. 13$. \d., Agnes 
Butterfelde, Kath. Flecher 405., Alice Pecocke, Johanna Foster, 
Anne Pecocke, Eliz. Fermam, Joan Orton, and Kliz. Sutton, 
nuns, 26s. Sd. each. (Augmentation Books, vol. 234, p. 353.) 

ACCOUNT of Leonard Bekwith, Esq., the King's particular 
Receiver, Mich. 33 to Mich. 34 Henry VIII. 

He answers for 44^. us. id. received from John Bekwith, 
collector of the rents and farms belonging to the said late 
Priory for this year. 

He credits himself with payment of 335. for corrodies to 
John Pykeringe and Agnes his wife, Richard Dobson and 
Maud his wife. (Ministers' Accounts, 4644.) 

20 Jan., 31 Henry VIII. (1539-40). 

LEASE to William Thwaytes of Lownde upon the Wold of 
Yeddingham Priory, lately dissolved, with tithes of Synnyngton 
Rectory and Yeddingham Rectory and messuages in Yedding- 
ham, fcberston, and Swaynton in Pyckeringlyth for 21 years. 
(Augmentation Books, vol. 212, p. 58.) 

26 July, 35 Henry VIII. (1543). 

GRANT to Robert Holgate alias Halgate, Bishop of 
Llandaff, of the reversion and rent reserved on a Crown lease to 
Wm. Thwaytes of Lound-upon-the-Wolde, 20 Jan., 31 Henry 
VIII., of the site, etc., of Yeddingham Nunnery and its 
demesnes. (Calendar, xviii., i., 542.) 

30 Aug., 36 Henry VIII. (1544). 

GRANT in fee to Robert Holgate., Bishop of Llandaff, King's 
Counsellor, of the rectories with tithes of Yeddingham 1 and 
Synnyngton. (Calendar, xix., ii., 85.) 

17 March, 3 P. and 4 M. (1556-7). 

GRANT to the master, brothers and sisters of the Hospital 
of Hemsworth, of the house, Church, campanile and lands of 
the Priory of Yeddingham. (Palmer's " Index," p. 142.) 

1 Theadvowson of Yeddingham passed through various hands till it came 
to the Marquis of Rockingham, from whom it came to its present patron, 
Earl Fitzwilliam. (Lawton, 286.) 



172 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

CLEMENTHORPE OR ST. CLEMENT'S, YORK. 1 
BENEDICTINE NUNNERY. 

Dedicated to St. Clement. 
Founded by Archbishop Thurston about 1130. 

POSSESSIONS. Churches of Horton in Ribblesdale, Bishop- 
thorpe. 2 

VALUATION. 55^. 115. nd. (Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. v. 
p. 2.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list as under 2OO/. per annum. 
There were a prioress and thirteen nuns. (Tanner.) 

SURRENDER. 13 June 1536, the Commissioners arrived, 
and on 31 Aug. the nuns were turned out. 

28 Henry VIII. (1536-7). 

PENSION. Isabel or Elizabeth Warde 10 marks. (Aug- 
mentation Books, vol. 232, p. 20.) 

ACCOUNT by the Receiver. 

He charges himself with 66s. 6d., part of 61. 135. iod., the 
price of " le plate," and other jewels there, as appears by the 
inventory, signed by Dame Elizabeth Warde, late Prioress. 
Also with 6js. 4^., the residue of the price of " le plate/' sold 
by the Prioress, between the survey and the suppression, viz., 
one chalice of silver gilt, weighing 12 oz., 445. ; one silver cup, 
weighing 5 oz., i6s. 8d.; two "owches" of silver gilt, weighing 
^ oz., 2od. ; and 3 " birralt glasses " with relics enclosed in 
silver, $s. Also with i3/. 6s. 8d. } the price of the lead on the 
roof of the Church and other houses. And with ijs., the 
price of 3 small bells hanging in the belfry. And with 405. Sd. } 

1 On the west side of the river, opposite the Priory of St. Andrew. A 
small part of the ruins yet remains, and in the adjoining field is a very fine 
spring of clear water, probably resorted to by the nuns. (Hargrove's " York," 
1818.) " One of the most favoured sanctuaries of the widow and the orphan." 
(Canon Raine.) 

3 At the dissolution Bishopthprpe came to the Crown, but by Act of Par- 
liament, 2O George II., it was restored to the Archbishop by exchange. (Law- 
ton, 54.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 173 

the price of grain in the granary at the time of the survey, 
expended by the Prioress. Also with 48/. 55. \od., the value 
of the rest of the goods and chattels specified in the said 
inventory, sold to William Maunsell, farmer of the site of the 
Priory, with 4<D/. increase. Total, JiL 45., with id. increase. 

He charges himself with 24/. 185. of the issues of the said 
Priory, due at St. Martin in the Winter (as above), as appears 
by the account of Ralph Bekwith, collector of the rents there. 
Also with 32^. js. 6d. due at Whitsuntide, and received and 
expended by Dame Elizabeth Warde, late Prioress there, with 
4/. IQS. id. received at the time of the removal. Also with 
4/. 145. 3^. received by the accountant from the same Ralph 
Bekwith of the issues of his office this year. Total, 
6 1 1. 195. gd. 

13 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to William Maunsell of Huntyngton of the site 
of Clementhorpe Priory. (Augmentation Books, vol. 209, 
p. 7 ib.) 



20 April, 33 Henry VIII. 

GRANT to Edward Skipwith, Clementhorpe Priory. 
(Palmer's " Index," p. 36.) 

1 May, 34 Henry VIII. (1542). 

LICENCE to Edward Skypwyth and Margaret his wife to 
alienate the Priory of Clementhorpe, etc., to Sir Arthur Darcy 
and Mary his wife. (Calendar, xvii., 362.) 

2 May, 35 Henry VIII. (1543)- 

LICENCE to Sir Arthur Darcy and Mary his wife to alienate 
the house, etc., of Clementhorpe and lands there to Richard 
Goldthorp 1 and Joan his wife. (Calendar, xviii., i., 360.) 

41 and 42 Elizabeth (1599). 

FINE. Lawrence Wade and George Rosse, plaintiffs, and 
Richard Goldethorpe and Lucy his wife, deforciants. The 
house and site of the late Priory of Clementhorpe and messu- 
ages there, etc. (Yorks Rec. Ser., viii., 126.) 

1 Richard Goldthorpe, haberdasher; Lord Mayor, 1556; M.P., York, 
1558-9; died 16 March 1559-60; buried York Minster. (Skaife's "Corpus 
Christi Guild," Surt. Soc., p. 232.) 



174 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

HOLY TRINITY, YORK. 1 BENEDICTINE PRIORY. 

Dedicated to the Holy Trinity. 

In the west part of York was a Church dedicated to the 
Holy Trinity, in which were formerly canons endowed with 
lands, but these being dispersed and their house almost ruined, 
Ralph Painell, or Paganell, by the favor of William the Con- 
queror, got possession of it, and in 1089 gave it to the monks 
of St. Martin Marmonstier, at Tours in France, who made it a 
cell to that abbey. Upon the dissolution of these alien 
Priories this was made denison, 4 Henry VI. (Tanner's 
"Notitia," 641.) 

POSSESSIONS. Churches given by Ralph Paganel. Holy 
Trinity, York, St. Helen's in Fishergate, All Saints in North 
Street, St. Bridget's in Micklegate, St. James' Chapel, 
Bilbrough Free Chapel, Adel, Barton in Rydale, Crambe, a 
Mediety, Hoton in Bilsham, Holbeck Chapel, Leeds, Monkton, 
Newton, St. Helen's, Thuruscoe, with Churches in Lincoln- 
shire. (Lawton's " Religious Houses," 49.) 

VALUATION. 169/. 95. lod. 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under 2OO/. per annum. 

SURRENDER. Before n Feb., 29 Henry VIII. (1537-8). 
(Calendar, xiii., ii., 502.) 

PENSIONS. Richard Speyght, Prior, 22/. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 232, p. 34b.) 

ACCOUNT of the Receiver. 

Charge of the sums due to the abovesaid houses at the 
time of their dissolution. 

He charges himself with 7/. iSs. nd., part of $61. 8s. lid. 

1 In Micklegate. This Priory stood in the gardens, yet called Trinity 
Gardens. The circuit of the ground is very extensive, being bounded by 
Micklegate in front, by Trinity Lane on the east, the city walls on the west, 
and its own wall on the south. (Hargrove's " York.") The remains consist 
of a gateway and part of the gatehouse over it. (York vol. of the Archae- 
ological Institute, 1848, which also contains a long history of the Priory.) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 175 

due from farmers of certain lands, at the time of the survey for 
the half year, payable at Whitsuntide, 28 Henry VIII., viz., 
from John Abbotte iSs. ^d., the Abbot of Fountains 465. Sd., 
.... Wraye of Clifford 55., Master . . . Vavasor of Hesilwoode 
55., the wife of .... Grene of Bramham 2s., .... Rawson of 
Cleyton and Firkeley 25., the Prioress of Hampalle ild., 
.... Monketon of Knapton I2d., .... Gill of Acome 7^., 
Richard Oglisthorpe 8d. } from divers persons for rents in the 
city of York 66s. Sd. The remainder, viz., 28/. ios., is due for 
arrears, viz., from Richard Oglisthorpe i6d., Sir Henry 
Everingham, knight, 4^. 135. ^d., Edward Jakson 335. 4^., the 
Vicar of Ledes ios., John Gascoyne and .... Ellis, executors 
of John Vavasor of Skarburgh 2o/., John Hill, butcher, 205., 
and John Petty iis. 

Goods and chattels, late belonging to all and singular the 
abovesaid late Priories, now suppressed and dissolved. But he 
charges himself with ijl. i8,y. 4^., the price of "le Plate" and 
other jewels, parcel of the goods late belonging to this Priory, as 
appears by an inventory thereof, subscribed by the hand of the 
aforesaid Richard Spight, late Prior, and remaining with the 
Auditor, so valued by Sir Marmaduke Constable and Sir Roger 
Cholmeley, knights, and other Royal Commissioners. Also 
with 43/. 6s. 8d., the price of the lead on the roofs of the 
Church and other houses there. Also with 2,61. 13.$. ^d., the 
price of the six bells hanging in the belfry. Also with 445., 
the price of the grain remaining in the granary there, at the time 
of the survey of this Priory, and expended by the Prior. Also 
with 1 1 8s., the price of divers goods sold and expended by the 
Prior, between the days of the survey and the suppression, viz., 
four oxen 535. \d. ; articles of husbandry, 2os. ; forty-eight 
pieces of f( pewter/' 22.?. 6d. ; sundry other goods, 22s. 2d. 
Also with 355. id., the increase in the price of the last said 
goods and chattels, charged as above, and sold and expended by 
the Prior at a higher rate, viz., on four oxen charged at 53$. ^d., 
and sold for 4/. 6s. Sd., 335. Sd. ; likewise on the articles of 
husbandry, 22cL Also with 68s. Sd., the price of goods sold 
and expended by the said Prior, and not charged in the said 
inventory, viz., 66,$. Sd., the price of a " goblett/' with a cover 
and a reliquary [? reliqua] parcel gilt, and is. for a piece of 
lead. And he charges himself voluntarily with 28/. 55. id., 
received from himself for the residue of the goods and chattels 
specified in the said inventory, appraised by the said Com- 
missioners, and sold to him, together with 535. 4^., the price of 
a pair of organs not charged in the inventory. Total, 
I2gl. gs. 40?., with y/. 175,20?. increase. 



176 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

15 July, 28 Henry VIII. (1536). 

LEASE to Leonard Beckwith 1 of Styllyngflete, of tithes of 
Drynghouses, Knapton, Bylbrughe and Standwith, oblations in 
St. Nicholas Church, York, and a croft called Morcroft, 
belonging to the Holy Trinity. (Augmentation Books, vol. 
209, p. 5b.) 

15 Oct., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT to Tho 8 Culpeper 2 in fee of the advowson of the 
Parish Church of Leeds, which belonged to the dissolved 
monastery of Holy Trinity, York, to hold oy the hundredth part 
of a knight's fee. (Calendar, xiii., ii., 282.) 

9 May, 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

GRANT to Sir Arthur Darcy, the Manors of Stirton, 
Conyngethorp, and lands there, and in Ledes, Holbekke, 
Awstrop, Secrofte, Kirkestell, Wortelave, Thornewell and 
Morelay, possessions of Holy Trinity, York. (Calendar, xiii., 
i., 409.) 

23 April, 34 Henry VIII. (1541)- 

Leonard Beckwith requests to purchase the site of the 
chapel of St. James', York. (Deputy Keeper's 9th Report, 166.) 

6 March, 34 Henry VIII. (1542-3). 

GRANT to Leonard Bekwith and Elizabeth his wife, the 
house and site of the late Priory of Holy Trinity in York, with 
all buildings, etc., a windmill, and the chapel of St. James', 
near York, belonging to the Priory. (Calendar, xviii., part i.) 



1 Probably Sir Leonard Beckwith of Selby, High Sheriff of Yorkshire 
1551 ; buried in York Minster. He was a great trafficker in abbey lands, 
and had also a grant of Selby Abbey, which his son Roger sold. 

2 His son Alexander Culpeper sold it. (Thoresby's " Vicaria Leodiensis," 
43-) 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 177 

ST. ANDREW, YORK. 1 SEMPRINGHAM OR 
GILBERTINE PRIORY. 

Dedicated to St. Andrew. 

Founded about 1200 by Hugh Murdac, near the parish 
Church of St. Andrew, for twelve Canons of the Sempringham 
order. (Tanner's " Notitia/' 679.) 

SUPPRESSION. In the list under 2oo/. per annum. 
VALUATION. 47/. 145. 3^. 

28 Nov., 30 Henry VIII. (1538). 

SURRENDER by the Prior and convent, the house and all 
its possessions in England. Signed by John Lepyngton. 
(Deputy Keeper's 8th Report.) 

8 April, 31 Henry VIII. (1539). 

PENSIONS. John Lepington, Prior, io/., W m Bysset, 
Leonard Sharpe, and John Hogeson, 4/. each. (Augmentation 
Books, vol. 233, p. 127.) 

ACCOUNT of William Blitheman, the King's Receiver, of 
sales, etc., on the dissolution of certain monasteries (surren- 
dered between September and January, 30 Henry VIII.). 

Priory of St. Andrew of the Gilbertine Order at York. 

ACCOUNT of the said William Blitheman upon the dissolu- 
tion made there 28 Nov., 30 Henry VIII. 

[Arrears: none, because this is the first account.] 
q , P , ~) He answers for 345. ^d., the price of all the 

, , ' , > vestments in the vestry there found at the dis- 
) solution of the said house, and sold as a whole 
to Richard Gowthrop; and for 29^., the price of all the stuff 
and ornaments found in the Church there, sold to the said 
Richard, except one clock reserved to the King's use; and for 
33$. 4.d., the price of all the kitchen utensils, sold as above ; 
and 8s. for 8 bushels of corn in the granary, sold as above ; 
and i6s. Sd. for the utensils in the brew-house, sold as above; 
and 12^. for divers vessels found in the "law buttry"; and 
23$. 4d. for vessels in the melting-house (domo ustrina) ; and 

1 Leland says it stood exactly opposite the Nunnery of Clementhorpe. No 
remains of the Priory are now to be seen, not even so much as to mark the 
site of the ancient building. (Hargrove's " York.") 

N 



178 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 

20,9. for divers furnishings found in a chamber called the 
"Priors dynyng Chambre," sold to the said Richard; and 
75. 4^. for stuff" found in the " upper Buttrey," sold to the said 
Richard; and i6d. for a "Materesse" late being in the 
"Inner Chambre"; and 8s. for the furniture of the " Gest 
Chambre," sold to the said Richard; and Sd. for one old 
" Mattresse " found in the "Law parlor/' sold to the late 
Prior's butler. Total, gl. 3.9. 



01 c i i^ He does not answer for the price of 3 fothers 
bale or lead r r i j r r.ur 

(\ h II f e from that part of the roof over the 

3 "lelez" of the Church there, because it was not 



pulled down, but reserved to the King's use till his pleasure be 
known ; nor for the price of two bells in the belfry there, 
reserved in like manner. 

o I c i ) Nor does he answer for the value of 32 ounces 

'* /of jewels found by the King's Commissioners 

at the dissolution, to wit, one chalice there mixed with lead, 

because it was received by the said Blitheman to be delivered to 

the Treasurer of the Lord the King. Total of the receipts, 9/. 35. 

Whereof he accounts in payments to John Lepyngton, late 

Prior there, 53,9. 4^., William Bissell 26s. Sd., Leonard Sherp 

26s. Sd., and John Hodsheson 26s. Sd. Total of payments, 

61. 135. ^d. (Ministers' Accounts, 7452.) 

6 July, 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

GRANT to Thomas, Earl of Rutland, and Robert Turwitt, 
the chief mess, in Sandhutton in tenure of Thomas Aske, 
belonging to St. Andrew's. (Calendar, xvi., 506.) 

8 Dec., 33 Henry VIII. (1541). 

LICENCE to alienate it to Sir Arthur Darcy. (Calendar, 
xvi., 696.) 

10 Dec., 37 Henry VIII. (1545). 

GRANT in fee to John Broxholme and John Bellowe, the 
site of the late Priory of St. Andrew, York, with "le orteyarde" 
and lands in tenure of Ric. Gowthorpe. (Calendar, xx., ii., 
535-) 

2 July, 38 Henry VIII. (1546). 

LICENCE to Sir Arthur Darcy to alienate to Ant. Thorpe 
of Connesthorpe, Hallgrange in Bugthorp par., belonging to 
St. Andrew's. (Calendar, xxi.) 



( 179 ) 



APPENDIX. 



LIST OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES EXISTING 
AT THE TIME OF THE DISSOLUTION. 



Dates of Surrender. 
1539, 6 Dec. 

1539, 14 Dec. 



BENEDICTINE ABBEYS. 

Selby Abbey (Mitred) .... 
Cell, Snaith 

Whitby Abbey 

Cell, Middlesborough. 
Hackness. 
All Saints, Fishergate, York. 
St. Mary's Abbey, York (Mitred) . . . 1539, 29 Dec. 

Cell, St. Martin's, Richmond . . 1539, fire. 
Holy Trinity Priory, York .... 1537-8, arc. 



BENEDICTINE NUNNERIES. 



Arden Priory 

Arthington 

Handale 

Marrick 

Molesby 

Nunburnholme 

Nun-Monkton 

Nunkeeling 

Rosedale 

Thickhead 

Wilberfoss 

Yeddingham 

York, St. Clement's or Clementhorpe Priory . 



1536. 

1539, 26 Nov. 
1539, 2 3 Aug. 
!539> J 5 Sept. 
1538, before 10 Oct. 



1536. 

1539. I0 Sept. 

1538, before 10 Oct. 

1539, 27 Aug. 
1539, 20 Aug. 
1539, 20 Aug. 
1536. 



CISTERCIAN ABBEYS. 



Byland Abbey 

Fountains 

Jervaulx 

Kirkstall 

Meaux 

Rievaulx 

Roche 

Sawley 



1538, 3 Nov. 

1539, 23 Nov. 
Seized 1.537. 
1539, 22 Nov. 
1539, ii Dec. 

1538, 3 Dec- 
1538, 23 Nov. 
1536, circ. 
N 2 



i8o 



APPENDIX. 



CISTERCIAN NUNNERIES. 



Basedale Priory 

Ellerton-on-Swale Priory 

Esholt 

Hampole 

Keldhoune 

Kirklees 

Nun-Appleton 

Swine 

Synningthwaite 

Wykeham 



Dates of Surrender. 
'539 2 4 Aug. 

1538, before. 

1539, 29 Aug. 
1539, 19 Nov. 
1536. 

15.39. H Nov - 
1539, 5 Dec. 
1539, 9 Sept. 
1536. 



PREMONSTRASTENSIAN ABBEYS. 



Coverham Abbey 

Easby (St. Agatha's) 
Eggleston 



1536. 
1536. 
1 539-40. 5 Jan. 



GILBERTINE OR SEMPRINGHAM PRIORIES. 

Ellerton-on-Spalding Moor Priory . . 1538, n Dec. 

Old Malton ,, . . 1539, n Dec. 

Walton ,, . . 1539, 9 Dec. 

York, St. Andrew's, Fishergate . . 1538, 28 Nov. 
Ovington 

CARTHUSIAN PRIORIES. 

Kingston-on-Hull Priory 
Mountgrace . 



1539, 1 8 Dec. 



CLUNIAC PRIORIES. 



Monk Bretton Priory . 
Pontefract 



1538, 21 Nov. 
1540, 23 Nov. 



TRINITARIAN FRIARY. 
Knaresborough ...... 1538, i Dec. 

ALIEN PRIORIES. 
Grosmont Priory 1539, Aug. 



AUGUSTIN PRIORIES. 

Bolton Priory .... 

Bridlington . ' . . . 

Drax ,,.,,, 



1538, 29 Nov. 
Seized 1537. 



APPENDIX. 181 

Dates of Surrender. 



Ferriby Priory 

Guisborough . . ... . J 539> 22 Dec. 



Haltemprice 
Healaugh Park 
Kirkham 
Marton 

Newburgh 
Nostell 



1536 or 1537. 
1536. 

1538, 8 Dec. 
1535-6, 9 Feb. 
1538-9, 22 Jan. 

1539, 20 Nov. 



Cell, Skewkirk .... 1539. 

Woodkirk .... 1539. 

Waiter Priory ...... 1536. 



SUMMARY. 

Abbeys and Priories. Cells. Nunneries. 

Benedictine 4 5 13 

Cistercian 8 10 

Premonstratensian 3 

Gilbertine 5 

Carthusian a 

Cluniac 2 

Trinitarian i 

Alien i 

Augustin 12 2 

38 7 23 



N.B. This list does not include the large Hospital of St. Leonard's, 
York, with other hospitals, the friaries, preceptories, chantries. 



INDEX. 



Abbotte, Jno., 175. 

Abney, Robt., 159. 

Acaster, 141. 

Acomb, 175. 

Adderbury, 3 n. 

Addeson, Agn., 94. 

Adel, 91 n., 174. 

Adwick, 116 n., 117. 

Agar, Mat., 114 n.; Rich., 114 n. 

Aglamby, Edw., 75. 

Ailmer, Jno., 129. 

Aiscough, Ric., 1 19. 

Aisson, Ant., 126. 

Akar, Lord, 15. 

Akeryg, Robt., 100. 

Alan, Alice, 117; Niger, 1,2. 

Alatson, W., 113. 

Albemarle, Earl, 14. 

Aldborough, 149, 166. 

Aldeburghe, Ant., 130. 

Alenson, Joan, 30, 144. 

Allen, Thos., 97. 

Alured, Jno., 121 . ; Thos., 121 n. 

Ancaster, 132. 

Ancram, 56. 

Andrewe (Andrews), Joan, 167 ; Ric., 

127. 

Anlaby, 116. 

Ansell, Lion., 138; Robt., 138. 
Appleton, 149. 
Appletrewick, 137. 
Ap Rice, Jno., 3. 
Arches (Arche), Agn., 143 ; Ivetta, 

145 ; Wm., 145 ; Sir W., 15. 
Arden, 17, 24, 87 91. 
Ardsley, 167 n. 
Arkengarthdale, 103, 104. 
Armytage, Sir G., xi., 128; Jno., 128. 
Arnold, 157. 
Arte, Eliz., 156. 
Arthington (Ardington, Ardyngton), 



14, 16, 23, 91, 92, 93; Agn., 141; 

Eliz., 117; Hy., 16; Isab., 116 n.; 

117; Laur., 92; Mr., 14; Pet., 91 ; 

Robt., 92. 
Aselby, Wm., 17. 
Ashe, Eliz., 101. 
Askam, 145, 147, 148, 165, 166. 
Aske, 148; Jno., 17, 107, 108, 161, 

162; Robt., 31, 33, 38, 107 n. ; 

Rg-> I S, J 345 Thos., 178. 
Askewe (Askue), Hugh, 129, 131. 
Asselabye, Agn., 141. 
Aston, 25 n. 
Atkynson, Ric., 130. 
Atterton, Wm., 132. 
Auburn (Awbourne), 165, 166. 
Aughton, 38, 105, 107, 162. 
Aunger, Agn., 141. 
Austhorpe, 176. 
Axholme, 24. 
Ayton, 94. 



B 



Babthorpe (Bapthorpe), Wm., 21, 

98,99, 119, 156. 
Baker (Bakere, Bakers), Jno., 97 n. ; 

Jo., 158, 160 ; Sir J., 121 n. 
Bakon, Francis, 112. 
Bamburgh, 23, 24. 
Bampton, Robt., 100. 
Banks (Banke), Jno., 88 ; Mary, 156. 
Barforth, 101. 
Barker, Thos., 130. 
Barkston Ash, 97 n. 
Barmston, 44 n. 
Barnard Castle, 103. 
Barnby, 37, 153. 
Barningham, 25. 
Barnyngham, Joan, 134. 
Barthwayt, Joan, 169. 



184 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Barton, 100, 165, 166, 174; Agn., 
167 ; Edw., 139 n. 

Basedale, 16, 24, 37, 93, 94. 

Bashall, 38. 

Batley, 128. 

Battell, Martha, 156. 

Baute, Isab., 144. 

Bavvdekyn, W., 132. 

Bawdewyne, Jno., in. 

Bawyd, Ra., 75. 

Bayne, Agn., no; Ellen, 141. 

Bayneley, Hen., 132. 

Beamond, Thos., 168. 

Beck, Jno., 97. 

Beckwith (Bekwith), Amb., in, 121, 
122, 143, 159; Agn., 161 ; Eliz., 
176; Jno., 167, 171; Leon., 21, 29, 
30, 41, 43, 44, 74, 87, 92, 94, 96, 98, 
no, in, 113, 117, 119, 121 125, 
132, 134, 136, 142, 144, 152, 156, 
159, 161, 167, 169, 171, 176; Ra., 
115, 136, 173; Rog., 122 . 

Bedale, 167 n. 

Bedford, Earl, 154 n. 

Beilby, 166. 

Bell, Jno., Reg., 122 n. 

Bellasis (Bellycys), Mr., 65, 66, 67; 
Rich., 53, 57, 65, 66, 74. 

Bellerby, 95, 96. 

Bellowe, Jno., 178. 

Beningbrough, 148. 

Benningholme, 143, 157. 

Bennyson, Anne, 121. 

Benson, Jno., 130. 

Bentley, 166. 

Benyngton, 148. 

Berwick (Barwyke), 4 n., 68,69,70; 
Jno., 151. 

Besley (Beseley), Edw., 155. 

Beswick, 166. 

Bethell, Hugh, 107 n., 108; Sir Chr., 
107 n. 

Bewholme, 145. 

Beverley, 14, 15, 17, 39, 114 n., 136, 
165. 

Bickerton, 160. 

Bigod (Bygott), Sir F., 17, 33,38, 39, 
50 n. 

Bilbrough, 141, 174, 176. 

Bilsham, 174. 

Bilton, 155, 158, 159, 160. 

Binfield, 147 n. 

Bingley, 97, 98, 99. 

Birde, Laur., 113. 

Birkbeck, Wm., 130. 

Birkin, 26, 26 n. 

Bishop Auckland, 135 n. 

Bishop Burton, 166. 



Bishopthorpe, 172. 

Bissell, Wm., 178. 

Blackburne, Robt., 135. 

Blanchland, 30. 

Blythman, Wm., 4, n, 13, 18, 41, 43, 

45, 46, 54, 65, 66, 67, ioo, 105, 108, 

129, 130, 146, 147, 148, 177. 
Blunt, Sir J., 154. 
Bolton, 14, 15, 17, 66, 153; Thos., 

152; Wm., 158. 
Bolton Percy, 140 n., 141. 
Boniface, 2. 
Bonobye, Ric., 107. 
Boroughbridge, 91 n. 
Bosvile, Eliz., W,, 26 n. 
Boughtell, Edm., 101. 
Boulogne, 28 n., no. 
Bowes, Mr., 46; Perc., 109; Robt., 

46,96. 

Bowlyng, Chr., 130. 
Bowman, Joh., 144. 
Bowser, Jas., 55. 
Boyne, Isab., 144; Visct., 94 n. 
Boynton, Mat., 44. 
Brackenborough, 96. 
Brackenbury, Ric., 135 n. 
Bradford, 99, no n. 
Bradley, Marm., 10. 
Bradrigge, Agn., 171. 
Branham, 154, 155, 175. 
Brancepeth, 60, 94 . 
Brandford, 153. 
Brandsby, 37 n. 
Branton, Alice, 121. 
Bray, Bri., 17. 
Brayton, 25 n. 
Brearer, Sarah, 162 n. 
Brecknock, 3 . 
Brelby, Rich., 98. 
Brewet, Rob., 119. 
Bridlington, 4, 5, 13, 17, 31, 33 n., 

38, 4047, 5057. 
Brighame, Jno., 107. 
Brighouse, Mart., 107. 
Brington, 3. 
Brodsworth, 118 n. 
Bromeley, Barb., 94. 
Brompton, ioo, 131, 132, 169. 
Brooke (Broke), Agn., 127 ; Thos., 

138. 

Brooksbank family, 124 n. 
Broughton, Pet., 104. 
Brown (Browne, Broun), Jno., 154; 

Marg., 167; Ric., 120; Thos., 130; 

Wm.,40, 91 ., 93 n v 109 ., 112 n., 

119, 121 ., 143 n., 155 n., 161 ., 

166 n., 169 n., 170 n. 
Browick, Thos., 120. 



INDEX. 



Broxholme, Jno., 178. 

Brus, Agn., 137; Robt., 13, 137. 

Brussels, 3 n. 

Buck, Sir C., 116 n. ; Sir ]., 116 n. 

Buckingham, Duke, 33 n., 63, 126. 

Buckrose, 170 n. 

Buell, Lord, 15. 

Bugthorp, 178. 

Bulmer, 135 n. ; Anne, 44 . ; Bert., 

135,138; Ralph, 38; Sir J., 33, 37 

40, 44 n., 50 n., 54, 94, 151; Sir R., 

94; Sir W., 101. 
Burgh, Christ., 144; Geo., 136; Giles, 

144. 

Burnby, 165. 
Burneholme, 165. 
Burnyngston, Ric., 129, 130. 
Burrell, Hy., 130. 
Burton, 14, 44 n., 74,96; Joan, HO; 

Thos., [38 ; Wm., 107 n. 
Butterfelde, Agn., 171. 
Buttry, Em., 169. 
Byland, 13, 18, 66, 67. 
Bysset, W., 177, 178. 



Calbek, Jno., 159. 

Calton, Alan, 166; Helias, 166. 

Calverd, Eliz., 149, 

Calverley, no n. ; Sir W., 110 n. ; 

Walt., 1 10 n. 
Cambridge, 2, 3 ., 132. 
Campsall, 38. 

Canterbury, Archb., 59, 93. 
Cardigan, Countess, Earl, 168 n. 
Carleton, 97. 
Carlisle, 10, 16, 34 n., 69, 75; Earl, 

153 '54 it- 
Carter, Eliz., Marg., 141 ; Ric., 149. 
Garth wayte, Thos., 149. 
Carvill, Jno., 147. 
Gary (Carey), Lady M., 147 n. ; Thos., 

55- 

Caryllton, 65. 
Castleton, 94 n. 
Catfoss, 143. 
Catterick, 108 n. 
Catterton, 153. 
Catwick, 145. 

Cave, North, 120; South, no n. 
Cawood, 12. 
Cawton, Isab., 161. 
Cayley fam., 139 n. 
Cecil, Mild., Thos., 145, 145 
Chadwick, S. J., 126 n. 



Chaloner, Robt., 21 ; Sir T., 3 n., 

154 n. 

Chapman, Pel., 169; Mat., 17, 161. 
Chateforth, Thos., 130. 
Chatburn, 153. 
Chepyng, 153. 
Cherry Burton, 166. 
Chester, 48. 

Chevet, 26 n., 27, 61, 65, 72, 75. 
Cheyne, Marg., 38; Wm., 38. 
Cholmley, Cath., 114 n. ; Fr., 94 n. ; 
Joh., 94 n. ; Sir R., 21, 63, 1 14, 139, 

140, 149, 175. 
Clacton, Hy., 103. 
Clairfait, Wm., 116. 
Clappam, Jno., 103. 
Clarke, Robt., 106. 
Clayton, 175. 

Cleasby, 100 ; Anne, 109; Ra,, 109. 
Clement, Jno., 121 n, 
Clementhorpe, 17, 177 n. 
Clere, Hel., 170; Rog., 170. 
Clerkeson, Eliz., 149. 
Cleveland, 87 n. 
Cleves, Ann of, 81 n. 
Clevynge, Joan, 144. 
Cliffe, 94 n. 

Clifford, 175; Lord, 14, 15. 
Clifton (Clyfton), 126 ., 127, 166; 

Eliz., 156; Gerv., 16,27, 118. 
Clinton, Lord, 120, 149, 150 n. 
Clitherhoe, 152 n. 
Clytheroo, Eliz., 156. 
Close, Eliz., 134. 
Coatbank, 114 n. 
Codrington, Sir W., 107 n, 
Cokerell, Jas., 38, 
Cokyll, Kath., 92. 
Collinson (Colynson), Ric., 115 ; Rob., 

101, 114, 115. 
Collyn (Colynge) , Agn., no; Wm., 

149. 

Colton, 141. 
Coneysthorpe, 176, 178. 
Constable, Barb., 17; Hy., 157; 

Marm., 18, 29, 94 .; Ra., 120; 

Rob., 38; Sir J., 157; Sir M., 17, 

21, 53, 9 8 , 99, M6, 147, J7S; Sir 

R.,42, 50, 51 ; Thos., 156. 
Conyers, Chr., 26; Greg., 47; Lady, 

25 n.; Lord, 17, 25; Marg., 134; 

Sir G., 138. 
Cook (Cooke), Jno., 139 n. ; Rich., 

107 ; Thos., 149. 
Coore, Col., 167 n. 
Cortes (Cotys), Ra., 103 ; Sithe, 167. 
Copelay, Eliz., 156. 
Cordell, Sir W., 121 n. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Corner, Thos., 149. 

Cornwall, Earl, 14, 129. 

Cornewallis (Cornwalleys), Thos., 

I2O n., 1 60. 

Cottingham, 71, 114, 116, 125 n., 166. 
Cottingworth, 105, 107, 162. 
Coverdale, 35. 

Coverham, 15, 17, 24, 52, 9597, 149- 
Cowgill, 153. 
Cowper (Couper), Agn., 107 ; Christ., 

134; Eliz., Marg., 94. 
Coxson, Isab., 117. 
Crakehow, 137. 
Crambe, 174. 
Cranmer, Thos., 58, 93. 
Cranswick, 166. 
Crawhall, Is., 147 n. 
Crawshawe, Jno., 132. 
Creik, Isab., 167. 
Crescy, Master, 16. 
Cresener, Ann, Geo., Mary, 147 n. 
Crofte (Crofts), Ann, Ralph, 97; 

Thos., 139 n. 
Cromwell, Gregory, 81 n. ; Thomas 

passim. 
Croxton, 76. 
Cudworth, 65. 
Culpeper, Alex., 176 n. ; Thos., 89, 

90, 91, 112, 116, 176. 
Cumberland, Earl, 8, 16, 17. 
Curror, Pet., 130. 
Cusworth, 50. 
Cutler, Agn., 117, 



Dacre, Lord, 15 6, 25 n., 102. 

Dakyns, Edw., 170; Geo., 132 3, 
170. 

Dalemain, 3 n. 

Dalton, Eliz., 134; Thos., 120. 

Dalton, North, 166. 

Danby, Marg., 87. 

Darcy, Con., 35 .; Hy., 153 ; Kath., 
153 n. ; Lord, 25 ., 29, 35, 379, 
42, 50 ., 58, 75 ; Mary, 173 ; Mr., 
60; Sir A., 25, 312, 356, 51 
3, 95, 112, 124, 143, 1523, 173, 
176, 178; Sir G., 25. 

Darkenall, Robt., 96, 141. 

Darlington, 161. 

Darton, 127. 

Davell, Wm., 138. 

Dawnay, Marm., 170. 

Daye, Rich., 106. 

Delahaye, Matild., 15. 



De la Pole, Lord, 14; Mich., 119; Sir 

W., 118. 

De la River, Thos., 367. 
Denby, 127. 
Denys, 119. 
Derby, Earl, 31. 
Derlove, Rich., no. 
Derwent, 105, 107 8, 133. 
Derwentwater, Lord, 139 n. 
Devonshire, Duke, 143 n. 
Dewre (Dewe), Jno., 106; Rog., 106. 
Dewsbury, 126 n., 167 n. 
Deyne, Hel., 156. 
Dighton, 108. 
Dixon, T. E., 145 n. 
Dobson, Maud, Rich., 171. 
Dogeson, Agn., Barb., 1 10. 
Doncaster, 34, 36, 39, 66, 116 n. 
Dover, Bishop, 68 70. 
Dow, Rog., 105. 
Downe, Lord, 139 n., 170 n. 
Downham (Downholme), 95 6, 134, 

153- 

D'Oyley, Sir J., 144 n. 
Drawton, Thos., 102. 
Drax, 14, 18, 23, 97 9; Gab., 109. 
Dripole, 157. 
Dryebdeynes, Jno., 14. 
Dudley, Ann, 152; Jno., 118, 151. 
Duffeld, Ral., 106. 
Dukke, Jas., 94. 
Duncombe, Sir C., 126 n. 
Dunwyche, Ant., 99. 
Durham, 103. 
Dutton, 153. 
Dyghton, Jno., 128. 
Dykdeyn, Sir J., 122. 
Dyxson, Jno., 130. 



Easby (St. Agatha's), 17, 34, 99, 100, 

101, 101 11., 149. 
Easingwold, 9 n., 135 n., 138 n. 
Ebberston, 132, 171. 
Edlingthorp, 148. 
Eggleston, 15, 24, 75, 1024; Thos., 

103. 

Egton, 112 ., 113, 114. 
Ella, 115, 166. 
Ellerker, Harriet, 1 16; Ra., 29; Rog., 

116; Sir R., 21, 28, 34, 71, 90, 115, 

116. 

Ellerton, 17, 24, 66, 105 9. 
Ellesley, Eliz., 156. 
Ellingthorpe, 153. 
Ellis,-, I7 5. 



INDEX. 



187 



Elton, Marg., 141. 

Em ley, 127. 

Emerson, Robt., 132. 

Emson (Empson), Wm., 98 9. 

Englefield, Fr., 158; Sir F., I2on. 

Escryke, Wm., 156. 

Esholt, 16, 23, 36, 109 10. 

Esk, 112 n. 

Eskdale, 112. 

Espec, Walt., 13. 

Essex, Earl, 81 n. 

Etton, 166. 

Eure (Evers), Sir R., 16, 37, 56 7. 

Everingham, 99 ; Sir H., 26, 175; Sir 

J., 26 . 
Ewelme, 3 n. 
Ewood, 62 . 
Exeter, Earl, 45, 145 n. 



Fairbairn, W. F., 145 n. 

Fairfax, Anne, 26 w. ; Eliz., 112; Gab., 
112; Guy, 141; Jane, 141; Lord, 
141 n., 143 n. ; Mr., 141 ; Sir N., 
29, 67; Sir W., 26 n., ill 2, 141 ; 
Thos., 141. 

Fale, 124. 

Farlington, 140. 

Farnley, 128, 153. 

Fawcett, Tho., 130. 

Fawkes (Faux), Marm., 156 ; Thos., 
Walt., 93. 

Fayrecliff, Ric., 158. 

Fenwick, 37 n. 

Ferman, Eliz., 171. 

Fermer, M., 52. 

Ferneham, Thos., 154. 

Ferrar, Robt., 58, 62, 62 ., 64, 65, 67, 
723. 

Ferriby, 14, 16, 24, 100 12, 166. 

Ferris, Aid., 112 n. 

Feversham, Earl, 126 . 

Fewston, 130. 

Fitton, Fr., 147 n. 

Fitzhugh, Lord, 15, 40 n. 

Fitz John, Eustace, 131. 

Fitzosbert, Pain, 169. 

Fitz Pain, Geff., 154, 162. 

Fitz Robert, Ra., 95. 

Fitz Roger, Rog., 161. 

Fitzwilliam, Earl, 133 n., 171 n. ; 
H. W., 139 n.- Wm., 118. 

Flamborough, 38, 39, 47, 147 8. 

Fleetwood, Art., 154 n. 

Fleming, Reiner, 126. 

Fletcher (Flecher), Joan, 94; Kath., 
171. 



Flodden, 28 ., 33 n. 

Flower, Rob., 129. 

Flyxton, 148. 

Follygate, 131. 

Foord, Rev. J., 116 n. 

Forbrigg, 57. 

Forcett, 148. 

Fossard, Wm., 112. 

Fosse, 37. 

Foster, Johan, 171; Kath., 159 60. 

Foston, 1 20. 

Fotherley family, 94 n. 

Fountains Abbey, 12, 17, 40, 58, 63, 

63 , 74, 175; Abbot of, 7, 10, n, 

34, 38, 40. 

Fountayne family, 117 n. 
Fox, G. L., 145 n. 
Fraisthorp, 165 6. 
Framlingham, 33 n. 
Freeman, Thos., 97. 
Freeston, Rob., 127. 
Frickley, 175. 
Frobisher, Agn., 117. 
Fnlford, 166. 

Fuller, Hugh, 21, 29, 43, 74, 140. 
Fullerton, T., S. H., 117 n. 
Furness Abbey, 153. 
Fynes (Fiennes), Edw., Sir E., 149. 
Fysher, Elene, 161. 



Gage, Jas., 124. 

Gaisgill, 153. 

Gale, Geo., Hy., Mary, Rog., Thos., 

167, 167 n. 

Ganesburgh, Wm., 130. 
Garfurth fam., 139 n. 
Gargrave, 152 3; Thos., 128. 
Garsdale, 101. 

Gaston, Isab., 141 ; Wm., 147. 
Gascoigne, Agn., 132; Jno., 175; Sir 

W., 15, 18, 29 ; Wm., 17, 50, 132. 
Gascon, Joan, 117. 
Gasquet, 3 n. 
Gate, Sir H., 1201. 
Gateforth, 25. 

Gaunt, Gilb. de, 4; Walt., 13. 
Gawthorp, 29. 
Gayle, Kath., 169. 
Geffray, Wm., 130. 
Geffreson, Guy, 141. 
Gerrard, Gilb., 166. 
Gifford, Jno., 118. 
Gill, Ric., 130; , 175. 
Gilling, 67, 102 n. 
Gisburn, 153. 



i88 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Glanville (Grandwell), Elewysya, 15 ; 

Ranulph, 95. 
Glassonbye, Rog., 130. 
Goldthorp, Joan, Lucy, Ric., 173, 

173 . 

Goldyng, Jno., 105 6. 
Goodmanham, 107. 
Goodwyn, Hy., 120. 
Gore, Joan, 141. 
Gostwyk, Mr., 64. 
Gower, Jno., 102; Ra., 101. 
Gowthrop, Ric., 177 8. 
Grangemoor, 153. 
Grantham, 103 n. ; Lord, 154 n. 
Graves, Mr., 114 n. 
Grendale, 121. 
Green (Grene), Jno., I2O; Tho., 129 

30 ; , 175- 

Grenesnorton, 32, 133. 

Greenwich, 129 n. 

Gresham, Ann, 145 ; Sir R., 58, 63, 

70, 144 5, 1567; Sir T., 145 . 
Grey, Mil., Thos., 94 n. ; Lord, 95. 
Greystock, Thos., 142. 
Grice, Kath., 127 ; Thos., 168. 
Grimsbon, Wm., 144. 
Grindleton, 153. 
Grosmont, 17, 24, 112 4. 
Grymston, Eliz., 156. 
Guisborough, 9, 13, 17, 24, 25, 38, 57, 

72, 75, 121 n. 
Guiseley, 36 n., 109, no. 
Gybson, Robt., 129 30; Sir J., 73. 
Gyll, Eliz., 169 ; Hy., 33 . 



H 



Haget, Bert., 122, 158; Gund., 158; 

Jeff., 109, 122. 
Hagneby, 124. 
Hagney, 124. 
Halesworth, i n. 
Halifax, 39, 62 n. 
Hall, Agn., 144; Eliz., 92; Isab.,iO7; 

Robt., 118. 
Hallman, Jno., 130. 
Hallom, Jno., 33. 

Haltemprice, 14, 16, 24,90, 114 6. 
Halton, 153. 

Hambleton (Hambledon), 3 n., 87. 
Hamerton Green, 155. 
Hamerton, Sir S., 32, 38 9, 50 n. 
Hampole, 16, 24, 27, 36, 37, 74, 116, 

118, 175. 

Hampsthwaite, 130. 
Handale, 17, 24, 121 2. 
Harbottle, Elean., Guiscard, 32 n. 



Hardestye, Osw., 130. 

Harewood, Ld., 93. 

Hargill, Beat., 167. 

Harlynge, Edw., 167. 

Harringson, Ric., Wm., 131. 

Harrington, Ralph, 169. 

Harrison (Harryson), Joan, 117; 

Thos., 155. 
Harrys, Jno., 138. 

Harthill, 105 n., 142 ., 162 n., 166 . 
Hartley Castle, 36 n. 
Hartshead, 126 n. 
Hastings, Bryan, 37 8; Sir B., 36 7 ; 

Sir F., 37. 
Hawkswell, 149. 
Hawthorne, Wm., 149. 
Hay, Sir Jas., 153 n., 154 n. 
Hayles, Joan, 92. 
Hayton, 165. 
Hazelwood, 152, 175. 
Healaugh, 14, 18, 23, 122 4. 
Heath, Nic., 137, 140. 
Heaton, 127. 
Heckmondwike, 127. 
Helmsley, 87. 

Hemsworth, 76 n., 133, 171. 
Heneage, Kath., Sir T., 107. 
Henke, Sir B., 71. 
Hendle (Henley, Hynnalay), Walt., 

735- 

Henryson, Thos., 121. 
Herbert, Jno., 106 7. 
Hertford, 132. 
Hessle, 112, 166. 
Hessey, Jno., 142. 
Hewbanke, Wm., 149. 
Hewit, Jno., 112. 
Hewthwaite, Joh., 124. 
Hexham, 28, 34; Jno., 138. 
Hichcock, Rob., 118. 
Hik, Pet., 119. 
Hildereth, Tho., 103. 
Hildesley, Fr., 94 n. 
Hill (Hyll), Jno., 175; Ra., 130; 

Robt., 87, 139, 150; Wm., 130. 
Hobbescroft, 166. 
Hochins, Wm., 138. 
Hodgson, J. E., 102 . 
Hogeson, Jno., 177 8. 
Hoggesthorpe, 120. 
Hoghton, 73. 
Holay, Jno., 120. 
Holback, 174, 176. 
Holcroft, Jul., Thos., 166. 
Holden, Sir A., 141 n. 
Holderness, 71 ; Earl, 35 n. 
Holdsworth, Robt., 39. 
Holgate, Rob., 76, 133, 137, 171. 



INDEX. 



189 



Holland, Rob., 113. 

Holme, 107, 157, 165; Wm., 162, 165. 

Holmes, Kr., 118 n. 

Holmsett, 160. 

Hope, W. S. J., 99 ., 162 n. 

Hopton, Isab., 127. 

Hornalt, , 138. 

Hornby, 25 n., 35 n. 

Home, Jno., 139. 

Hornsea, 71, 143 n. 

Horom, Wm., 161. 

Horseley, Jno., 105. 

Horsman, Agn., 117. 

Horton, 172. 

Hovingham, 133. 

Howard, Lord, 13; Thos., 33 n. 

Howe. J. G., Visct., 102 n. 

Hude, Hy., 107. 

Hudson, Wm., 138. 

Hudswell, 100, 149. 

Huggate, 107, 166. 

Hughes, Ric., 102. 

Hull, 10, 14, 24, 30, 33, no n., 112, 

114 n., 121 n. 

Hull, Charter House, 28, 30, 1 18 120. 
Hungate, Wm., 142 3. 
Hunsley, Agn., 161. 
Hunt, Rog., 107. 
Huntington,-i73. 
Huntroute, Rob., 130. 
Huntwyke, 73. 
Huson, Joan, no. 
Hutchinson (Hochenson), Boynton, 

Ellen, Rich., 170, 170 n. 
Hutton (Hoton),93, 140, 174; Matt., 

135 n. ; Sir T., 1 16 n. ; Tim., 135 n. 
Hyrst, 23. 

I 

Ilkley, 153. 
Ince, J. P., 135 n. 
Ingham, Josh., 128. 
Inglefeld, Fr., 97 n. 
Ingworth, Dr., 68. 
Ipswich, i. 

J 

Jackson, Edw., 175; Jno., 132; Wm., 

138. 

Jaques, Robt., 102 n. 
enison, Phil., 130. 
enkynson, Isab., 156; Joan, no. 
enyns, Wm., I2O. 

ervaulx, 15, 17, 31, 38, 40 8, 50 n,, 
512, 547, 149. 



Jobson, Walt., 116. 

Johnes, Sim., 106. 

Johnson, Ann, 141 ; Cuthb., 102 n. ; 

Pet., 92. 

Jolliffe, Jno., Wm., 147 n. 
Jolyment, Mr., 52. 
Joye, Chr., 159. 
Judson, Ric., 130. 



K 



Keldhome, 13, 17, 24, 30 n., 58, 60, 

1256, 151. 
Kelk, 1 20. 

Kendal, 40 n., 76, 167 n. 
Kendall, Mrs., 171 n. 
Kente, Thos., 129 30. 
Kereston, Ellen, 169, 
Kettlewell, 35, 95 6. 
Kilborne (Kylbourne), Eliz., 142 3 ; 

Mag., 141. 

Killington, H. T., 106. 
Kilmaynam, 81. 
Kilnwick Percy, 166. 
Kinnoul, Earl, 118 n. 
Kipling, 101. 
Kirkby, 149 ; Edw., 40 n. 
Kirk, Ella, 114, 116. 
Kirkham, 13, 18, 66. 
Kirk Hamerton, 145 8, 155. 
Kirk Levington, 148. 
Kirkby Moorside, 125, 150 n. 
Kirkby jux Ouseburn, 145. 
Kirkby Overcar, 133. 
Kirkby Ravensworth, 150 n. 
Kirklees, 16, 24, 1268. 
Kirkstall, 14, 17, 176. 
Knapton, 132, 1756. 
Knaresborough, 14, 24, 34, 129, 

I 3 I - 
Knevit (Knevett), Eliz., Thos., 108; 

Wm., no. 
Knowsley, 102 n. 
Knyght, Dor., 156. 
Kychynman, Margt., 161. 
Kylden, Jno., 138. 
Kynge, Alan, 75, 103. 
Kyrby, Joan, 169. 
Kyppes, Janet, 127. 
Kyrke, Geo., 106; Rob., 122. 



Lacy, Lord R., 14. 

Lancaster, 68 9 ; Duke of, 18; Earl, 
1 14 n. 



igo SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Lanercost, 34. 

Langley, 70; Ric., 170. 

Langcliffe, 153. 

Langton, 131, 149; Ann, 140. 

Lanthorpe, 157. 

Langmores, 100. 

Lascelles, Chr., 96; Jno., 96. 

Lasyng, Eliz., 117. 

Lathome, 107. 

Latimer, Lord, 13, 17, 29 n., 147, 

147 n. 

Laverock, Rob., 132. 
Lawson, Mr., 53; Sir G., 4, 21, 41, 

43, 46, 58, 638, 70. 
Layton, Dr. R., 3, 3 n., 4, 5, 6, 7,8, 9, 

10, 12, 1 6, 18, 43, 48 9, 74 6, 92, 

103, 127, 135. 

Leche, , 345 ; Margt., 107. 
Ledeman, Anne, 134. 
Lee, Edw., 12 ., 18, 136. 
Leeds, 91 n., 174, 176. 
Legh (Leigh), Dr., 3, 59, 10, 11, 12, 

16, 18, 245, 489, 62, 735, 117, 

119, 154; Cath., 154 n. 
Leicester, 2, 132. 
Leith, 3 n. 
Lentall, Mr., 54. 
Lenthorpe, Joan, 127. 
Lepington, Jno., 177 8. 
Lewes, 81 n. 
Lexham, Jno., 138. 
Lillingston fam., 112 n. 
Lincoln, 3 n., 132 ; Earl, 149 n. ; St. 

Mary, 23. 
Lingcroft, 166. 
Linskill, Jno., 114. 
Linthorpe, 138. 
Linton, 132. 
Lisle, Ld., 151 n. 

Lister, Jno., 39 n. ; Ralph, Wm., 167. 
Liversedge, 127. 
Llandaff, Bishop, 1323, 171. 
Lofthouse, 121 n. ; Jas., 130; Thos., 97. 
Logan. Margt., 121. 
Longley, 128, 170. 
Lonsdale, 35 ; Earl, 102 . 
London, Crutched Friars Church, 32 n. 
Dr., 3. 

Fleet Street, 3 n. 
Newgate, 40. 
St. Botolph's, 35 n. 
St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 3 n. 
Smithfield, 40. 

Lord, Eliz., 167, 167 n. ; Robt., 167 n. 
Lound, 157, 1656, 171. 
Lovell, Lord, 16. 
Lovechild, Marg., 134. 
Lowther, Sir J., 76. 



Lucas, Lord, 154 n. 

Ludlow, 18. 

Luffenham, 102 n. 

Lumley, Geo., 38 9. 

Lund, 162. 

Lutton, Anne, 121. 

Lyddel, 114. 

Lyme, 3 . 

Lynley, 26 n. ; Eliz., 26 n. ; Thos., 

26 n. 

Lyon, Eliz., 125 6; Rich., 119. 
Lythe, 38. 
Lytton, 153. 



M 



Magnus, Mr., 41, 43, 51, 55, 71. 

Maleverey (Malquereere), Ra.,3O, 119. 

Mallen, Jno., 130. 

Mallynge, Jno., 129. 

Malory, Sir W., 10 I, 95. 

Maltby, 92. 

Malton, 13, 24, 67, 76*1., 131, 1323, 

135, 170 n. 
Man, Dor., 141. 
Mandy, Eliz., 1 10. 
Manfield, 100 i. 
Mann, Jas., 149. 
Manners, Jno., Tho., 166. 
Mareis, Little, 170 . 
Markham, Thos., 166. 
Marmonstier, S. Martin, 174. 
Marr, 117, 118. 
Marrick, 15, 24, 30, 77, 77 n., 1345, 

149. 

Marshall, Mary, 150. 
Marston, 154 5. 
Marton, 9, 10, 15, 17, 24, 131 2, 

J 35 8. 148; Chr., 138; Joan, 134; 

Launc., 956. 
Masham, 96. 
Mason, Hy., 92; Joan, 144; Wm., 

103. 

Massey, Wm., 130. 
Masson, Jno., 96. 
Mathew, Jno., 149 ; Marg., 130. 
Mauleys, 135. 
Maunsell, Wm., 42, 173. 
Maxwell, Elean., 134. 
Meaux, 14, 16. 
Mekelowe, Mr., 63. 
Melmerby, 97. 
Melton, 117, 1 18 ; Dor., 25 n. ; Sir J., 

1 6, 25 n. 
Meltonby, 165. 
Merlay, Rog. de, 142. 
Meschines, Lord, 14. 



INDEX. 



191 



Metcalfe, Alice, 167; Mich., 96. 

Metham, Isab., 144. 

Methley, 117 n. 

Middleham, 15, 95. 

Middlesburgh (Middlesborough), 17, 

137-8. 

Middleton, 150 n., 166; Lord, 116 n. 
Midgley, 62 n. 
Millyn (Mallynge), Jno., 130; Ric., 

129. 

Milner, Aid., 141 n. 
Mirfield, 126 128. 
Mitchell, Robt., Sar., 63. 
Mitton, Thos., 112. 
Mygeley, Wm., 120. 
Mykylthwayte, 99. 
Molesby, 18, 24, 135, 138, 140. 
Monk Bretton, 16, 18 ., 58, 61, 65, 

66. 

Monkeby, 149 50. 
Monketon (Monkton), 148, 174 5. 
Montagu, A., 155 ., 160 n. ; F. J. O., 

117 n., 155 n. ; M., 52. 
Monteagle, Lord, 14, 16. 
More, Jas., 128. 
Morley, 176; Jos., 135 n. 
Morpeth, 142. 
Morritt, Jno., 103 n. 
Moscroft, 166. 
Mountgrace, 13, 18, 74. 
Mountjoy, Lord, 154 5. 
Mowbray, Lord, 13; Rog., 87, 158. 
Mowthorp, 132. 
Moxby, 138 n. 
Moysier, Jno., 109. 
Multon, Alice, Ra., 15 ; Ra., 102. 
Muncaster, Lord, 143 n. 
Murdac, Hugh, 177. 
Musgrave, Sir E., Sir W., 36, 36 n. ; 

Wm., 37. 
Mychylson (Michelson), Rob., 105 

6. 
Myldmaye, Wa., 160. 



N 



Naburn, 148, 166. 

Nandyke (Nendyke), Chr., Isab., 

Kath., 169. 
Nelson (Neleson), Bridg., 155 n. ; 

Chr., Mary, 155 ; Wm., 149, 155 n. 
Nellis, Agn., 94. 
Nevile (Nevell), Kath., 147 n. Mary, 

17; Ral., 30 n., 98; Sir J., 26 7, 

58,602,65,712,745, 118, 147; 

Ralph, 126, 151 n. 
Newburgh, 13, 16, 67. 



Newcastle, 70. 

Newell, Thos., 96. 

Newham, 137 8. 

New Hey, 99. 

New Laithes, 18 n. 

Newminster, 34, 129. 

Newstune, 153. 

Newton, 148, 151, 166 7, 174. 

Newton-Garth, 166. 

Nicholson (Nicolson), Alice, 156; Jno., 

130. 

Nidd., 148, 155. 
Norfolk, Duke of, 13, 17, 31 n., 33 4, 

414, 46, 48, 502, 545, 87. 
Normabell, Elean., 141. 
Norman, Agn., Tho., 132; Isab., 121 ; 

Mr., ii. 

Norres, Joan, 134. 
Norresse, Mr., n. 
Northampton, Marq., 40 n. 
Northcave, 163. 
Northumberland, Duke, 118, 120 ; 

Earl, 17 8, 147 n., 151 . 
Norton, 131, 133 ; Chr., 147. 
Nostell (St. Oswalds), 3 n., 16, 23 4, 

58, 62, 645, 68, 70, 734, 154, 

1678. 

Nun-Appleton, 18, 23, 74, 140 i. 
Nunburnholme, 15 6, 24, 142 3; 

Lord, 143 n. 
Nunkeeling, 17, 24, 30, 71, 1435, 

'57- 
Nun-Monckton, 15, 18, 24, 29, 29 n., 

145, 6, 7, 7 n., 8. 
Nunthorp, 93 4. 



O 

Oakham, 81 n. 
Oglesthorpe, Ric., 175. 
Okes, Marg., Robt., 99. 
Oldeburgh, 149. 
Onslow, Col., Earl, 169 n. 
Orme, Cec., Humf., 97. 
Ormesby, 138. 
Orton, Joan, 171. 
Osgodby, 98. 
Otley, 109 10. 
Oundall, Rog., 130. 
Ouse, 99. 

Ouseburn, 102, 143. 
Overton, 72. 
Owston, 118. 
Oxford, i, 3. 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Paganel, Ra., 174; Wm., 97. 

Palmes, Rev. G., 145 n. 

Palliser, Hugh, 162 n. 

Pannal, 131. 

Pannell, Mast., 14. 

Parker, Eliz., 141 ; Robt., 17. 

Parr, Mast., 13; Kath., Lord, 40; 

Sir T., 40 n. ; Sir W., 17, 401. 
Patrike, Eliz., 156. 
Payler, Geo., Nat., 147 n. 
Paytes, Robt., 132. 
Paythorne, 153. 
Pearson, Mich., 104. 
Pecock, Al., Anne, 171. 
Penfold, Geo., 151 n. 
Pepper, Edm., 119; Wm., 150 n. 
Percy (Perci), Hy., 147 n. Lady M., 
29 n. ; Ingel, 31 n. ; Lord Wm., 13, 
14; Ric., 121; Sir T., 31 2, 34, 
38; Wm., 121 22, 152. 
Peter, Sir W., 121 n. 
Petty (Pettye), Agn., 92 ; Jno., 175. 
Petre, Wm., 97 n., 151. 
Peyrey, Eliz., 169. 
Phyllyppe, Jas., 114 n. 
Pickering, 132 3, 150 n., 151 ; Agn., 
171 ; Jno., 38, 171 ; Wm., 67. 

Pickhall, 95. 

Pictaviensis, Sir P., 14. 

Pierson, Ann, Brad., Wm., 94 n. 
Pilkington, Alice, Rob., 128. 

Pilley, Jno., 130. 

Pocklington, 105 n., 142 n., 143 n., 
161 n., 162 n., 166 n. 

Pollard, Mr., 46, 48; Rich., 526; 
Ste., 130. 

Pontefract (Pomfret), 14, 18, 36, 52, 
58, 667, 74- 

Poole, Chas., 106; Fr., 169 70; 
Kath., 170. 

Poppleton, 4 n. 

Porter, Dor., 92; Giles, Rich., Wm., 
104. 

Portington, Agn., Thos., 37 n. 

Pottes, Wm., 138. 

Pountepel, 39. 

Powlett, Chas., Lord Wm., 135 n. 

Presthorp, 99. 

Preston, 165 6. 

Prynce/ Jno., 130. 

Pudsey, Rowl., 95. 

Pullane, Joan, 117. 

Pulley, Barb., 156. 

Pykeham, Agn., 121. 

Pykhaver, Alice, 117. 

Pymond, Ric., 70. 



R 



Radclyff, Eff., 92. 

Raine, Canon, 158 n., 172 n. 

Ramesey, Wm., 106. 

Ramsden (Romsden), Wm., 127 8, 

170. 

Rathmell, 153. 
Raper, Chr., 95. 
Raute, Rog., 203. 
Ravenspor, 14. 
Rawe, Wm., 130. 
Rawson, Sir J., 81. 
Read (Rede), Ad., 1 19 ; Anne, 145 n. ; 

El., 167 ; Pet., 107 ; Thos., 145 ; 

Wm., 145 n. 
Redshaw, Robt., 103. 
Reeth, 134 n. 
Remyngton, Wm., 119. 
Remysworth, 1 19. 
Resco, ii. 
Reve, Thos., 138. 
Ribble, 152 n. 
Ribblesdale, 172. 
Rich (Riche), Sir R., 134, 162; Wm., 

95- 

Richardson, Jas., 113; Thos., 122 n. 

Richmond, i, 8, 10, 95, 99, 101 2, 
134 n., 148 9, 150 n. ; Earl 
of, 156, 102, 108, 148; St. Mar- 
tin's, 18, 23, 63, 63 ., 148 9, 
150. 

Riddyall, Jno., 92. 

Riddyngs (Ryddyng), 107, 1 66. 

Rievaulx, 13, 17, 40, 66. 

Rillington, 132. 

Rimington, 153. 

Riplingham, 166. 

Ripon, 8, 12, 15, 75, 148, 170. 

Risby, 28 ., 90, 115 6, 166 

Riston, 157. 

Rither, Maud, 26 n. 

Roald, 99. 

Robinson (Robynson), Chr., 138; 
Eliz., 134; Humf., 162 n. ; Jno., 
16, 108, 162 n.; Nic., 162 n., 169; 
Sir Thos., 103 n. Wm., 119. 

Robson, Gilb., 1 19. 

Roche Abbey, 15 6, 62. 

Rockingham, Marq. of, 133 n., 
171 n. 

Roclyff, Joan, 117. 

Rodys, Isab., 127. 

Rokeby, 102, 102 n. ; Jas., 54, 66, 95, 
127; Ralph, 95 6; Thos., 75. 

Romeley, Cec., 14. 

Ros (Rosse), Geo., 173; Jas., 130; 
Lord, 13. 



INDEX* 



193 



Rosedale, 17, 24, 58, 90, 125 ., 126, 

1502. 

RotherfieW, 95. 
Roth erf ord, Grace, 134. 
Roundall, Ric., 123 4. 
Rous, Ant., 41, 43, 46. 
Rowe, Ant., 97 n., 158, 160. 
Rowghton, Eliz., 94. 
Rowland, Thos., 122 n. 
Roxby, 95. f 
Royston, 65. 
Rudston, 165. 
Rumburgh, i. 
Runton, 157. 
Rupa, 16. 

Russell, Edw., 154 n. ; family, 94 n. 
Rutland, Earl, 16 18, 143, 162, 165 

6, 178. 

Rutter, Bry., 119. 
Ryddyn Grange, 107. 

Rye, 133- 

Ryecroft, Wm., 99. 
Rygwall, Wm., 132. 
Ryton, 133. 
Ryvett, Wm., 138. 



Sadber, Ad., 43 n. 

Saddelar, Mr., 75. 

Saddleworth, 127. 

Saltmarshe, Thos., 122. 

Salvayn, Geo., 17. 

Sandbeck, 149. 

Sanderson, Mr., 122 n. 

Sand Hutton, 178. 

Saunders, Jno., 114 n. 

Sauntenstall, Isab., 127. 

Savile (Savell), Ann, 104; Cuthb., 

128; Edw., 104; Eliz., Geo., 103 .; 

Jno., Hen., Kath,, 104; Nic., 128; 

Rob., 104; Sir H., 39, 40, 168, 

i68w. ; Thos., 127 8; Wm., 91 n. , 

104, 117 n. 
Sawley (Salley), 14, 24, 31 36, 52, 

1523 ; Lord, 153 n. 
Sayntpoole, Geo., 107. 
Scarborough, 33, 39, 56 ., 69, 169 n., 

170 n. t 175. 
Scargyll, Marg., 26 n. 
Scoler, Jno., 55. 
Scoles, 127. 
Scoley (Scolaye), Jno., Sim., 99; Sir 

J-, 9 8 - 

Scolfield, Mrs., 102 n, 
Scorborough, 166. 
Scott, Jno., 132 ; Sir G., 131 n. 
Scotton, 148. 



Scrope, Annabel], 102 n.; Henry, 102, 
114 n. ; Lord, 15, 17, 95,99, 100 
2 ; Sir R., 95. 

Sculcoates, 119 21. 

Seacroft, 176. 

Seamer, 38. 

Scruton, 167 n. 

Sedbar, Adam, 38. 

Sedbergh, 95 6. 

Seham, 96. 

Selby, 14, 18, 61, 74 5, 122 n., 176 n. 

Seloo, Anne, 169. 

Sempringham, 133, 177. 

Seton, 165. 

Settrington, 38, 39, 132. 

Seymer, Hy., 136. 

Seymour, Edw., 120. 

Shaftesbury, Earl, 155 . 

Shap, 76. 

Sharpe, Leo., 177 8. 

Shepard, Thos., 103. 

Sheffelde, Alice, 141. 

Shelf, 127. 

Shepard, Thos., 103. 

Shepley, 127. 

Sherburn, 38. 

Sheriff Hutton, 423, 51, 53, 54 5, 

1 35 7, HO. 

Shrewsbury, Earl, 18 ., 31, 131, 168 . 
Sidney, Hy., 101. 
Sigiswicke, Alice, Mary, 144. 
Silkstone, 144. 
Simpson (Sympson), Agn., 141 ; Jno., 

149 ; Ric., 105 6. 
Sinnington, 132, 170 I. 
Sissotson, Thos., 149. 
Skeeby, 100, 101 . 
Skelton, 25 ., 155 n. ; Edw., 113. 
Skewkirk, 24, 73, 154 5. 
Skidby, 166. 

Skipwith, Edw., Marg., 173. 
Skirlaugh, 1567. 
Skott, Rob., 1 17. 
Skyrack, 91 n. 
Slaidburn, 153. 
Slater, 109 ., no n. 
Slingsby, Francis, 131; Joan, 146; 

Thos., 131 ; Wm., 155 . 
Smethley, Ant., Rich., 119. 
Smith (Smyth), Alice, 156; Chr., 119; 

Emma, 121 ; Paul, 104; Ric., 104 ; 

Th., 102 n., 165 ; Wm., 102 . 
Smythdeyke (Smythwyk), Wm., 151. 
Smithfield, 40. 
Snaith, 97 n. 

Snainton, 132; Agn., 141. 
Snape, 147 . 
Snowball, Wm., 94. 

O 



194 SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Somerset, Duke, 120. 

Sorell, Al., 169. 

Sotheby, Jno., Marg., Rog., 143, 143 n. 

Sothill, 39 ., 40. 

Southcliff, 1 66. 

Southwell, Sir R., 157. 

Spalding Moor, 108 n., 165. 

Speke, Reg., 107. 

Spens, Wm., 105. 

Spencer (Spenser), Ra., 17; Thos., 
132 ; Wm., 106. 

Speyght, Ric., 174 5. 

Stable, Alice, 94. 

Staindrop, 151 n. 

Staithes, 122 n. 

Stainforth, 153. 

Standicke, Ellen, 117. 

Stanhope, Jno., 102; Thos., n8. 

Stanley, Edw., 31. 

Stansfeld, Miss, Rob., no n. 

Stanton, 153. 

Stanwick, 100 i. 

Stanyforth, E. W., 145 . 

Stapleton, Alice, 144; Dor., 156. 

Starkye, El., 161. 

Startforth, 102 4. 

Steeton, in, 141. 

Stepney, 3 ., 61. 

Sterkbone, Jno., 129, 130. 

Stillingfleet, 146, 176. 

Stillington, 140. 

Stirton, 176. 

Stockdaile, Alex., 121 n. 

Stokes, Kath., 117. 

Stokesley, 93 n. 

Straker, Osw., Rob., 130. 

Strelley, Fred., Rob., 103 4. 

Strickland, Wm., 77. 

Strynger, Wm., 136. 

St. Bees, 23. 

St. David's, 62 n. 

St. Maria, Alice, Jord., 122. 

Strangways, Jas., 17. 

St. Quintin, Alice, Robt., 140. 

Stuppes, Wm., 138. 

Stutville, Nic., 125 n.- Robt., 125, 

150. 

Styllyngfeld, Wm., 136. 
Suffolk, Earl, 119; Duke, 137. 
Sunderland, Earl of, 102 n. 
Surrey, Earl of, 33 n. 
Sutton, 133, 1357, HO, 157-8, 166; 

Eliz., 171 ; Geo., 136. 
Swainby, 15, 95. 
Swainson, Sir A., 14. 
Swale, 15, 99 n., 108 ., 134 n. Cec., 

17, 156; Marj., 161. 
Swaledale, Rich., Wm., 149. 



Swarland, 112, 166. 

Swaynton (Swynton), 133, 171. 

Swinden, 153. 

Swine, 15, 16, 245, 29, 1557. 

Swyfte, Jno., 120. 

Swynebanck, Ant., 132. 

Swyneshead, 97. 

Swynyngton, 151. 

Synderton, Thos., 119. 

Syngleton, Eliz., 134. 

Syningthwaite, 18, 23, 158, 160. 



Tadcaster, 122 n., 124, 140 ., 152 3. 

Taini, Avicia, 116. 

Talbot, Fr., Grace, 131 ; Lord, 168, 

168 n. 

Tamworth, Jno., 37. 
Tancred (Tankard), Fr., 131 ; Ra., 

Wm., 91 . 
Tasburgh, Jno., 128. 
Taylor (Tayllor), Jno., 130; Wm., 

159- 

Tayrall, Rich., 138. 
Teesdale, Ant., Jno., 149. 
Tempest, Mich., 160; Nic., 32, 38 9; 

Rob., 160; Sir R., 35; Sir T., 

15960. 

Templehurst, 38 9. 
Tennant, Hy., Jno., 155 . 
Teshe (Trist), 50 51. 
Theker, Thos., 138. 
Thelusson, nj n. Pet., n8n. 
Thexer, 166. 

Thickhead, 17, 24, 108, 161 2. 
Thinde, Jno., 37 n. 
Thirsk (Thyrsk), 87 n., 122 .; Wm., 

7, 38, 40. 

Thomas, Ste., 122 . 
Thomlynson, Agn., 169; Alice, 144; 

Dor., 156. 
Thompson (Thomson, Thomesone, 

Tompson), Hy., 110; Is., 107; 

Janet, 92; Ric., 150 i; Wm., 

lion.; ,37. 
Thorganby, 107, 161 . 
Thormanby, 139. 
Thornbery, 52. 
Thome, Eliz., 156. 
Thornewell, 176. 
Thornhill, 39 ., 168 n. 
Thornton, 63 ., 148, 151 ; Alice, 167. 
Thorp-Arch, 29, 148. 
Thorpenowe, 151. 
Thorp Underwood, 148. 
Thorpe, 75; Ant., 178; Jno., 133- 



INDEX. 



Threapland, 137. 

Thurland, Marg., 117. 

Thurnscoe, 174. 

Thurresby, Wm., 17. 

Thurston, Archb., 145, 170. 

Thwaytes, Wm., 171. 

Thwing, 38. 

Thynne, Jno., 94. 

Tickhi!!, 66. 

Timmes, Mr., 8. 

Tirrell, Hy., 101. 

Tockwith, 154 5. 

Todde, Jno., 133. 

Topclyff, Cec., 127. 

Tours, 174. 

Towneley, Elene, no n. 

Trusbut, Lord, 13, 162. 

Trystrame, Jno., 129 30. 

Tufnell, Sam., 147 . 

Tunstall, 166; Robt., 130. 

Turnbulle, Jno., 129 30. 

Turnham, Robt., 112. 

Turton, Edm., 122 n. 

Turtylby, Agn., 94. 

Turwhit (Tirwhit), Robt., 143, 178. 

Tyas, Eliz., 156; Kath., 117. 

Tyburn, 4 ., 7 ., 32 ., 40. 

Tynney, Thos., 130. 



U 



Ughtred, Eliz., Mr., 59, 60. 

Ulsby, 1656. 

Ustwhaitt, Jno., 107. 

Uvedale, 41 ; Alv., 135 . ; Jno., 77, 

78, 81, 132, 134, 135, 144, 156; 

Thos., 135 n. 



Vaux, Chas., 121 n. 

Vavasor (Vavasour), Eliz., 92 ; Jno., 

175; Ric., 170; , 175. 
Verli, Rob., 155. 
Vesci (Vescy), Eust., 110; Lord, 13, 

14. 
Villiers, Geo., 126 . 



W 

Waddington, 153. 
Wade, Laur., 173. 
Wadrynge, , 138. 
Waghen, 145. 
Waite, Hy., 162 n. 



Wake, fam., 125 ; Hugh, 125 . ; 

Lord, 14, 114; Thos., 14. 
Wakefield, 58, 70, 167 n. Jno., 58. 
Walbran, 15. 
Wald, Jno., 107. 
Walder, Wm., 156. 
Waldegrave (Walgrave), Edm., 158; 

Sir E., 120. 

Walker, Cuthb., Wm., 150 n. 
Wallingwells, 37. 
Walshe, Ric., 129 30. 
Walton, 147 8, 160; Magd., 117. 
Ward (Warde), Eliz., 172 3; Jno., 

95,97,117; Nat., 172; Sir C., 36; 

Maud, Sim., Wm., 109. 
Warmfield, 127. 
Warmyngton, Mr., 45. 
Warren, , 7, 8; Earl, 167. 
Warter, 13, 16, 24, 33, 162 6. 
Warwick, Earl, 151 2. 
Waryng, Pet., 130. 
Washington, Jas., n8. 
Watewath, 100. 
Wathecote, 100 i. 
Watkyns, Ric., 73 5. 
Watson, Cec., 121 ; Joan, 141 ; Wm., 

117. 

Walton, 14, 31, 33, 76, 145. 
Waxham, 165 6. 
Weddell, Wm., 154 . 
Welburye, Ant., Anne, 94 . 
Welburgh, 157. 
Welles, Thos., 88,90.- 
Wensleydale, 15, 35. 
Wentworth (Wyntworth), Sir J., 168; 

SirT., 27", 118. 
Westerdale, 93 . 
Westminster, 21 2, 89, 91. 
Westmorland, Earl, 30, 58, 60, 151 

2 ; Lord, 13, 1256. 
Weston, Sir W., 80 i. 
Wetherall, 23; Eliz., 117. 
Wetherby, 158 n. 
Whalley, 55 6. 
Wharram, Percy, 114, 116 . 
Wharton, 124; Lord, 160; Sir T., 

1234. 
Wheater, 129. 
Wheldrake, 162 n., 1656. 
Whelpdale, Joan, 119. 
Whenby, 139, 140. 
Whitby, 8, 13, 17, 24, 57, 67, 77, 

137-8. 

Whitfeld, Marg., 156, 
Whithed (Whytehed), Isab., 92; 

Jno., 138. 

Whithow, Bry., 96. 
Whitkirk, 153. 



196 



SUPPRESSION OF YORKSHIRE MONASTERIES. 



Whitley, 128. 

Whitworth, 153. 

Whixley, 130. 

Wigglesworth, 38. 

Wighill, 102 ., 123. 

Wilberfosse, 15, 17, 24, 1667; Dor., 

144. 
Wilkynson (Wylkynson), Hy., 161 ; 

Jno., 149: Ric., 99. 
Willerby, 116, 166. 
Willesthorpe, Osw., 159. 
Williamson, Rob., 107. 
Wilson, C. H., 143 n. 
Wilton, 38, i66. 
Winchester, Marg., 135 n. 
Winter, Mr., 12, 
Winteringham, 131 3. 
Winterton, 132. 
Wither, Ralph, 96. 
Wode, Wm., 4 n. 
Wodeshall, 23. 
Wolburgh, 158. 
Wolfreton, 116. 

Wolsey, Card., i, 2, 63 n., 81 n. 
Womwell, 159. 
Wood, (Woode, Woodd), Agn., no; 

Jno., 119, 144, 156; Wm., 38, 40 n. 
Woodehouse, Sir T., 63. 
Woodkirk, 24, 67, 167 8. 
Worksop, 66. 

Wormewell, Eliz., Margt., 92. 
Wortley, 176. 
Wourston, 153. 
Wray, Jno., 130; , 175. 
Wressle, 97, 99. 
Wright, Chr., 115, 119; Edm., 113 

4; Jno. ,130; Ric., 156; Thos., 154; 

Wm., 103. 



Wyke, Wm., 130. 

Wykeham, 13, 17, 24, 133, 16970; 

Jno., 169. 
Wyld, Rob., 106. 
Wymer, 148. 
Wytham, Wm., 161. 
Wyvell (Wyvel), Jno., 50 n. Marm , 

95-6.' 



Yarborough, Lady, 25 n. 
Yate, Jno., 130. 
Yedingham, 13, 17, 170 I. 
Yodson, Thos., 9, 1357. 
Yong, Alice, 161. 
York, passim. 

York, Abbot of, 1,2,4,63 4, 72, 140; 
Archbishop, 12, 27 8, 136 7; All 
Saints, 174; Austin Friars, 70; 
Dean, 3 n., 5 ; Minster, 12 n. 
Micklegate, 174 . 

St. Andrew, 23,66, 172 ., 177 8. 

St. Bridget, 174. 

St. Clement or Clementhorp, 23, 

30, 1723. 
St. George, 145, 147. 
St. Helen, 174. 
St. James, 174, 176. 
St. Leonard, 18, 52, 74. 
St. Mary, i, 5, 15, 18, 23, 64, 73 

4, 1489. 
St. Nicholas, 176. 
Trinity, 17, 174 176. 
Yorke, Thos., 129 30. 
Yoward, Ralph, Robt., Thos., 94, 94 n. 



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